Computer Architecture and Organization
Computer Architecture and Organization, 3rd edition, provides a comprehensive and up-to-date view of the architecture and internal organization of computers from a mainly hardware perspective. With a balanced treatment of qualitative and quantitative issues. Hayes focuses on the understanding of the basic principles while avoiding overemphasis on the arcane aspects of design. This approach best meets the needs of undergraduate or beginning graduate-level students.
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algorithm architecture arithmetic basic behavior binary numbers bits block branch instruction bytes cache called cell CHAPTER 2 Design clock cycle components contains control lines control signals control unit coprocessor data word data-transfer datapath decimal decoder defined denotes devices disk example execution fetch fixed-point flip-flop floating-point floating-point numbers format FPGA full adder function gates hardware IAS computer implement input instruction pipeline instruction set integer interrupt interrupt request load machine main memory mantissa memory address memory location microinstruction microprocessor microprogram multiplexer multiplier multiprocessors n-bit node opcode operands operations Organization output parallel performance pipeline PowerPC problem processor register file register level register-level request result RISC secondary memory SECTION sequence sequential serial adder shown in Figure specified stack stage storage stored structure subtraction superscalar system bus tion Turing machine twos-complement vector VHDL zero