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"by their faces. This nation has, besides this, their "God and their King. The Grandees go every day, "at a certain hour, to a temple they call a Church: "At the upper end of that temple there stands an altar "consecrated to their God, where the Priest celebrates "some mysteries which they call holy, sacred, and tre"mendous. The great men make a vast circle at the "foot of the altar, standing with their backs to the "Priests and the holy mysteries,'' and their faces erected "towards their King, who is seen on his knees upon "a throne, and to whom they seem to direct the desires "of their hearts, and all their devotion. However, in "this custom there is to be remarked a fort of subordi"nation; for the people appear adoring their Prince, "and their Prince adoring God. The inhabitants of "this region call it——It is from forty-eight degrees of "Latitude, and more than eleven hundred leagues by "sea, from the Iroquois and Huron:"
Letters from Hampstead fay, there is a coxcomb arrived there, of a kind which is utterly new. The fellow has courage, which he takes himself to be obliged to give proofs of every hour he lives. He is ever fighting with the men, and contradicting the women. A Lady, who sent him to me, superscribed him with this description out of Suckling;
I am a man ot war and might,
No woman under heaven I fear,
Tuesday, N° 58. Tuesday, August 23, 1709.
White's Chocolate-house, August 22.
POOR Cyntbio, who does me the honour to talk to me now and then very freely of his most secret thoughts, and tells me his most private frailties, owned to me, that though he is in his very prime of life, Love had killed all his desires, and, he was now as much tobe trusted with a fine Lady, as if he were eighty. That one passion for Clarijsa has taken up, said he, my wholeSoul; and all my idle flames are extinguished, as yo» may observe, ordinary fires are often put out by thefunstiine.
This was a declaration not to be made but upon thehighest opinion of a man's sincerity; yet as much a subject of raillery as such a speech would be, it is certain,, that Chastity is a nobler quality, and as much to be valued in men as in women. The mighty Scipio, "who,. "as Bluffe fays in the Comedy, was a Pretty Fellow in^ "his time," was ef this mind, and is celebrated for it by an Author of good fense. When he lived, wit, and humour, and raillery, and public success, were at as high a pitch at Rome, as at present in England; yet, [ believe, there was no man in those days thought that General at all ridiculous in his behaviour ih the following account of him.
Scipio, at soiir and twenty years of age, had obtained* a great victory; and a multitude of prisoners of each Sex,, and all conditions, fell into his possession; among others,, an agreeable virgin in her early bloom and beauty. He had too sensible a spirit to fee the most lovely of all objects without being moved with passion: Besides which, there was no obligation of honour or virtue to restrain his desires towards one who was his by the fortune of war,. But a noble indignation, and a sudden sorrow,.
c w-hkh. which appeared in her countenance, when a conqueror cast his eyes upon her, raised his curiosity to knew her story. He was informed, that (he was a Lady of the highest condition in that country, and contracted to Indihilts', a man of Merit and Quality. The generous Rowan soon placed himself in the condition of that unhappy' man, who was to lose so charming a bride; and though a Youth, a Bachelor, a Lover, and a Conqueror, immediately resolved to resign all the invitations of his pasision, and the rights of his power, to restore her to her destined husband. With this purpose he commanded her parents and relations, as well as her hulband, to attend him at an appointed time. When they met, and were waiting for the General, my Author frames to himse'f the different concern of an unhappy Father, a despairing Lover, and a tender Mother, in the several persons who were so related to the captive. But for fear of injuring the delicate circumstances with an old translation. I stiall proceed to tell you, that Scipic appears to them, and leads in his prisoner into their presence. The Romans, as noble as they were, seemed to allow themselves a little too much triumph over the conquered; therefore, as Scipio approached, they all threw themselves on their knees except the Lover of the Lady: But Scipio observing in him a manly sallenness, was the more inclined to favour him, and spoke to him in these words:
"It is not the manner of the Romani to use all the "power they justly may; We fight not to ravage coun*' tries, or break through the ties of humanity; I am "acquainted with your worth, and your interest in this "Lady: Fortune has made me your master; but I "desire to be your friend. This is your wife; take "her, and may the gods bless you with her. But far "be it from Scipio to purchase a loose and momentary V pleasure at the rate of making an honest man un"happy."
