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dares tead up a dance in a full court; and with
out blinking at the luftre of beauty, can distri• bute an eye of proper complaisance to a room
crowded with company, each of which deferves particular regard : While the other sneaks from
conversation, like a fearful debtor, who never • dares to look out, but when he can see no body, ' and no body him,
The next instance of opticks is the famous Argus, who (to speak the language of Cambridge)
was one of an hundred ; and being ufed as a spy • in the affairs of jealousy, was obliged to have all
his eyes about him. We have no account of the particular colours, casts and turns of this body
of eyes; but as he was pimp for his mistress Juno, “it is probable he used all the modern leers, fly • glances, and other ocular activities to serve his
Furpose. Some look upon him as the then King
at arms to the heathenish deities; and make no . more of his eyes than as so many spangles of his • herald's coat.
· The next upon the optick lift is old Janus, who • stood in a double-fighted capacity, like a person • placed betwixt two opposite looking-glaffes, and • fo took a sort of retrospective catt at one view,
Copies of this double-faced way are not yet out • of fatnion with many professions, and the inge• nious artists pretend to keep up this species by • double-headed canes and spoons; but there is no ! mark of this faculty, except in the emblematical
way of a wise general having an eye to both • front and rear, or a pious man taking a review ' and prospect of his past and future state at the same time. • I must own, that the names, colours, qualities, and turns of eyes vary almoft in every head; for, not to mention the mon appellations of the black, the blue, the white, the gray, and the like; the most reniarkable are those that borrow their
• titles from animals, by virtue of some particular
quality of resemblance they bear to the eye of &ithe respective creatures ; as that of a greedy ra
pacious aspect takes its name from the cat, that of a sharp piercing nature from the hawk, those.
of an ainorous roguith look derive their title even • from the sheep, and we say such an one has a ;
Theep's eye; not much to denote the innocence e as the simple sliness of the cast : Nor is this me
taphorical inoculation a modern invention, for ! we find Homer taking the freedom to place the
eye. of an ox, bull, or cow, in one of his prin--
Βοώπις πότνια "Ηρη
outward portal to introduce them to the house * within, or rather the common thorough-fare to • let our affections pafs in and out. Love, anger,
pride, and avarice, all visibly move in thofe little 6 orbs. I know' a young Lady that cannot see a
certain gentleman pass by without fhewing a fecret' desire of fecing him again by a dance in her eye-balls; nay, she cannot for the heart of her help looking half a street's length after any man: in a gay dress. You cannot behold a covetous spirit walk by a goldfinith's shop without casting
a wishful eye at the 'heaps upon the counter. “Does not a haughty person thew the temper of
his soul in the supercilious roll of his eye? and how frequently in the height of paflion does that
moving picture in our head start and fare, gaother a redness and quick flashes of lightning, and "make all its humours sparkle with fire, as Virgil finely describes it.
Ardentis ab ore
Æn. xii. ver. 101.
DRYDEN. • As for the various turns of the eye-fight, such as the voluntary or involuntary, the half or the • whole leer, I shall not enter into a very particu• lar account of them ; but let me observe, that • oblique vision, when natural, was anciently the • mark of bewitchery and magical fascination, and
to this day it is a malignant ill-look; but when • it is forced and affected it carries a wanton design, • and in playhouses, and other publick places, this • ocular intimation is often an affignation for bad
practices : But this irregularity in vision, together • with such enormities as tipping the wink, the cir
cumspective roll, the fide-peep through a thin hood
or fan, must be put in the class of heteropticks, as • all wrong notions of religion are ranked under the • general name of heterodox. All the pernicious
applications of sight are more immediately under • the direction of a SFECTATOR; and I hope you ' will arm your readers against the mischiefs which
are daily done by killing eyes, in which you will highly oblige your wounded unknown friend,
! T. B.'
• Mr. SPECTATOR, : YOU profeffed in several papers your particular
endeavours, in the province of SPECTATOR, to correct the offences committed by, starers who • disturb whole assemblies without any regard to
time, place, or modefty. You complained alfo, : that a starer is not usually a person to be convin
ced by the reason of the thing, nor fo eafily rebuked, as to amend by admonitions. I thought
• therefore fit to acquaint you with a convenient • mechanical
which may easily prevent or cor• rect staring, by an òptical contrivance of new per• fpective-glaffes, fhort and commodious like opera • glasses, fit for fhort-fighted people as well as • Others, thefe glaffes making the objects appear, • either as they are seen by the naked eye, or more • distinct, thongh fomewhat less than life, or big
ger and nearer. A person may, by the help of • this invention, take a view of another without the impertinence of ftaring; at the same time it
shall not be possible to know whom or what he is • looking at. One may look towards his right or ! left hand, when he is supposed to look forwards:
This is set forth at large in the printed proposals • for the sale of those glasses, to be had at Mr. Dil• lon's in Long. Acre, next door to the White Hart. • Now, Sir, as your Spectator has occasioned the ő publishing of this invention for the benefit of modeft spectators, the inventor desires your admoni
tions concerning the decent use of it; and hopes ' by your recommendation, that for the future • beauty may be beheld without the torture and o confufion which it suffers from the infolence of
ftarers. By this means you will relieve the inno. cent from an infult which there is no law to pu
nish, though it is a greater offence than many · which are within the cognisance of justice.
I am, SIR,
Your most humble servant, é
• ABRAHAM SPY.
NO 251. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 18,
Linguæ centum sunt, oraque centum,
VIRG. An. vi. ver. 625.
reigner, and frights à country squire, than
I Am a man out of all business, and would wil
lingly turn my head to any thing for an honest
subsistence, if you will be pleased to recommend
• The post I would aim at, is to be comptroller-