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" But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures, and owls shall dwell there, and Satyrs shall dance there." He offers also in the same page) some remarks on the Hebrew word translated Satyrs,

Such are the principal ruins on the eastern side. The western affords only two small mounds of earth, at a place called Anana. But six miles south-west of Hellah, stands the most stupendous remnant of ancient Babylon; entitled by the Arabs, Birs Nemroud, and by the Jews, Nebuchadnezzar's Prison. Mr. Rich has so well described his first view of this interesting ruin, that we shall gratify our readers by quoting his own words. “I visited the Birs under circumstances peculiarly favourable to the grandeur of its effect. The morning was at first stormy and threatened a severe fall of rain ; but as we approached the object of our journey the heavy clouds separating, discovered the Birs frowning over the plain, and presenting the appearance of a cir cular hill, crowned by a tower, with a high ridge extending along the foot of it. Its being entirely concealed from our view during the first part of our ride, prevented our acquiring the gradual idea, in general so prejudicial to effect, and so particularly lamented by those who visit the Pyramids. Just as we were within the proper distance, it burst at once upon our sight, in the midst of rolling masses of thick black clouds, partially obscured by that kind of haze, whose indistinctness is one great cause of sublimity ; whilst a few strong catches of stormy light, thrown upon the desert in the back ground, served to give some idea of the immense extent and dreary solitude of the wastes, in which this venerable ruin stands."

The Birs of Nimrod is an oblong mound, in circumference seven hundred and sixty-two yards, and it rises on the western side to an elevation of one hundred and ninety-eight feet. On the summit is a solid pile, thirty-seven feet high, of fine burnt bricks, exhibiting inscriptions. Other immense fragments of brick work are found also in this mound, which is itself a ruin, standing within a quadrangle inclosure. Near the Birs is another mound, and vestiges of ruins may be traced to a considerable extent.

In the vicinity of Hellah are several remains, which bear some relation to the ruins of Babylon. A tomb attributed to the prophet Job—the large canal of Jazeria-two large masses called Elmokhatat and El-adouar-and others near the village of Jerbouiya. “The governer of Hellah,” says Mr. R. " informed me of a mound as large as the Mujelibé, situated thirty-five miles to the southward of Hellah ; and that a few years ago, a cap or diadem of pure gold, and some other articles of the same metal, were found there, which the Khezail Arabs refused to give up to the Pasha.” There are other mounds of considerable antiquity in various directions, and five or six miles east of Hellah, a ruin which resembles on a smaller scale the Birs Nemroud ; it is called al Hheimar. A mass, which the Arabs denominate aker kouf, and ascribe, like most of the remains in this country, to Nimrod, appears also of Babylonian origin. It stands ten miles N. W. of Baghdad, and rises to the height of one hundred and twenty-six feet.

" The only building,” adds he, “which can dispute the palm with the Mujelibé, is the Birs Nimroud; previous to visiting which, I had not the slightest idea of its being the tower of Belus : indeed its situation was a strong argument against such a supposition : but the moment I had examined it, I could not help exclaiming, “Had this been on the other side of the river, and nearer the great mass of ruins, no one could doubt of its being the remains of the tower.” -Mr. R. leaves to learned men the decision of this point. He believes that the number of buildings in Babylon bore no proportion to the great space inclosed by the wall; that the houses were small, and mostly consisted of merely a ground floor, or basse cour; that the public edifices were more: vast than beautiful, and that the tower of Belus, was astonishing only from its size.

Thus have we epitomized, however inadeqately, this interesting memoir, which was originally published" at Vienna, in the * Mines de l'Orient ;" a work conducted by the learned orientalist, Mr. Hammer. “In it I have given,” says Mr. Rich, a faithful account of my obseryations at Babylon, and offer it merely as a prelude to further res make which repeated visits to the same spot may enable me to


Tho' darkness still attends me ;

And clouds obscure my sight,
If Charity befriends me,

'Twill shed a cheering light.
Then pity, kind gentleman, spare from your store,
Nor turn the Blind Beggar unblest from your

door!. My Bessy dear, my treasure !

All sightless though I be,
And lose a Father's pleasure,

Of gazing, sweet, on thee !
My heart still sees thy duty,

Till Fancy bids me trace,
Through all thy mental beauty,

The beauties of thy face!



In the Church of Rome, a tribunal in several Roman Catholic countries, erected by the Popes for the examination and punish ment of heretics. This Court was founded in the 12th century, by Father Dominic and his followers, who were sent by Pope Innocent III. with orders to excite the Catholic princes and people to extirpate heretics, to search into their number and quality, and to transmit a faithful account thereof to Rome. Hence they were called Inquisitors; and this gave birth to the formidable tribunal of the Inquisition, which was received in all Italy and the dominions of Spain, except the kingdom of Naples and the Low Countries. This diabolical tribunal takes cognizance of Heresy, Judaism, Mahometanism, Sodomy, and Polygamy; and the people stand in so much fear of it, that parents deliver up their children, husbands their wives, and masters their servants to its officers, without daring to murmur. The prisoners are kept for a long time, till they themselves turn their own accusers, and declare the cause of their imprisonment ; for they are neither told their crime, nor confronted with witnesses. As soon as they are imprisoned their friends go into mourning, and speak of them as dead, not daring to solicit their pardon, lest they should be brought in as accomplices. When there is no shadow of proof against the pretended criminal, he is discharged, after suffering the most cruel tortures, a tedious and dreadful imprisonment, and the loss of the greatest part of his effects. The sentence against the prisoners is pronounced publicly, and with the greatest solemnity. In Portugal, they erect a theatre capable of holding 3000 persons; in which they place a rich altar, and raise seats on each side in the form of an amphitheatre. There the prisoners are placed ; and over against them is a high chair, whither they are called, one by one, to hear their doom, from one of the Inquisitors. These unhappy people know what they are to suffer by the clothes they wear that day. Those who appear in their own clothes are discharged, upon payment of a fine; those who have a santo benita, or strait yellow coat without sleeves, charged with St. Andrew's cross, have their lives, but forfeit all their effects; those who have the resemblance of flames made of red serge, sewed upon their santo benito, without any cross, are pardoned, but threatened to be burnt if ever they relapse ; but those who, besides these flames, have on their santo benito their own picture, surrounded with figures of devils, are condemned to expire in the flames. The Inquisitors, who are ecclesiastics, do not pronounce the sentence of death; but form and read an act, in which they say, that the criminal being convicted of such a crime, by his own confession, is, with much reluctance, delivered to the secular power to be punished according to his demerits; and this writing they give to the seven Judges who attend at the right side of the altar, who immediately pass sentence.'

