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let us rejoice the more in God for our being The winters are so mild at Puget Sound, lat. 48 deprived of that which we used to rejoice in. degrees, that snow rarely falls there, and the inhabito

P. Henry.

ants are never enabled to fill their ice-bouses for the summer. Vessels trading to Petropaulouski and

Kamtschatka, when becoming unwieldy from the THE SECRET OF SUCCESS.

accumulation of ice on their bulls and rigging, run The basis of success in all occupations which over to a bigher latitude on the American coast, and involve the relations of an employer and em

thaw out in the same manner that vessels frozen up

on our own coast retreat again into the Gulf stream ployed is, that the employers should have an ac- un'il favored by an easterly wind. curate knowledge of the work then to be done, Direct evidence of the general correctness of this how to do it, and how long it should take. A theory is furbished by the meteorological records of man of business who neglects this places his in- the Russian Government, kept at Sitka, in latitude terest entirely in the keeping of irresponsible ten years being in spring 44 5 degrees; in summer,

57.03 degrees, the mean temperature for a period of agents, and, human nature being what it is, oro 57.5 degrees; in autumo, 47 degrees ; in winter, 36.5 rives in due time at insolvency. This is why degrees, and during the year 46.4 degrees. This inthe self-made man, whu has been sternly initia- dicates colder springs, summers, and autumns, but ted into the whole mystery by having himself milder winters thao we have in Philadelphia.—Press. stood in the ranks of the employed, outstrips The Fire ExtingUISHER.-An experiment with tho those who seem to start so fair from the van. Fire Extinguisber was made at the country residence tage ground of education and capital, and builds of Jay Cooke, pear Philadelphia. A large number a fortune where these kick one down. And the that inflammable substance, were piled one on the

of petroleum oil barrels, completely saturated with mistress of a household, who understands what other and then set fire to, producing quite a respeca servant's duties are (except, perhaps, those table conflagration. When the flames were at their which, affecting her own comfort, force them- beight, and it was thougbt nothing could subdue selves upon her notice,) still less bow and when them while a vestige of the material of which the

fire was composed remained, a gentlemen present they may be best fulfilled, will certaioly not strapped the extinguisher to his back, took bis posi, get them fulfiiled in the best napper, or by the tion in front of the burning mass, presented the end smallest number of hands, and hence will of a small gutta percha tube, connected with the apmanage, or rather mismanage, her income in a paratus, at the fire, turned a small stop-cock, which wasteful, ineffectual manner. This is an inevi. with carbonic acid gas, through the tube and on the

forced a thin stream of water, strongly impregoated table result.

flames, wben, in the short space of ten seconds, wbat

was a densely burning mass was transformed into ITEMS.

charred and blackened balf-consumed oil barrels, DESTITUTION IN THE South.—The Private Secre. without a vestige of fire remaining. The experiment tary of the Governor of Alabama says there are in was repeated several times with even increased socthat stale 60.000 persocs in indigent circumstances cess, and the entire affair gave ihe greatest satiefacwho need aid ; and the State Commissioner for the lion to the witnesses present. relief of the destitute says there are 45,000 persons The French Legislative body has passed the first in the State whose stores are exhausted and who article of a bill abolisbiog capital punishment, by a will suffer seriously, and perbaps starve, if relief is vote of 136 to 92. not afforded them soon. Reports from other sections all onile in saying that the destitution is very serio to be delicate. It is a singular fact that for over a

The bealth of the French Prince Imperial is said ous. The Relief Commission bas received thus far century and a half do monarch of France bas been about $ 165,000. Mr. H. A. Meetz, of Lexington, succeeded by his son. Lexington District, S. C., writes as follows: “ The destitution in our district is immense, and

Rhode Island, the smallest State in the Union, has unless our friends at a distance will act promptly the densest population per square mile of any, and and continuously, for some time to come, buman life in this particular exceeds any nation of continental I fear in many cases will be lost. We hope that God Europe except France, which it yearly equals; and will give us a good yield of wheat; but this cannot sixty per cent. of this population is located on eleven be gathered before the middle of June. I am now per cent of her area. Of ber inhabitants one in receiving the 200 sacks of cora sent through Gen- every pide orer fifteen years of age cannot write, and eral Scott, and the applicants are without number more than one in tbirteen can neither read nor write. almost. I am sure if you could see, as I do, poor The amount of capital invested in manufactures is women coming, some as far as from fifteen to twenty $33,000,000, which produced since the the last cen. mil-s, on foot, to carry balf a bushel of corn or meal sus $130,000,000 worth of products, and the labor of back, and the thankful expression of countenance the State shows the annual production of each man, with which they receive it, you would surely con

woman and child to be $001, while in Massachusetts clude that God will bless those engaged in a charity it is only $408. like this. In the name of our suffering peop'e, I re- Coal bas been discovered in India, and it is returo to you and your noble associates our beartfelt ported by the Friend of India that the coal fields in gratitude for your generous efforts, and in the name Chindwarra extend over a surface of upwards of fifty of suffering humanity may you continue them."-miles, varying in thickness of good cool from tbree Moravian.

