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tained that civilization. Think of their low, word from the lips of Christ, and the mind of aims, their mean lives, their conformation only the world was free. a little higher than that of brute creatures, and Later, a mountain mass of superstition had a painful sense of degradation steals upon you. gathered round the Church, atom by atom, and So great, and yet so mean! And so of indi. grain by grain. Men said that the soul was viduals. There is not one here whose feelings saved by doing and believing what the priesthood have not been deeper than we can fathom; por taught. The heroes of the Reformation spoke. one who would venture to tell out to his brother They said the soul of man is saved by the grace man the mean, base thoughts that have crossed of God : a more credible hypothesis. Once his heart during the last hour. Now, this rid. more the wind of the world was free and free dle He solved. He looked on man as fallen, by truth. but magnificent in bis ruin. We, catching that There is a tendency always to think, in the thought from Him, speak as He spoke. But masses ; not what is true, but wbat is respectpone that were born of woman ever felt this, or able, correct, orthodox, authorized,—that we lived this like Him. Beneath the vilest out- ask. It comes partly from cowardice ; partly side he saw that--A human soul, capable of from indolence, from habit, from imitation; endless growth; and hence He treated with from the uncertainty and darkness of all moral what, for want of a better term, we may call re- truths, aod the dread of timid minds to pludge spect, all who approached Him; not because into the investigation of them. Now, truih they were titled Rabbis, or rich Pharisees, but known and believed respecting God and man because they were wen.
frees from this, by warning of individual re3. Truth respecting immortality.
sponsibility. But responsibility is personal. It He taught that this life is not all; that it is cannot be delegated to another, and thrown off only a miserable state of human infancy. He upon a church. Before God, face to face, each taught that in words; by His life, and by His soul must stand, to give account. Resurrection.
Do not, however, confound mental indepenThis, again, was freedom. If there be a faith depce with mental pride. It may, it ought to that cramps and enslaves the soul, it is the idea co-exist with the deepest humility. For that that this life is all. If there be one that ex- mind alone is free which, concious ever of its pands and elevates, it is the thought of immorown feebleness, feeling hourly its own liability tality; and this, observe, is something quite disto err, turning thankfully to light, from wbattinct from the selfish desire of bappiness. It is ever side it may come, does yet refuse to give not to enjoy, but to be, that we long for, to enter up that right with which God has invested it, into a more and higher life ; a craving which we or to abrogate its own responsibility; and so, can only part with when we sink below human. humbly, and even awfully, resolves to have an ity, and forfeit it.
opinion, a judgment, a decision, of its own. This was the martyrs' strength. They were
“ It is not enough to define the liberty which tortured, not accepting deliverance, that they Christ promises, as freedom from sin. Many might attain a better Resurrection. In that circumstances will exempt frum sin which do hope, and the knowledge of that truth, they not yet confer that liberty, where the spirit of were free from the fear of pain and death.
the Lord is.' Childhood, paralysis, ill health, the Christ's gospel did not promise political impotence of old age, may remove the capacity freedom, yet it gave it: more surely than con
aud even the desire for traosgression, but tbe queror, reformer, patriot, that gospel will bring child, the paralytic, the old man, are not free about a true liberty at last. This not by theo tion we must add, that one whom Christ liber
through the truth. Therefore, to this defni. ries, nor by schemes of constitutions, but by ates is free by his owo will. It is not that he the revelations of truths. God, a spirit; man his child, redeemed and sanctified. Before
would, and cannot; but that he can, and will that spiritual equality, all distinctions between pot. Christian liberty is right will, sustained peer and peasant, monarch and laborer, privi.
by love, and made firm by faith in Christ." leged and unprivileged, vanish.
In that incomparable poem, Cowper's Task, Slavery is that which cramps powers. The ation of Christian freedom, that, in my estima
near the close of the fifth Book, tbere is a delineworst slavery is that which cramps the noblest tion, surpasses in beauty and fidelity any thing powers.
Worse therefore than he who mana- I have met with in English literature. A few cles the bands and feet is he who puts fetters lines extracted from it are here subjoined : on the mind, and pretends to demand that
" He is the freeman whom the truth makes free, men shall think, and believe, and feel, thus and
And all are slares beside. Tbere's not a chais thus, because others so believed, and thought, That hellish foes, confederate for bis barm, and felt, before.
Cao wind around him, but he casts it off In Judea, life was become a set of forms, and
With as much ease as Sampson bis green wyths.
