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As the godly consideration of Predestination and our Election in Christ, is full of sweet, pleasant and unspeakable comfort to godly persons, and such as feel in themselves the working of the Spirit of Christ, mortifying the works of the flesh, and their earthly members, and drawing up their mind to high and heavenly things, as well because it doth greatly establish and confirm their faith of eternal salvation, to be enjoyed through Christ, as because it doth frequently kindle their love towards God : so for curious and carnal persons, lacking the Spirit of Christ, to have continually before their eyes the sentence of Gods Predestination, is a most dangerous downfal, whereby the Devil doth thrust them either into desperation, or into wretchlesness of most unclean living, no less perilous than desperation.
Furthermore, we must receive Gods promises in such wise as they be generally set forth to us in holy Scripture : and in our doings, that will of God is to be followed, which we have expressly declared unto us in tlie word of God.
Omnes obligantur ad moralia legis præcepta setvanda.
Lex à Deo data per Mosen, licet quoad ceremonias & ritus Christianos non astringat, neque civilia eis præcepta in aliqua Repub. necessario' recipi debeant, nihilominus ab obedientia mandatorum quæ moralia vocantur, nullus quantumvis Christianus est solutus : quare illi non sunt audiendi qui sacras literas tantum infirmis datas esse perhibent, & spiritum perpetuo jactant à quo sibi quæ prædicant, suggeri asserunt : quamquam cum S. Scripturis apertissime pugnent, Art. Edward. 6. 19.
of obtaining eternal Salvation only by the Name of
Christ. · They also are to be had accursed, that presume to say that every man shall be saved by the Law or Sect which he professeth, so that he be diligent to frame his life according to that law and the light of nature. For holy Scripture doth set out unto us only the Name of Jesus Christ whereby men must be saved.
Of the Church. The visible Church of Christ, is a Congregation of faithful men, in which the pure Word of God is preached ; and the Sacraments be duly ministred according to Christs Ordinance, in all those things that of necessity are requisite to the same.
As the Church of Jerusalem, Alexandria and Antioch, have
their living, and manner of Ceremonies, but also in matters of faith.
Of the Authority of the Church. The Church hạth power to decree Rites or Ceremonies, and authority in Controversies of Faith : And yet it is not lawful for the Church to ordain any thing that is contrary to Gods Word written, neither may it so expound one place of Scripture, that it be repugnant to another. Wherefore although the Church be a witness and a keeper of holy Writ, yet as it ought not to decree any thing against the same, so besides the same ought it not to enforce any thing to be believed for necessity of salvation.
21. Of the Authority of General Councils. General Councils may not be gathered together without the commandment and will of Princes. And when they be gathered together, (forasmuch as they be an Assembly of men, whereof all be not governed with the Spirit and word o God) they may erre, and sometime have erred, even in things pertaining unto God. Wherefore things ordained by them as necessary to salvation, have neither strength nor authority, unless it may be declared that they be taken out of holy Scripture.
Of Purgatory. The Romish Doctrine concerning Purgatory, Pardons, worshipping and adoration, as well of Images as of Relicks, and also Invocation of Saints, is à fond thing, vainly feigned, and grounded upon no warrant of Scripture, but rather repugnant to the Word of God.
23. Of ministring in the Congregation. It is not lawful for any man to take upon him the office of publick preaching or ministring the Sacraments in the Congregation, before he be lawfully called and sent to execute the same. And those we ought to judge lawfully called and sent, which be chosen and called to this work by men, who have publick Authority given unto them in the Congregation, to call and send Ministers into the Lords vineyard.
24. Of speaking in the Congregation in such a Tongue as the
people understandeth. Нес It is a thing plainly repugnant to the Word of God, [and clausul... the custom of the Primitive Church] to have publick prayer non habetur
in the Church, or to minister the Sacraments in a tongue not 9. Artic. understanded of the people,
Of the Sacraments. Dominus Sacraments ordained of Christ, be not only badges or noster
tokens of Christian mens profession : but rather they be cerJesus Christus, tain sure witnesses, and effectual signs of grace and Gods Sacramen- will towards us, by the which he doth work invisibly in us, tis numero paucissi- and doth not only quicken, but also strengthen and confirm
our faith in him. vatu facillimis, significatione præstantissimis, societatem novi populi colligavit, sicut est Baptismus & Coena Domini.
