On War

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Princeton University Press, Jun 21, 1989 - History - 732 pages

The most authoritative and feature-rich edition of On War in English

Carl von Clausewitz’s On War is the most significant attempt in Western history to understand war, both in its internal dynamics and as an instrument of policy. Since the work's first appearance in 1832, it has been read throughout the world, and has stimulated generations of soldiers, political leaders, and intellectuals. First published in 1976 and revised in 1984, Michael Howard and Peter Paret’s Princeton edition of Clausewitz’s classic work has itself achieved classic status and is widely regarded as the best translation and standard edition of On War in English. This feature-rich edition includes an essay by Paret on the genesis of Clausewitz’s book, an essay by Howard on Clausewitz’s influence, and an essay by Bernard Brodie on the continuing relevance of On War. In addition, Brodie provides a lengthy and detailed commentary on and guide to reading On War, and the edition also includes a comprehensive index.

 

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Contents

BOOK
4
On the Theory of
12
The Influence of Clausewitz
27
BOOK FOUR The Engagement
29
The Continuing Relevance of On
45
Authors Preface
61
Two Notes by the Author
69
What is War?
75
Billets
325
Maintenance and Supply
330
Base of Operations
341
Lines of Communication
345
Terrain
348
The Command of Heights
352
BOOK SIX Defense
355
Attack and Defense
357

Purpose and Means in War
90
On Military Genius
100
On Danger in War
113
Friction in War
119
Classifications of the Art of War
127
On the Theory of War
133
Art of War or Science of War
148
Method and Routine
151
Critical Analysis
156
On Historical Examples
170
BOOK THREE On Strategy in General
175
Strategy
177
Elements of Strategy
183
Moral Factors
184
The Principal Moral Elements
186
Military Virtues of the Army
187
Boldness
190
Perseverance
193
Superiority of Numbers
194
Surprise
198
Cunning
202
Concentration of Forces in Space
204
Unification of Forces in Time
205
The Strategic Reserve
210
Economy of Force
213
The Geometrical Factor
214
The Suspension of Action in War
216
The Character of Contemporary Warfare
220
Tension and Rest
221
Introduction
225
The Nature of Battle Today
226
The Engagement in General
227
The Engagement in GeneralContinued
230
The Significance of the Engagement
236
Duration of the Engagement
238
Decision of the Engagement
240
Mutual Agreement to Fight
245
Its Decision
248
The Effects of Victory
253
The Use of Battle
258
Strategic Means of Exploiting Victory
263
Retreat after a Lost Battle
271
Night Operations
273
BOOK FIVE Military Forces
277
General Survey
279
The Army the Theater of Operations the Campaign
280
Relative Strength
282
Relationship between the Branches of the Service
285
The Armys Order of Battle
292
General Disposition of the Army
297
Advance Guard and Outposts
302
Operational Use of Advanced Corps
308
Camps
312
Marches
314
MarchesContinued
319
MarchesConcluded
322
The Relationship between Attack and Defense in Tactics
360
The Relationship between Attack and Defense in Strategy
363
Convergence of Attack and Divergence of Defense
367
The Character of Strategic Defense
370
Scope of the Means of Defense
372
Interaction between Attack and Defense
377
Types of Resistance
379
The Defensive Battle
390
Fortresses
393
FortressesContinued
400
Defensive Positions
404
Fortified Positions and Entrenched Camps
409
Flank Positions
415
Defensive Mountain Warfare
417
Defensive Mountain WarfareContinued
423
Defensive Mountain WarfareConcluded
429
Defense of Rivers and Streams
433
Defense of Rivers and StreamsContinued
445
A Defense of Swamps
447
B Inundations
449
Defense of Forests
452
The Cordon
453
The Key to the Country
456
Operations on a Flank
460
Retreat to the Interior of the Country
469
The People in Arms
479
Defense of a Theater of Operations
484
Defense of a Theater of OperationsContinued
488
Phased Resistance
499
Where a Decision Is Not the Objective
501
BOOK SEVEN The Attack
521
Attack in Relation to Defense
523
The Nature of Strategic Attack
524
The Object of the Strategic Attack
526
The Diminishing Force of the Attack
527
The Culminating Point of the Attack
528
Destruction of the Enemys Forces
529
The Offensive Battle
530
River Crossings
532
Attack on Defensive Positions
535
Attack on Entrenched Camps
536
Attack on a Mountainous Area
537
Attack on Cordons
540
Maneuver
541
Attacks on Swamps Flooded Areas and Forests
543
Seeking a Decision
545
Attack on Fortresses
551
Attack on an Enemy Army in Billets
557
Invasion
565
Introduction
577
B Scale of the Military Objective and of the Effort To Be Made
585
viii
588
Offensive War
611
The Plan of a War designed to Lead to the Total
617
A Guide to the Reading of On
641
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About the author (1989)

Peter Paret is professor emeritus at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. His many books include Clausewitz in His Time, The Cognitive Challenge of War (Princeton), and Clausewitz and the State (Princeton). He is a recipient of the Pritzker Literary Award for lifetime achievement in military writing. Michael Howard (1922-2019) was a leading British military historian who held professorships at the University of Oxford and Yale University. His many books included The Franco-Prussian War and War in European History. Bernard Brodie (1910-1978), who wrote widely on military and nuclear strategy, was professor of political science at the University of California, Los Angeles.

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