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known to them, although the language is their entirely independent of Biblical associations is vernacular Arabic. The battle of the Churches surprising to those who are new to the subject. has been fought over alphabets as well as over On medicine, natural history, science, history doctrines. The Moslenu, where dominant, as in and geography, there are no fewer than 500 Morocco, bave often probibited the use of the volumes. Poetry and criticism are represented alphabet of the Koran to unbelieving Jews; by 770 volumes. But perhaps the most curi. and these, on their side, have felt equal repul- ous phenomenon is the translation into Hebrew sion to the adoption of the letters of the Sar- of fictions such as Eugene Sue's “Mysteries acen, even where his language was theirs. de Paris.” This, however, is regarded by

“The arrangement of the catalogue is alpha- earnest Jews with marked disfavor, as a desebetical, under the author's name; and the nu- cration of their holy tongue; and it certainly merous cross references and indexes render all must be regarded as at least absurd, if not pronecessary assistance. The titles are of course fane, to turo a novel out of a vernacular into a copied from the books, and are therefore, in the dead and learned tongue. We have not heard majority of cases, in Hebrew, with explanations of any Roman Catholic priest having turned the and notes when necessary:

same book into Latin, which would be a some. “ The slightest examination of this book what similar case. We need hardly say that, brings vividly before the mind, on the one for obvious reasons, the same writer's Juif Erhand, the extraordinary extent of ground over rant” is not to be found in this catalogue.” which the small Hebrew community has ranged and still ranges, and the number of languages

TASTE IN ARRANGING FLOWERS. which have become vernacular to its members ; Of all the various mistakes which are made and on the other, the individuality they have by persons in arranging flowers, the commonest always maintained, and the bood of union which is that of putting too many in a vase; and next not their scriptures oply, but their sacred lao- to that is the mistake of putting too great a guage still more, has preserved to them. Here variety of colors into one bouquet. Every we fiod Jews of Spain, Portugal, Germany, flower in a group should be clearly distinguished Poland, Russia, Italy, and all the countries of and determinable without pulling the poeegay Europe, but also of Morocco, Tunis, India, to pieces ; tbe calyx of a clove pink should and even Chioa; the habitats of those of motionerer be hid by being plunged into a head of ern times since they have begun to assume sur- wbite phlox, however well the two colors may names being generally recoguizable in the look together. Sweet peas never look so well places from which they chose to be designated in the band as they do on the boughs over The places where their books have been printed which they climb, because they cannot be carconfirm the same fact, and also hint at the sad ried without crowding them; but put them history of persecution and expulsion from king- lightly into a vase with an equal number of dom to kingdom, and exclusion from the greater pieces of mignonette, or rather oroament a vase seats of learning to obscure villages and small half full of mignonette with a few blooms of towos hardly known to general geography, where sweet peas, and you get a charming effect, betheir presses could work with no security but cause you follow the natural arrangement by that very obscurity. Of course the Polish and avoiding the crowding of the blooms, and putRussian towns are most often met with ; and ting them with the green foliage, which they bere, besides the well known names of Wiloa, want to set them off. Grodno, Cracow, and Warsaw, we meet with Few people are aware, until they try it, how such names as Miedzyborz, Hrubrieszow, Sklow, exceedingly easy it is to spoil such a pleasing Berdyczew, Tarnopol, Josefow. In Germany combination as this; a piece of calceolaria, their books have seen the light at places as scarlet geraneum or blue salvia would ruin it little known as Rodelheim, Dyhernfurth, Furth, effectually. Such decided colors as these reSulzbach, Isny; though the greater cities which quire to be grouped in another vase, and should had a large Jewish community, such as Frank. not even be placed on the same table with the fort, Breslau and Berlin, are of course not on- sweet peas; they also require a much larger frequent. We find Flebrew books printed from preponderance of foliage to show them off to Shanghai, in the farthest East, to Baltimore advantage than is wanted by flowers of more and Cincinnati, in the farthest West.

delicate colors. There is no kind of foliage so " As to the subjects illustrated by this curi- generally useful for all purposes of decoration ous literature, the Sacred Tongue is of course as that of ferns; next to these must be ranked mainly used for the elucidation of the Scrip- the smaller kinds of the fir tribe, such as arbor tures and their appendages-the Traditions of vitæ, yew, cypress and juniper. the Fathers—and for works on law, wbich In the selection of these for use amongst among the Hebrews cannot be dissociated from flowers, there is great scope for taste and judgBiblical theology; likewise for instruction in ment. The stiff-growing ferns, such as the the language itself. But the number of works blechnum, and Osmunda, and the branches of