.« There are two Sacraments ordained of Christ our Lord, “ in the Gospel, that is to say, Baptism, the Supper of the
“ Those five commonly called Sacraments, that is to say, “ Confirmation, Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and extream “ Unction, are not to be counted for Sacraments of the Gos“pel, being such as have grown, partly of the corrupt fol
“lowing of the Apostles, partly are states of life allowed in “the Scriptures, but yet have not like nature of Sacraments Hæc no“ with Baptism and the Lords Supper, for that they have not ta
habentur o any visible sign or ceremony ordained of God.
in Edv. 6. The Sacraments were not ordained of Christ to be gazed Artic. upon, or to be carried about, but that we should duely use them. And in such only as worthily receive the same,t they + Idque have a wholsom effect or operation ; but they that receive non ex them unworthily, purchase to themselves damnation, as S. quidam
opere (ut Paul saith.
operato : que vox ut peregrina est, Sacris literis ignota, sic parti sensum minimè pium sed admodum superstitiosum. Artic. Edvard. 6.
26. Of the unworthiness of the Ministers, which hinder not the
effect of the Sacraments. Although in the visible Church the evil be ever mingled with the good, and sometime the evil have chief authority in the ministration of the Word and Sacraments; yet forasmuch as they do not the same in their own name, but in Christs, and do minister by his commission and authority, we may use their ministery, both in hearing the Word of God, and in the receiving the Sacraments. Neither is the effect of Christs Ordinance taken away by their wickedness, nor the grace of Gods gifts diminished from such, as by faith and rightly do receive the Sacraments ministred unto them, which be effectual, because of Christs institution and promise, although they be ministred by evil men.
Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the discipline of the Church, that enquiry be made of evil ministers, and that they be accused by those that have knowledge of their offences : and finally, being found guilty, by just judgment, be deposed.
Of Baptism. Baptism is not only a sign of profession, and mark of difference, whereby Christian men are discerned from others that be not Christned: but it is also a sign of Regeneration or new birth, whereby, as by an instrument, they that receive
Baptism rightly, are grafted into the Church : the promises of the forgiveness of sin, of our adoption to be the sons of God by the Holy Ghost, are visibly signed and sealed; faith is confirmed, and grace increased by vertue of prayer unto God, The Baptism of young Children is in any wise to be retained in the Church, as most agreeable with the institution of Christ.
Of the Lords Supper. · The Supper of the Lord is not only a sign of the love that Christians ought to have among themselves one to another ; but rather it is a Sacrament of our redemption by Christs death. Insomuch that to such as rightly, worthily, and with faith receive the same, the bread which we break is a partaking of the body of Christ; and likewise the Cup of blessing
is a partaking of the blood of Christ. Quum Transubstantiation (or the change of the substance of bread naturæ humanæ
and wine) in the Supper of the Lord, cannot be proved by veritas holy Writ: but it is repugnant to the plain words of Scriprequirat, tyre, overthroweth the nature of a Sacrament, and hath given ut unius ejusdem
occasion to many superstitions. que homie nis Corpus in multis locis simul esse non possit, sed in uno aliquo & definito loco esse oporteat, idcirco Christi corpus in multis & diversis locis eodem tempore præsens, esse non potest. Et quoniam ut tradunt sacræ literæ, Christus in coelum fuit sublatus, & ibi usque ad finem seculi est permanşurus, non debet quisquam fidelium carnis ejus & san. | guinis Realem & corporalem (ut loquuntur) præsentiam in Eucharistia vel credere vel profiteri. R. Edv. 6. Artic.
“ The body of Christ is given, taken, and eaten, inth e Hæc nota Supper only after an heavenly and spiritual manner; And the non ha. mean whereby the body of Christ is received and eaten in the bentur in Reg. Ed. Supper, is Faith," ; vard. 6. The Sacrament of the Lords Supper was not by Christs Artic.
Ordinance reserved, carried about, lifted up, and worshipped.
Non habetur hic Artic. in R. Edv. sexti.
29. Of the wicked which eat not the body of Christ in the use of
the Lord's Supper. The wicked and such as be void of a lively faith, although they do carnally and visibly press with their teeth (as St.