Page images
PDF
EPUB

the model replied, that he had agreed to accept of a pound sterling for being painted and not for being bitten; he demanded a large indemnity. The affair has been brought before the tribunals.

AN ADDRESS.

SPOKEN BY MR. DOWTON, AT THE OPERA-HOUSE, ON THE

OCCASION OF MR. INCLEDON'S FAREWELL BENEFIT, MARCH, 24, 1817.

The tuneful favourite of your youthful days,
Rais'd by your smiles. and nurtured by your praise ;
Whom you proclaim'd, from competition free;
Unrivall'd in his native melody :
Now forc’d, alas ! in foreign climes to roam,
To seek beyond th’ Atlantic waste a home ;
Ere yet to England's shore he bids adieu,
Pours forth one parting, grateful strain-to you.
Oh let the men, who with him trod the stage,
Who mark'd the promise of his earlier age;
Who saw with joy bis talents ripen'd bloom,
Who hailed his progress, and now mourn his doom';
Shed for such talents' loss, the pitying tear,
While yet they may behold their brother here.
Here-where the friends who nerv'd his youthful power,
Now meet to consecrate his farewell hour:
Here-where the plaudits he has felt so long,
Now for the last time cheer your child of song;
To you his claim for kindness he prefer'd,
Your presence shows that his appeal was heard.
No actors here, as actors, now attend,
But friends assemble to support a friend.
Those friends would waft above one fervent pray's,
One anxious wish, for him who owns their care :
May he, in lands where British accents sound,
Experience what he felt on British ground:
While to his ear your language they impart,

Oh, may they speak your language to his heart,
May all the social joys which here exist,
There wait upon the wandering melodist!"

POEM COMPOSED FOR THE ANNIVERSARY OF

THE ABOLITION OF THE SLAVE TRADE.

I. 1.
Fill high the cup in festive hall,
And pledge our kindreds hopes so bright,-
Yes, brothers, yes, at Brunswick's call
Once more our faithful ranks uoite.
But oh! to what harvest of glory,
Gallant prince, dost thou summon the brave?
Where shall Conquest, all harness'd and gory,
Her banners triumphantly wave?--
For well thy heart of proof we know,
By many a hard encounter tried :
In evil hour the haughty foe
Thy daring arm of youth defied;
What time, on Helder's well-fought sands,
Catavia lean'd on Gauls firm bands,
And, in the van of England's war,
Mark'd against the Brunswick star.

II. 2.
But milder glories gild the crown
For Mercy wove by angel pow'rs;
Nor Love nor Pity shed a frown
To wither those immortal flow'rs.
And lo!'where the tropic sun blazes
The standard of glory appears !
And Conquest her trophy there raises
Nor tainted with blood, nor darken’d with tears!
For deep-intrench'd through many an age
There Vice and Superstition reign ;
And Christian hands with impions rage
Have riv'd more deep the moral chain !
These are thy fruits, thy Pest accurst!
By Blood and Spoil and Av'rice nurst!
Less fatal on those tortur'd shores,
Blast of death! Aarmattan roars.

I. 3.
Dark with crime, and dropping blood,
Twice a hundred years had past;
Still, o'er mountain, vale, and flood,
Groans of Afric swell'd the blast.
Till he, her champion, dear to Fame,
Undaunted ’midst her foes appearing,
His guardian voice to Britain rearing,

[ocr errors]

Her countless sorrows dar'd to name.
Instant, starting at the sound,
Rose the patriot chiefs, around.
The flash of Burke's prophetic eye
Blaz'd on the march of Liberty,
The heav'n-taught tones of Pitt were there,
To bid the fiend of guilt despair;
And Fox, triumphant from the tomb,
Seal'd the struggling monster's doom.

II. 1.
Hail! glorious day, whose beams foretell
New years of rapture yet unborn.
Hark! lightly on my answering shelle
Float gleams of that triumphal morn.

Fate's darkling pages
To Britain 'tis given to unroll ;
And the long line of bright.moving ages
Await but her signal to start from the gaol.
"And haste, ye promis'd ages, haste,'
(Thus speaks the queen of many isles)

And swift o'er Afric's bleeding waste
Unbosom all your treasur'd smiles.
Her mournful stream and matted brake
To other notes than Sorrow's wake;
And bid her mountain.echoes know
Other sounds than sounds of woe,”

II. 2.
Yes! rallying at the voice divine,
We kindle for the bold emprise !
And foremost in our phalanx shine
The brave, the uoble, and the wise.
And now, by the victims whose anguish
Wept on each death-freighted bark of despair,
And the millions that hopelessly languish
In the sad chains of exile, we swear,
And by the valour of the bold,
And by the freedom of the free,
And by our faiher's hallow'd mould,
And by our country's destiny,
Those tears shall cease, these wounds shall close,
And injur'd nations soothe their woes;
The cries of guiltless blood shall pause,
Chang'd to pray’rs in Britain's cause.

