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CHRONOLOGY has justly been considered a useful help to History; and a judicious abstract of the remarkable occurrences in a State, not only impresses on the memory the principal features of its history, but serves as a record to be referred to, as occasion may require, of the Political and Domestic Annals of the Country.
Facts, which lie scattered in various, and frequently expensive books, are collected in one view, under the reigns of the different Monarchs, and are arranged in succession, forming “An Abstract and brief Chronicle of the Times."
Works of this description have hitherto been too diffuse or too much epitomized: the Compiler of the present work has endeavoured to steer a middle course; by rejecting trifling and unimportant matter, he has retained all such prominent events, whether Political, Literary, or Domestic, as might fairly claim observance in a work of this nature.
THOMAS SALMON, a voluminous writer of the last century, compiled a Chronology upon the plan of the present work, comprized in two duodecimo volumes, bringing the events down to the reign of Geo. II.; a subsequent work, published anonymously, (taking the basis of Salmon's labours ) extended it to three volumes octavo, thereby adding much to the size, but little to the value of the Original Publication, the events being only recorded to the commencement of the reign of Geo. III., although the work was published many years
after that period; this work contained long and uninteresting details of coronations, funeral processions, and prolix narratives of events, some of little, and others of no political importance; it has been the study of the present Compiler to omit the unimportant, and condense the material facts, by which means he has been enabled to compress all that, in his opinion, was worth preserving of the 3 vols. in the first Volume of this Work.
The long and eventful reign of his late Majesty, Geo. III., remained to be analyzed, and the whole of the second Volume comprises that interesting period of English History.
The Compiler has, in addition to a narration of facts, interspersed under the various reigns, a Chronological Series of cotemporary Sovereigns, Statesmen, Law and Municipal officers, and numerous Statistical Tables; thereby, he trusts, not only rendering the Work an amusing, but a useful Compendium of Historical data.
As the Work professes only to comprise the Chronology of Great Britain, and its Dependencies, foreign affairs are only incidentally noticed, except, when politically connected with the interests of the United Kingdom, of this the French Revolution is a striking example, which, at first confined to its own territory, subsequently involved the safety, not only of this Country, but of the whole civilized World.
It would be impossible to aver, with truth, that in a Work, for which so many authorities have been examined, that no inaccuracies will be found, but the Compiler hopes that they are few in number, and not of much importance, it having been his principal care, in doubtful cases, to consult every authentic source of information.
GOVERNMENT OF THE ROMANS.
ANNO ANTE CHRISTI, 55. JULIUS CÆSAR first invaded Britain 46. Claudius, the Roman emperor, sent with two legions on the 20th of August; he Plautius into Britain with an army, who atlanded at Dover, and the first battle was tacked and defeated Caractacus in three fought at Deal.
successive battles, and the emperor followHe had sent before him Comius, king of ing him in person, the next year subdued the Attrebatii, to invite the Britons to enter the greater part of the island, by which he into an alliance, but they imprisoned him acquired the title of Britannicus. and refused any negotiation. The Britons 48. Christianity first introduced into being defeated released Comius and sued Britain ; it is said that the wife of Plautius for peace, which was granted on their and a British lady, Claudia Ruffina, were giving hostages for their fidelity, and Cæsar Christians. reimbarked his troops on the 20th of Sep- 50. London was fortified by the Romans, tember.
when it was founded seems lost in obscurity. Britain was at this time divided into 51. Ostorius Scapula, a Roman general, several petty kingdoms, which were now was sent to Britain in the room of Plautius; united under Cassivelaunus.
he defeated Caractacus king of the Silures 54. Cæsar made a second descent with (South Wales) and the Ordovices (North a fleet of 600. vessels and twenty-eight Wales), in several battles. Caractacus flygallies, in which he embarked five legions ing for protection to Cartismandua, queen and 2000 horse ; he landed without opposi- of the Brigantes (Yorkshire), was detion, and advanced to Stour, near Canter- livered up by her to the Romans, but Claubury, where he defeated the Britons, May dius, in consequence of intrepid behaviour, 20th; he passed the Thames at Cowey restored him to liberty. Stakes, and penetrated as far as Verulam 52. Ostorius routed the Britons, and (St. Albans). Cæsar imposed a tribute of fixed a camp between Littleborough and £3000 on the Britons, and Cassivelaunus Doncaster, near Hatfield Forest, the reand the princes of south Britain having mains of which are still visible. submitted, and given hostages, the Romans 53. Ostorius died in Britain, and Claureturned to the continent, 26th September. dius sent Aulus Didius in his room, who,
23. The first coin made in Britain in the the same year, was removed, and Veranius reign of Cunobeline.
(54) succeeded him, who dying (58), Sue
tonius Paulinus took the command. Ann, Dom. 9.
60. The Christian religion is said to have The river Humber overflowed its banks been first publicly preached in Britain. and laid the adjacent country several miles 61. Prasutagus, king of the Iceni, in under water.
order to procure the emperor Nero's proVOL. I.