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him either weak or stern. He went quietly on Truth once pronulgated can never be stopped his way, trying to help everybody, and syste- in its course till its mission is accomplished.” matically ignoring all distinctions or class or Large and liberal views these for a self-educated color. When I saw hiin so inflexible in his

up:

farmer. rightoess, while his gentle spirit yearned for Friend Joseph, in common with other mor. the sympathy be forfeited, I frequently thought tals, has encountered many trials and aflictions. of Kible's beautiful words:

But it is an excellent foundation for a tranquil "Oit in life's stillest shade reclining,

old age to love labor so much that work is rec11 desolation unrepining,

reation; to take friendly interest in the birds Without a bope on earth to find

and all of God's little creatures; to be temperA mirror in an answering mind,

ate in all things, and habitually frugal, not from Meek souls there are, who little dream

love of accumulation, but for the sake of impartToeir daily strife an angel's theme."

ing freely to the unfortunate; to find an everIn the case of the colored children, Friend pleasant resource in the perusal of good books; Joseph's quiet persistence carried his point and to have a conscience void of offence toward They were allowed to sit with him and his God and man. Time has silvered Joseph's hair, family in their accustomed seats in the mecting- and the aches and pains of years have plowed boase, and the teacher of the Orthodox Quaker furrows io his face. But he thinks more of his school received them into her classes. They blessings than of his troubles, and uses what behaved well, and no disastrous consequences strength he has for the benefit of others. He followed this mingling of different complexions. gathers his grandchildren round him, and writes

No one could justly bring against Friend for them little stories or verses, which always Joseph the charge of being a Quixotic philan. contain some lessons of justice or kindness. On thropist, who neglected his own business to look his sixty-seventh birth-day he gave a pic-nic after the wrongs of others. He was diligent party to all the girls and boys for a coile round. and frugal, and thus earned for himself a rightSome of them had flaseu bair, and some had to indu'ge in the only luxury he cared for-black; some bad wbite faces, and some had the luxury of benevoleace. His large heart brown; for this pic-nic was one of his practical saved him from being penurious, while his sermons on the brotherhood of the human race. orderly and thrifty habits prevented that care. He wrote simple verses for the occasion, freighted less expenditure which too often results in with hints of profitable truths. The tables were waking other people pay for the gratification of spread in bis woods, and abundantly supplied our good impulses. Though an old-fashioned with bread and butter, cakes, melons and apples. Quaker, in dress as well as principles, his course Large crates were fastened to the trees with of reading was never sectarian. He was eager strong ropes, so that the little ones could swing to learn from all advocates of justice, freedom, safely at their ease; and there were plenty of and humanity, and the fruits of it were visible hoops and balls. It was a merry time, and in the enlargement of his mental and moral Friead Joseph was as happy as any of the young vision. Years ago, he wrote to me: “ There folks. In spirit he was like unto a little child; is much said about the decline of the Society of and “ of such are the kingdom of heaven.”. friends. Sume grieve over it, while others re- Independent. joice. I am not much affected by it either way; for I firmly believe there is as much genuine

THE WOODPECKER'S FORESIGHT. Quakerism in the world as there ever was, al

The woodpecker in California is a storer of though it may not always appear under the form acoros. The tree he selects is invariably of the of a straight coat or broad brim. I can fully pine tribe. He bores several boles differing subscribe to a sentiment I once heard thee utter, slightly in size, at the Fall of the year, and then that a very good heart may beat under a fash- flies away, in many ivstances to a long distance, ionable dress. If every member of the Society and returns with an acorn, which he immediately of Friends should abandon its principles, it sets about adjusting to one of the boles prepared would not affect the truth of that glorious decla- for its reception, which will hold it tightly in ration of spiritual indepeodeoce and individual its position. But he does not eat the acórn ; freedom which its founders proclaimed to the for, as a rule, he is not a vegetarian. His object world. In my estimation, it was far superior to in storing away the acorn exhibits acute forethe jastly celebrated declaration of personal sight, and knowledge of results more akin to freedom and political independence put forth reason than to instinct. The succeeding Winter by the founders of this republic. I believe the acoro remains intact, but becoming saturated that genuine Quakerisnı, instead of declining, is with rain, is predisposed to decay, when it actually reviving and increasing. The spirit is is attacked by maggots, who seem to delight in not dead, or dying; it has merely removed from this special food; it is then that the wood pecker ita oid, narrow tenement, and taken possession reaps the barvest his wisdom bas provided, at a of more spacious and better-lighted apartments.time when the ground being covered with snow,

