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below the leg to above the naval; and shall not suffer her breasts to appear out of her cloaths; and shall not laugh, without drawing her veil before her face ; and shall act according to the orders of her husband; and shall pay a proper respect to the Deity, her husband's father, the spiritual guide, and the guests; and shall not eat uutil she bas served them with victuals (if it is physic she may take it before they cat) a woman also shall never go to a strangers house, and shall not stand at the door, and must never look out of a window,
Six things are disgraceful to a woman : Ist. To drink wine and eat conserves, or any such inebriating things. 20. To keep company with a man of bad principles, 3d. To remain separate from her husband. , 4th. To go to a stranger's house without good cause. 9th. To sleep in the day-time. 6th. To remain in a strangers house!
When a woman whose husband is absent on a journey, has expended all her money that he gave her, to support her in victuals and cloaths during bis absence, or if her husband went on a journey without leaving any thing with her to sup, port her expences, she shall support herself by painting, by » spinning, or some other such cmployment.
If a man goes on a journey, his wife shall not diyert herself by play, nor shall see any public 'show, nor shall laugh, nor shall dress herself in jewels and fine cloaths, nor shall see dancing, nor hear music, nor shall sit in the window, nor shall ride out, nor shall behold anything choice and rare, but shall fasten well the house-door, and remain private; and shall not eat any dainty victuals, and shall not blacken'her cyes with eye-powder, and shall not view her face in a mirror; she shall never exercise herself in any such agreeable employment, during the absence of her husband'.
It is proper for a woman, after her husband's death, to burn herself in the fire with his corpse ; every woman who thus burns herself, shall, "remain in Paradise with her husband three Crore and fifty Lacks of years, by destiny ; if she cannot burn, she must, in that case, preserve an inviolable chastity ; if she remains always chaste, she gocs to Paradise ; and if she does not preserve her chastity she goes to hell,
ADDRESSED TO NR. KEAN ON HIS FIRST APPEARANCE
* No venial bard, no hirelings-servile lays, Addresses thec ia tributary praise :
To catch the feeting beauties of the art,
conyulsive sigh :-
The muse to shield herself here drops the veil!
B. § In allusion to the celebrated story of the mother, who pursued her child to the edge of a precipice,--and became motionless with her bogom bar'd to lure it from its daoges !
Oh! dear, I die, indeed I do,
And as my breast for you do burn,
And wben my ghost's allow'd to rise,
A SKETCH OF THE HISTORY OF THE PROGRESS
Simple Manners of the Greeks-Violent Passions predominate among Savages-Cruelty of the Scythians - Barbara ous Manners of the Trojans of the Jews.
In early times, people lived in a vesy simple manner, ige norant of such habitual wants as are commonly termed luxury. Rebecca, Rachael, and the daughters of Jethro, tended their father's flocks: they were really shepherdesses. Young women of fashion drew water from the well with their
own hands. The joiner who made the bridal bed of Ulysses, was Ulysses himself. The Princess Nausicaa washes the family-cloaths; and the Princes her brothers, upon her return, unyoke the car, and carry in the cloaths. Queens, and even female deities, are employed in spinning. Is it from this fashion that young women in England are denominated spinsters ? Telemachus goes to council with no attendants but two dogs :
Soon as in solemn form th: assembly sat,
Odyssey, book ii.
Priam's car is yoked by his own sons, when he went to redeem from Achilles the body of his son Hector. Telemachus yokes his own car. Homer's heroes kill and dress their own victuals, Achiļles entertaịning Priam, as.now mentioned, slew a snow-white sheep; and his two friends dressed it. Achilles himself divided the roasted meat among all.
Not to talk of gold, silver was scarce in England during the reign of the third Edward. Rents were paid in kind; and what money they had was locked up in the
coffers of the great Barons. Pieces of plate were bequeathed even by Kings of England, so trifling in our estimation, that a gentleman of a modcrate fortune would be ashamed to mentionsuch in his will.
We next take - under consideration the progress of such manners as are more peculiarly influenced by internal disposition; preparing the reader by a general view, before entering into particulars. Man is by nature a timid animal, having little ability to secure himself against harm : but he becomes bold in society, and gives vent to passion against his enemies. In the hunter-state, the daily practice of slaughtering innocent animais for food, hardens men in cru. city: they are worse than bears or wolvès, being cruel even to their own kind. The calm and sedentary life of a shepherd tends to soften the barsh manners of hunters : and agriculture, requiring the union of many hands in one opera. tion, inspires a taste for mutual good oflices. But here comes in the boarding appetite to disturb that auspicious commencement of civilization. Skilful husbandry, produce ing the necessaries of life in plenty, paves the way to art: and manufactures. Fine houses, splendid gardens, and rich apparel, are desirable objects: the appetite for property becomes headstrong, and to obtain gratification tramples down every obstacle of justice or honour. Differences arise, fomenting discord and resentment: war is raised, even among those of the same tribe ; and while it was lawful for a man to take revenge at his own hand, that fierce passion followed up all others. In equality of rank and fortune fostered dissocial passions: witness pride in particular, which produced a custom, once universal among barbarians, of killing men, women, dogs, and horses, for serving a dead chieftain iu the other world. Such complication of selfish and stormy passions, tending eagerly to gratification, and rendering society uncomfortable, cannot be stemmed by any human means other than wholesome laws : a momentary obstacle inflames desire ; but perpetual restraint deaden even the most fervid passion. . The authority of good government gave a vigour to kindly affection; and appetite for society, ' which acts incessantly, though not violently, gave a currency to mutual good offices. A. circumstance occurred to blunt the edge of dissocial passions : the first societies were small and small states in close neighbourhood produce dise? cord and resentment without end: the junction of many such states into a great kingdom remove people farther from their enemies, and render them more gentle. In that situation, men have leisure and sedateness to relish the comforts of social life : they find that selfish and turbulent passions are subversive of society, they patiently undergo the severe discipline of restraining passions, and smoothing manners. Violent passions that disturb the peace of society have subsided, and are now seldom heard of: humanity is in fashion, and social affections prevail. .
(To be Continued.)
THE UNFORTUNATE RECLUSE.
Enchanted with the gay and magnificent appearance of a Sicilian masquerade, Rinaldo Piozzi contemplated his emancipation from College with the liveliest delight. Confined to a species of study the most iniinical to the buoyant spirit of youth, he entered into the amusements of Messina with a rapture known only to one, who, in a few weeks was about