He looks abroad into the varied field religion a congeries of traditions. One living Of nature, and though poor perhaps compared
Wi h those whose mansions glitter in bis sight, has been to give us a Sunday religion, to make
people think that the day is specially for their
religious service, and to cause them to confine With a propriety that pone can feel,
their religious acts almost exclusively to it; to But who with filial confidence inspired, make them think that there is a time holier Can lift to beaven an unpresumptuous eye, than any other time, and that duty binds more And smiling say "My Father made them all.'” imperatively one day in the week than all the (To be continued.)
other six; that virtue is more virtuous and sin There is a revelation of God to His children, more sinful then tban at any other time. Vir. a knowledge of Himself, which He gives them tually to a very great extent, the Christian reimmediately, by His Spirit,--that is, like light, ligion has become a one-day religion, and there its oun witness. The man who has it is sure are not a few to-day who, having the position he has it, and that it is of God. Goode. and assuming the importance of church mem
bers holy and elect, baptized and saved, make From the Christian Register.
of their week-day lives a shameful comment THE USE OF SUNDAY.
and contradiction of their Sunday practice and The Sunday has no law of guidance, no uni profesion. The rigidity of crced faiths, the forn spirit of observance. It is a different thing setting apart of holy times, have resulted in to different classes. To all, more or less, a day large divorce between religion and life, and of rest from the stated employment of life; to made the former not the pervading, edifying all a day of more or less physical iodolence and spirit its Master declared it, but the outside of indulgence; to very many much more of tbese function, profession and season. The stalking, than is good, than there is any need of, than loud mouthed hypocrites, wbom Jesus so exposed they would allow were not conscience as slug- and scored, were not more truly inimical to the gish as their bodies. To some it is a day wel. best interests of the faith they pretended to upcome for its religious use and opportunity, for hold than this race of Sunday Christians. its public and private privileges, a valuable Time is God's, and all holy; space is God's, time of reckoning with the soul and calm ascer- and that all holy, too. Map is to be no better taining of its exact attitude toward God. With one hour than another, and ao one place is more a portion of these the day is ascetic and gloomy, sacred than another. God is just as much rigidly and formally observed. They try to present at the broker's board, behind the countimpose an impossible thing, and make the day er, at the work-bench, as he is in the church, a long monotong of church going, Bible read and the dealings of men are to be just as strictly ing, prayers, with no cheerful intercourse or under his law as the thought and service of the gerial companionship. I believe these really Sunday. For our convenience and our help, desecrate the Sunday, not in their religious ob- because of a fitness in things which seem eterservance, but by their narrow religious spirit, val, we do not bring the tables of the money which supposes God's service to be shut up to changers into our churches, we do not take our exercises forced to an extreme on one day. prayers and sermous into the place of business, The God whose sun shines just as bright on but the same God rules with unchanged law in Suuday as on all other days, asks no formal, each place, in each is to be obeyed and served. up natural rigidity and gloom upon his Sunday. Only is the obedience and the service changed
Others recognize and prize its peculiar adap-in form, not in essence. The Sunday is more tation for spiritual refreshing, yet hold it in a especially for the quiet service of heart and lip, quiet gladness, and believe no thing obtrusive for the offering of the formal sacrifice of devowhich is human and honorable, which helps tion; the week for the offering of obedience, in the happiness of others and the self. They ac. duty, and toil, and temptation, the after and cept the obligation of public and private ser- concluding part without which the Sunday form vice, but are getting to feel, more and more, is isolate, cold and incomplete. that a perpetual hearing of other men's words Every regulation of society and the church, and prayers
, and going to church, is not the and all legislation with regard to the Sunday, truest language of a man's piety and epitome of should have regard to the best interests of man his obligation. These seem tacitly settling as man. They should remember the compound down to a conviction, which many are yet too being that he is, and should aim to make the timid to assert or approve by anything but their exceptional day of the week-he dayon which conduct, that a single public service is enough, toil, and business, and anxiety are intermitted -that the Sunday, as its forerunder the Sabbath, a day not merely for the recuperation of the was made for man, the whole of every man, and whole man, for the repair of waste and vigor, that a very small part of him gets its help, when but of preparation and strengthening for the it is spent in any one way, bowever good that week to come :-for, as Arnold, the teacier of Was may in itselt be.