Act op FAITH.-In the Romish Church, is a solemn day held by the Inquisition for the punishment of heretics, and the absolution of the innocent accused. They usually contrive the Auto to fall on some great festival, that the execution may pass with the more awe and regard ; at least it is always on a Sunday. The Auto da , or Act of Faith, may be called the last act of the Inquisitorial tragedy: it is a kind of gaol-delivery, appointed as often as a competent number of prisoners in the Inquisition are convicted of heresy, either by their own voluntary or extorted confession, or on the evidence of certain witnesses. The process is thus :- In the morning they are brought into a great hall, where they have certain habits put on, which they are to wear in the procession. The procession is led up by Dominican Friars ; after which come the penitents, some with san-benitos, and some without, according to the nature of the crimes ; being all in black coats without sleeves, and bare footed, with a wax candle in their hands. These are followed by the penitents who have narrowly escaped being burnt, who, over their black coats, have flames painted with their points turned downwards. Fuego revolte. Next come the negative and relapsed, who are to be burnt, having flames on their habits pointing upwards. After these come such as profess doctrines contrary to the faith of Rome, who, besides flames pointing upwards, have their picture painted on their breasts, with dogs, serpents, and devils, all open-mouthed about it. Each prisoner is attended with a familiar of the Inquisition; and those to be burnt have also a Jesuit on each hand, who is continually preaching to them to abjure, After the prisoners come a troop of familiars on horseback, and after them the Inquisitors, and other officers of the Court, on mules; last of all, the Inquisitor-General, on a white horse, led by two inen with black hats and green hat bands. A scaffold is erected in the Teniero de Pacs, big enough for two or three thousand people ; at one end of which are the prisoners, at the other the Inquisitors. After a sermon made up of encomiums of the Inquisition, and invectives against heretics, a priest ascends a desk near the middle of the scaffold, and having taken the abjuration of the penitents, recites the final sentence of those who are to be put to death ; and delivers them to the secular arm, carnestly beseeching at the same time the secular power not to touch their blood, or put their lives in danger. The prisoners being thus in the hands of the civil Magistrate, are presently loaded with chains, and carried first to thc secular gaol, and from

thence in an hour or two brought before the civil Judge ; who, after asking in what religion they intend to die, pronounces sentence on such as declare they die in the communion of Rome, that they shall be first strangled, and then burnt to ashes; on such as die in any other faith, that they be burnt alive. Both are immediately carried to the Ribera, the place of execution ; where there are as many stakes set-up as there are prisoners to be burnt, with a quantity of dry furze about them. The stakes of the professed, that is, such as persist in their heresy, are about four yards high, having a small board towards the top for the prisoner to be seated on. The negatived and relapsed being first strangled and burnt, the professed mount their stakes by a ladder; and the Jesuits, after several repeated exhortations to be reconciled to the church, part with them, telling them they leave them to the devil who is standing at their elbow to receive their souls, and carry them with him into the flames of hell. On this a great shout is raised, and the cry is, let the dogs' beards be made; which is done by thrusting flaming furzes fastened to long poles against their faces, 'till their faces are burnt to a coal, which is accompanied with the loudest acclamations of joy. At last fire is set to the furze at the bottom of the stake, over which the professed are chained so high, that the top of the flame seldom reaches higher than the board they sit on; so that they rather seem roasted than burnt.--There cannot be a more lamentable spectacle ; the sufferers continually cry out, while they are able, Misericordia per amoi de Dois. Pity for the love of God!' yet it is beheld by all sexes and ages with transports of joy and satisfaction,


MAMMY HOPKINS. TO THE RIGHT HON. THE SECRETARY AT WAR, &c. The Memorial of Elizabeth Hopkins, wife of Jeremiah Hopkinsa

Serjeant of the 104th (New Brunswick) Regiment of Foot; Most humbly showeth, That she was born of British

parents at Philadelphia, in the year 1741; has her husband, six sons, and a son-in-law, viz. Jeremiah Hopkins (husband), Samuel Woodward, Timothy Woodward, Robert Woodward, Nathaniel Woodward, Archibald Woodward, Nicholas Hopkins (sons), James M.Donough (son-in-law), serving his Majesty in the 104th ; and during the course of her life, from her zeal and at. tachment to her King and country, she has encountered more hardships than commonly fall to the lot of her sex. That in the year 1770, being with her first husband (John Jasper), a serjeant

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