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thuja and taxus go best with spikes of tall flow-repining; although he must have been coners. More delicate flowers are best set off by scious of an intellect qualified to shine in other elegant and finely divided species of petris and ways than in entering up a trader's books. davillia, and by pieces of juniper and cypress; None of those coveted offices which bring money while the climbing ferns and selaginellas come and comfort in their train ever reached Charles in where scarcely anything else can be used, Lanıb. He was never under that bounteous aod give a charming and tasty finish.-Garden- shower which government leaders and persons er's Chronicle.

of influence direct towards the heads of their

adherents. No Dives ever selected him for his CHARACTERISTICS OF LAMB——THE QUALITIES golden bounty. No potent critic ever shoulOF MIND AND HEART.

dered him up the hill of fame. In the absence The fact that distinguished Charles Lamb of these old-fashioned helps, he was content from other men was his entire devotion to one that his own unassisted efforts should gain for grand and tender purpose. There is, probably, him a certificate of capability to the world; and à romance involved in every life. In his life that the choice reputation which he thus earned it exceeded that of others. In gravity, in should, with his own qualities, bring round him acuteness, in his noble battle with a great the unenvying love of a host of friends. calamity, it was beyond the rest. Neither Apart from his bumor and other excellencies, pleasure nor toil ever distracted him from his Charles Laib combined qualities such as are holy purpose. Everything was made subservi- seldom united in one person ; which indeed ent to it. He had an insane sister, who, in a seem not easily reconcilable with each other; moment of uncontrollable madness, had uncon- namely, much prudence, with much generosity; sciously destroyed her own mother; and to pro- great tenderness of heart, with a firm will. To tect and save this sister-a gentlewoman, who these was superadded that racy humor which had watched like a mother over bis own infan- has served to distinguish bim from other men. cy—the whole length of his life was devoted. There is no other writer that I know of in What be endured, through the space of nearly whom tenderness and good sense and humor are forty years, from the incessant fear and fre. so intimately and happily blended; no one quent recurrence of his sister's insanity, can whose view of men and things are so invariably now only be conjectured. In the conetant and generous, and true, and independeut. These uo complaining endurance, and in his steady qualities made their way slowly and fairly. adherence to a great principle of conduct, his They were not taken up as a matter of favor or life was heroic. We read of men giving up all fancy, and then abandoned. They struggled their days to a single object : to religion, to through many years of neglect, and some of vengeance, to some overpowering selfish wish ; contumely, before they took their stand triof daring acts done to avert death or disgrace, umphantly, and as things not to be ignored by or some oppressing misfortune.

We read any one. Lamb piried all objects which had mythical tales of friendship; but we do not been neglected or despised. Nevertheless the recollect any instance in which a great object lens through which he viewed the objects of has been so unremittingly carried out through his pity-beggars, and chimney-sweepers, and out a whole life, in defiance of a thousand diffi- convicts,-was always clear; it served him even culties, and of numberless temptations, strain when the short comings were to be contemplated. ing the good resolution to its utmost, except in For he never paltered with truth. He had no the case of our poor clerk of the India House weak sensibilities, few tears for imaginary Tbis was, substantially, his life. His actions, griefs. But his heart opened wide to real dis. thoughts, and sufferings were all concentrated tress. He never applauded the fault; but he on this one important end. It was what he had pitied the offender.

Ву to do; it was in bis reach ; and he did it, education and habit, he was a Unitarian. Iú. therefore, manfully, religiously. He did not deed, he was a true Nonconformist in all things. waste his mind on too many things; for what. He was not a dissenter by imitation, por from ever too much expands the mind weakens it ; any deep principle of obstinate heresy; nor por on vague or multitudinous thoughts and was he made servile and obedient by formal speculations, nor on dreams or things distant logic alone. His reasoning always rose and or unattainable. However interesting, they streamed through bis heart. He liked a friend did not absorb bim, body and soul, like the for none of the ordinary reasons ; because he safety and welfare of his sister. Subject to this was famous, or clever, or powerful, or popular. primary unflinching purpose, the tendency of He at once took issue with the previous verLamb's mind pointed strongly to literature. dicts, and examined the matter in his own way. He did not seek literature, however; and he If a man was unfortunate he gave him money. gained from it pothing except faue. He If he was calumniated, he accorded him symworked laboriously at the India House from pathy. He gave freely; not to murit but to bogbood to manhood, for many years without I want.

