Peasants and Poverty (Routledge Revivals): A Study of Haiti

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Routledge, May 15, 2015 - Business & Economics - 702 pages

Haiti is a country which, until the earthquake of 2010, remained largely outside the focus of world interest and outside the important international historical currents during its existence as a free nation. The nineteenth century was the decisive period in Haitian history, serving to shape the class structure, the political tradition and the economic system. During most of this period, Haiti had little contact with both its immediate neighbours and the industrialised nations of the world, which led to the development of Haiti as a peasant nation. This title, first published in 1979, examines the factors responsible for the poverty of the Haitian peasant, by using both traditional economic models as well as a multidisciplinary approach incorporating economics and other branches of social science. The analysis deals primarily with the Haitian peasant economy from the early 1950s to the early 1970s, examining in depth the explanations for the secular tendency of rural per capita incomes to decline during this period.

 

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Contents

Preface
7
Map of Haiti
9
1 Introduction and Summary
11
2 The Peasant Economy
37
Falling Rural Incomes
91
4 Poverty and the Market
121
5 Erosion
187
6 Land Reform
255
8 Haitian Public Finance
365
9 Malnutrition and Disease
409
10 The Role of Education
453
11 Problems of Rural Credit
503
12 Resistance to Innovation
557
Epilogue
623
Bibliography
649
Index
685

7 The Passive Government
297

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