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tion a stimulus that is natural and healthy in jmit the blessing to our successors, we shall be
its character, and young persons brought to held accountable for the neglect or misuse of
gether to receive instruction from properly talents entrusted to our care.
qualified teachers tako more interest in their It is scarcely necessary to defend the prac-
studies, and learn more than they do in fami- tice of imparting to our junior members a
lies.

thorough knowledge of the Scriptures, for they It is encouraging to find a growing concern have been highly prized and earnestly recomon this subject in the miods of Friends, which mended by Friends from the rise of the Society has led to the establishment of First-day schools to the present day. They are constantly quoted among our members in many places, as well as from our galleries,-in fact, they have become the formation of Bible classes and the holding the vehicles of religious thought throughout of conferences in relation to our principles and the civilized world. Their study may be made

i testimonies. It is worthy of consideration that more interesting by illustrations from the geogfor want of some active service of this kind we raphy of the countries to which they relate, have, in times past, lost some of our members and by descriptions of the manners and customs who might have become as shining lights. of the people who inhabit those regions. Young men and women of earnest piety, having' Among Oriental nations many of the same custhe faculty of teaching, which is a divine gift, , toms and modes of thought now prevail that and finding in our Society no field for its re- are alluded to in the Bible, and a knowledge of ligious exercise, have been induced to become them will enable us to obtain a clear view of teachers in the Sabbath schools of other many passages otherwise obscure. churches, and thus, by association, have been In this interesting department of education led away from our communion.

we have felt the want of suitable text books, or It is possible some of our readers may object' manuals of instruction. This want is about to to the systematic teaching of Scriptural knowl- be supplied, at least in some measure, by works edge from an apprehension that it may lead to ' written by our own members that will be noformalism, and we shall, perhaps, be reminded ticed in this paper. Let us not despise the use that we ought to rely upon the great fundamen- of means

" Has not God tal principle of our profession—"Tbe universal Still wiought by means since first he made the and saving Light of Christ."

We reply that this precious gift does not su. It is exceedingly desirable that all the youth persede the use of means which Divine Provi- who attend our meetings, whether members or dence has supplied for our use. All men have not, should, in some way, be brought under the this gift, yet see how vast is the difference religious care of the Society, and receive suitaproduced by education and mental training ble instruction. If we would have a succession among mankind. Compare the Hottentot or

of members we must work and trust, for works the Australian with the enlightened European without faith will avail nothing, and faith withor Anglo-American. How much better are the out works is dead. latter prepared for the reception of spiritual

Died, in Rahway, N J., on the 19th of Nivih mo., knowledge than the former. In our efforts to 1866, Phabe V. Suorwell, widow of Peter Shotwell, improve the condition of the Indians, our Re- and daughter of Abrabum and Margaret Vail, in the

88th year of her age; an egieemed member of Rahligious Society has always acted on the convic-way and Plainfield 'Monthly Meeting, and, when tion that civilization and moral culture will health permitted, a regular attender thereof.

on the 27th of Fourth month, 1867, at her aid in preparing them for the reception of gos- residence, Newtown, Bucks county, Pa., Susan, wife pel truth.

of Moses Lancaster, in her 80th year. It is a high privilege to be educated in the infant 'son of Abraham Lower Thorn, aged nine

on the 26th of Fourth mouth, 1867, John, bosom of a society imbued with Christian prin. months. ciples. For this we owe a debt of gratitude; Gillingham, in his 87th year; a member of the

on Sixth-day afternoon, 3d inst., JOSEPH first, to the Author of all good; and, secondly, Monthly Meeting of Friends of Philadelphia. to our predecessors, who laid the foundation

on the 3d of Fifth month, 1867, of malignant

scarlet fever, ANNIE AMELIA, daughter of William P. on which we are building. If we do not trans- and Ellen G. Fogg, in ber 10th year,

world."

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JACOB COELIS, } Clerks.

ANSWERS.

Died, on Seventh-day, the 27th of Fourth month,

THE INDIAN. 1867, MERCHANT MAULSBY, a member of Green Street Monthly dieeting:

The following article, suggesting the aboli

tion of the tribal mode of government among The First Annual Meeting of Friends' Publication Association will be held on Second-day evening the Indians, is taken from the editorial columns dest, (Yearly Meeting week,) Fifth month 13th, at of the N. Y. Evening Post :8 o'clock, at Race Street Meeting.House. The object and aim of this Association will be explained.