Perhaps no one ever


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thought more independently. He had great even weeks, seldom fails, as you can suppose, enjoyment in the talk of able men, so that it to gain its object. did not savor of form or pretension. He liked Such were the means by which the widow the strenuous talk of Hazlitt, who never de gained hers. So soon as ever this unjust judge scended to fine words. He liked the unaffected took his seat at the gate of the city, where is quiet conversation of Manning; the vivacious the East courts are beld, and all causes heard, excursive talk of Leigh Hunt. He heard with his eye, as it roamed over the crowd, wondering admiration the monologues of Cole- her. There she was, and always was-sorrow ridge. Perhaps he liked the simplest talk the in her dress, but determination in the flash of best; expressions of pity or sympathy or affec- her eye; her form bent down with grief, but tion for others; from young people who thought her spirit unbroken ; resolved to give the judge and said little or nothing about themselves. no rest till he had avenged her on her adverHe had no craving for popularity, por even for sary. Now, breaking in on the business of the fame. I do not recollect any passage in his court, she is on her feet passionately demanding writings, nor any expression in his talk, which justice; and now, stretched on the ground at .

feet, jests were never the mere overflowings of the shake her off. Denied her suit

, she follows animal spirits; but were exercises of the mind. him to his house, to interrupt his leisure and He brought the wisdom of old times and old embitter his pleasures. Her voice ringing loud writers to bear upon the taste and intellect of on the threshold demanding entry, she bursts his day. What was in a manner foreign to bus into his presence, and is dragged away by the age, he naturalized and cherished. And he did servants, thrust out, but only to return; as the this with judgment and great delicacy. His books ball struck, rebounds, the billow shattered on never unhinge or weaken the mind; but briog the rock falls back into the deep to gather vol. before it tender and beautiful thoughts, wbich ume and strength for a new attack; and as cbarm and nourish it, as only good books can. by constant dashing the waves in time cut into No one was ever worse from reading Charles the cliff, which, yielding to the incessant action Lamb's writings; but many have become wiser of a weaker element, some day bows its proud and better.

In his counte- head, and, precipitating itself forward, falls nadce you might sometimes read—what may be into the sea, which, swallowing it up, sweeps occasionally read on almost all foreheads--the over it with jubilant, triumphant waves, --so the letters and lines of old, forgotten calamity. persistence of the widow overcomes the resistYet there was at the bottom of his nature a ance of the judge. Diamond cuts diamond. buoyant self-sustaining strength; for although | She conquers by importunity. Yielding to her he encountered frequent seasons of mental dis- requests, he says:

" Because this widow tress, his heart recovered itself in the interval, troubleth me, I will avenge her, lest by her and rose and sounded, like music played to a continual coming she weary me.”—Dr. Guthrie happy tune. Upon fit occasion, his lips could on the Parables. shut in a firm fashion ; but the gentle smile that played about his face showed that he was

HOW TO LIVE EASILY. always ready to relent. His quick eye dever The art of living easy as to money, is to had any sullenness; his mouth tender and pitch your scale of living one degree below tremulous, showed that there would be nothing your means. Comfort and enjoyment are more cruel or inflexible in his nature.- Recollections dependent upon easiness in the detail of expenof Charles Lumb. By Barry Cornwoll. diture than upon any degree in the scale.

Guard against false associations of pleasure IMPORTUNITY.

with expenditure-the notion is absurd that This art is carried to the highest perfection because pleasure can be purchased with money, in the East. A traveller in Persia tells how therefore money cannot be spent without enjoyhe was besieged by one who solicited a gift ment. What a thing costs a man is no true more costly than he was prepared to give. The measure of what it is worth to him; and yet hoary, and, as the people esteemed him, holy how often is his appreciation governed by no mendicant, set himself down before his gate, other standard, as if there were a pleasure in throwing up a rude tent to shelter himself from expenditure per se. Let yourself feel a want the noonday sun. There he remained like a before you provide against it. You are more sentinel, nor left his post but to follow the tra- assured that it is a real want, and it is worth veller out of doors, and return with him. Tak- while to feel it a little in order to feel relief ing spatches of sleep during the day, when the from it. When you are undecided as to whicle other was resting in the house, he kept up a of the two courses you would like best, choose hideous howling and clamorous demands all the best, choose the cheapest.' This rule will the hours of the night-an annoyance which, not only save money, but save also a good deal persisted in for successive days and nights, and l of trifling indecision. Too much leisure leads

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to expense; because when a man is in want of is then in an active commotion, very mucb as objects, it occurs to him that they are to be had if it were boiling. Bubbles of air continue to for money, and he invents expenditure in order rise, which assume a purple hue, indicating to pass the time.--Harry Taylor.

that the fermentation has had the effect of pro

ducing from the limpid water the color desired. INDIGO.

