Marking the Hours: English People and Their Prayers 1240-1570

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Yale University Press, 2006 - History - 201 pages

In this richly illustrated book, religious historian Eamon Duffy discusses the Book of Hours, unquestionably the most intimate and most widely used book of the later Middle Ages. He examines surviving copies of the personal prayer books which were used for private, domestic devotions, and in which people commonly left traces of their lives. Manuscript prayers, biographical jottings, affectionate messages, autographs, and pious paste-ins often crowd the margins, flyleaves, and blank spaces of such books. From these sometimes clumsy jottings, viewed by generations of librarians and art historians as blemishes at best, vandalism at worst, Duffy teases out precious clues to the private thoughts and public contexts of their owners, and insights into the times in which they lived and prayed. His analysis has a special relevance for the history of women, since women feature very prominently among the identifiable owners and users of the medieval Book of Hours.

Books of Hours range from lavish illuminated manuscripts worth a king’s ransom to mass-produced and sparsely illustrated volumes costing a few shillings or pence. Some include customized prayers and pictures requested by the purchaser, and others, handed down from one family member to another, bear the often poignant traces of a family’s history over several generations. Duffy places these volumes in the context of religious and social change, above all the Reformation, discusses their significance to Catholics and Protestants, and describes the controversy they inspired under successive Tudor regimes. He looks closely at several special volumes, including the cherished Book of Hours that Sir Thomas More kept with him in the Tower of London as he awaited execution.

 

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Contents

A Book for Lay People
3
Devotional Intimacy a Book of Remembrance
23
Devotional Isolation?
53
A Book for an Aristocrat the Talbot Hours
67
The Robert Hours Piety off the Peg
81
Sanctified Whingeing?
97
The Prayers of Thomas More
107
The Impact of Print
121
The Break with Rome
147
Marginality and Eclipse
171
Noted
179
Bibliography
190
Index
196
Photographic credits
Copyright

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Page 194 - Primer set forth by the King's Majesty and his Clergy, to be taught, learned, and read ; and none other to be used throughout all his Dominions...

About the author (2006)

Eamon Duffy is professor of the history of Christianity, Cambridge University, and fellow of Magdalene College. He has received many prizes for his previous books, including the Longman-History Today prize and the Hawthornden prize.

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