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dares tead up a dance in a full court; and with

out blinking at the luftre of beauty, can distri• bute an eye of proper complaisance to a room

crowded with company, each of which deferves particular regard : While the other sneaks from

conversation, like a fearful debtor, who never • dares to look out, but when he can see no body, ' and no body him,

The next instance of opticks is the famous Argus, who (to speak the language of Cambridge)

was one of an hundred ; and being ufed as a spy • in the affairs of jealousy, was obliged to have all

his eyes about him. We have no account of the particular colours, casts and turns of this body

of eyes; but as he was pimp for his mistress Juno, “it is probable he used all the modern leers, fly • glances, and other ocular activities to serve his

Furpose. Some look upon him as the then King

at arms to the heathenish deities; and make no . more of his eyes than as so many spangles of his • herald's coat.

· The next upon the optick lift is old Janus, who • stood in a double-fighted capacity, like a person • placed betwixt two opposite looking-glaffes, and • fo took a sort of retrospective catt at one view,

Copies of this double-faced way are not yet out • of fatnion with many professions, and the inge• nious artists pretend to keep up this species by • double-headed canes and spoons; but there is no ! mark of this faculty, except in the emblematical

way of a wise general having an eye to both front and rear, or a pious man taking a review ' and prospect of his past and future state at the same time. • I must own, that the names, colours, qualities, and turns of eyes vary almoft in every head; for, not to mention the mon appellations of the black, the blue, the white, the gray, and the like; the most reniarkable are those that borrow their




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• titles from animals, by virtue of some particular

quality of resemblance they bear to the eye of &ithe respective creatures ; as that of a greedy ra

pacious aspect takes its name from the cat, that of a sharp piercing nature from the hawk, those.

of an ainorous roguith look derive their title even • from the sheep, and we say such an one has a ;

Theep's eye; not much to denote the innocence e as the simple sliness of the cast : Nor is this me

taphorical inoculation a modern invention, for ! we find Homer taking the freedom to place the

eye. of an ox, bull, or cow, in one of his prin--
cipal goddesses, by that frequent expreffion of

Βοώπις πότνια "Ηρη
The ox.cyed venerable Juno.

• Now as to the peculiar qualities of the eye, that
fine part of our constitution seems as much the
* receptacle and feat of our paffions, appetites and
. inclinations as the mind itself; and at least is the

outward portal to introduce them to the house * within, or rather the common thorough-fare to • let our affections pafs in and out. Love, anger,

pride, and avarice, all visibly move in thofe little 6 orbs. I know' a young Lady that cannot see a

certain gentleman pass by without fhewing a fecret' desire of fecing him again by a dance in her eye-balls; nay, she cannot for the heart of her help looking half a street's length after any man: in a gay dress. You cannot behold a covetous spirit walk by a goldfinith's shop without casting

a wishful eye at the 'heaps upon the counter. “Does not a haughty person thew the temper of

his soul in the supercilious roll of his eye? and how frequently in the height of paflion does that

moving picture in our head start and fare, gaother a redness and quick flashes of lightning, and "make all its humours sparkle with fire, as Virgil finely describes it.

with bid


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Ardentis ab ore
Scintilla abfiftunt : oculis micat acribus ignis.

Æn. xii. ver. 101.
From his wide noftrils flies
A fiery stream, and sparkles from his cyes:

DRYDEN. • As for the various turns of the eye-fight, such as the voluntary or involuntary, the half or the • whole leer, I shall not enter into a very particu• lar account of them ; but let me observe, that • oblique vision, when natural, was anciently the • mark of bewitchery and magical fascination, and

to this day it is a malignant ill-look; but when • it is forced and affected it carries a wanton design, • and in playhouses, and other publick places, this • ocular intimation is often an affignation for bad

practices : But this irregularity in vision, together • with such enormities as tipping the wink, the cir

cumspective roll, the fide-peep through a thin hood

or fan, must be put in the class of heteropticks, as • all wrong notions of religion are ranked under the • general name of heterodox. All the pernicious

applications of sight are more immediately under • the direction of a SFECTATOR; and I hope you ' will arm your readers against the mischiefs which

are daily done by killing eyes, in which you will highly oblige your wounded unknown friend,

! T. B.'

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• Mr. SPECTATOR, : YOU profeffed in several papers your particular

endeavours, in the province of SPECTATOR, to correct the offences committed by, starers who • disturb whole assemblies without any regard to

time, place, or modefty. You complained alfo, : that a starer is not usually a person to be convin

ced by the reason of the thing, nor fo eafily rebuked, as to amend by admonitions. I thought


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• therefore fit to acquaint you with a convenient • mechanical


which may easily prevent or cor• rect staring, by an òptical contrivance of new per• fpective-glaffes, fhort and commodious like opera • glasses, fit for fhort-fighted people as well as • Others, thefe glaffes making the objects appear, • either as they are seen by the naked eye, or more • distinct, thongh fomewhat less than life, or big

ger and nearer. A person may, by the help of • this invention, take a view of another without the impertinence of ftaring; at the same time it

shall not be possible to know whom or what he is • looking at. One may look towards his right or ! left hand, when he is supposed to look forwards:

This is set forth at large in the printed proposals • for the sale of those glasses, to be had at Mr. Dillon's in Long. Acre, next door to the White Hart. • Now, Sir, as your Spectator has occasioned the ő publishing of this invention for the benefit of modeft spectators, the inventor desires your admoni

tions concerning the decent use of it; and hopes ' by your recommendation, that for the future • beauty may be beheld without the torture and o confufion which it suffers from the infolence of

ftarers. By this means you will relieve the inno. cent from an infult which there is no law to pu

nish, though it is a greater offence than many · which are within the cognisance of justice.

I am, SIR,

Your most humble servant, é


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Linguæ centum sunt, oraque centum,
Ferrea vox.

VIRG. An. vi. ver. 625.
A hundred mouths, a hundred tongues,
And throats of brass inspir'd with iron lungs.

"Here is nothing which more astonishes a fo:

reigner, and frights à country squire, than
the Cries of London. My good friend Sir Roger
often declares, that he cannot get them out of his
head or go to sleep for them, the firft week that he
is in town." On the contrary, WILL HONEYCOMB
calls them the 'Ramage de la Ville, and prefers them
to the founds of larks and nightingales, 'with all
the musick of the fields and woods. I have lately,
received a letter from some very odd fellow upon
this fubject; 'which I fhall leave with my readers,
without saying any thing further of it.


I Am a man out of all business, and would wil

lingly turn my head to any thing for an honest
• livelihood. I have invented several projects for
• raising many millions of money without burden--
• ing the subject, but I cannot get the Parliament
• to listen to me, who look upon me, forsooth, as
ra crack, and a projector; so that, despairing to
• enrich either myself or my country by this pub-
• lick-fpiritedness, I would make some proposals to
• you relating to a design which I have very much
• at heart, and which may procure me a handsome

subsistence, if you will be pleased to recommend
• it to the cities of London and Westminster.

• The post I would aim at, is to be comptroller-
general of the London cries, which are at present


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