## Map Projections: A Reference ManualMap projection concerns the science of mathematical cartography, the techniques by which the Earth's dimensions, shape and features are translated in map form, be that two-dimensional paper or two- or three- dimensional electronic representations. The central focus of this book is on the theory of map projections. Mathematical cartography also take |

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### Contents

1 | |

2 Map projections with straight parallels | 49 |

3 Map projections with parallels in the shape of concentric circles | 89 |

4 Map projections with parallels in the shape of nonconcentric circles | 135 |

5 Projections for topographic and namedquadrangle maps projections used in geodesy | 155 |

6 Map projection research | 171 |

7 Best and ideal map projections projections satisfying given conditions of representation | 193 |

8 Numerical methods in mathematical cartography | 229 |

References | 279 |

Appendix 1 | 295 |

Appendix 2 | 299 |

Appendix 3 | 304 |

Appendix 4 | 307 |

Appendix 5 | 312 |

Appendix 6 | 315 |

Appendix 7 | 317 |

### Other editions - View all

Map Projections: A Working Manual (U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper ... John P. Snyder No preview available - 2012 |

### Common terms and phrases

almucantars angle arbitrary Arc length area distortion azimuthal equal-area projection Bonne projection Bugayevskiy calculated central meridian Chebyshev projection circle coefficients conformal projections coordinate system curvature cylindrical projections determined developed ellipsoid of revolution elliptical emka equal equal-area projections equidistant conic projection functions Geodesy geodetic coordinates Geodeziya geographical geographical pole Ginzburg gnomonic projection hemisphere infinitesimal isocols isometric latitude linear scale factors longitude map graticule map projections mathematical cartography maximum angular deformation Mercator projection meridians and parallels Meshcheryakov method Mollweide Mollweide projection normal obtain orthogonal perspective azimuthal projections plane polar pole polyconic projections problem projection Figure projection formulas Projections of maps proyektsiy pseudoconic projection pseudocylindrical projection radius rectangular coordinates region being mapped represented sinusoidal sinusoidal projection Snyder solving spherical standard parallels stereographic straight lines surface take the form tion transformation transverse triaxial ellipsoid TsNIIGAik Vakhrameyeva values vertical world maps zone