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the model replied, that he had agreed to accept of a pound sterling for being painted and not for being bitten; he demanded a large indemnity. The affair has been brought before the tribunals.
SPOKEN BY MR. DOWTON, AT THE OPERA-HOUSE, ON THE
OCCASION OF MR. INCLEDON'S FAREWELL BENEFIT, MARCH, 24, 1817.
The tuneful favourite of your youthful days,
Oh, may they speak your language to his heart,
POEM COMPOSED FOR THE ANNIVERSARY OF
THE ABOLITION OF THE SLAVE TRADE.
Her countless sorrows dar'd to name.
Fate's darkling pages
And swift o'er Afric's bleeding waste
In allusion to Memnon's statuę, which was said to utter sounds when touched by the rising sug,
The Niger was ascertained by Mr. Parke to roll eastward.
THE ROYAL ACADEMY.
MR. SOANE'S LECTURES.
Having now considered the origin, progress, and proper application of the column, as well as the Persian and Caryatides, both as externally and internally used in the temples and other works of the ancients ; a few observations on various other modes of applying the orders, merit our attentiou. Ulyssus raised a column to his friend, who fell, while sleeping, from the top of the palace of Circe. The Romans used the militares and other columnæ. Pompey the Great raised trophies and erected triymphant arches commemorative of his victories; and the Romans raised the column of Diulius, to celebrate the overthrow of their inveterate enemies the Carthagenians; as also the columns of Trajan and Antoninus at Rome, and that of Theodosius at Constantinople.
With respect to Antis, they were used in the best works of the ancients ; as ends of walls, undiminished, and never applied where there were not columns. After various remarks on the application of this accessory of architecture, the Professor shewed their misapplication in the Portico of St. Martin's Church, and remarked the three quarter columns under the portico of Bloomsbury Church, where they are quite useless and misapplied
or 'Tis use alone that sanctifies ex pence,
For splendour borrows half her rays from senge," It must be lamented that in that never to be too much admired edi, fice St. Paul's, pilasters form a most distinguishing feature of its decoration. In a few houses, however, such as Shaftsbury House, and some of the houses in Great Queen Street, they are well used and appropriate, end form a striking contrast to the paltry excresences, which now rise
up, without taste, without proportion, and with every evidence of neagro composition.
After commenting on the proper application of ballustrades, which should never be used except when there is a flat roof, as in the Queen's House at Greenwieh, Mr. Soane proceeded to make some remarks on Pyramids and Obelisks. Obelisks were either triangular, conical, or square at the base, and diminishing towards the top. According to Diodorus Siculus, two obelisks were placed by Sesostris at the entrance of the temple at Heliopolis. Many have been transported to Rome, the most famous of which are that in the court before St. Peter's, and the two, formerly placed fronting the tomb of Augustus, of which one is now opposite the church of Santa Maria Maggiore, and the other on the Monte Cavallo at Rome. Pyramids were placed directly on the ground and formed an entire whole. There was one however on the tomb of Mausolus, which, according to Pliny, was placed over the peristyle, and gradually dimipished towards the top, where there was a chariot and horses. In this, as in the mausoleum near Albano, it loses its original simplicity and propriety of application. To show how architects are sometimes
, shackled by the taste of their employers, the Professor mentioned an instance, wbere Lord Daroly left in his will an injunction on his heirs, that they should erect to him a mausoleum, decorated on the exterior with columns surmounted by a pyramid, and the interidr ornamented with a dome. These totally opposite incongruities were in some measure reconeiled by the judicious Mr. Wyatt, in his design for this Mausoleum, erected in Cobham Park. From this it is evident, that genius and talent, however distinguished, are not exempt from the shackles of injudicious caprice. It is to be lamented, that the architect is orten obliged to sacrifice the effect of the lateral elevations of his design, to allow for a greater display of ornament in the entrance facade, which is particularly evident in Lansdown House, Berkly Square, in the front of a nobleinan's house at White Hall built by Sir William Chambers.
Until those who have to controul the erection of our pnblic edifices are able to discriminate and appreciate the powers of those they employ, the absurdly composed columns, exbibited in a former lecture, will be by them as mncb admired, as the incomparable three in the campo Vicino. The young Architect should be unremitting in bis zeal, unceasing in his application, for true taste is sbewn in a greater degree, when he is sparing in his use of bassi relitvi, pannels, and festoons, than when he is profuso of the gorgeous trappings of the art. Unseduced by fashiou, and not sedulous of allegory, he should direct the taste of his employer, and urge to bim with energy and force the appropriate choice of architectural accompaniment, for without this he will be left to wander in the gloomy, caves of Cacus, and ne'er will tread the paths to never dying fame. He sbould study history, be acquainted with all the customs and manpers of the ancients, and endeavour to advance and revive the golden age of the art. Then may we hope to see noble edifices rise and grace the country, honorable to the state, ennobling the artist, and then we shall have
“ No more in foreign climes to roam