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Naples, though its height makes it appear much nearer the town. In the way from thence to it, there is the remains of one of those rivers of burning matter, which is thrown from it in its eruptions. This at a distance looks like a heap of new ploughed land, but as you come near it, it appears a channel of rude, but once fluid matter, in some places com posed of broken masses, in others, in form of a bank raised five or six feet high.
The mountain is covered all on the sides, with a kind of burnt earth, very dry and crumbled to powder; a man generally sinks half a foot deep in this loose matter. The top of the mountain is a wide naked plain, which generally smokes with sulphur and seems undermined with fire, sounding hol. low under the feet: in the midst of this plain, stands a high hill in the shape of a sugar loaf, very steep and made up of the same loose matter with the rest of the mountain. In the midst of this is the present mouth of the volcano, this goes shelving down on all sides, till about a hundred yards deep, it is about four hundred yards in diameter, and is of a round figure ; this vast hollow is usually filled with smoke, but when it is not, the sides are seen all covered with green, wiite, yellow and red masses of matter, and seem to have several rocks of pure brimstone, standing out in different places. The whole bottom of the hole is usually firmly covered over, and free from cracks or holes; it sounds: when a large stone is thrown on it, and seems firm enough for any one to walk safely over it, though there is an immense lake of fire raging at a vast depth underneath it. · When the mountain burns, this vast cavity is like a monstrous caldron filled with boiling, melted and glowing matter, which often boils over the edges, and runs down the sides, both of this and of the lower mountain, in rivers of fire.
There is no account of this mountain's casting out flames, before the reign of the emperor Titus; and since it has burned there has been very few fires in the Liparee or Eolian islands. It was in this first ejuption of the mountain, that the vast quantities of cinders, ashes, melted matter and sulphur, which it threw out, overwhelmed and destroyed the two great cities of Pompeii and the more famous Herculaneum.
(To be Continued.)
The Amusing Chronicle is published at No. 6, Gilbert's Passage, Porto Street, and served at the houses of the subscribers, in the same mande newspapers and magazines.
G. Stobbs, Printer, Batherine Street, Strand.
A Reposttory 1 ... FOR 1 MISCELLANEOUS LIERATURE.
This Number is accompanied with an Engraving of the CALE DEIRAS, or Hor Fountains, in the Island of St. Michaels (Azores); and also a View of PLESKIN.
THOUGHTS on a REVISION of RURAL
; ; NATURE.
So ardent has been my attachment to local objects, that I have descended to scrape the time-woven-coat of moss from the old mile stone that stood before the windows of my nursery, till I had restored to sight the figures that were want to cheer me at eve, when I returned from the task of instruction to the garden sallad, the brown
instructor me and restoredood belona
Frinted by T. Kaygill, 36, Frith Street, Sohe, ...
The antith such viedway, cility
loaf, and the clear refreshing draught, and sonk with innocence on the pillows of repose.
The antiquated mill that throws down the foaming current with such violence as to mingle it with the sa. line waters of the Medway, can also delight me, and while I consider its general utility, and the comforts it bas communicated to my progenitors, I cannot help res. pecting it with the highest veneration : the while I stand to survey its rotatory motion, I am impulsively led to express my best wishes for its security from tem pests, from lightning, and the barbarous hands of civil com: motions. And i1ow as I think on the simple causes of my pleasure, 0! pride (I cry) these pursuits of mine unhallowed in thy sight, and only to be respected by the modest children of humility.
The economy of the speckled ben at the farm house door as she caters for her chicklings, adds if possible, a higher relish to my delights; the crusted cock that struts in crimson array before her, affords a fine subject for my contemplation, while he calls his partlet to the precious morsel his affection, his assiduiry has selected for her taste, I am forced to exclaim, these are lessons for human nature to imitate. Were we! but as kind to each other, it would greatly add to our felicity; divorces would be seldom known within the circles of high life, and scenes of terror less frequent with the more hum. ble.
The aquatic birds and their numerous broods, upon the weedy waters of the mill-pond, afford thee! child of arrogance ! and courtly refinements, no gratification, but as they bleed to indulge thine appetite; while I would sooner feed on berries than disturb the feathers of a single wing. This you will call simplicity, such is my propensity, and let those who treat it with contempt, fol. low their own affections,
At eve; when surrounded by my rustic relations, over the ample cup of British barley-wine, and the virginian infuence from the social tube encircles round, (pardon my egotism) I'am delighted, particularly so if the cone