to tbirteeù feet. Tbere can be little doubt that tbese CLIMATE OF RUSSIAN AMERICA.-Lieutenant Bent, coal fields are the most important discoveries that an officer of the United States navy, who accompa. bave been made in India for years. The official renied the Japanese expedition, reported that through port gives a very high opinion of the coal as a fuel, the softening influence of the Gulf stream of the its freedom from pyrites and the great facility in Pacific

working it.





No. 9.


Review of the Life and Discourses of F. W. Robertson


Selections from the Writings of John Barclay..

132 MADE TO Dr. Simeon Abrahams......

134 EMMOR COMLY, AGENT, The Writings of Richard Cobden.

135 At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Street,

EDITORIAL ........

136 OBITUARY.......

136 Open from 9 A.M. until 5 P.M, John Penington..

137 Residenc:, 809 North Seventeenth Street.

Friends Among the Freedmen....................... 137 TERM 8:-P AY ABLE IN ADVANCE. POETRY.......

139 The Paper is issued every Seventh day, at Three Dollars per Extract from a Lecture delivered by Prof. Agassiz on the annum, $2.30 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10.

Monkrys and Native Inhabitants of South America-...... 140 Azents for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club. Tie Postage on this paper, paid in a lvauce at the office where Oiling the Case........

141 It is rec-itei, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. An Extraordinary Member of l'arliament.

142 AGENTS - Joseph S. Cohn, New York.

* Religion is Cheap".

Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Benj. Stration, Richmond, Ind.

What was thought of Railroads Fifty-six Years ago........ 143
William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.

144 Janies Baynes, Ballimore, Md.

REVIEW OF THE LIFE AND DISCOURSES OF Man is come to seek and to save that which is F. W. ROBERTSON


" There are two ways of looking at sin : One (Continued from page 115.)

is the severe view. It makes no allowance for "Christ's estimate of Sin,” is the title of one frailty; it will not bear of temptation, nor disof Robertson's very instructive discourses, and linguish between circumstances. Men who the text prefixed is,

judge in this way shut their eyes to all but two LOKk xix. 10.-" The Son of Man is come to seek objects, - plain law, and a transgression of and to save that which is lost."

that law. There is no more to be said ; let the "These words occur,” he says, " in the his- law take its course.” tory which tells of the recovery of Zaccheus

“ The other view is one of laxity from a life of worldlivess to the life of God. and false liberalism. When such men speak, Zaccheus was a publican; and the publicans prepare yourself to hear liberal judgments and were outcasts among the Jews, because, having lenient ones; a great deal about human weak. accepted the office, under the Roman govern-ness, error in judgment, mistakes, an unfortument, of collectiog the taxes imposed by Rome nate constitution, on which the chief blame of upon their brethren, they were regarded as sin is to rest-a good heart. All well, if we traitors to the cause of Israel. Reckoned a de-wanted, in this mysterious struggle of a life, graded class, they became degraded. It is hard only consolation. But we want far beyond com. for any man to live above the moral standard fori-Goodness; and to be merely made easy of his own class; and the moral standard of the when we have done wrong will not help us to publican was as low as possible.

that! "Into the house of one of these outcasts the “ Distinct from both of these was Christ's Son of Man entered. It was quite certain view of guilt. His standard of Right was that such an act would be commented upon se- high,—higher than ever man had placed it beverely by people who called themselves relig. fore. Not moral excellence, but heavenly, He: ions; it would seem to them scandalous, an demanded. Except your righteousness shall outrage upon decency, a defiance to every rule exceed the righteousness of the Scribes and of respectability and decorum. No pious Is- Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into t! eraelite would be seen holding equal intercourse kingdom of heaven.' Read the Sermon nn with a publican. In anticipation of such re- the Mount. It tells of a purity as of snow rid. to marks, before there was time, perhaps, to make ing on an Alpine pinoacle, wbite in the blue them, Jesus spoke these words, The Son of holiness of heaven; and yet, also, He, the All



pure, had tenderness for what was not pure. character; as markedly different as the rough
He who stood in Divine uprightness that English truthfulness is from Celtic brilliancy of
never faltered felt compassion for the ruined, talent. Now, these peculiar nationalities are
and infinite gentleness for human fail. Broken, seldom combined.'
disappointed, doubting hearts, in dismay and

