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the amputation of them had been performed, the wounds were still unhealed. The answers which this poor man gave to some questions put to him, excited so much curiosity, that Mr. Smith took him home, with the intention of making a few memoranda of bis story, for his own information. The modest and intelligent manner in which he told it, and the curious information which it contained, created a strong in, terest on bebalf of the narrator ; and the hope that an account of his yoyage might be of service to an unfortunate young man, and not unacceptable to those who take pleasure in contemplating the progress of mankind in the arts of civi. lization, gave rise to the present publication.
Archibald Campbell was born at Wyndford near Glasgow, in the year 1787. . On the death of his father, who was a soldier, his mother removed to Paisley, wlien he was about four years of age ; here he received the common rudiments of education, and at the age of ten, was bound apprentice to a weaver; but before he had completed his time, a strong desire to see foreign countries induced him to go to sea; and in the year 1800 he entered as an apprentice on board the Isabella of Port Glasgow, in which he made three voy, ages to the West Indies; after this he sailed in a coaster, and then again for the West Indies.
At Madeira, he was pressed into the Dịana frigate; ran from her at Portsmouth in 1806, and entered on board the Thames Indiaman, Captain Riches, bound for China. At Canton, the Captain of the American ship Arthur, bound to Rhode Island, endeavoured to seduce him from the Thames by an offer of high wages and a bounty of twenty dollars ; but he resisted his proposal. Bcing afterwards in company with a comrade of the name of Allen, they were met by an. other American captain, who also tried to seduce them by offering still higher wages : they however held out; till learning that the ship was bound to the South Seas, and the north-west coast of America, the temptation became irre, sistable; and they were concealed in the American factory till the ship should be ready to proceed on her voyage. This was the Eclipse of Boston, commanded by captain Joseph O'Kean, and chartered by the Russian American Company for their settlement at Kamschatka, and the nerth-west coast of America, with a cargo of nankeens, tea, silks, sugar, &c.; the crew amounting to 28, four or five of which were sedaced from the Indiaman.
(To be Continued.)
THE SPIRIT OF OUR FORE-FATHERS.
It is recorded by John Fog respecting the different characters and proceedings of two parliaments, in the reign of King Richard the Seeond, that no Prince ever came to the crown with a more univer: sal love and good will of his people than Richard II. yet by the wicked and blundering administration of those he had the misfortune to employ, he at length entirely lost all esteem and affection among his subjects: for all the politics of these men had no other tendency, but to squeeze money from the people at home, while the true interest of the nation was miserably neglected.
The parliament thought it inconsistent with their trust and duty to bear any longer with the ministers. W berefore they sent a message to the King, at Eltham, declaring, that De la Pool, Earl of Suffolk, the chancellor, and Robert de Vere the treasurer, ought to be removed from all office and trust, &c. What exasperated the people and parliament more particularly against the Chancellor was, that he had in the King's name demanded of the Commons an extraordinary supply for the King's household, or in other words had pretended a deficiency in the civil list, and demanded that the same should be made. good by the Commons; to which they returned this brave answer, “ They neither could, nor would proceed in any business in parliament, nor dispatch the least article, till the King should come in person amongst them, and remove the chancellor from his office.”
The next day the parliament, by common consent, (or nem. con. as it is now expressed) dispatched the King's uncle, the Duke of Gloucester, and Thomas De Arundel, Bishop of Ely, to Eltham, to deliver to the King the sense of both hoạses; which they did accordingly in a speech, in which were
“That it was established by antient custom in this realm, that the King ought to call a new parliament every year upon many accounts.
“Secondly, that if the King did by ungovernable will, estrange and withdraw himself from his parliament for the space of 40 days, the members were at liberty to return to their several habitations witliout any farther proceedings."
The ministers being a little alarmed at these things, thought to intimidate the parliament, by advising the King to tell them, " That he perceived his parliament as well as people intended to make an insurrection against him, in which cese he was resolved to call in the assistance of his causin, the king of France, and even to submit himself to him, rather than truckle to his own sukcects." But so far was the parliament from being terrified at these threats, that they returned this severe answer, “That they had an antient constitution, which was not long since put into execution, that if the King thro' evil council, obstinacy, contempt of his subjects, &c. should alienate bimself from his people, and not govern by tire antient laws and statutes of the realm, and should precipitate himself into wild designs, and abandon himself to an arbitrary will, that from that time it should be lawful for his people, to depose that King from his throne, and to set upon it another of the Royal Family."