Indibilis's heart was too full to make him any answer; but he threw himself at the feet of the General, and wept aloud. The captive Lady fell into the same posture, and they both remained so, until the father burst into
the the following words: " Oh divine Scipio! the gods have "given you more than human virtue. Oh glorious "leader! oh wondrous youtfi! does not that obliged "virgin give you, while (he prays to the gods sorfyour. "prosperity, and thinks you sent down from them, rap"turcs, above all the transports which you could have "reaped from the possession of her injured person r" The temperate Scipio answered him without much emotion, and saying, "Father, be a friend so Romt," retired. An immense sum was offered as her ransom, but he sent it to her husband, and smiling, said, this is a trifle after what 1 have given him already; but let Indibilis know, that Chastity at my age is a much more difficult virtue to practise than generosity.
I observed, Cynthio was very much taken with my narrative; but told me, this was a virtue that would bear but a very inconsiderable figure in our days. However, I took the liberty to fay, that we ought not to lose our ideas of thing?, though we had debauched our true relish in our practice. For after we have done laughing, solid virtue will keep its place in mens opinions: And though custom made it not so scandalous as it ought tote, to ensnare innocent women, and triumph in the falfhood; such actions, as we have here related, must be accounted true gallantry, and rife higher in our esteem, the farther they are removed from our imitation.
Will's Coffee-house, August zz.
A man would be apt to think, in this laughing town, that it were impossible a thing so exploded as speaking hard words, should be practised by any one that had ever seen good company; but, as if there were a standard in our mfnds as well as bodies, you fee very many just where they were twenty years ago, and more they cannot, will not arrive at. Were it not thus, the noble Martius would not be the only man in England whom no body can understand, though he talks more than any man else.
Will Daftyh the epigrammatist, Jack Comma the grammarian, Nick Crojse-grain who writes anagrams, and myself, made a pretty company at a corner of this room;
and entered very peaceably upon a subject fit enough for us, which was, the examination of the force of the particle For, when Mam*; joined us. He, being well known to us all, aiked what we were upon? For he had a mind to consummate the happiness of the day, which had been spent among the stars of the first magnitude, among the men of letters; and therefore, to put a period to it, as he had commenced it, he should be glad to be allowed to participate of the pleasure of our society. I told him the subject. Faith, Gentlemen, said Marlius, your subject is humble; and if you would give me leave to elevate the conversation, I should humbly offer, that you would enlarge your enquiries to the word For-asmuch; for though I take it, said he, to be but one word, yet the particle Much implying quantity, the particle As similitude, it will be greater, and more like ourselves, to treat of For-as-much. "Jack Comma is always serious, and answered; "Martius, I must take »« the liberty to fay, that you have fallen into all this "error and profuse manner of speech by a certain hurry "in your imagination, for want of being more exact in "the knowledge of the parts of speech; and it is so "with all men who have not well studied the particle "For. You have spoken For without making any tn"ference, which is the great use of that particle. "There is no manner of force in your observation of "quantity and similitude in the syllables As and Much. "But it is ever the fault of men of great wit to be in"correct; which evil they run into by an indiscreet use "of the word For. Consider all the books of contro"verfy which have been written, and I will engage "you will observe, that all the debate lies in this point, "Whether they brought in For in a just manner; or "forced it in for their own use, rather than as under"standing the use of the word itself? There is nothing "like familiar instances: You have heard the story of "the Irijhman, who reading, " Money for live hair," "took a lodging, and expected to be paid for living at "that house. If this man had known, For was in that "place of a quite different signification from the parti«' cle To, he could not have fallen into the mistake of