“Now this is the universality of the b-wilderment, never looked in vain to Him. Nature of Jesus Christ. There was in Him DO Very strange, if we stop to think of it, instead national peculiarity or individual idiosyncrasy. of repeating it, as a matter of course. For He was not the Son of the Jew, nor the Son of generally human goodness repels from it evil the Carpenter, nor the offspring of the modes men; they shun the society and presence of of living and thinking of that particular century. nuen reputed good, as owls fly from light. But He was the Son of Man. Once in the world's here was purity attracting evil; that was the bistory was born a Man. Once in the roll of wonder. Harlots and wretches steeped in in- ages, out of innumerable failures, from the famy gathered round Him. No wonder the stock of human nature, one Bud developed itpurblind Pharisees thought there must be some self into a faultless Flower. One perfect speci. ibing in Him like such sinners which drew wep of humanity has God exhibited on earth.” them so. Like draws to like. If he chose

“ As it the life-blood of every nation their society before that of the Pharisees, was it were in his veins, and that which is best and not because of some congeniality in Evil? truest in every man, and that which is tenderBut they did crowd His steps, and that because est and gentlest and purest in every woman, in they saw a hope opened out in a hopeless world His character. He is emphatically the Son of for fallen spirits and broken bearis,-ay, and Man. seared hearts. The Son of man was forever “Out of this arose two powers of His sacred standing among the lost; and His ever-predomi- humanity,—the universality of His sympathies, nant feelings were sadness for the evil in hu- and their intense particular personality. man nature, hope for the Divine good in it, and “ The universality of His sympathies; for, the Divine image never worn out wholly. compare Him with any one of the sacred char

“ I perceive in this description three pecu- acters of Seripture. You know how intensely liarities, distinguishing Christ from ordinary pational they were, priests, prophets, and a pos

tles, in their sympathies. For example, the “I. A peculiarity in the constitution of the apostles marvelled that He spake with a woman Redeemer's moral nature.

of Samaria ; '-—just before His resurrection, "II. A peculiarity in the objects of his 80- their largest charity bad not reached beyond licitude.

this,— Lord, wilt thou at this time restore the “III. A peculiarity in his way of treating kingdom unto Israel?' Or, to come down to guilt.

modern times, when His spirit has been mould. “ I. In his moral constitution. Manifested ing men's ways of thought for many ages;in that peculiar title which He assumed–The now when we talk of our philanthropy and Son of man.”

catholio liberality, here in Christian England, "Let us see what that implies.

we have scarcely any fellow-feeling, true and “1. It implies fairly his divine origin ; for it genuine, with other nations, other churches, is an emphatic expression, and, as we may so other parties than our own; we care nothing for say, an unnatural one. Imagine an apostle - Italian or Hungarian struggles; we think of

; St. Paul or St. Jobn-insisting upon it per Romanists as the Jew thought of Gentiles : we petually that he himself was human. It would speak of German Protestants in the same proud, almost provoke a smile to hear either of them wicked, self-sufficient way in which the Jews averring and affirming, I am the Son of Man; spoke of Samaritans. it would be unnatural, the affectation of coode- “Unless we bring such matters home, and scension would be intolerable. Therefore, when away from vague generalities, and consider we hear these words from Christ, we are com- what we and all men are, or rather are not, we pelled to think of them as contrasted with a cannot comprehend with due wonder the mighty higher Nature. None could, without presump- sympathies of the beart of Christ. None of tion, remind men that He was their Brother, the miserable antipathies that fence us from and a Son of Man, except One, who was also all the world bounded the outgoings of that something higher, even the Son of God. Love, broad and deep, and wide as the heart of

“2. It implies the catholicity of His Broth- God. Wherever the mysterious pulse of haerhood.

man life was beating, wherever aught human “Nothing in the judgment of historians, was in struggle, there to Him was a thing not stands out so sharply distinct as race,-national common or unclean, but cleansed by God and character; nothing is more ineffaceable. The sacred. Compare the daily, almost indispensaHebrew was marked from all mankind. The ble language of our life with His spirit. *ComRoman was perfectly distinct from the Grecian mon people ?'-Point us out the passage where