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he would experience a difficulty, otherwise, in thread of fire explodes a wine of emotion, con obtaining suitable or palatable food. It is a viction, and experience that had been slowly subject of speculation why the red-wood cedar but long accumulating in the bosom of our age. or the sugar-pine is invariably selected; it is That delicate cord moors nations together that not probable that the insect, the most dainty to were drifting to each other in spite of seas and the woodpecker's taste, frequents culy the out- icebergs. That swift messenger, dark and siside of wet trees; but so it is, that in Calaveras, lent as night, but keener and subtler than light, Mariposa, and other districts of California, trees carries words of brotherhood, long waiting for of this kind may be frequently seen covered all their vehicle; that syphon, so slender and so over their trunks with acords when there is not patient, empties bearts into each other an oak tree within several miles.--A. B. Burton. whose blood had for ages yearned to mingle.

God in his providence, by making us the lastTHE ATLANTIC TELEGRAPH.

born of the great nations and powers of the (Concluded from page 830, vol. 23.)

earth, and giving us half the world for our And now, finally, within the brunds of home; by emptying the blood of all nations Christendom-at aty rate, within the bounds of into our national veins; by diversifying us with that bappiest and nost blessed portion of it all climates, without colonial separation, and by which we occupy-a new and higher sentiment the vastness of all the circumstances and condi. than even that of compassion, through the grace tions of our territory, our origin, our growth of God and his Sid, apimates our hearts when and history, as well as by the happy fortune of we look on the multitudes,—the sentiment of the splendid age of commerce, liberty, and inconfidence and bope. Fear gave way, in our ventive genius in which our lines have fallen, Saviour's courageous and loving mind, to com- has prepared us, as no people is prepared, to passion, when he saw the multitude. Hare not demand, to expect, to understand, and to enthe reasons for that compassion—at least within joy universal ideas,-feelings that embrace tbe our immediate sphere of life and influence- world, schemes that include the race, hopes that most sevsibly lessened, and almost totally dis- outrun place and time, destinies that are per appeared, under the influence of the Saviour's tect and complete. own ever.advancing work ?

