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Viael, probably raised in commemoration of some ancient chief.

A mile from Kirk Michael is the Bishop's palace, a modern building without state. His Lordship's domain contains between three and four hundred acres. The grounds are well wooded, and, besides a sea view, command the luxuriant land of the northern district.

One of the barrows in this neighbourhood Chaloner caused to be opened, and found in it fourteen rotten urns or earthen pots, placed with their mouths downwards. One of them, neater than the rest, was imbedded in fine white sand, but contained nothing more than a few brittle bones having apparently passed the fire: no ashes were discernible.

::;.!!.CHAPTER XIII.

From Kirk Michael to Ramsey; Larey, Douglas: ; thence to Kirk Marown.

Two'miles to the north-east of Kirk Michael is the village of Ballaugh, and full a mile further its parish church, one of the three rectories. The name in Manks signifies mire town, and was, according to Chaloner, given to this village or church, from its being situated in a place that was formerly a bog.

Ballaugh is about as populous as Balasalla. It has manufactories for coarse hats, and appears in a flourishing condition. At a newly established public-house, I found tolerable accommodation for the night. It is without sign or any notice of what may be found within, except “ Ropes sold here,” written in large characters. The innkeepers' charges are generally quite as high as might be expected from the price of provisions: but here the bill for a supper of cold mutton, a pint of ale, a glass of brandy and water, bed, and breakfast, amounted to no more than one shilling and sixpence,

Ten

The vane upon the top of Ballaugh church has the date of 1717: the building itself is rather older. . . "A good deal of bog land and some rabbit ware: rens are in this parish.

Two miles further and nearly half a mile from the point of land, which bears its name, is Kirk Jurly.

Few monumental inscriptions of this island are in any other language than Latin or English. In this church-yard is the following epitaph :

are

lan

“ Exu. dom. Gul. Tear Ludimagist. de Peel. Sepul. Jul. 5, 1756, an. æt. 74. Epit. loco Gul. Tear, author. scripto.

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Mors heu! pæna quidem tamen est certissima vitæ,
Janua felicis denique læta piis.
Me licet hic retinent pro tempore vincula mortis,

Spes tamen in Christo non moritura manet.
· In Christi meritis patrisque clementis amore

Est humilis meå spes, hâc moriorque fide.
Tu Deus ipse meum cor scis secretaque cordis,
Obscurè cui non abdita quaque patent. : .
Hic nihil optari dignum est, heu! omnia vana:
Ergo beata veni, vanaque vita vale.”

The church-yard is on high ground and affords a good view of England, Scotland, and Ireland. It includes a barrow, devoted once more to its former use. This parish contains several other

barrows, and much bog-land intersected by the Curragh drain.

A cross road leads to Kirk Bride, situated five miles from Ramsey, and rather more than two from the point of Ayre. The church is dedicated to St. Bridget : it is the second rectory we have come to, but has no parsonage-house. In the church-yard are some Runic characters upon a stone cross, thus translated by Mr. Beauford :

“ The son of Ulf, of the Swedes, erected this cross to the warrior Afterarin, the son of Cunnu.”

At the point the land lies very low; and the shallowness of the water for a long way out at sea has been the cause of many a shipwreck.

Kirk Andreas lies between Bride and Ramsey. It is a rectory and archdeaconry. The old church, the oldest parish church upon the island, being in a very ruinous condition, was pulled down about eight years ago ; and the present building erected on its site.

Near a seat called Balahurry is an old encampment, formed, as Colonel Townley conjectures, in the civil wars by the troops of Oliver Crom

well. It is reckoned the most complete of any .. of that æra, and to be in a well chosen situa

. 169 tion. It is surrounded by a wide fosse, and has a bastion at each of the four corners. The internal square is sufficiently sunk to secure the troops from the enemy's fire. There is no breach in the works.

The churches of Ballaugh, Jurly, and Andreas, being situated on elevated ground, are all of them discernible from the high road between Bishop's-court and Ramsey. The intermediate land being flat is marshy in winter time.

On our approach to Ramsey we cross the Selly river by a stone bridge of three arches, one hundred and eighty feet long, including the abutments, and twelve feet wide.

Ramsey is a straggling town, about as large as Peel. It acquires some importance from being the seat of the administration of justice for the northern district. A new court of law was built here six or eight years ago, but is not kept in good repair. It abounds with broken panes of glass, stopped up with pieces of old tea-chests. The bay is spacious, and secure from any wind not blowing directly on shore. The harbour is bad and much choked up by sand. A pier runs

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