Rugby, has well said, “ Our Sunday is the beThe tendency of the narrow ideas of the day Iginning of the week, and not the end." The
day must address itself to the wants of no ex. I would put the soul in harmony with that, and clusive part, but to the whole of the man. He halt wbenever I found any jarring with it. I is not ref:eshed and strengthened by merely a would frown upoo all who make the day a religious use which exercises but a part of his waste and sin, whether in respected or disrepu. Dature, calls into play and puts vigor into but table classes. I would do all that I could to part of his capacity; he is not strengthened make it the day when the poor and the overand refreshed by the mere indolence of the worked should have glad refreshing. I would body, the listless, aimless, joyless dawdling of make it, indeed, holy day to them. O, broththe Sunday which we mis-Dame rest, wbichers and sisters ! sball we not so help the time, does even the body no real good; he is not shall we not so belp others, that there shall strengthened and refreshed by taking his brain grow because of it a pobler manhood, a broader off from its absorption, or by devoting the whole brotherhood, a more liberal faith? Shall we day exclusively to his domestic affections, or by not make the first day holy unto the Lord, in. shutting himself up to himself in a solitary and deed, by making it serve to build in man that selfish enjoyment of leisure. Man is a many, which shall lift bim toward God? sided being. His nature is complex. He
J. F. W. WARE. wants repair and support in every part. The day which calls a halt in the ceaseless march of Study thy God, Coristian; roll over His daily energy and demand, should be for the re- sweetness in thy mind; see what thou hast laid pair of the breach and waste wbich all life up in Him; read over daily his glorious names ; inakes. The soul, the heart, the brain, the walk through those chambers of His presence, body, should have just and equal thought and His glorious attributes. Let thy spirit be so care, and each should issue out of the Sunday filled with God, and so raised above carnal joys, into the week, rejoicing in the new energy that it be no damp upon thee to have pothing with which it is supplied for the race still to be but God. Live above, in that serene air which
is not defiled with earthly exhalations.-Alleine. You may call this very lax and very fatal, and perhaps some social or ecclesiastical thun
A CUP OF COLD WATER. der may be launched against it. Never mind. There is a pleasant story told of a man living The set is that way, and the day must come on the borders of an African desert, who carwhen the more enlightened spirit of our religion ried daily a pitcher of cold water to the dusty sball triumph, and we shall, on the Sunday, the thoroughfare, and left it for any thirsty travelLord's day, have a glorious festival worthy of ler that might pass that way. There is somethat Lord s spirit-a day not for the affliction thing so quiet and spontaneous, so genial and of man's body or man's soul, a day when it unselfish in this little act of kindness, that it shall be lawful to do good in no technical, ec- meets an instinctive response from the common clesiastical sense of charity, but gond to the heart. It is such a little thing, and yet so full whole man, good to his jaded body and cramped of blessing to the weary pilgrim, panting with spirit and fettered and pinched life. The Sun. thirst amid burning wastes and under tropical day rests on no divine law. It stands upon skies ! There is such an outgleam of goodness high, moral expediency. In all time since from the humble deed, that it touches our hearts Christ died good men have observed it. It is with gevial sympathy, and glowing impulses of a good day. It may be a better day. Give it kindness for the needy and sorrowing of our the benefit of a liberal spirit, hedge it with no world. Such humble deeds of pity need but an unworthy restraint, let it be free. The man infusion of the Christian element, to make them who breaks society's needed law that day, let not only beautiful in the eyes of men, but beauhim be punished as any other; what few extra tiful in the sight of Him, who said : “And laws must be made to prevent the sordid from whosoever shall give to drink unto one of these trade, or any from turning liberty into license, little ones, a cup of cold water only, in the name none will object to, but there let prohibitory of a disciple, verily I say unto you, be shall in law stop, and throw the day open to man, by do wise lose his reward." argument, by example, striving to show him
im Not only in African deserts may such deeds how much more truly be will serve himself, as be done. Our world is a spiritual Sahara, a well as his fellow and his God, by using its vast desert full of pilgrims that are way-worn hours so as to quicken the best and most varied and weary, to whose fainting lips may be pressed, life in bim.