From the beginning of the English settleThe general attendance of Friends is solicited. ments on this continent it has been the preva

lent doctrine among us that tbe Indian tribes The Annual Conference on the subject of Educa. here were destined only to extermination. The tion will be held at Race Street Meeting-House on Third-day evening, Fifth month 14th, at 8 o'clock.) : Pilgrim Fathers” of New England, who were The needs of our Religious Society in this important in the babit of requiring a theory to justify matter will be canvassed, and the progress made in their practice, are reported to bave adopted the organization of a first class school for our chil- these resolutions : dren will be presented for the cousideration of all concerned Friends.

“Resolved, first, That the world belongs to the

saints. The Annual Meeting of Friends' Association for

"Resolved, second, That we are the saints. the Aid and Elevation of the Free men will be held Others put the same thing in the form of an on Fourth-day evening, Fifth monih 15th, at 8 o'clock, at Race Street Meeting-House, porib end. faith the children of Abraham the faithful, and

assumption that the Pilgrims were by their The annual report will be read, and other interesting that the aborigines, being heathen, were probabusiness transacted. A general invitation is extended.

bly the descendants, or at any rate the proper ANNE COOPER,

representatives, of the devoted Canaanites, and

therefore coudemned by heaven to utter exter. The attention of Friends is called to the following

mination. publications, which will be issued for The Book As

Other classes of settlers have taken SOCIAtion of Friends during the early part of Fifth a sborter cut in their reasonings, while agree. montb.

ing to the practical conclusion that the Indians Talks with the CHILDREN, Part I., price 25 cts. are incapable of being civilized, and therefore TALKS WITH THE CHILDREN, Part II., price 50 cts.

inevitably destined to extermination.

It must Biblical History, FAMILIARIZED BY QUESTIONS AND be confessed that the steady progress of events

Price $1.00. The books are designed for use in families and from the year 1620 too powerfully confirms Schools, as assistants to teachers and others, and this conclusion. th-y will, we trust, be found to supply a'waut long We are not now looking at the moralities of needed among us. Orders for single copies or by the dozen filled by sible for the certainty of this assumed destiny

the subject, or inquirivg who is justly responthe Publisher, T. ELLWOOD ZELL,

of the Indians to extermination. Assuming, Nos. 17 and 19 S. Sixth St., Philada. for the present, that the result is truly inevita

ble, we look philosophically into the means avd CHILDREN.

methods by which, so far as past experience Children are much more susceptible than goes, this result is brought about. These megrown-up people to all noxious influences; they i hods range themselies in two classes-one by are affected by the same things, but much more direct violence, the other by the icdirect methods quickly and seriously, namely: by waut of fresh of depravation and decay. In surgical language, air, of proper warmth, want of cleanliness in one may be called exsection, the other by ligahouse, clothes, bedding, or body; by startling ture. noises, improper food, or want of punctuality; The first method is pretty uniform in its acby duloess avd by want of light; by too much tion. The Indians are dissatisfied with the inor too little covering in bed or when up; by creasing setlements of the whites, and begin waut of the spirit of management generally in a war in there way to drive out the invaders; those in charge of them. One can, therefore, and then the whites, by their superiority in arms only press the importance, as being yet greater and numbers, exterminate the Indians by fire in the case of children,-greatest in the case of aud sword. The Pequod war in the year 1637, sick children,-of attending to these things. is a type of all that followed. Sassacus, the

That which, however, above all, is known to Pequod chief, having mustered the neighboring injure children seriously is foul air, and the Indian tribes, undertook to drive the English most seriously at night. Keeping rooms where out of Coonecticut. The Connecticut traditions they sleep tight shut up is destruction to them. say that he was led to rely on help from the And if the child's breathing be disordered Dutch at New Amsterdam. Be that as it may, he by disease, a few hours only of much foul air began a

war after the Indian manner ; capo may endanger its life, even where no inconve- tured a sloop avd tortured her hands to death; nience is felt by grown-up persuns in the same way laid and shot some laborers as they went room.-Florence Nightingale.

to their fields, and burnt some crops of grain.

