Visualizing Medieval Medicine and Natural History, 1200–1550
Jean A. Givens, Karen M. Reeds, Alain Touwaide
Routledge, Dec 5, 2016 - History - 304 pages
Images in medieval and early modern treatises on medicine, pharmacy, and natural history often confound our expectations about the functions of medical and scientific illustrations. They do not look very much like the things they purport to portray; and their actual usefulness in everyday medical practice or teaching is not obvious. By looking at works as diverse as herbals, jewellery, surgery manuals, lay health guides, cinquecento paintings, manuscripts of Pliny's Natural History, and Leonardo's notebooks, Visualizing Medieval Medicine and Natural History, 1200-1550 addresses fundamental questions about the interplay of art and science from the thirteenth to the mid-sixteenth century: What counts as a medical illustration in the Middle Ages? What are the purposes and audiences of the illustrations in medieval medical, pharmaceutical, and natural history texts? How are images used to clarify, expand, authenticate, and replace these texts? How do images of natural objects, observed phenomena, and theoretical concepts amplify texts and convey complex cultural attitudes? What features lead us to regard some of these images as typically 'medieval' while other exactly contemporary images strike us as 'Renaissance' or 'early modern' in character? Art historians, medical historians, historians of science, and specialists in manuscripts and early printed books will welcome this wide-ranging, interdisciplinary examination of the role of visualization in early scientific inquiry.
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anatomy appium artists Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana Bibliothèque nationale body botany British Library Byzantine Cambridge Chapter Circa instans Codex Atlanticus Codice color copy Dioscorides dissection early modern edition Egerton 747 Elder«s Natural History entries essay example fifteenth century figures Florence folios four humors French Galen Giangaleazzo Giangaleazzo Visconti Giovannino Greek Grete Herball herbal Historia Plantarum hospitals illuminated imagery images initial Italian Italy Kongelige Bibliotek Latin leaf Leonardo da Vinci Leonhart Fuchs Livre des simples London manuscript of Pliny Martin Kemp Medieval Medicine melancholic Middle Ages Milan Milanese nationale de France nature prints painting Paris Pavia Photo courtesy physicians Pico della Mirandola«s Pico Master Pico«s manuscript Pliny the Elder Pliny the Elder«s Pliny«s portrait recto Renaissance Richter Commentary Rome Saint Schoenberg Science Segre Rutz Studies Tacuinum sanitatis Thott Tractatus de herbis translation treatise University Press Venice verso Vienna Visconti visual woodcuts York