The Visual Brain in Action
First published in 1995, The Visual Brain in Action remains a seminal publication in the cognitive sciences. It presents a model for understanding the visual processing underlying perception and action, proposing a broad distinction within the brain between two kinds of vision: conscious perception and unconscious 'online' vision. It argues that each kind of vision can occur quasi-independently of the other, and is separately handled by a quite different processing system. In the 11 years since publication, the book has provoked considerable interest and debate - throughout both cognitive neuroscience and philosophy, while the field has continued to flourish and develop. For this new edition, the text from the original edition has been left untouched, standing as a coherent statement of the authors' position. However, a very substantial epilogue has been added to the book in which Milner and Goodale review some of the key developments that support or challenge the views that were put forward in the first edition. The new chapter summarizes developments in various relevant areas of psychology, neuroscience and behaviour. It notably supplements the main text by updating the reader on the contributions that have emerged from the use of functional neuroimaging, which was in its infancy when the first edition was written. Neuroimaging, and functional MRI in particular, has revolutionized the field over the past 11 years by allowing investigators to plot in detail the patterns of activity within the visual brains of behaving and perceiving humans. The authors show how its use now allows scientists to test and confirm their proposals, based as they then were largely on evidence accrued from primate neuroscience in conjunction with studies of neurological patients.
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vision from a biological viewpoint
2 Visual processing in the primate visual cortex
3 Cortical blindness
4 Disorders of spatial perception and the visual control of action
5 Disorders of visual recognition
6 Dissociations between perception and action in normal subjects
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activity area MT area V1 argued associated attention behaviour blindsight brain cells cerebral cortex Chapter coding cognitive colour cortically blind damage deficits direct discrimination disorder dissociations dorsal stream egocentric evidence example experiments fMRI frog frontal functional goal object Goodale grasping movements grip hand hemispatial neglect hemisphere human illusion impaired inferotemporal cortex intact intraparietal sulcus lesions LGNd magno mediating Milner Mishkin modules monkey monkey’s motion motor output networks neural neurones normal optic ataxia orientation parietal lobe parvo pathways patients pattern perception Perenin posterior parietal cortex premotor primate projections prosopagnosia pulvinar reaching receptive field recognition regions Renzi representations response retinal role saccadic eye movements selective sensitive shape showed spatial stimulus studies subjects sulcus superior colliculus target task temporal tion trials Ungerleider ventral stream vision visual areas visual awareness visual control visual field visual information visual inputs visual processing visual stimuli visual system visually guided visuomotor control visuomotor systems