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therefore fre unuseful to relate many circumstances, which were observable upon a late cure done upon a young Gentleman who was born blind, and on the twenty-ninth of June last received his fight at the age of twenty years, by the operation of an Oculist. This happened nv farther off than Newixgton, and the work was prepared for in the following manner.
The Operator, Mr. Grant, having observed the Eyes of his Patient, and convinced his friends and relations, among others the Reverend Mr. CafwtU, Minister of the place, that it was highly probable he mould remove the obstacle which prevented the use of his sight; all his acquaintance, who had any regard for the young man, or curiosity to be present when one of full age and understanding received a new sense, assembled themselves on this occasion. Mr. Casivell, being a Gentleman particularly curious, desired the whole company, in cafe the blindness should be cured, to keep secret; and let the Patient make his own observations, without the direction of any thing he had received by his other fenses, or the advantage of discovering his friends by their voices. Among several others, the mother, brethren, sisters, and a young Gentlewoman for whom he had a •passion, were present. The work was performed with great skill and dexterity. When the Patient first received the dawn of light, there appeared such an ecstasy in his action, that he seemed ready to swoon away in the surprize of joy and wonder. The Surgeon stood before him with his instruments in his hands. The young man observed him from head to foot; after which he surveyed himself as carefully, and seemed to compare him to himself; and observing both their hands, seemed to think they were exactly alike, except the instruments, which he took for parts of his hands. When he had continued in this amazement some time, his mother could not longer bear the agitations of so many passions as thronged upon her; but fell upon his neck, crying out, My son! my son ! The youth knew her voice, and could speak no more than, Oh me! are you my mother? and fainted. The whole room, you will easily conceive, were very affectionately employed in recovering him; but above all, the young Gentlewoman who loved him, and whom
he loved, flirieked in the loudest manner. That voite seemed to have a sudden effect upon him as he recovered, .and he (hewed a double curiosity in observing her as she spoke and called to him; until at last he broke out, What has been done to me? whither am I carried i Is all this, about me, the thing I have heard so often of 1 is this the light f is this seeing? Were you always thus happy, when you said, you were glad to see each other"? Where is Tom, who used to lead me? But I could now, methinks, go any where without him. He offered to move, but seemed afraid of every thing around him. When they saw his difficulty, they told him, until he became better acquainted with his new being, he must let the servant still lead him. The boy was called for, and presented to him. Mr. Cafwell asked him, what sort of thing he took Tom to be before he had seen him. He answered, he believed there was not so much of him as of himself; but he fancied him the same sort of creature. The noise of this sudden change made all the lieighbourhood throng to the place where he was. As he saw the croud thickening, he desired Mr. CafwelU to tell him how many there were in all to be seen. The Gentleman, smiling, answered him, that it would be very proper for him to return to his late condition, and suffer his Eyes to be covered, until they had received strength; for he might remember well enough, that by degrees he had from little and little come to the strength he had at present in his ability of walking and moving; and that it was the fame thing with his Eyes, which, he said, would lose the power of continuing to him that wonderful transport he was now in, except he would be contented to lay aside the use of them, until they were strong enough to bear the light without so much feeling as, he knew, he underwent at present. With much reluctance he was prevailed upon to have his Eyes bound; in which condition they kept him in a dark room, until it was proper to let the organ receive its objects without farther precaution. During the time of this darkness, he bewailed himself in the most distressed manner; and accused all his friends, complaining that some'incantation had been wrought upon him, and some strange magic used to deceive him into an opinion, that he had T o L. II. C e^oyed
enjoyed what they called Sight. He added, that the impressions then let in upon his Soul would certainly distract him, if he were not so at that present. At another time, he would strive to name the persons he had seen among the croud after he was couched, and would pretend to speak, in perplexed terms of his own making, of what he in that short time observed. But on the sixth instant it was thought fit to unbind his head, and the young woman whom he loved was instructed to open his Eyes accordingly; as well to endear herself to him by such a circumstance, as to moderate his ecstasies by the persuasion of a voice, which had so much power over him as hers ever had. When this beloved young woman began to take off the binding of his Eyes, she talked to him as follows:
"Mr. William, I am now taking the binding off, "though, when I consider what 1 am doing, I tremble «« with the apprehension, that (though I have from my «' very childhood loved you, dark as you were, and "though you had conceived so strong a love for me, "yet) you will find there is such a thing as Beauty, "which may ensnare you into a thousand passions of "which you are now innocent, and take you from me «• for ever. But, before I put myself to that hazard, "tell me in what manner that love, you always pro"fessed to me, entered into your heart; for its usual "admission is at the Eyes."