He himself, new

We look upon the multitude-blessed be as compassion then was, did not fail to add ex. God's providence and Christ's gospel for our ultation to it in the triumph which humanity, power to do so !-- no longer with fear, and not uuder his guidance, was finally to accomplish even characteristically, in this land, with comover all its degrading conditions. He si saw passion, but with sympathy and hope, and alSatan as lightning fall from heaven," when the most with reverence. For we see them Greeks came to inquire into his gospel. How longer faint, and no longer scattered abroad; literally pierced with lightning is the enemy of and every day we are, by economic science and souls, when DISTANCE, that scatters men abroad motive art, eliminating the unknown or suspeod. and makes them faint on the long way, trans- ed elements in the great equation of human fixed on the darting thought of the lightning, progress. That vast problem is no more a botdies in mid-heaven and falls headlong into the tomless mystery and a bafiling speculation. The sea! How lovg is superstition to make it irre-obstacles which oppose the advance of the race, ligious to recognize the fulfilment of any of cur immense as they are, are measurable; dense as Lord's promises, the answers to any of his they are, are penetrable. There is nothing prayers? Is the world's progress never to be hopeless or desperate in human affairs. Proconfessed; and is a mock humility to drape the gress is possible, is real, is certain, is inevitavery mid day of bope, and cheer, with curtains ble. The relative forces of good and evil, of of despondency, lest it outshine the Christian peace and war, of truth and error, of civilization dawn? The stones would cry out if we were and barbarity, of brotherly love and selfish ansilent, when the rery key stone has so evidently tagonism, are weighed, and the balance is fabeen put into the arch of Christ's triumph over vorable for once, and therefore forever, to the the barbarism and want and dispersion of his kingdom of God in the salvation of our race. scattered flock of humanity. Be it said, then, The multitude is accordingly to be trusted and to his eternal honor and God's everlasting respected. We thank God that we are able, glory, that the day has come when we can look and are compelled by the highest convictions of upon the multitude with something better than the heart, to trust and respect them. Nay, in compassion,-even with confidence and joy. this country, we trust and respect them far more And this, if we mistake pot, is the great dis. than we do those who make them objects of tinction, as it is the glorious conquest of the secret suspicion, and who would gladly repro times and the day, to which the recent triumpb duce the repressive systems of aristocratic govof enterprise and art,—the Atlantic Cable, so eroments. The cultivated and refined classes paturally and properly sung, feted and illum- in America understand less of the true spirit of ned, is but a tongue and voice. That elenderlour institutions, and do far less to maintain

FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

15

The great

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them, we fear, than the body of the people at awakened and inspired portion of the race-has large. Seositive to defects, fastidious iu tastes, now got beyond this syncope and self-oblivion, overborne by memories of the past, they over- beyond its dependeuce on any powers but God's look the enormous advantages, the broad mag- direct inspirations through that same human Dificence, the grand general effect of institutions nature, aided by all recorded revelations, which, where human nature, for the first time, is trust to this time, he has kept in pupilage to indirect ed with liberty, education, and plenty, and cl. human instrumentalities

. The multitude oow tivate the poor satisfactions of a superiority elects its own teachers, judges of its owo wants, based on criticism, doubt, and evil prophecies. chooses its own creed, rejects and accepts, on A distinguished and most acute English visitor its own judgment, the propositions of the to this country told us, just before the war, that learned, the philosophical, and the exalted. Of he had scarcely talked with an educated and course, it wakes great mistakes, does very rash thoughtful man in America who had not ex- and injurious things, and gives skepticism and press. d doubts and fears of the success of our aristocracy abuodant superficial argunients for iustitutions. Thank God, the people have do their despairing creed. But what are all the misdoubts and no fears. Thank God, those who takes it makes, compared with the astounding make and uphuld our liberty, love it, trust it, fact of an attempteil self government, an attemptand estiwate it at its value, believe in its dura- ed self-education, an attempled self-reliance, on bleness. They have no misgivings of God's the part of the people? When, in 1858, we clear intention; no backward looks, no cautious heard that a single sigo had flashed across the apprehensions. And they are right; wiser, Atlantic, what cared we for the stuttering and because simpler and more childlike, in their stammering of the instruments ? patriotism. They are animated by the fresh thing was done ; the miracle was wrought: and, instincts, the original convictions, the startling had the cable parted the next monient instead realities

, of a new era. And thus, while learned of a month later, the hemispheres would not science, and thoughtful philosophy, and even have moved an inch from the close moorings grave experience, shake their beads aud mut-effected by that single fact. ter

, “Impossible," the mighty hope of the peo- wretched local rulers, no inefficient police, do ple, sure of God's willingness and help, attempts insecurity of life and limb, no mistaken outthe impossible, and cbanges it into the accom- breaks of self protection, no exceptional blots plished. “I thank thee, O Father! that thou and blotches in the fabric of our prosperous, hast hid these things from the wise and pru- | safe, and successful life of freedom, shall introdent, and hast revealed them unto babes.” duce one ray of despondency or doubt into the