When this process is complete, the water We presume that four persons out of five, if is drawn off into another vat, where it is vio. asked whether indigo is a mineral or a vegetable lently agitated by artificial means for an hour substance--whether it is dug out of the earth or two, until the coloring matter begins to be or grows upon trees--would be unable to give precipitated, and it is then left to settle. The an intelligent answer, and yet they all know water is drawn off again, and the indigo is indigo when they see it. Perhaps some of taken out, dried and prepared for commerce. our readers will be thankful for a little infor- The cultivation of the plant, and the premation in regard to this article which they see paration of indigo, was commenced in South 80 often.

Carolina about the middle of the last century, There are some fifty or sixty species of plants and has been kept up ever since until the counof the order Leguminosæ and genus indigo-fera, mencement of the late war, which interrupted which, by undergoing a process of fermentation, so many of the Southern productions. At one yield the beautiful dye known as indigo. These time the finest iodigo in the world was made plants are indigenous in Asia, Africa, and in that State, and it was greatly sought after America, and in some of the East and West by dyers, calico-printers, and leather-dressers, India Islands. The discovery of the dye was but both the quantity and quality fell off mang very ancient, its use being mentioned by more years since, and the yield for some time past, than one of the ancient Latin writers, and in has been inconsiderable. The finest quality terms which make it very certain that it was Dow comes from Bengal and the adjacent provthe same that is now so well known by the name. inces. There are many grades, according to It was very early produced in India, from which commercial language, such as superfine, pure country the name was derived, as it was called blue, ordinary blue, fine purple. The finest Indicum, and this is the country in which it is quality has the least specific gravity, and floats now most extensively cultivated and prepared. upon water: the poorer qualities having an Its importation into several European countries admixture of earthy substances which add to was for a long time prohibited for various rea- their weight. The finest indigo may also be sons : in England and France because it was tested by its pot readily leaving a mark on thought to injure the texture of the cloth in drawing it, when dry, across a piece of paper, dyeing. In Germany it was prohibited for the and also by the clear blue which it imparts to sake of protecting the native woad, a miserable water when dissolved. The culture of the plant substitute for the genuine article-a dis- is quite precarious, and the amount produced tinguished instance of the wisdom of those varies greatly from one season to another. The who are desirous of protecting home produc- total shipment from the East Indies averages tions without any regard to their comparative about 12,000,000 pounds a year. Last year value. On the same principle the advocates of there were imported of this quality, into the this system ought to exclude from our own United States, 415,575 pounds valued at $324,country yellow dyes for the sake of protecting 207, as its foreign god cost.-Christian Rethe well-known dative dye made from butter- corder. put bark. The plant from which indigo is componly produced, grows to the height of from Thirty-seventh Annual Report of the Female Association four to six feet. It contains the coloring of Philadelphia for the Relief of the Sick and Infirm principle in the leaves and stems in a colorless

Poor with Clothing. iuid, which is changed to the dye by fermenta- In offeriog a Report of the labors of the As. tion and oxidation. The seeds are sown in sociation the past winter, we desire to return to March or April, and before the plants attain our friends and contributors a grateful acknowltheir full growth, the same season, they are edgment of the welcome aid that has been far. cat early in the morning, before the sun has bished by their generous donations of money fallen upon them, and carried to the factory, and goods. This timely assistance has enabled where they are laid in great stone cisterns, some

our members to continue their duties later in twenty feet square, and about three feet deep the season than they could otherwise have done, Heavy weights are placed upon them, by which and through the Association to extend more they are kept down below the surface of the widely tbe distribution of charity. water, which is let in so as to cover the plants, Our meetings have been large, and attended and fermentation is allowed to go on for ten to with evident interest, and by a judicious apfourteen hours, according to the condition of propriation of the means at our disposal, we the plants, the temperature, &o. The liquor have endeavored to relieve those who, from

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sickness and the infirmities of age, had a claim bolm and St. Petersburg. Various accounts concur

in the statement that, in addition to the fish on its upon our charity. In furnishing sewing to many who are de- seaboard and furs in its forests, it possesses an

abundance of valuable timber, and not only the preprived of other means of support, and giving cious metals, but iron and coal.—The Press. the clothing to the most needy, we render an

Ex-GOVERNOR EYRE OF JAMAICA.-According to a assistance, which, while it relieves, encourages cable dispatch, ex-Governor Esre has been achabits of industry which indiscriminate alms- quitted after a short examination.”. We presume giving cannot effect. We trust that another discharged is meant instead of acquilted, ae the er

find our members still more zealous, terial investigation preliminary to committal. We are Eeason may

amination he was undergoing was simply the magisand with increased funds to enable them to en. not informed where this examination took place; large their labors.