The young man answered, " Dear Hdia, If I am "to lose by sight the soft pantings which I have always "felt when I heard your voice; if I am no more to dis"tinguish the step of her I love when she approaches "me, but to change that sweet and frequent pleasure "for such an amazement as I knew the little time I "lately Saw; or if I am to have any thing besides, «« which may take from me the fense I have of what ap«' peared most pleasing to me at that time, which a'ppa"rition it seems was you; pull out these Eyes, before "they lead me to be ungrateful to you, or undo inystlf. "I wished for them but to see you; puli them cut, if «« they are to make me forget you."
Lidia was extremely satisfied with these assurance*; and pleased herself with playing with his perplexities. In all his talk to her, he shewed but very faint ideas c'; any, thing which had not been received at the ears; au:, closed his protestation to her, by saying, that if he were to see Calentia and Barcelona, whom he supposed the most esteemed of all women, by the quarrel there was about them, he would never like any but Lidia.
St. James's Coffee-house, August 15.
We have, repeated advices of the entire defeat of the S-vuediJh army near Pultonua or* the twenty-seventh os June, O. S. and Letters from Berlin give the following account of the remains of the Sivedijb army since the battle: Prince Menzikoff, being ordered to pursue the victory, came up with the Swedijh army, which was left , to the commandos General Lewenbaupt, on the thirtieth of June, O. S. on the banks of the Borifiber.es; whereupon he sent General Lewenbaupt a summons to submit himself to his present fortune: Le<wenb~aupt immediately dispatched three General officers to that Prince, to treat about a capitulation; but the Swedes, though they consisted of fifteen thousand men, were in so great want of provision and ammunition, that they were obliged to surrender themselves at discretion. HisCzarish, Majesty dispatched an express to General Gohz. with an account of these particulars, and also with instructions to fend out detachments of his cavalry to prevent the King of Sweden's joining his army in Poland. That Prince made his escape with a small party by swimming over, the Boristhenes; and it was thought, he designed to retire into Poland by the way of Volhima. Advices fwm Bern of the eleventh instant fay, that the genera! Diet of the Helvetic body held at Baden concluded on the sixth; but the Deputies of the Six Cantons, who are deputed to determine the affair of Tockenburg, continue their application to that business, notwithilanding some nsv.' dialculties started by the Abbot of Saint Gall. Letter4 from Geneva of the ninth fay, that the Duke of Sa-voy'i cavalry had joined QoxxatThaun, as had also two imperial regiments of Hussars; and that his Royal Highness's
C a snny army was disposed !n the following manner: The troops under the command of Count Thaun are exfnded from Constant to Saint Peter Z>'Albigni. Small par ies are left in several posts from thence to Little St. Bernard, to preserve the communication with Piedmont by the valley of Æfta. Some forces are also posted at Taloir, and in the castle of Doin, on each side of the lake of Anneci. General Rhebinder is encamped in the valley of Oulx with ten thousand foot, and some detachments of horse: His troops are extended from Extlles to mount Gene<vre, so that he may easily penetrate into Dauphin* on the least motion of the enemy; but the Duke of Berwick takes all necessary precautions to prevent such an enterprize. That General's head quarters are at Francin; and he hath disposed his army in several parties, to preserve a communication with the Maurienne and Brianpn. He hath no provisions for his army but from Savoy; Provence and Dauphine being unable to supply him with necessaries. He left two regiments of dragoons at Am.et, who suffered very much in the late action at Tejsons, where they lost fifteen hundred, who were killed on the spot, four standards, and three hundred prisoners, among whom were forty Officers. The last Letters from the Duke of jMarlborougb's camp at Orcbies of the nineteenth instant advise, that Monsieur Ravignan being returned from the Trench Court with an account that the King of France refused to ratify the capitulation for the surrender of the citadel of Tournay, the approaches have been carried on with great vigour and success: Our miners have discovered several of the enemy's mines, who have sprung divers others, which didjittle execution; but for the better security Of the troops, both assaults are carried on by the cautious way of sapping. On the eighteenth, the Confederate army made a general forage without any loss. Marlhal Villars continues in his former camp, and applies himself with great diligence in casting up new lines behind the old on the Scarp. The Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugene designed to begin a general review of the army on the twentieth.