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he called any people, that God His Father if I have taken anything from any man by false
made, common ? Lower Orders?' - Tell us accusation, I restore him fourfold.'
when and where He, whose home was the work “ Ile was reclaimed to human feeling by
shop of the carpenter, authorized you or me to being taught that he was a man still; recog.
know any man after the flesh as low or high? I nized and treated like a ban. A Son of Man
To him who called Himse f the Son of Man the had come to seek 'him,' the lost.
link was manhood. And that he could dis. “2, By the exhibition of Divine holiness.
cern eren wben it was marred. Even in out- The holiness of Christ differed from all
casts His eye could recoguize the sanctities of a earthly, colomon, vulgar huliness. Wherever
nature human still. Even in the harlot, ong it was, it elicited a sense of sinfuluess and im-
of Lve's family;'—a son of Abraham even in perfection. Ju-t as the purest-cut crystal of

the rock looks die beside the diamond, so the
“Once more, out of that universal, catholic best men felt a sense of guilt growing distinct
Nature rose another power,---the power of in- upon their souls. When the Anointed of God
ted:e, particular, personal affectious. Ile was came near, · Depart from me,' said the bravest
the Broth-r and Saviour of the human race; and truest of them all, for I am a sinful man,
but this because He was the Brother and Sa- O Lord.'
viour of every separate man in it.

“ But, at the same time, tie holiness of "II. Peculiarity in the objects of Christ's Christ did not awe men away from Him, nor solicitude.

repel them. It inspired them with Lope. It " He had come to seek and to save the 'lost.' was not that vulgar, unapproachabla sanctity

. And, oh, the untold world of which makes men awkward in its presence, and agony contained in that expression-'a lost stands aloof. Its peculiar characteristic was, soul!'-agony exactly in proportion to the that it made men enamored of goodness. It

Dobleness of original powers. For it is a drew all men unto Hiin.' strange and mournful truth, that the qualities “ This is the difference between greatness that Fhich calculate to shine are exactly those which is first-rate and greatness which is second rate, minister to the worst ruin. God's bighest -between heavenly and earthly goodness. gifts,-talent, beauty, feeling, imagination, pow. The second rate and the earthly draws admiraer,--they carry with them the possibility of the tion on itself. You say, 'How great an act,highest heaven and the lowest hell."

how good a man!' The first-rate and the heav. “It was His work and His desire to enly imparts itself,—inspires a spirit. You sare such; and in this world a new and strange feel a kindred something in you that rises up solicitude it was, for the world bad seen before to meet it, and draws you out of yourself, nothing like it.”

making you better than you were before, and “In Christ's treatment of guilt we find three opening out the infinite possibilities of your peculiarities : sympathy, bolidess, firmness. life and soul.

1. " By human synıpathy. In the treatment “And such pre-eminently was the holiness of of Zaccheus this was alipost all. We read of Christ. Had some earthly great or good one almost nothing else as the instrument of that come to Zaccheus' house, a prince or a noblewonderful reclamation. One thing only,--Christ man, his feeling would have been, What conwent to his house self-invited. But that one was descension is there! But, when he came whose everything. Consider it: Zaccheus was, if he every word and act had in it Life and Power, no were like other publicaos, a hard and hard-such barren reflection was the result; but, inened man. He felt people shrink from Hiin in stead, the beauty of holiness bad become a the streets. IIe lay under an imputation ; and we power within him, a longing for self-consecraknow how that feeling of being universally sus tion.

tion. Behold, Lord, the balf of my goods I pected and misinterpreted makes a man bitter, give to the poor; and if I have taken anything sarcastic, and defiant. And so the outcast from any man by false accusation, I restore him would go home, look at his gold, rejoice in the fourfold.' revenge he could take by false accusations ; felt

; “3. By Divine sympathy, and by the Divine a pride in knowing that they might hate, but Image, exhibited in the speaking act of Christ, could not help fearing him; scored the world, the lost was sought and saved. He was savel, and shut up his beart against it.

as alone all fallen men can be sived. BeAt last, one whom all men thronged to see, holding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, he and all men honored, or seemed to honor, came was changed into the same image.' Aud this to him,--offered to go home and sup with him. is the very essence of the Gospel of Jesus For the first time for many years, Zaccheus felt Christ. We are redeemed by the Life of God that he was not despised, and the flood-gates of without us, manifested in the Person of Christ, that avaricious, shut heart were opened in a kindling into fame the Life of God that is tide of love and generosity. “Behold, Lord, within us. Without Him we can do nothing. the half of my goods I give to the poor; andl Without Him the warmth that was in Z.ccbu