The great popular instincts of a new era in patriotic conviction, that-measured by posi the life of man are the vast powers, the mighty tive, not by negative standards ; measured by discoveries, the wonder-workers, of the age. the sum of intellectual, moral, and physical acThe multitude is doing for Christ the miracles tivity; by the amount of happiness, intelli. he did for them. They, too, say “ Peace” to gence, and virtue, by openness to improvethe sea in his name; they, too, are in and out, I ment, by tendencies to truth, by humane symwhere all doors are shut; they, too, repeat the pathies, by religious aspirations—the multiPentecostal marvel, and bring all tongues to- tudes were dever, in buman history, so little an gether, and make them alike intelligible to all. object of compassion, so much an object of hope, Like Joshua, they stop tbe sun, not to fight confidence, and joy, as here and now. their battles, but to paint their pictures and

If our hearts swell with pride and gratitude perpetuate their friends. “Canst thou send at the contemplation of this truth, let us not lightnings that they may go and say unto theo, conceal, let us not fail to blazon the fact, that Here we are ?”' asked the scorpsul Job; and the it is God's power manifested in man that has multitude now first is able to answer,“ We can." brought about this result; let us not forget

-“ Hast thou entered into the springs of the how entirely it is the Divine wisdom that has sea, or hast thou walked in the search of the planned the great drama of buman history, and deptb?" and the mu'titude now first replies, which is now permitting us to see the beauty "We have."-"Who hath laid the measures and benevolence of the plot, and the bliss of of the earth, or who hath stretched the line upon the consummation. Let us not forget that, it?" and the multitude again answers, "Glory because it is God who is working in us to will be to God who has first given such power to and to do of his good pleasure, it is all the men, in our own days."

more our bounden and grateful duty to work The great and all-emboldening confidence of with him, -to work indeed with a new kind of our time is, that the multitude -historically and fear and trembling because of the greatness of Daturally incapable of estimating human nature the inspiration and the enormous importance as it is, or suspecting their own latent powers, of the task; to work, in short, as the highand therefore absolutely dependent on the de-hearted projector, the original supporters, the scilivering mercy and energy of the providentially I entific operators, the officers and sailors, of the

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Atlantic Telegraph Company worked, when, exchange for United States sis per cent bonds beld after repeated failures and terrible difficulties, in Europe. The Tariff bill was called up, and after they at last laid in silence and amid prayers, but mittee of the Whole from the farther consideration

debate, & motion was made to discharge the Comwith herculean toil and almost deadly anxieties, of tbe subject, and so bring the matter directly beGod's bond between the nations, God's bow fore the House. This necessitated a suspension of under the sea; not dissolving and inconstant the rules, which required an affirmative vote of twolike the first which was over it, but a steadfast thirds, and two-thirds not voting in the affirmative, sign from heaven to our generation, that po

the rules were not suspended. Various motions

were made to endeavor to bring the matter before deluge of ignorance, barbarism, and despair the House in some manner, but all were unsuccessshall ever again cover the hopes, the interests, ful. Committees of conference were appointed on and the destiny of a United Globe and an iosep- the compound-interest note bill, on the bankropt arable Human Family.

bill, on the transfer of the Indian Bureau, on the Su

preme Court allotments, and on the ladian and the ITEMS.

legislative appropriation bills. The bill to furtber Sixty years ago there was bardly a craft larger

an exchange of public documents with foreign gorthan an Indian capoe on the great western lakes.

ernments was passed. In 1841 the lake trade amounted to $65,000,000 ; io

The 39th Congress adjourned sine die on the 4!h 1851 to $300,000,000 ; and in 1864 to $550,000,000, ist., and in less than an bour the Fortieth Congress and it bids fair in 1871 10 reach the enormous sum

was organized by the election of Bi-njamin F. Wade, of one thousand milion dollars.

of Obio, President of the Senate, and the re-election Comparative Density of Population.-Of civilized of Schuyler Culfax, of Indiaun, Speaker of the nations Great Britain is the most densely populated,