The colony, then composed of the three towns | ought to be expiated with bis life, under the
of Hartford, Windsor and Wethersfield, raised paramount authority of the laws of the state,
an army of ninety men, nearly balf its able which extend over its whole territory. Thus
bodied population, who went by sloop to Nar. the tribal government sinks into contempt,
raganset bay, marched thence to the head-quar- while the tribal condition remains, strangu-
iers of Sassacus, surrounded the fort, set it on lated, emasculated, impotent for justice, a pre-
fire, shot every one who attempted to escape, text for oppression, a cover for wrong. a wall
and annihilated the power of the tribe. by which the blessings of Christian civilization

King Philip's war, in 1676, was on the same are kept out, and savage barbarism and inimor-
pattern. So was the war against the Six Na ality are kept in.
tions in the time of the Revolution. The Black Tbe necessary result of such an anomalous ex.
Hawk war, io 1832, was another case of the istence, in the midst of a growing and constant-
same kind. The war proposed to be waged | ly accumulating population, must necessarily
this year against the Indians of the western be what we see it has been in every case, de-
plains is designed to be of the same sort, moralization, degradation, decay, death-extir-
"short, sharp, and decisive”-final.

pation by strangulation.

Each tribal governThe cost of this method includes the antece-ment has been nothing but a drag upon the dent damage and the expense of the final opera- progress of society, a centre of vice and idletion. In King Philip's war Massachusetts had ness and disease for the community around. thirteen to wos destroyed, while several others Not a case can be named in which the influsuffered severely; six hundred buildings were ence of Indians has been a help towards the adburned, and at least six hundred of the colonists vavcement of morals, industry, public wealth, kere slain, and the expense in money was haif or any other improvement. It has become a a million of dollars, leaving the colony crushed by word of contempi to call one lazy and filthy, poder a load of debt and paper money. The dirty and drunken, vicinus and hateful, as an war now impending promises to be more costly lodian. The' rarity of finding in the tribes a in money than all which have gone before. person of pure Indian blood tells the story of

Of the vast work of extirpa:ion which has their condition. The rapidity of their disaptaken place in two hundred and fifty years only pearance testifies to the efficacy of this method a small part has been actually done by this pro. of extirpation. Its cost to the community is cess of direct and bloody surgery. The great more difficult to exhibit. bulk of it bas been affected by means more an. The different reservations occupied by the alogous to the strangulatory process of the sur- remnants of ancient tribes in this state are as geon. Our fathers brought the Indians to ac- follows : knowledge their superiority in arts and arms Reservations.

Acres. Numbers. and powers, so that they would make treaties Shinnecock, L. ...........

147 in which it was assumed that they were the St. Regis, Franklin Co........... 14,000

426

370

Tuscarora, Niagara Co....... ...... 6 247 obliged party, in being allowed to live on a

1,347 part of the tract of country of which they had Allegany, Cat'arangus Co..

Cattaraugus, Chatauque Co..... 10,226

.. 10,753

825 inherited the whole. We bave been careful in Tonawanda, Genesee Co...........2,000 these treaties, and in all our transactions with Oneida, Oneida Co........... them, to deal with the tribes, and not with in. Onondaga, Onondaga Co.............509

The New York Indians in 1845 numbered Io this way we have perpetuated the tribal 3,753 ; in 1855 they were 3,93+; in 1865 state, as a sort of incomplete nationality, an im. they bad increased to 1,137; a gain of 386, or a perium in imperio, a quasi government, having trifle over ten per cent. in twenty years. From few rights, and many duties and responsibilities, 18 15 to 1865 the number of schols increased and no powers or prerogatives. It was properly from 14 to 25; of scholars, from 462 to 860; of a strangulated government, permitted neither churches, froin 5 to 1+; of cultivated acres, to protect its subjects bor to execute its laws. from 13,851 to 15,398 ; stock in value, from If an Indian killed a white man, the white men $93,434 to $138,997; implements in value, tried him and punished him by their laws. If froan $34,973 to $10,521. The number of mara white map killed an Indian, and the Indians riages decreased from 36 in 1811, to 17 in proceeded to punish him according to their 1854, and 8 in 1864.

. The value of the lands laws, the wbites proceeiled to levy war against is $199,448. the Indians. If the Indians consented to refer These results have taken place in the mid-t the matter to white justice, the quirks of the of institutions so favorable to the increase of las luo. ed to thein like tricks to screen the population and the advancement of society, that murderer from punishment. If an Iudian kills our numbers double every thirty years, avd the an Indian, and the Indians deal with him by increase of wealth and refinement is in a still Indian law, the avenger of blood is looked upon more rapid ratio. The reason is not far to seek. by the whites as a murderer, whose crime. In the case of our white population we deal

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BY JOHN G. WHITTIER.

