Masculinity and the British Organization Man since 1945
OUP Oxford, Jan 20, 1994 - 272 pages
The post-war period is often regarded as a time when Britain underwent its managerial revolution, the family firm and the "gentleman amateur" giving way to the large bureaucracy and the trained management expert. Yet the conception of modern management as an objective process could hardly be further from the truth. Drawing on detailed life-history interviews with the post-war generation of "organization men", this study explores the intimacies that operate among men in management. It argues that despite the rise of professional management, relations between managers continue to function in highly subjective ways. The pleasure of technical innovation or of seeing a new product through to the market, the mixture of rivalry and patronage that surrounds management succession, the hard bargaining of industrial relations: at every level, managerial functions involve the dramatization of emotions among men. By challenging the enduring myth of the rational organization man, this book sheds new light on gender segregation in management. It argues that the exclusion of women from senior positions cannot be understood simply as the outcome of unprofessional practices. A focus on the emotional relations between male managers reveals the psychic dimensions of exclusionary behaviour. An "emotional economy" flourishes among men in management, but its workings have been hidden by the myth of the rational organization man.
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PART ONE Masculinity and the Rise of
US The Eclipse of Family Capitalism
The Cult of Toughness
Product Fetishism and the Cult
Images of Wives and Secretaries
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agers aggressive Aldridge Arlie Hochschild Bannerman bread-winner Briar British bureaucracy career managers Chemtex Cockburn Collinson Cook's tour Corelli Barnett corporate cult of toughness culture depicted described division divisions of labour domestic dominant Dowell Dowell's early career economic emotional engineering entrepreneur explained family capitalism family firms fantasies father feel felt feminine Fisher Electronics Freikorps functions gender gender identities Gidley graduates Grainger Hansard Society hierarchies Ibid ideal identity industrial inheritors interview Kanter kind labour Lee Iacocca London male managers managerial managing director manufacturing marriage married masculinity Max Weber men's ment mentor mid-career middle-class mother office wife older organization man's organization men organizational Pahl personnel post-war promotion psychic refinery relations role Seddon Atkinson senior management sexual shop-floor Sir John Harvey-Jones skills social stories strategy structure success Swan Oil take-over technical Tinsley tion wife woman women managers younger