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CAMPBELL'S SHIPWRECK AND ADVENTURES.
(Continued from page 198.) A South Sea whaler, bound for England, put into the bay shortly after; and the wish to see his native country became so strong with our author, and the state of his feet, which had never healed, gave him such una easiness, that he could not resist the opportunity now offered. On asking the king's permission, he inquired if he had any cause of complaint ; he told him he had none, that he was sensible of his kindness, and that he was much better there than he could hope to be elsewhere, but that he was desirous to see his friends once more. The king said, if his belly told him to go he would do it; and that if mine told me so I was at liberty.
'He then desired me to give his compliments to King George. I told him that, though born in his dominions, I had never seen King George ; and that even in the city where he lived, there were thousands who had never seen him. He expressed much surprize at this, and asked if he did not go about amongst his people, to learn their wants, as he did; I answered, that he did not do it himself; but that he had men who did it for him. Tamaahmaah shook his head at this, and said that other people would never do it so well as he could himself.'
Campbell left the Island, on which he had resided thirteen months, in March, 1810, with the deepest regret. While there, he says, 'I had experienced nothing but kindness and friendship from all ranks~from
my honoured master the king, down to the lowest native. They doubled Cape Horn, in May, without the smallest difficulty, as indeed all now do in the frailest barks, with the exception of David Porter, Esq. late commander of the American frigate Essex. Towards the end of the same month they entered the harbour of Rio de Janeiro, where our traveller apprehensive of a mortification in his legs, got admitted into the Portugueze hospital De la Mesericordia. Here he remained six weeks, and was discharged uncured. Mr. Von 11.
Hill, the American Consul, gave him a jar of essence of spruce, which he brewed, and, with other trifling articles, sold to ships in the harbour : in this manner he saved as much money as enabled him to open a boarding-house for sailors. This, however not succeed. ing, he set up a butcher's stall, and supplied the ships with fresh meat: a concern which promised better, when his house was broken into, his whole property in money and clothes stolen, and he agaiu reduced to poverty. By the friendly aid, however, of a gentleman from Edinburgh, of the name of Lawrie, he was enabled to resume his business ; but his health 'failing, and tho sores of his legs remaining unhealed, he determined to return home;
and, with this view, left Rio de Janeiro, after a stay of twenty-two months, in the brig Hazard, Captain Anderson, and arrived in the Clyde on the 21st April, 1812, after an absence of nearly six years. In Edinburgh the father of Mr. Lawrie presented him with a barrel organ, and he contrived to earn a miserable pittance by crawling about the streets of Edinburgh and Leith, grinding music, and selling a metrical his. tory of his adventures. In process of time he learned to play on the violin, and found the sedentary employ: ment of amusing the passengers of the Clyde steam-boat more suitable to his lamentable state, where, as before narrated, he was fortunately observed by the humane editor of the volume before us.
AN ACCOUNT OF THE BURNING MOUNTAIN
(Continued from page 207.) in the former of these, the, unhappy inhabitants were surprised at their public diversions, and swallow ed up in a moment; at the latter they had notice and time to escape, so that they carried all their valuable things with them, and nothing is now found there but paintings and the like treasures which they were obliged to leave behind them, and not a single dead corpse has been found in any part of the place, so far as has yet been examined. This memorable eruption occasioned also a loss long deplored by the learned world, that of the famous Pliny, who being at that time commander of the Roman fleet at Miseno, with his usual curiosity, immediately set sail for the place where the flames appeared, and ordered his ship to be brought as near as possible to it, that he might the better consider so amazing a sights and as he was at this time advanced in years and troubled with an asthma, the malignant, sulphurous vapours seized bis lungs, brought on his old complaint in a very violent degree, and he died in a very few days.
After this eruption there was no other till the year 471, but this was so terrible and violent, that the ashes were carried to inmense distance, it is said, even to Constantinople, where the cloud of them that fell, was looked on as a prodigy, presaging the fall of that em pire, which happened immediately after by the Goths. The third remarkable eruption was in 681, in this several rivers of melted matter, and of boiling brimstone issued out of the mouth of Volcano, and run down the sides of the mountain into the sea.
There have been since this several other eruptions less considerable, but after a kind of cessation of some hundred years, they were renewed with more fury, than ever in the last century ; first in the year 1631, then in 1683 and again in 1690.
In the last of these, the horror of the sight is not to be described, the flames in a prodigious body reached up ! among the clouds, whose burning rocks were tossed up
to a great height in the air and fell into the sea; vast masses of flaming brimstone were whirled into the air, and fell down burning at vast distances at land or into the sea : and such terrible earthquakes were felt at the same time that the cities of Naples, Benevento, and several others were nigh being entirely destroyed ; beside that, the noxious vapours infesting the air, brought on the plague, which raged there for a long time, and spread to such a dreadful degree, that the effects of it were felt in the neighbourhood of Rome.
DESCRIPTION OF THE
THE PROMONTORY OF BENGORE, AND ITS STRATIFICATION.
(Continued from page 206.) Such depressions occur at the collieries near Ballycas: tle, and generally on one side of a whyn dike. We have also at Seaport, two miles west from the Giant's Causeway, à dike, oblique and undulating, with a de. pression of the strata of about four feet on one side ; but on Bengote promontorý our dikes are unaccompanied by depressions of the stratà, and where we have dea pressions, we do not find a trace of a dyke.
The portions of this extensive facade, which I hava selected for explanatory views, are Portmoon, in or hear which most of the strata emerge, and Pleskin, where the strata culminate, each of these views too exbibits one of our depressions, but in that of Pleskin, the first apparent depression is purely an optical effect arising from the position of my friend Major O'Neal of the 56th, who took his view from the water.
The natural history of the world seems to admit of a corresponding division. In the first I include the for mation of our stráta; their induration, their derangement from the horizontal position in which they seem originally to have been placed, and the operation of cutting them down by so many whyn dikes.
In the second division, corresponding to Varro's fabulosum, I comprehend the operations performed upon our globe posterior to its final consolidation, and antecedent to all history or tradition; operations therea fore that can be established by the visible effects alone which still exist, written in strong characters.
The third divison contains the period since we acquire ed some knowledge of natural history, became acquainted with causes and effects, and able to trace the conneco tion between them.
With the operations performed in the first division (corresponding with Varro's prolepticum) modern theo rists assume that they are well acquainted, able to account for every appearance, and tegnetail the whole process of original formation is however shall decling