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breach of all inconvenient vows made by himself. "I am,
Sir, . . . ■
your most humble servant,
From my own Apartment, August 17.
I am to acknowledge several Letters which I have lately received ; among others, one subscribed Philanthropes, another Emilia, both which shall be honoured. I have a third from an Officer in the army, wherein he desires 1 would do justice to the many gallant actions which have been done by men of private characters, or Officers of lower stations, during this long war; that their families may have the pleasure of seeing we lived in an age, wherein men of all orders had their proper snare in fame and glory. There is nothing I should undertake with greater pleasure than matters of this kind: If therefore they, who are acquainted with such facts, would please to communicate them, by Letters directed to me at Mr. Morphtnv's, -no pains fliould be spared to put them in a proper and distinguistiing light.
*' This is to admonish Stenior, that it was not admi"ration of his voice, but my publication of it, which •* has lately increased the number of his hearers."
Saturday, N° 57. Saturday, August 20, 1709.
^uicjuid agunt homines——nojlri farrago tibelli.
Juv. Sat. 1. ver. 85.
Whatever good is done, whatever ill-1—
mil's Coffee-house, August 19.
IWas this evening representing a complaint sent me out of the country from Emilia. She says, her neighbours there have so little sense of what a refined Lady of the town is, that she, who was a celebrated wit in London, is in that dull part of the world in so little esteem, that they call her in their base style a TonguePad. Old True Penny bid me advise her to keep her wit until (he comes to town again, and admonish her, that both wit and breeding are local; for a fine Court-lady is as aukward among country house-wives, as one of them, would appear in a drawing-room. It is therefore the most useful knowledge one can attain at, to understand among what sort of men we make the best figure; for if there be a place where the beauteous and accomplished Emilia is unacceptable, it is certainly a vain endeavour to attempt pleasing in all conversations. Here is.Wilf Vbi, who is so thirsty after the reputation of a companion, that his company is for any body that will accept of it; and for want of knowing whom to choose for himself, is never chosen by others. There is a certain chastity of behaviour which makes a man desirable, and which if he transgresses, his wit will have the fame fate with Delia's beauty, which no one regards, because all know it is within their power. The best course Emila can take is, to have less humility; for if" she could have C. 6 a3
as good an opinion of herself for having every quality, as some of her neighbours have of themselves with one, lhe would inspire even them with a sense of her merit, and make that carriage, which is now the subject of their derision, the sole object of their imitation. Until ihe has arrived at this value of herself, lhe must be contented with the fate of that uncommon creature, a Woman too humble.
White's Chocolate-house, August 19.
Since my last, I have received a letter from Tom Trump* to desire that I would do the fraternity of gamesters the justice to own, that there are notorious Sharpers, who are not of their class. Among others, he presented me with the picture of Harry Coppersmith, in little, who, he lays, is at this day worth half a Plumb, by means much more indirect than by false dice. I must confess, there appeared some reason in what he asserted; and he met me since, and accosted me in the following manner: "It *• is wonderful to me, Mr. Bickerstajs, that you can pre"tend to be a man of penetration, and fall upon us *' Knights of the Industry as the wickedest of mortals, "when there are so many, who live in the constant
practice of baser methods, unobserved. You cannot, "though you know the story of myself and the North "Briton, but allow I am an honester man than Will *' Coppersmith, for all his great credit among the Lorn*' bards. I get my money by mens follies, and he gets,
his by their distresses. The declining merchant com"municates his griefs to him, and he augments them, *■' by extortion. If therefore regard is to be had to the *' merit of the persons we injure, who is the more "blameable, he that oppresses an unhappy man, or he *' that cheats a foolish one? All mankind are indiffer'-' ently liable to adverse strokes of fortune; and he who. <f adds to them, when he might relieve them, is certainly ** a worse subject, than he who unburdens a man whose *' prosperity is unwieldy to him. Besides all which, he *' that borrows of Coppersmith does it out of necessity;.
he that plays with me doe* i| out of choice."
I allowed Trump there are men as bad as himself, which is the height of his pretensions: and must confess, that Coppersmith is the most wicked and impudent of all Sharpers: A creature that cheats with credit, and is a robber in the habit of a friend. The contemplation of this worthy person made me reflect on the wonderful successes, I have observed men of the meanest capacities meet with in the world, and recollect an observation I once heard a sage man make; which was, That he had observed, that in some professions, the lower the understanding, the greater the capacity. I remember, he instanced that of a banker, and said, that the fewer appetites, passions, and ideas a man had, he was the better for his business.
There is little Sir Tristram, without connexion in his speech, or so much as common fense, has arrived by his own natural parts at one of the greatest estates amongst US. But honest Sir Tristram knows himself to be but a repository for cash: He is just such an utensil as his iron chest, and may rather be said to hold money, than possess it. There is nothing so pleasant as to be in the conversation of these wealthy proficients. I had lately the honour to drink half a pint with Sir Tristram, Harry Coppersmith, and Giles Tuwjhoes. These wags give one another credit in discourse, according to their purses j they jest by the pound, and make answers as they honour bills. Without vanity, I thought myself the prettiest fellow of the company; but I had no manner of power ^over one muscle in their faces, though they smerked at every word spoken by each other. Sir Tristram called for a pipe of tobacco; and telling us tobacco was a Potherb, bid the drawer bring him the other half pint. Tivojhoes laughed ar/the Knight's wit without moderation; I took the liberty to fay, it was but a pun. A pun! lays Coppersmith; you would be a better man by ten thousand pounds if.you could pun like Sir Tristram* With that they all burst out together. The queer curs maintained this style of dialogue until we had drank our quarts s-piece by half-pints. All I could bring away with me is, that Twofioes is not worth twenty thousand, poundsfor his mirth,, though he was as insipid as either
of the others, had no more effect upon the company, than if he had be?n a bankrupt.
From my own Apartment, August 19.
I have heard, it has been advised by a Diocesan to his inferior clergy, that, instead of broaching opinions of their own, and uttering doctrines which may lead themselves and hearers into error, they would read some of the most celebrated sermons, printed by others, for the instruction of their congregations. In imitation of such, preachers at second-hand, I shall transcribe from Bruyere one of the most elegant pieces of raillery and satire which I have ever read. He describes the French, as if speaking of a people not yet discovered, in the air and style of a traveller.
"I have heard talk of a country where the old men "are gallant, polite, and civil: The young men, on "the contrary, stubborn, wild, without either manners
or civility. They are free from passion for women at *' that age when in other countries they begin to feel "it; and prefer beasts, victuals, and ridiculous amours "before them. Amongst these people, he is sober who "is never drunk with any thing but wine; the too fre"quent use of it having rendered it flat and insipid to «' them: They endeavour by brandy, and other strong "liquors, to quicken their taste, already extinguished, *' and want nothing to complete their debauches, but "to drink Aqua-finis. The women of that country "hasten the decay of their beauty, by their artifices to 1 "preserve it: They paint their cheeks, eyebrows, and "lhoulders, which they lay open, together with their "breasts, arms, and ears, as if they were afraid to "hide those places which they think will please, and "never think they shew enough of them. The phy
siognomies of the people of that country are not at "all neat, but confused and embarrassed with a bundle '* of strange hair, which they prefer before their natural:
With this they weave something to cover their heads, "which descends down half way their bodies, hides "their features, and hinders you from knowing men