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tenderness and commiseration, than the conferring of them; and that the taking care of any person should endear the child or dependent more to the parent or benefactor, than the parent or benefactor to the child or dependent; yet so it happens, that for one cruel parent we meet with a thousand undutiful children. This is indeed won. derfully contrived (as I have formerly observed) for the support of every living species, but at the fame time that it shews the wisdom of the Creator, it discovers the imperfection and degeneracy of the creature.
The obedience of children to their parents is : the basis of all government, and set forth as the measure of that obedience which we owe to those whom Providence hath placed over us.
It is father Le Compte, if I'am not mistaken, who tells us how want of duty in this particular is pu. nished among the Chinese, infomuch that if a fon should be known to kill, or so much as to strike his father, not only the criminal but his whole family would be rooted out, nay the inhabitants of the place where he lived would be put to the sword, nay the place itself would be razed to the ground, and its foundations sown with falt : For, lay they, there must have been an utter depravation of manners in that clan or society of people who could have bred up among them fo horrid an offender. To this I shall add a passage out of the first book : of Herodotus. That historian in his account of the Perpan customs and religion, tells us, It is their opinion that no man ever killed his father, or that it is possible such a crime should be in nature; but. that if any thing like it should ever happen, they. conclude that the reputed son'must have been illegitimate, fuppofititious, or begotten in adultery. Their opinion in this particular thews fufficiently what a notion they must have had of undutifulness in general,
MONDAY, OCTOBER 8.
Servitus crescit nova- Hor. Od. viif. I. 2. v. 18.
A fervitude to former times unknown.
negligence used in the case of regard towards wonien, or, in others words, since I talked of wenching; I have had epistles upon that subject, which I shall, for the present entertainment, infert as they lie before me.
of human life,but concern the wicked as well as the good, I must desire your favourable ace? ceptance of what I, a poor strolling girl about tovil, have to say to you. I was told by a Roman Catholick Gentleman who picked me up last week, and who, I hope, is absolved for what passed between us; I say, I was told by such
a perfon, who endeavoured to convert me to « his own religion, that in countries where Pope' ry prevails, besides the advantage of licensed stews,
there are large endowments given for the Incurabili, I think he called them, such as are past al} remedy, and are allowed such maintainance and support as to keep them without farther care un
til they expire. This inanner of treating poor ' finners has, methinks, great humanity in it; and
as you are a person who pretend to carry your "reflections upon all subjects whatever occur to
you, with candour, and act above the sense of s. what misinterpretation you may meet with, I beg
the favour of you to lay before all the world the * unhappy condition of us poor vagrants, who are 'really in a way of labour instead of idleness. 5. There are crouds of us whose manner of liveli
· hood has long ceased to be pleasing to us; and
who would willingly lead a new life, if the rigour of the virtuous did not for ever expel us from coming into the world again. As it now happens, to the eternal infamy of the male fex, fallchood among you is not reproachful, but credulity in women is in famous.
• Give me leave, Sir, to give you my history. • You are to know that I am a daughter of a man
of a good reputation, tenant to a man of quality, • The heir of this great house took it in his head to caft a favourable
eye upon me, and succeeded. * I do not pretend to say he pronised me marri
age : I was not a creature filly enough to be ta• ken by fo foolish a story : But he ran away with
me up to this town, and introduced me to a grave matron, with whom I boarded for a day or two with great gravity, and was not a little pleased with the change of my condition, from • that of a country life to the finest company, as I
believed, in the whole world. My humble fervant made me understand that I should be always
kept in the plentiful condition I then enjoyed; (when after a very great fondnefs towards me, he
one day took his leave of me for four or five days. • In the evening of the fame day my good landla
dy came to me, and observing me very penfive,
began to comfort me, and with a smile told me 6-I must see the world. When I was deaf to all the . could say to divert me, she began to tell me with. ! a very frank air that I must be treated as I ought; • and not take these squeamish humours upon me,
friend had left me to the town ; and, as • their phrafe is, the expected I would fee compa
ny, or I must be treated like what I had brought • myself to. This put ine into a fit of crying : • And I immediately, in a true sense of my condi' tion, threw myself on the floor, deploring iny fate, * calling upon all that was good and facred to fuc
While I was in all this agony, I ob« ferved a decrepid old fellow come into the room,
and looking with a sense of pleasure in his face - at all my vehemence and transport. In a pause • of my distress heard him say to the shamelefs 5 old woman, who stood by me, she is certainly a + new face, or else the acts it rarely. With that
the Gentlewoman, who was making her market 6 of me, in all the turn of my perfon, the heaves • of passion, and the suitable changes of my por
ture, took occafion to commend my neck, my shape, my eyes, my limbs. All this was accom
panicd with such fpeeches as you may have heard " horse-coursers make in the sale of nags, 6 when they are warranted for their foundness. . You understand by this time that I was left in a + brothel, and exposed to the next bidder that
could purchase me of my patronefs. This is so o much the work of hell; the pleasure in the por
session of us wenches abates in proportion to the degrees we go beyond the bounds of innocence ; • and no man is gratified, if there is nothing left
for him to debauch. Well, Sir, my first man, * when I came upon the town, was Sir Jeoffry
Fpióte, who was very lavish to me of his money, and took such a fancy to me that he would have carried me off, if my patronefs would have
taken any reasonable terms for me : - he was old, his covetousness was his strongest
paffion, and poor I was soon left expofed to be
the common refuse of all the rakes and debau• chees in town. I cannot tell whether you will do
me justice or no, until I fee whether you
print this or not; otherwise, as I now live ' with Sal, I could give you a very just account of
who and who is together in this town. You perhaps won't believe it ; but I know of one who pretends to be a very good Protestant, who lies « with a Roman Catholick: Bur more of this here
• after, as you please me. There do come to our • house the greatest politicians of the age; and Sal is more shrewd than any body thinks: No body
believe that such wise men could go to baudy• houses out of idle purposes. I have heard them * often talk of Auguftus Cæfar, who had intrigues
with the wives of fenators, not out of wanton• ness but stratagem.
• It is a thousand pities you should be fo feverely « virtuous as I fear you are ; otherwite, after one visit or two, you would foon understand that we
of the town are not such useless correspondents as you may imagine : You have un• doubtedly heard that it was a courtesan who dif* covered Cataline's conspiracy. If you print this, • I will tell you more ; and am in the mean time,
my livelihood, but that I am kept in such a manner as I cannot stir out. My tyrant is an old jealous fellow, who allows me nothing to appear
I have but one Thoe and one slipper; no - head-dress, and no upper petticoat. As you fet up
for a reformer, I desire you would take me out of this wicked way, and keep me yourself.
• Eve AFTERDAY.' ? Mr. SPECTATOR, : I AM to complain to you of a set of impertinent
coxcombs, who visit the apartments of us wo6 men of the town, only, as they call it, to see the * world. I must confess to you, this to men of • delicacy might have an effect to cure them ; but o as they are stupid, noisy, and drunken fellows, it
tends only to make vice in themselves, as they * think, pleasant and humourous, and at the same