House. aod the United States the least. Tbe former has Tue FREEDMBN.—Gov. Orr recently addressed tho 265 inbabitants to the square mile; l'aly, 198 ; freedmen of Charleston, in the African Methodist Prussian Germany, 186; France, 179; Austria, 167; Church, the meeting being presided over by a colRu-gia, 31; Turkey, 20; and the United States, 19. ored president and opened with prayer by a colored In 1861 there was in London one inbabitant for chaplain. The governor not only promised them every 1,220 square feet covered by the city, while in protection against lawlessness and outrage, but conParis there was one to every 500 square feet.

mended thrir schools, and predicted iba a commonCongress. Among the bills introduced into the school system for whites an i blacks wouli be estab. Senare the past week, to be acted upon at the next

lished by the next legislature. He further said: session, was one for the consolidation of the pational

“I an prepared to stand by the colored man who debt, and providing for its payment. It authorizes is able to read the Declaration of Independence and the issue of six per cent. bonds for the redemption the Constitution of the Voited States. I am preof securities beld' in this country, and five per cent. pared to give the colored map the privilege of going bonds to be exchanged for 8: curities held abroad. A

to the ballot-box and voie." joint resolution was passed providing for the ex. The opposition of the Louisiana planters to the change of public documents with other countries. education of colored children bas generally abated, An act was passed authorizing the removal of cer- thinks the New Orleans Tribune; has even been con: tuin law cases from State courts to United States verted into active efforts to organize schools and courts, when either plaintiff or defendant ehull ap- obtain teachers : prehend that adequate justice will not be done bim “ This happy result is drie mainly to the firm atti. on account of prejudice or local influecce. The bill tude of the laborers, wbo, though deprived of edufor the redemption of tbe compound-iaterest notes cation, and, perhaps, because deprived of it, apprewas passed, aiter being amended so as to direct the ciate to its full value the price of acquiring knowl. Secretary of the Treasury to issue temporary-loan edge. They have made the education of their chil. certificales at three per cent. interest. The amonot dren an absolute condition of their remainiog on of certificates outstanding is not to exceed one bun. the plantations. Very few of them would work at dred million dollars, and they may be used as a re-full, this year, on a place where no school for the serve by the banks. The Colorado bill was taken tuition of their children will be in existence. So up, and, on the question to p983 it over the Presi that this result, at least, has been secured, that the dent's veto, the yeas were twenty-four and the days benefit of a common education will be extunded to a nineteen. Two-thirds not voting in the affirmative, large number of children of the oppressed race.the bill fell. A cominittee of couferenre was agreed The Nation. to on the compound-interest pote bill. A bill was introduced providing that temporary buildings erected by the United States in the District of Columbia,

The Treasurer of Friends' Association for the Aid and now in use by the Freedmen's Bureau, should and Elevation of the Freedmen has received the folbe continued in use of the Burean during its contin- lowing amounts since last report :

The bill estavlishing a Department of Edu- From a Friend, West Pbiladelphia....... $30.00 cation was passed without amendinent, and goes to

Rachel Haines, Fulietop, Md.............. 10.00 the President.

Friends of Makefield Pre. Meeting..... 51.00 HOUSE,—A bill was iutroduced to establish a

Concord, Delaware Cu.. ...... 20.00 National S:bool of Science. The joint resolutions

Mullica Hill Freedmeu's Relief......... 33.70 of the Wisconsio Legislature, ratifying the constitutional amendment, were presented. A resolution

$144.70 was offered inetructing the Ways and Means Com. Also seeds from Letitia S. Cadwallader; clothing mittee to inquire into the expediency of providing from Ed. Hoopes and R. Downing; box of clothing for the issue of five per cent. bonds to the amount from ladies of Penoville, Bucks Co., Pa.; two bags of five hundred million dollars, principal and inte from Mullica Hill Relief Association. rest payablo at such places as the Secretary of the

HENRY M. LAING, Treasurer, Treasury may prescribe, to be disposed of only in 3d mo. 2d, 1867.

