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THE

CIVIL HISTORY

OF

CHILI.

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GEOGRAPHICAL,

NATURAL AND CIVIL HISTORY

OF

CHILI.

BY ABBE DON J. IGNATIUS MOLINA.

ILLUSTRATED BY A HALF-SHEET MAP OF THE COUNTRY.

WITH NOTES

FROM THE SPANISH AND FRENCH VERSIONS,

AND

AN APPENDIX,

CONTAINING COPIOUS EXTRACTS FROM THE ARAUCANA

OF DON ALONZO DE ERCILLA.

TRANSLATED FROM THE ORIGINAL ITALIAN,

BY AN AMERICAN GENTLEMAN.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. II.

MIDDLETOWN, (CONN.)

PRINTED FOR I. RILEY.

1808.

District of New-York, ss.

BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the eleventh day of August, in the thirty-third year of the Independencc of the United States of America, ISAAC RILEY, of the said District, hath deposited in this Office the title of a Book, the right whereof he claims as Proprietor, in the words and figure following, to wit:

“ The Geographical, Natural and Civil History of Chili. By Abbe “ Don J. Ignatius Molina. Illustrated by a half-sheet Map of the Coun

try. With Notes from the Spanish and French versions, ancl an Ap. “pendix, containing copious cxtracts from the Araucana of Don Alonzo “ de Ercilla. Translated from the original Italian, by an American “ Gentleman. In two Volumes.”

IN CONFORMITY to the act of the Congress of the United States, en. titled “ An Act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the “ copies of Maps, Charts and Books to the Authors and Proprietors of “ such copies, during the times therein mentioned," and also to an Act entitled " An Act supplementary to an Act entitled an Act for the en

couragement of Learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts “ and Books to the Authors and Proprietors of such copies, during the “ times therein mentioned, and extending the benefits thereof to the " arts of designing, engraving and etching Historical and other Prints.

EDWARD DUNSCOMB, Clerk of the District of New-York.

R. ALSOP, Printer,
Middletown, Con.

TANA

THE AUTHOR'S PREFACE.

FOUR
years

have elapsed since I promised to publish the present Essay on the Civil History of Chili, as a continuation of the one formerly written on the Natural History of that country. Engagements of this kind are, however, from their nature conditional. When I undertook this work, it was in full confidence of being in a short time in possession of the necessary materials to complete it. The first volume of the Abbé Olivares' manuscript I had then in my possession ; this, with what works had appeared in print, supplied me with sufficient documents until the year 1665; and I was in constant expectation of receiving from Peru the second volume of the same author, in which he has brought the subject down to a late period.

In this hope I was disappointed. This volume, on which I had so confidently relied, I have never received, and have been in consequence compelled to seek from various other sources the information which it would have given me. The wars of the natives with the Spaniards being, however, the only proper subject of Chilian History, and but two having occurred since the above period, the first in 1722 and the second in 1767, I have been enabled, by the

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