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ter, or taking the air with her mother, it is al

ways carried with the air of a secret : Then she • will fometimes tell a thing of no confequence, as * if it was only want of memory made her conceal

it before ; and this only to dally with my anxiety. • I have complained to her of this behaviour in the • gentleft rerms imaginable, and beseeched her not * to use him, who defired only to live with her

like an indulgent friend, as the most morose and • unsociable husband in the world. It is no easy • 'matter to describe our circumstance, but it is mi• ferable with this aggravation, that it might be ea

fily mended, and yet no remedy endeavoured. • She reads you, and here is a phrase or two in • this letter which the will know came from me. • If we enter into an explanation which may tend

to our future quiet by your means, you shall • bave our joint thanks.; in the mean time I am • (as much as I can in this ambiguous condition be ... any thing)

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Your humble fervant.'


IvE nie leave to make you a present of a chaa

racter not yet described in your papers, • which is that of a man who treats his friend with:

the same odd variety, which a fantastical female.'

tyrant practises towards her lover. I have for • fome time. had a friendship with one of these • mércurial perfons : The rogue I know loves me,

yet takes advantage of my fondness for him to. • use me as be pleases. We are by turns the best • friends and the greatest strangers imaginable ;

fometimes you would think us inseparable ; at

other times he avoids me for a long time, yet ' neither be nor I know why. When we meet

next by chance, he is amazed he has not seen me, is impatient for an appointment the same even.

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ing: And when I expect he should have kept it • I have known him flip away to another place :

where he has fat reading the news, when there
is no poft ; smoking his pipe, which he feldom
cares fors and staring about him «in company
with whom he has had nothing to do, as if he
wondered how he came there.
. That I may


my case to you the more ful: ly, I shall transcribe fome short minutes I have • taken of him ini my almanack since last spring 5 . for


must know there are certain feasons of • the year, according to which, I will not say our

friendship, but the enjoyment.of it rises or falls. • In March.and April he was as various as the wea• ther; in May and part of June. I found him

the #sprightlieft-best-humoured fellow in the • world, in the dog days he was much upon the

indolents in: September: very agreeable but very • bufy, and fince the glass fell laft to changeable, • he has made three appointments with me, and • broke them every one. However I have good

hopes; of him this winter, especially if you will . lend me your affiftance to reform him, which i • will be a great ease and pleasure toy,

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October 20

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! Your most humble feryant:!!


Νήπιόν, εδ' ήσασιν όσο πλέον ήμισυ πωλός,
ουδ όσον έν μαλάκη τι δε ασφοδέλω μεγ’ ο ειας.

Hes. Oper. et Dier, lib. i. ver. 40. -
Fools, not to know that half exceeds the whole,
Nór the great blessings of a frugal board.!**
"Here is a story in the Arabian Nights Tales of
a King, who had long languished under an ill

habit ?



habit of body; and had taken abundance of remedies to. no purpose. At length, says the fable, a physician cured him by the following method : He took an hollow ball of wood, and filled it with several drugs ; after which he clofed it up fo artificially that nothing appeared. He likewife took a mall, and after having holowed the handle, and that

part which strikes the ball, he inclosed in them several drugs after the same manner as in the ball itself. He then ordered the Sultan, who was his patient, to exercise himself early in the morning with these rightly prepared inftruments, until such time as he should fweat : When, as the story goes, the virtue of the medicaments perfpiring through the wood, had fo good an influence on the Sultan's conftitution, that they cured him of an indifpofition which all the compositions he had taken inwardly had not been able to remove: This eastern allegory is finely contrived to fhew us how beneficial bodily labour is to health, and that exercife is the most effectual physick. I have described in my hundred and fifteenth paper, from the general ftructure and mechanism of an human body, how absolutely neceffary exercise is for its preservation": I shall in this place recommend another great prefervative of health, which in many cases produces the same effects as exercise, and may, in some mea. fure, fupply its place, where opportunities of exercife are wanting. The preservative I am speaking of is temperance, which has those particular-ad vantages above all other means of health, that it may be practised by all ranks and conditions, at any season or in any place. It is a kind of regimen which every man may put himself, without interruption to business, expence of money, or loss of time. If exercise throws off all fuperfluities, temperance prevents them; if exercise clears the vessels, temperance neither fatiates nor over trains them; if exercise raises proper ferments in the hu


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mours, and proinotes the circulation of the blood, temperance gives nature her full play, and enables her to exert herself in all her force and vigour; if exercise diffipates a growing distemper, temperance starvés it.

Physick, for the most part, is nothing else but the substitute of exercise or temperance. Medicines are indeed absolutely neceffary in acute diftempers, that cannot wait the flow operations of those two great inftruments of health ; but did men live in an habitual course of exercise and tem. perance, there would be bút little occasion for them. Accordingly we find that those parts of the world are most healthy, where they subfift by the chace; and that men lived. longest when their lives were employed in hunting, and when they had lit.tle food besides what they caught. Blistering, cupping, bleeding, are seldom of ufe. but to the idle and intemperate; as all those inward applications which are so much, in practice among us, are for the most part nothing else but expedients to make luxury consistent with health.. The apothecary, is perpetually employed in countermining the cook and the vintner. It is said of Diogeness that meeting a young man who was going to a feast, he took him up in the street and carried him home to his friends, as one who was running into imminent danger, had not he prevented him. What would that philofopher have said, had he been present at the gluttony of a modern meal? Would not he have thought the master of a family mad, and have begged his servants to tie down his hands, had he seen him devour fowl, fish, and flesh; swallow oil and vinegar,, wines and spices; throw down salads of twenty different herbs, fauces of an hundred in

gredients, confections and fruits of numberless sweets and flavours? What unnatural motions and counterferments must such a medley of intemperance produce in the body? For my part, when I


behold a fashionable table set out in all its magnifi. cence, I fancy that I fee gouts and dropfies, fevers and lethargies, with other. innumerable distempers lying in.ambuscade, among the dishes..

Nature delights in the most plain and simple diet. Every animal, but man, keeps to one dith.' Herbs are the food of this species, fith of that, and flesh of a third. Man falls upon every thing that comes in his way, not the fmallest fruit or excrefcence of the earth, scarce. a berry or a mushroom, can escape him.

It is impossible to lay down any determinate rule for temperance, because what is luxury in one may be temperance in another; but there are few that have lived any time in the world, who are not judges of their own constitutions, fo far as to know what kinds and what proportions of food. best a gree with them. Were. I to consider my readers as my patients, and to prescribe - such a kind of temperance as is accomodatod to all perfons, and i such as is particularly suitable to our climate and way of living, I would copy the following rules of a very eminent physician. Make your whole repaft? out of one dish. If you indulge in a second; avoid drinking any thing strong, until you have finished } your meal; at the same time abstain from all sauces, or at least such as are not the most plain and simple. A man- could not be well guilty of gluttony, if he stuck to these few obvious and eafy : rules. In the first cafe there would be no variety of tastes to folicit his palate, and occasion excess; nor in the second any artificial provocatives to relieve satiety, and create a false : appetite. Were I to prescribe a rule for drinking, it thould be formed upon a saying quoted by Sir William Temple; the first glass for myself, the second for my friends, the

third for good-humour, and the fourth for mine enemies. But because it is impossible for one who lives in the world to diet himself always in fo phi


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