No. 30 Third St.

lance.

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Reuben Wilson

FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

"TAKB PAST HOLD OP INSTRUCTION; LET HER NOT 60; KEEP HER; FOR SHE IS THY LIFB."

VOL. XXIV.

PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MONTH 16, 1867.

No. 2.

EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION
OF FRIENDS.

CONTENTS.
Selections from the Writings of John Barclay.

17 COXXUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS

Be not Weary in Well Doing.

20 MADE TO Letter to “ Friends' Social Lyceum".

21 EMMOR COMLY, AGENT, Parent and Child.........

22 At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Stroot, Aspirations to be Rich ........

23 Residence, 809 North Seventeenth Street. EDITORIAL:..

24 Open from 9 A.V. until 5 P.M, OBITUARY.....

25 TERMS:-PAYABLE IN ADVANCE. Friends' Social Lyceum..

26 The Paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dollars per POETRY........

29 enoum. $2.50 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10.

Letter to Friends' Associatton for the Aid and Elevation of the Agents for Clabs will be expected to pay for the entire Club.

Freedmen .....

30 The Postage on this paper, paid in alvance at the office where

81 It is received, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. Review of the Weather, &o., for Second Month. AGENTS - Joseph S. Cohu, New York.

An Extinct Race.....

31 Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Report of Forwarding Committee for Second month, 1867.... 31
Benj. Stratton, Richmond, Ind.
ITEMS.

82
William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.
Jamnes Bayues, Ballimore, Md.

can

BELECTIONS FROM THE WRITINGS OF JOHN concern, though without a certificate ; he knew BARCLAY

not why, but wished to leave it with Friends :

they fell in with it, and then I named how it (Continued from page 3.)

had been with me; when it was fully united 1827, Ninth month 17th.—Left home with with. We went; and I trust the work of the certifi rate granted me by our Monthly Meeting, Lord prospered by our giving up thereto. I to visit the meetings in Berkshire, Bedford- have been favored to get along very simply, shire and Herts, Buckinghamshire and North-without reasoning, forethought, or after reckamptonsbire.

onings; all is made good to me, and my soul (Extracts from bis letters written when on dwells in a calm, easy way, not over careful this service are here subjoined.]

about any thing. The Lord does all things WYCOMBE, 20th of Ninth month, 1827.

well in and for me, and I have no lack, though We reached Reading in time for the Select nothing to boast of, yet nothing to complain of, Meeting, where was T. B. I was favored to blessed be the name of the Lord; and may my unspeakable comfort, to break through the thy soul continue in this acknowledgment, yea load by wbich I have seemed to be enveloped more and more; for wha we render? for a long season, and had to declare of the Time would fail me to say all I could of his gooddess of the Lord, and I trust something of mercy to me, even these few days back; 80 the simplicity of the gospel, greatly to my that I hope I may humbly say, all is well, and peace of mind; that season appearing like an that I am in the line of duty. My prayer is, earnest of future help and guidance. J. P. that when favored to meet again, we may be W33 there, and he and I went hand-in-hand, enabled to build one another up in every thing being greatly favored in being so one in our good; and more and more abound therein, to line of labor. The next day I had, in some our níutual comfort, to the animating of others, degree, to take the lead; others confirmed the and to the praise of Him who has done great word to my humbling admiration at the conde-things for us, in helping and sustaining ; 90 scension and wisdom of our Holy Head. On that we have not been utterly consumed, sitting down in the second meeting, a sudden though deserving notbing short of it. Fareexercise came over me about going into the well. women's meetiog, which, endeavoring well to

To M. B. sift, I thought it might be passed by, unless some other had a similar feeling; when pres- BERKHAMSTEAD, 25th of Ninth month, 1827. ently after J. P. rose, and said he had suoh a I feel sometimes a very poor creature; but

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