but as Eyre, influenced, it is asserted, by the opinion 1031 garments have been distributed during of his legal advisers, declined to go up to London the winter, most of which were previously made from his residence in Shropshire and surreoder him. by the poor women to whom we bave given self

, as did. Colonel Nelson and Lieutenant Brand,

we infer that it was conducted by some rural magisemployment.

trate, who, it would seem, made short work of the TREASURER'S REPORT.

business. The examination before Sir Thomas Henry,

a London police magistrate, of the case of Nelson To subscriptions and donations..


and Brand, charged with precisely the same offence " interest on investments...


as Eyre stands accused of, occupied several days, " legacy by Sarab W. Barker .......


was most patiently conducted by the magistrate, and

resulted in tbe parties being committed for trial. $1053.98

The Paris Exposition was opened on the 1st inst., By balance due Treasurer


but it will take weeks yet before all the necessary printing appeals, &C............................

7.60 arrangements are completed. The Directors furnish 16 invested


nothing but the space and a roof over it, the exhibi" paid for goods......


tors being required to do the rest at their own ex" paid for sewing

175.78 pense. The American Commissioners found their 1. balance on hand......

5.44 department a heap of sand with a glass roof over it.

To Test COAL OIL.--Fill a tumbler about two.

$1053.98 thirds full of water-not too cold-and put into it Donations in goods-one piece of check, three about half a teaspoonful of coal oil. Stir the water pieces of gingham, two pieces of Canton flannel, one bold it over the water on a line with the top of the

well with the teaspoon, and then light a match and piece of buff giugbam.

tumbler. If the vapor takes fire, return the coal oil On behalf of the Association,

to the dealer from wbom you obtained it. By no E. J. FERRIS, Treasurer. means use it.— Euston Free Press. 3d month 23d, 1867.

The trustees of the Five Points' House of Industry HELEN G. LONGSTRETI, Pres., 110 S. 17th St. have determined upon establisbiog a bome for the Aynie Caley, Secretary, 1618 Summer St. working women of New York, wbere they may be ELIZABETH J. FERRIS, Treas., 937 Franklin St. freed from the contaminating influences wbich usually

surround that class in this city, and where they can

find clean and well-ventilated rooms, wholesome The Treasurer of Friends' Association for the Aid food, and facilities for self-improvement. For this and Elevation of the Freedmen has received since purpose a large building has been purchased on last report :

Mott Street, near Canal, wbicb, together with imFrom City contributions.......


provements and furnishing, will cost about $120,000 ; Friends of Wilmington, Del.........

96.13 of this sum the trustees bave about one-half, and for M. E. S, Salem, N. J...

2.00 The remainder they appeal to a generous public. Robert Mosber, Cardington, Ohio,.. 7.00

The breaking of the levees on the Mississippi, in $147.13

Louisiana, has produced great devastation in the HENRY X. LAING, Treasurer.

river counties of that State, and great suffering Phila., 4ih mo. 13th, 1867. No. 30 N. Third St.

among the poor wbites and freedmen. One break alone bas overflowed seven parishes, and others

almost as damaging in their effects have occurred. ITEMS.

Thousands of acres of fertile land are thus rendered The Russian treaty has been confirmed by the Sen- useless for this season, and the laborers who were ate. The information in regard to Russian America to have cultivated it are doprived of the means of which has been elicited by the discussion of the new

earning their subsistence. treaty bas tended to an enhancement of its value in Both Houses of the Virginia Legislature have just the public estimation. The general fact that the unanimously passed a resolution inviting immigra. climate of the Pacific coast approximates to that of tion to Virginia, embracing "all classes of men from the western shores of Europe, instead of the cold all countries." The best invitation Virginia can exwestern coast of the Atlantic, explains the state- tend to outside settlers would be a hearty assertion ment of Prof. Baird that the temperature from of the great civil-rights bill. Prince of Wales' Island to the entrance of Bebring's The Milwaukee Flouring Mills.—The fouring straits, during the winter months, is about the same mills of Milwaukee turn out from three to four thouas at the city of Washington.” It would be more sand barrels of flour daily. The receipts of wheat just to compare the proposed acquisition to Sweden for 1866 a mounted to 18,399.698 bushels, an increase and Norway than to Greenland. Its southern boun- of 3,205,535 over the receipts of 1865. Milwaukee dary is several degrees below the latitude of Stock-l is the largest primary wheat port in ihe world.

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