by loving hands, the cup of cold water. And I believe we may make it the gladdest, bere we touch what is the special beauty of the holiest, welcomest, best of days. Sad, indeed, benediction of Christ upora the kindly deed, bow. would be the time when it should cease to dawn ever humble. There may be wanting the tal. with a peculiar sense of quiet and repose. Ients, or position, or means, for great achievethink something of ineffable calm takes posses- ments or enlarged beneficence, but Christ tells sion of and satisfies at one's very waking. I us, that the least gift to one of His needy disci
ples for His sake, shall not lose its reward. It
DOING GOOD BY PROXY. may be but a look or warm grasp of sympathy Every great city in Christendom has its beto some disconsolate spirit; it may be but a nevolent societies and charitable institutions. visit to some lonely couch of sickness with your There is no human sorrow of a physical char. Powers and the divine promises and the offered acter that has not been provided with an organprayer; it may be but a word of encouragement ized remedy. We have charities for the sick, to some one weary with the conflict of life; it the deaf, the dumb, the blind, the aged, the may be your helping hand to some peglected poor, the ignorant, and the feeble of mind. chill you have led to the Sabbath-school, and We have associations for the prevention of pautaught the way to virtue and to heaven ; it may perism and for the prevention of cruelty to anibe but the genial sunshine of your heart, dif. wals. We have homes for the outcast, the orfusing joy among the loved ones at home, plan, and the friendless. We have lying.in. whatever it may be of kindness and love to any hospitals, and free pharmacies, and admirable one of Christ's disciples, in His pame, and for systems of out-door relief. We have the ear His sake, He takes it as a flower of remem that hears every cry of distress, and the hand brance, and will press it in the Book of Life, that is ever ready to relieve it. However it and keep it forever. Yes, these little generosi- may be with other races, the Anglo-Saxonties of every day life, these ministries of charity whether in his old home or in his new home-is that rus along the by-ways of a great city, bless always as prompt with his purse as with his ing the poor and neglected—those pulses of tongue to alleviate the miseries that he sees love that run through our homes and circulate around him. Yet one thing is lacking in our phiaround the globe--are beautiful.
lanthropy. We carry our inherited business Let no one say, however limited or lowly his habits into fields wherein we should reverently sphere, that there is nothing in the common rou- take off the shoes of commerce from our feet. tide of daily life to inspire him with the aim Where the cry of misery is heard, God is in and effort of noble liviog. Does not the teach the midst of it, as he appeared in the midst of ing of Christ invest the humblest deed of a lov. the burning bush. It is not meet that we ing heart in bis service, though it be but the should send our servants into his presence; we giviog of a cup of cold water, with a divine should go ourselves, and do his bidding with rev. beauty and glory? Wbat would we greater, than erent and jealous zeal. what, in opportunity, God hath given to us all ? Let us illustrate our full meaning by examAo: shall we let the fewoess of our talents dis ples-impersonal, but real; for we have watched courage us, in constant and genial living for the operation of this modern method of doing Christ, and His Deedy disciples, or allow the good by proxy in a dozen states and during a bumbleness of our earthly fortunes to shade the dozen years. We have organized new charibrow that may be radiant with the crown of ties; we have assisted in creating others; and virtue ? No, rather let us use our gifts and op we are familiar with the history and manageportunities, though feeble and few, in such ways ment of large numbers. We do not mention of kindness and charity and Christian living, these facts for any poor purpose of self-praise ; as shall make us a blessing to our generation, but that the thoughts we write may carry, as and give us here the earnest of heaven. they thus ought to carry, that greater credit
** This world's not all a fleeting sbow,' which results of long and careful experience For man's illusion given,
obtain over the untried theories of the closet. He that bath soothed a widow's woe,
There is a real need of organized charity. It
is not possible, for example, for an unaided inLutheran Observer.
dividual to secure that reform in the condition of the tenements of the poor; or the education
of the deaf, dumb, and blind; or the proper A MOTHER'S PRAYER.
treatment of the insane; or even that constant It was a custom of his mother's to pay each care of the indigent classes, which civilization piylt a visit to the cot of her twin boys, and and religion compel us at our social peril to serepeat over them Jacob's blessing: “The God cure. If we suffer filth and foul atmosphere to which fed me all my life ling unto this day, encircle the homes of the poor, the fevers and the angel that redeemed me froin all evil, bless diseases, physical, moral, and mental, that they the lads.” Geo. xlvii. 15, 16. So fascinating breed will surely find us out, and cause us to was this to George, that in mature years he has pay, in our own persons or in our own families, told a friend how he used to lie awake watching the dread penalty of our criminal neglect. But for it, pretending to be asleep, that he might all these organized agencies should be regarded enjoy it to the full.-E.ctracts from the " Life as ansiliary or transitional; not as sufficient in of George Wilson.”
themselves and permanent in their nature.