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us' heart would have smouldered uselessly and feeble state of those that have a love for away. Through Him it became Life and the cause of Truth, and the short-comings of Light, and the lost was saved.”

most of us, depresses me. Those who live within In this beautiful exposition of the course the hearing of the shouts of the Phili-tibes, pursued by the “Son of Man" in order to re- are taken and perhaps disturbed by them. I claim the erring and elevate the degraded, we trust, such as however, know better have an example that is applicable to our own than to give up to every “Lo here” and every time and country. Among the millions of our bue aud cry, or to be afraid with any amazefellow creatures recently enfranchised, a large ment. We must keep low,-keep quiet;proportion have been subjected to brutalizing minding our particular calling, our inward treatment and shut out intentionally from the condition, and feel the Lord iuwardig as the benefits of knowledge. They have a strong Rock and Sanctuary, where none can make claim upon our sympathies, and happily there afraid. is a disposition on the part of many to aid Undoubtedly it is a trying day, a sifting them by benevolent efforts and liberal contri. tione,—and I think must be yet more so; for butions.

though a few leaders of faction and of error We should not however restrict our religious have left us, and have swept away a number of labors, or benevolent efforts, to those whom we followers, whom they have deluded, and who may deem deserving of our sympathy; but were not settled in the faith, and some of these like the holy Messiah, we should endeavor to hardly knowing why they belong to us ;-set reclaim the erring and encourage the prodi- of those who remain, 0! what a remnant gal to return to his father's house. Perverse- really are one with us ! Add unless wouderful ness or ingratitude on the part of some should mercy, wisdom, and strength, be manifested not abate our desire to benefit all, for every ser- towards the unstable, as towards all of us, – rice in the course of humanity proceeding what can hinder their being scattered and from pure motives will bring the reward of driven away. peace. “The fields are white already to har- Though the Society seems somewhat relieved, vest; he that reapeth receiveth wages, and yet grievous exercises remain to be borne, gathereth fruit unto life eternal."

and a great deal to be worked through and (To be continued.)

worked out, before this once self-denying and redeemed people, can be reinstated to their

foriner brightness and ancient purity. The Solitude bears the same relation to the mind Lord waits to be gracious, and I believe will that sleep does to the body. It affords the hasten this work in his time. And (! that necessary opportunities for repose and recovery. we may be so preserved and strengthened, as In the respite thus afforded to thought by soli- to be made willing, through all baptisms, to be tude, the soul seems to retire within herself, instrumental in our day, in ever so little a way to close her portals against the world, shut out or degree, to bring about the period, when the the garish lights of day, exclude all noisy salvation of Zion shall go forth as a lamp that clamors' of the crowd, and, in a temporary with burneth!

J. B. drawal from the strife, so to recruit her strength,

То as to go forth to a renewal of the conflict with

STOKE NEWINGTON, Third month, 1837. new strength for its necessities, and new hopes Time rolls on, and manifests things and perof its result.

sons apace. So many matters have transpired,

even since I replied to thy letter of Eleventh SELECTIONS FROM THE WRITINGS OF JOHN month, that I can hardly recur to circum

stances; but may we not say, dear friend, that (Continued from page 118.)

all our views and feelings have been fulfilled and To

realized, or are fulfilling, as to the state of our 6th of Second month, 1837.- When the will poor Suciety. The conflict and contest is pretty is slain, -- when we can say, “It is no more I,” well over, with what was called Beaconism; —then how easy is the task of dedication, and but there are those still remaining, who ochow clear are the pointings, how light the bur- casion the true Friends great exercise; being den of the cross of Christ. Then self is of no unwilling to go the whole length with our reputation indeed, and all crowns are laid down; ancient primitive worthies, but can readily find nor does any spare of the enemy prevail. them in fault. O! I trust this also shall in

The most unanswerable arguments we of due season be broken up, and the testimony of this day can give to the gainsayers, is, to live Truth, in all its completeness and simplicity, down their misrepresentations : and the best rise and shine over all opposition. Modified argument perhaps for the early Friends, as was Quakerism cannot stand the fire. the case with the primitive Christians, is their life May we, or such of us as are permitted to and conversation. At times, the low standing continue in the warfare, be preserved firmly



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