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Vincy in 717; Rise of the Austrasian Aristocracy or Chi-

valry; Charles Martel repeoples the West with them 15

Defeats the Arabs at Poictiers -

16

Batters the Cities of the South ; Labours of the first Mission-

aries beyond the Rhine; they are superseded by Anglo-

Saxon Monks

17

Boniface founds the German Church ; Pope Gregory offers

imperial Supremacy to Charles Martel

18

Charles Martel is succeeded by Pepin, who defeats the South

Germans on the Leck

19

Pope Stephen applies to Pepin for aid against the Lombards 20

Pepin marches over the Alps and reduces Pavia; he returns in

754, again overcomes the Lombards, and grants the Exar-

chate to the Pope

21

Death of Pepin, called the Bref, in 768 ; Division of the Empire

between Charles and Carloman ; Charles reduces the Aqui-

tans

22

He marries the Daughter of Desiderius, King of the Lombards - 23

Death of Carloman, 771; Charles sole Monarch; First Expe-

dition of Charles against the Saxons, 772 -

24

Marches against Desiderius, proceeds to Rome, and confirms

Pepin's Donation, 772

25

Charles' organisation of Empire; his Dukes and his Missi ;

Resistance of Witikind; Defeat of Roncesvaux

26

Saxons lose two Battles, 783; the Huns conquered; second

Visit of Charles to Rome, and his Coronation

27

Charlemagne, Emperor of the West, 800

28

Private Habits of Charlemagne

29

His judicial Arrangements; his mode of Warfare ; Causes of

disunion in his Empire

30

Charlemagne's Death, 813; His son, Louis the Debonnaire; his

Character -

32

Rise of Feudalism ; Distinction between it and the Social and

Political Principles of Classic Antiquity -

33

Basis and Peculiarity of Teutonic Institutions

The Monarchy not divine or universal ; Rights in Inequality 35

Causes of the Cessation of Slavery; Rise of the Letes

36

Division of the Empire by Louis the Debonnaire

38

Revolt and Murder of Bernard, King of Italy; Struggles

between the Emperor and his Sons

39

Death of Louis the Debonnaire, 840

40

Struggle of Germans and French united against Imperialists at

Fontenailles, 841; Defeat of the Emperor Lothaire

41

Meeting of Strasburg, 842 ; Treaty of Verdun ; Division of Em-

pire into East and West, notwithstanding its nominal

Re-union under Charles the Bald -

43

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