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with men as individuals, and go to all lengths I ask myself if we wbo, months ago,
to protect each in his rights as an individual. Through frosty days, and in a frozen land,
Io the case of the Indians we have dealt with Shall see it melt and vanish in the spring?

Built up a friendsbip on the wiuter's snow,
them as tribes, and have allowed and compelled False friendship was it, if it perish so.
them to remain under all the disabilities and True friendship is an everlasting thing
disadvantages of the tribal state, without reme- There runs a record that not only saith,
dy and without hope. Our common sense has He “ lcved bis own,” but “ loved them to the end."
taught us to invite and encourage every man

So evermore a man shall love bis friend,

With friendship that outiiveth life and death! to be a voter and a land bolder, as the surest

THEODORE Tilton. means of making him a man. We allow the Indiin man to be neither a land owner por a

THE OLD AND NEW. voter, and then wonder that he remains an In. dian. And now that the pation has all of a Oh! sometimes gleams upon our sight, sudden recognised the equal application of the

Througb present wrong, ihe eteroal right! laws of common sense to the negro, as the only

And step by step, since time began,

We see the steady gain of man. means for his protection and advancement, we are not aware that there has been a suggestion

That all of good the past has bad

Remains to make our own time glad, of giving the equal benefit of our institutions

Our common daily life divine, to the indiau.

And every land a Palestine. We suggest, then, this third and untried

pro- We lack but open eye and ear cess of dealing with the aborigines, as at once

To find the Orient's marvels heremore just and bumane, more productive and

The still, small voice, in autump's hush, less expensive than either of the others, and

Yon maple wood the burning bush. equally certain in its operation to extirpate

For still the new transcends the old,

In signs and tokens manifold; the Indian tribes. Indeed, we believe, if tried

Slaves rise up men; the olive wares in good faith and with ordinary judgment, it With roots deep set in battle graves. will extirpate the tribes far more rapidly, while Through the harsh noises of the day it will give to the individuals who are worthy A low, sweet prelude finds its way; their owly chance of preserving themselves.

Through clouds of doubt and creeds of fear, The approaching State Convention affords an

A light is breaking, calm and clear. opportunity for the State of New York to set an

Henceforth my heart shall sigh no more

For older time and holier sbore; example which, if once set, the nation will be

God's love and blessing, then and there, perhaps glad to follow, of treating the Indians Are now, and bere, and everywbere. upon the simple footing of their manhood, by substituting for Art. I., sec. 16, of the Consti- "THE POOR SHALL HAVE A SHARE OF IT." tution, a provision to the effect that “all per- Towards the close of last century, a young sous born in this state are citizens thereof, and woman, the daughter of a yeoman farmer in a it shall be the duty of the legislature to pass secluded vale in the West Riding of Yorkshire, laws by which all lands held in tribal owner. I determined to leave home and push her way in ship shall be justly divided to individual own. the world. She had received a Christian up

.brioging, and had been taught tu wake her The tribes will thus be exterminated at a Bible her guide through life; but some how blow, to appear no more in our bistory. The she thought that justice was dot done her at individuals will come under the influence of home, and being of an independent spirit, she our institutions, to flourish or fade away accord- resolved to try what she could do for herself. ing to their merits.

Her first situation was hard and humble enough.

In a farm house on the hill that overlooks the FRIENDSHIP.

town of Halifax, she did in her own person the O true and noble friend too far away,

work of kitchen maid, house-maid and cook, (Thou on the prairie, I beside the sea)The spring, that should be here, makes long delay, evening, and spinning po end of wool, thirty

besides milking half a dozen cows morning and And not a flower is open to the bee. Meanwhile, from thee, the west wind comes to say,

six banks to the pound—an achievement, we Thy feet are walking wbere the fields are fair, are told, in which few could have rivalled her. And nests are in the boughs that late were bare. In the midst of all this work, she had a matri. Tbou hast the early season, I the late.

monial business on hand; but here, too, diffiFor thee, the blossoms of the orchard blow; Oa me, the sea-gulls and the fog-wreaths wait.

culty beset her; for as John Crossly was ouly Tbus nature, with the fickleness of fate,

a carpet weaver, her father told her that if she Deals out her favors with unequal band.

ever married him, she should never see his face But be her temper gentle or unkind,

again. Her changes cannot change the equal mind. Can leagues that lie between us loose the band

Perplexed between her father's wishes, and By which, though palms unclasp, yet hearts do the voice of an affection she could not suifle, cling?

