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meet in their turn with all the contempt and fcorn that is due to so infolent a behaviour. On the contrary, it is very probable a melancholy, dejected carriage, the usual effects of injured innocence, may soften the jealous husband into pity, make hiin sensible of the wrong he does you, and work out of his mind all thofe fears and suspicions that make you both unhappy. At least it will have this good effect, that he will keep his jealousy to himself, and repine in private, either because he is sensible it is a weakness, and will therefore hide it from your knowledge, or because he will be apt to fear fome ill effect it may produce, in cooling your love towards him, or diverting it to another,
There is still another secret that can never fail, if you can once get it believed, and which is often practised by women of greater cunning than virtue : This is to change fides for a while with, the jealous man, and to turn his own paflion upon himself; to take some occasion of growing jealous of hin, and to follow the example he himself hath set you. This counterfeited jealousy will bring him a great deal of pleasure, if he thinks it real; for he knows experimentally how much love goes along with this passion, and will besides feel something like the satisfaction of revenge, in seeing you undergo all his own tortures. But this, indeed, is an artifice so difficult, and at the same time so difingenuous, that it ought never to be put in pracice, but by such as have Ykill enough to cover the deceit, and innocence to render it excufable.
I shall conclude this effay with the story of Herod and Marianne, as I have collected it out of Jofaphus; which may serve almost as an exa
xample to whatever can be said on this subject.
Mariamne had all the charms that beauty, birth, wit and youth could give a woman,
and Herod all the love that such charms are able to raise in a warm and amorous difpofition. In the midst of this his
fondness for Mariamne, he put her brother to death, as he did her father not many years after. The barbarity of the action was represented to Mark Antony, who immediately fummoned Herod into Ægypt, to answer for the crime that was there laid to his charge. Herod attributed the fummons to Antony's desire of Mariamne, whom therefore, before his departure, he gave into the custody of his uncle Joseph, with private orders to put her to death, if any such violence was offered to himself. This Joseph was much delighted with Mariamne's conversation, and endeavoured, with all his art and rhetorick, to set out the excess of Herod's paffion for her; but when he still found her cold and incredulous, he inconsiderately told her, as a certain instance of her Lord's affection, the private orders he had left behind him, which plainly Thewed, according to Joseph's interpretation, ihat he could neither live nor die without her. This barbarous. instance of a wild unreasonable paffion quite put out, for a time, those little remains of affe&tion The still had for her Lord: Her thoughts were so wholly taken up with the cruelty of his orders, that the could not consider the kindness that produced them, and therefore represented him in her imagination, rather under the frightful idea of a mur. derer than a lover. Herod was at length acquitted and dismissed by Mark Antony, when his soul was all in flames for his Mariamne ; but, before their meeting, he was not a little alarmed at the report he had heard of his uncle's conversation and familiarity with her in his abfence. This therefore was the first discourse he entertained her with, in which she found it no easy matter to quict his fufpicions. But at last he appeared so well satisfied of her innocence, that from reproaches and wranglings he fell to tears and embraces. Both of them wept very tenderly at their reconciliation, and Herod poured out his whole soul to her in the warmeft protestations o VOL. III.
love and constancy; when amidst all his fighs and languishingsshe asked him, whether the private orders he left with his uncle Joseph were an instance of fuch an inflamed affection. The jealous King was immediately roused at fo unexpected a question, and concluded his uncle must have been too familiar with her, before he would have discovered such fccret. In fhort, he put his uncle to death, and very difficultly prevailed upon himself to spare Mariamne.
After this he was forced on a second journey into Egypt, when he committed his Lady to the care of Sohenus, with the fame private orders he had before given his uncle, if any mischief befel himself. In the mean while Mariamne so wone upon Schemus by her presents and obliging conversation, that she drew all the fecret from him, with which Herod had intrusted him; 10 that after his return, when he flew to her with all the transports of joy and love, the received him coldly with sighs and tears, and all the marks of indifference and aversion.
This reception fo stirred up his indignation, that he had certainly slain hier with his own hands, had not he feared he himself thould have become the greater sufferer by it. It wils not long after this, when he had another violent return of love upon him: Marianne was therefore sent for to him, whom he endeavoured to soften and reconcile with all poslible conjugal careffes and endearments; but the declined his embraces, and answered all his fondnofs with bitter invectives for the death of her father and her brother. This behaviour so infenfed Herod, that he very hardly refrained from striking her ; when in the heat of their quarrel there came in a witness, suborned by some of Mariamne's enemies, who accused her to the King of a design to poifcn him. Herod was now prepared to hear any thing in her prejudice, and immediately ord red her icriant to be stretched upon the rack; who in the patiemity of his tortures confeed, that his
mistress's mistress's averfion to the King arose from fomething Sohemus had told her; but as for any design of poisoning, he utterly disowned the least knowledge of it. This confession quickly proved fatal to Sohemus, who now lay under the same fuspicions and sentence that Jofejh had before him on the like occasion. Nor would Herod rest here; but accused her with great vehemence of a defign. upon his life, and by his authority with the judges had her publickly condemned and executed. He rod foon after her death grew melancholy and dejected, retiring from the publick administration of affairs into a solitary forest, and there abandoning himself to all the black considerations, which naturally arise from a paffion made up of love, remorse, pity and dispair. He used to rave for his Mariamne, and to call upon her in his distracted fits; and in all probability would foon have followed her, had not his thoughts been feasonably called off from so fad an object by publick storms, which at that time very nearly treatened him.
NO 172. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 17.
Non folum scientia, quæ eft remota a justitia, callidi
tas potius quam sapientia est appellanda ; verum etiam animui paratus ad periculum, fi fua cupiditate, non utilitate communi, impellitur, audacie potius nomen habeat, quam fortitudinis ---
Plato apud TULL. As knowledge, without justice, ought to be called
cunning, rather than wisdom ; fo a mind prepared to meet danger, if excited by its own eagerness, and not the publick good, deserves the name of
audacity, rather than of courage. THERE *HERE can be no greater injury to human fociety, than that good talents among men should
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be held honourable to those who are endowed with them without any regard how they are applied. The gifts of nature and accomplishments of art are valuable, but as they are exerted in the interests of virtue, or governed by the rules of honour. We ought to abstract our minds from the observation of an excellence in those we converse with, until we have taken fome notice, or received some good information of the disposition of their minds; otherwise the beauty of their persons, or the charms of their wit, may make us fond of those whom our reason and judgment will tell us we ought to abhor.
When we suffer ourselves to be thus carried away by mere beauty, or mere wit, Omniamante, with all her vice, will bear away as much of our good-will as the most innocent virgin or discreet matron; and there cannot be a more abject slavery in this world, than to dote upon what we think we ought to condemn: Yet this must be our condition in all the parts of life, if we suffer ourselves to approve any thing but what tends to the promotion of what is good and honourable. If we would take true pains with ourselves to consider all things by the light of reafon and justice, though a man were in the height of youth and amorous inclinations, he would look upon a coquette with the same contempt or indiference as he would upon à coxcomb : The wanton carriage in a woman would difappoint her of the admiration which the aims át; and the vain dress or discourse of a man would destroy the comeliness of his shape, or goodness of his understanding. I say the goodness of his understanding, for it is no less common to fee men of fenfe commence coxcombs, than beautiful women become immodeft. When this happens in either, the favour we are naturally inclined to give to the good qualities they have from nature should abate in proportion. But however just it is to measure the value of men by the application of their talents,