Rethinking Nineteenth-century Liberalism: Richard Cobden Bicentenary Essays
Anthony Howe, Simon Morgan
Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2006 - Political Science - 302 pages
Richard Cobden (1804-1865) rose from humble beginnings to become the leading advocate of nineteenth-century free-trade and liberalism. As a fierce opponent of the Corn Laws and promoter of international trade he rapidly became an influential figure on the national stage, whose name became a byword for political and economic reform. Yet, despite the familiarity with which contemporaries and historians refer to 'Cobdenism', his ideals and beliefs are not always easy to identify and classify in a coherent way. Indeed, as this volume makes clear, the variety, diversity and malleability of the 'Cobdenite project' attest to the lack of a strict dogma and highlight Cobden's underlying pragmatism. Divided into five sections, this collection of essays offers a timely reassessment of Cobden's career, its impact and legacy in the two hundred years since his birth. Beginning with an investigation into the intellectual and cultural background to his emergence as a national political figure, the volume then looks at Cobden's impact of the making of Victorian liberal politics.The third section develops many insights from Cobden's European Tour of 1846-47 which was in many ways a defining moment not only in the making of Cobden's liberalism but in the making of liberal Europe. Section four broadens the theme of Cobden's contemporary international impact, including his contribution to the debate on internationalism, India, the empire and the American Civil War; whilst the final section opens up the theme of Cobden's contested legacy, the variety of interpretations of Cobden's ideas and how their influence on late nineteenth and early twentieth century politics. Offering a broad yet coherent investigation of the 'Cobdenite project' by leading international scholars, this volume provides a fascinating insight into one of the nineteenth century's most important figures whose ideas still resonate today.
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agitation American American Civil War Anti-Corn Law League April aristocratic Association Bastiat Britain British campaign celebrity century Civil Cobden and Bright Cobden Club Cobden to Combe Cobden's name Cobdenite Combe to Cobden Combe's commercial Corn Laws cultural December economic Edsall England English Europe European Diaries example favour February France Frederic Bastiat free trade Freehold Land Society French friends George Combe German Greece Greek Henry Richard History Ibid ideas industry interest Italian J. A. Hobson Jane January John Bright Journal des Economistes July June Labour letter liberal libertarian Ligue London Mallet Manchesterism moral Morley newspaper nineteenth nineteenth-century November October organised Oxford Palmerston Papers parliamentary party peace movement Peace Society Petitti phrenology political economy Prince Smith principle question radical reform repeal Richard Cobden Risorgimento September social socialists speech Sturge suffrage Sumner tariff Thorold Rogers trade in land Victorian women wrote WSRO