she sought counsel from above; and turning

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over her Bible in search of a guiding star, her placed alongside the existing mills, looks like a eye fell on the words of the Psalm : “When hut beside a palace. One can understand how my father and my mother forsake me, then the the old woman, accustomed to so much smaller Lord will take me up." Eventually her father a scale of operations, should have felt alarm at gave his consent to the marriage. In the the rapid expansion of the business, and course of years her husband advanced from one warned her sons that a crash might come some position of trust to another, till at last he day. “ We are well insured," was the answer reached the position of master. fle rented a of one of them; “insured on the principle, small wool mill from a respectable firm, with a Honor the Lord with thy substance, and with the dwelling house attached, and proceeded with first fruits of all thine increase. So shall thy wife and family to take possession. It was not barns be filled with plenty, and thy presses shall without emotion that the “virtuous woman” burst with new winc." entered on the responsibilities of her new po- Some nine or ten years ago, one of Mrs. sition. Like her model in the last chapter of Crossley's sons had been travelling with his Proverbs, it had been her wont to "stretch out family in a very beautiful district of the United her hand to the poor;” and from tbe same States. Arrived one evening at the close of book she had learned that “the blessing of the the day's journey, he went out to take a stroll Lord it maketh rich, and addeth no sorrow.” by biinself. The spot was exceedingly beautiSo, rising while it was yet pight, she entered ful, and bathed at the moment in the gorgeous the yard of ber new dwelling at four o'clock rays of the setting sun, it filled his heart with one morning, and then and there she made a a flood of emotion, He felt the presence and vow—" If the Lord does bless us at this place, the goodness of God; and the thought arose the poor shall have a share of it!"

within bim, " What shall I render to the Lord lo alluding to that vow of his mother's on for all His benefits to me?” The question an interesting occasion many years afterwards, suggested another—" Lord what wilt thou have one of her younger sons, now a Baronet and me to do ?” The answer came immediately. member of Parliament for the West Riding, re. It was this (we copy bis own words): “It is marked: “It is to this vow, made with so true thou canst not bring the many thousands much earnestoess, and kept with such fidelity, that are left in thy native country to see this that I attribute the great success my father beautiful scenery, but thou canst take this to had in business. My mother was always look- them. It is possible to arrange art and pature ing how best she could keep this vow.' The that they shall be within the walk of every father lived and died respected, in circum- working man in Halifax; that he sball go to staoces comfortable rather than wealthy, though take his stroll there after he has done his hard far exceeding what he had ventured to dream day's work, and be able to get home again of when he began life as an ordinary workicap. without being tired.” That seemed to bim to The mther lived to a green old age in the be a glorious thought. Returning to his hotel, "yard” where her vow was made, and would he asked his wife where those words were to be never listen to any proposal of her prosperous found in the Bible : “The rich and the poor sons that she should remove to a finer mansion. meet together; the Lord is the maker of them A great concourse of mourners followed her re- all.” He prayed that if the scheme were but mains to the grave; and not her children only, an idle thought fluttering across bis brain, it but many mure who knew her, cherish her might be gone in the morning; but that if it memory with affectionate regard.

were a right and real scheme, he might have On her sons her vow was felt to have some- no doubt about it, and might be able to accomthing like a descending obligation. They very plish it. The morning found the impression willingly served themselves heirs to it; and confirmed. After this, whatever difficulties among all the instances of a blessing from God arose, he never had the least besitation in on those who devise liberal things, both tempo going forward. The scheme advanced, till at ral and spiritual, their case is, perhaps, the last, at the cost of some £30,000, he presented most remarkable on record. Widely known “the People's Park” to the town of Halifax. though it be in the district and the denomi- At the inauguration of the Public Park, under Dation with which they are connected, it de- the auspices of Lord Shaftsbury, he delivered serves to be more generally circulated. Their an address to which we are indebted for most town is full of the monuments of their pros of the facts in this little sketch. In the Park perity, and of their generosity, too. Mills that the inhabitants have erected a statue to the cover acres, and rise story upon story, in solid Dopor, “as a tribute of gratitude and respect masses, and that give employment to four or to one whose public benefactions and private five thousand workers, attest the magnitude of virtues deserve to be remembered.” Above the their operations. The photograph preserves statue are inscribed three characteristic texts :" the modest little mill in wbich the fouadation “Let no man seek his own, but every man was laid of the business, and whicb, when another's wealth."

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