This speech brought the King a little to himself, so that in a few days he came to the Parliament, and suffered De la Pole to be impeached by the Commons: and having gratified them thus far he thought fit to ask å supply, to which the Commons returned this answer." That he needed not to want supplies from his people, while he might so easily supply himself from those, who were his and the nation's just debtors,” (meaning the ministers and other . placemen.)
The public robbers (i. e. the ministers) found it would be necessary to go a little farther, and therefore the chancellor and treasurer were removed from their employments; but this was but a mere grimace, it being done by their own consent and advice, to see it would put the parliament into a humour of granting the supply; and indeed it had that effect.
One thing in the nature of this tax must not be omitted, because it shews the tenderness our parliaments bad for the circumstances of the people : for it was resolved that the trading people should be cntirely exempt from this tax, and that none should pay towards it, but persons distinguished by the following ranks,lviz. Dukes, Earls, Archbishops, Bishops,
Abbots, Sheriffs, Knights, Esquires, Parsons, Vicars, and Chauntry Priests.
They afterwards chose 11 Lords, to whom they gave power to hear all causes and complaints relating to the public revenues, from the death of Edward III. to the present time; and then broke up.
The money being gained, and the parliament dismissed, the ministers resumed thcir places and practices too, and now they bent their whole study to make themselves safe. To which purpose they laid a design of having the Duke of Gloucester and other of their principal opposers invited to an entertainment in the city, where they were to be murdered ; but this plot was spoilt by its being communicated to Sir Richard Exton, the Mayor of London, whose concurrence they judged to be necessary, who not only refused to be concerned in so wicked an affair, but gave timely notice of it to the Duke of Gloucester, who prevented the rest from accepting any invitation.
And now, the first scheme of the ministers was to take off all terrors of parliament, and to render that assembly passive, and obedient to their commands. In order hereto they advised the King to go to Nottingham, or rather they carried him there, such
ą tool did they make of him, where Tresillian the chief justice as well as the judges, and, in fine, the whole gang met him; the sheriffs of all the counties were also summoned to attend the King there. Now they tampered with the sheriffs to raise forces (for the King as they pretended, but in effect for themselves), and, secondly, they required of them that they would return none to serve in the next parliament but such persons as they (the ministers) should
But they could make no impression on these sheriffs.
I cannot omit one story (says Fog) which happened about this time : the several Lords and Commoners who had confederated together to relieve their country from the tyranny and oppression of these vile ministers, had a meeting at Haringay Park near Highgate, of which intelligence being brought to the King, when one Sir Hugo de Lyn, who was reckoned crack-brained (perhaps for speaking truth at court) was present, the King turned to him and asked him what he should do with these men; the old Knight answered with a smiling countenance, let us march
out and kill every man of them, and then by God's eyes you will have destroyed the worthiest men in your Kingdom.
Our ministers having miscarried in their design upon the sheriffs, when the year was out, and new sheriffs were to be appointed, they put in a pack of profligate fellows fit for their purpose, who readily complied with what the others had refused, and returned such tools to parliament, as would have matched a Roman Senate in its most scandalous days. They were in fine, the very negroe, of the men in power, and did their villainous drudgery passing well, for they impeached all those Lords who bad opposed their masters, particularly those that had been appointed by the last parliament to inspect the dissipations in the public revenues ; so that some of these braye men were banished, and their estates confiscat. ed, and others brought to the scaffold.
And now the people were fleeced and oppressed according to law, for never did a parliament and ministry suit each other so well. When they bad done all that was required of them, they were only prorogued, which was a strange innovation in those days, when no parliament was ever known' to sit twice: but this parliament was too good to be parted with, therefore they were kept standing in order to meet again at Shrewsbury.
In fine, there was such a harmony betwixt them and the ministers, that they went on to gratify them, and to support them till they robbed the King of the hearts of his people, and were by that means the cause of his losing both his crown and life.:
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