While, as citizens, we must act as a society; as Spare moments are the gold-dust of time. Christians, we must act as individuals as well.
The Master did not say to the rich man, Go of shoes, or another blanket, that our lonely and and found a charity; but, “Sell all that thou suffering poor require. It is buman sympathy,
, hast, and give." All of Christ's teachings are as well as human aid. No agent has a beart
. addressed to the individual as an individual. large enough, or can find the days long enough, He neither sought to save men as organized to do more than disburse eleemosynary gifts. communities, dor to do good to aggregations of Alas! also, there are few agents who have the citizens. The modern method is to carry on re- heart, even if they had the leisure. For we form as war is conducted; to regenerate men should never forget that the management of all by the regiment, to be benevolent by battalion. charities requires men rather of business than It has been tried and found wanting. The of heart. It is a civil necessity which compels ablest students of social science, as well as the this choice and the cases where both are united most experienced superintendents of charities, in a single man are few and far between. Beare beginning to admit that the modern method sides, even men of heart soon become accusis a failure. We might illustrate this discovery tomed to the sight of distress. Like surgeons, by many quotations, and by the history of many they must learn to look on it with undimired charities; but our space will permit of one or eyes, or their judgment might destroy their effitwo representative examples only.
ciency. But this is bad for the patient, eren Take the case of orphans. What is it that if it is good for the system. Sometimes-nay, an orphan needs ? A bome and parents. What often-a tear and a gentle, loving word are is it that we give him? A trundle bed in a more efficient means of relieving distress than large dormitory; a place in a boy's monastery, an open hand and a generous order for goods. or a girl's nunnery; instead of a home, an asy- Agents must ask questions, and even in one lum;
instead of a father and a mother, a super sense be impertinent; whereas the individual intendent and a matron. No class of human can afford to be liberal without first being skepbeings, next to our own children, have a tical. stronger or holier claim to our warmest love and No, philanthropic institutions have their uses tenderest care than those little motherless wan. -important and essential reasons even; but derers. As men and won en, they appeal to they are neither adequate por fitted to perforin our sympathies : as Christians they have a all the holy duries of charities. Sustain such right to our love. Each little one is a true as are efficient; but first see that they are real vicegerent; he is a representative of Christ on workers. Take nothing on trust. Follow their earth. There is no node of dedying or evad. agents; visit their buildings; where they carry ing this claim, except by denging and refusing food, convey kindness also. Above all, supple. obedience to the Master himself. For whoso ment them by your own good works. Remem. doeth good unto one of these little ones doeth it ber the frequent saying of Dr. Howe: “ There unto bim.
Were Christ once more to assume is po vicarious virtue ; true charity is not done the flesh, and to be wrapped in the swaddling- by deputy.”—N. Y. Independent. clothes, and laid at our doorstep, would we dare to consigo bim to an asylum ? To ask is to an.
OCCUPATION FOR CHILDREN. swer, No. If we consented to give up the babe, it would only be because we knew others, with
The habits of children prove that occupation ampler means and tenderer hearts, would nurse is of necessity with most of them. They love and rear him.
to be busy, even about nothing-still more to Now, orphan asylums are needed; but only be usefully employed. With sume children it as temporary homes-until some Rachel, weep. is a strongly developed physical necessity, and, ing for her lost children, shall come and adoptif dot turned to good account, will be productthem as her own. The world is ripe enough in ive of positive evil, thus verifying the old adage goodness to make this plan successful. There that “Idleness is the mother of mischiet." are already charities which are conducted on Children should be encouraged, or, jf indolently this method, and which find it easy to furnish disinclined to it, should be disciplined into perevery little wanderer with a home. Such char-forming for themselves every little office relaity, like mercy, is twice blessed ; it blesseth bim tive to the toilet which they are capable of perthat gives and him that takes. That love which forming. They should also keep their own it calls up in the orphan's heart is repaid a clothes and other possessions in neat order, and thousand fold by the holy love which it enkin. fetch for themselves whatever they want; in dles in the foster parent's home.
short, they should learn to be as independent Take the case of the indigent poor. Tbere of the service of others as possible, fitting them are those who are satisfied with an annual con alike to make a good use of prosperity, and to tribution to some provident society, which agrees meet with fortitude any reverse of fortune that to see that it is properly disbursed. This stipu. may befal them. I know of no rank, bowever lation it is beyond the power of man to fulfil. exalted, in which such a system would not For it is not merely an occasional dollar, or a pair I prove beneficial.- Ex. Puper.