[ocr errors]

In allusion to Memnon's statuę, which was said to utter sounds when touched by the rising sug,

1

II. 3:
Never from the godlike deed
Heart shall shrink or hand recoil ;
Never, till the destin'd meed
Crown the heav'n.protected toil.
Oh! waking from sepulchral gloom,
Daughter of Afric! quit thy sadness ;
Shed o'er thy brow the oil of gladness,
And Beauty's radiant pomp assume.
Hark! the unwonted pæan thrills
Gambia's waves and Komri's hills!
No more to British

eye

denied,
Proud Niger! swell thy gladden' tide;
And as thy waters roll away,
To rock the cradle of the Day*,
From realm to realm the hour proclaim,
Hour of Freedom and of Fame:

S.T.

The Niger was ascertained by Mr. Parke to roll eastward.

THE ROYAL ACADEMY.

MR. SOANE'S LECTURES.

Having now considered the origin, progress, and proper application of the column, as well as the Persian and Caryatides, both as externally and internally used in the temples and other works of the ancients ; a few observations on various other modes of applying the orders, merit our attentiou. Ulyssus raised a column to his friend, who fell, while sleeping, from the top of the palace of Circe. The Romans used the militares and other columnæ. Pompey the Great raised trophies and erected triymphant arches commemorative of his victories; and the Romans raised the column of Diulius, to celebrate the overthrow of their inveterate enemies the Carthagenians; as also the columns of Trajan and Antoninus at Rome, and that of Theodosius at Constantinople.

With respect to Antis, they were used in the best works of the ancients ; as ends of walls, undiminished, and never applied where there were not columns. After various remarks on the application of this accessory of architecture, the Professor shewed their misapplication in the Portico of St. Martin's Church, and remarked the three quarter columns under the portico of Bloomsbury Church, where they are quite useless and misapplied

or 'Tis use alone that sanctifies ex pence,

For splendour borrows half her rays from senge," It must be lamented that in that never to be too much admired edi, fice St. Paul's, pilasters form a most distinguishing feature of its decoration. In a few houses, however, such as Shaftsbury House, and some of the houses in Great Queen Street, they are well used and appropriate, end form a striking contrast to the paltry excresences, which now rise

up, without taste, without proportion, and with every evidence of neagro composition.

After commenting on the proper application of ballustrades, which should never be used except when there is a flat roof, as in the Queen's House at Greenwieh, Mr. Soane proceeded to make some remarks on Pyramids and Obelisks. Obelisks were either triangular, conical, or square at the base, and diminishing towards the top. According to Diodorus Siculus, two obelisks were placed by Sesostris at the entrance of the temple at Heliopolis. Many have been transported to Rome, the most famous of which are that in the court before St. Peter's, and the two, formerly placed fronting the tomb of Augustus, of which one is now opposite the church of Santa Maria Maggiore, and the other on the Monte Cavallo at Rome. Pyramids were placed directly on the ground and formed an entire whole. There was one however on the tomb of Mausolus, which, according to Pliny, was placed over the peristyle, and gradually dimipished towards the top, where there was a chariot and horses. In this, as in the mausoleum near Albano, it loses its original simplicity and propriety of application. To show how architects are sometimes

, shackled by the taste of their employers, the Professor mentioned an instance, wbere Lord Daroly left in his will an injunction on his heirs, that they should erect to him a mausoleum, decorated on the exterior with columns surmounted by a pyramid, and the interidr ornamented with a dome. These totally opposite incongruities were in some measure reconeiled by the judicious Mr. Wyatt, in his design for this Mausoleum, erected in Cobham Park. From this it is evident, that genius and talent, however distinguished, are not exempt from the shackles of injudicious caprice. It is to be lamented, that the architect is orten obliged to sacrifice the effect of the lateral elevations of his design, to allow for a greater display of ornament in the entrance facade, which is particularly evident in Lansdown House, Berkly Square, in the front of a nobleinan's house at White Hall built by Sir William Chambers.

Until those who have to controul the erection of our pnblic edifices are able to discriminate and appreciate the powers of those they employ, the absurdly composed columns, exbibited in a former lecture, will be by them as mncb admired, as the incomparable three in the campo Vicino. The young Architect should be unremitting in bis zeal, unceasing in his application, for true taste is sbewn in a greater degree, when he is sparing in his use of bassi relitvi, pannels, and festoons, than when he is profuso of the gorgeous trappings of the art. Unseduced by fashiou, and not sedulous of allegory, he should direct the taste of his employer, and urge to bim with energy and force the appropriate choice of architectural accompaniment, for without this he will be left to wander in the gloomy, caves of Cacus, and ne'er will tread the paths to never dying fame. He sbould study history, be acquainted with all the customs and manpers of the ancients, and endeavour to advance and revive the golden age of the art. Then may we hope to see noble edifices rise and grace the country, honorable to the state, ennobling the artist, and then we shall have

“ No more in foreign climes to roam
In search of models better found at home.

« PreviousContinue »