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FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

TAKE PAST HOLD OF INSTRUCTION; LET HER NOT GO; KEEP HER; FOR SAB IS THY LIFE."

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VOL. XXIV.

PHILADELPHIA, SIXTH MONTH 1, 1867.

No. 13.

EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION

CONTENTS.
OF FRIENDS.

Review of the Life and Discourses of F. W. Robertson....... 193
OOMXONICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS Epistle from New York Yearly Meeting of Women Friends.. 196
MADE TO
Johann Rickle........

197
EMMOR COMLY, AGENT,
Emancipation in Brazil..

199 American Mappers.

199 At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Street,

EDITORIAL ......

200 Open from 9 A.M. until 6 P.M. OBITUARY......

200 Residence, 809 North Seventeenth Street. The Rosine Association......

201
TERMS:-P AY ABLE IN ADVANCE
Annual Meeting of Friends Publication.......

201
The Paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dullarg per Report of the Secretary of the Industrial Schools of Balti-
Dom. $2.50 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10.
Agents for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club.

more for the Colored People...
Tbe Postage on this paper, paid in a lvance at the office where

POETBY........

.-..... 203 It is rec-ired, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. A Voyage Across the Atlantic.

-... 203 AGENTS. – Joseph 8. Cohu, New York.

Extracts from John Stuart Mill's Inaugural Address......... 205 Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.

207 Benj. Stratton, Richmond, land.

Coal Su“ply of the World.....
William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.
ITEMS

208 James Baynes, Baltimore, Md.

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202

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REVIEW OF THE LIFE

F. W. ROBERTSON.

BY S. M. JANNEY.

Continued from page 179.

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AND DISCOURSES OF truth a special capacity or preparation is indis

pensable."

" For & revelation of spiritual facts two things are needed :-- First, a Divine Truth;

next, a spirit which can receive it. In thinking or speaking of the kingdom of Therefore the apostle's whole defence resolved Heaven, must persons confine their views too itself into this : The natural man receiveth not exclusively to a future state. It is the reign of the things which are of the Spirit of God. The God in the soul, and, according to the Apostle world by wisdom knew not God. And his Paul, it consists of " righteousness, and peace, vindication of his teaching was: These revealed and joy in the Holy Spirit.” They who attain truths cannot be seen by the eye, heard by the this blessed condition realize, even in this life, ear, nor guessed by the heart; they are visible, a measure of that felicity of which the full fru- audible, imaginable, only to the spirit. By the ition will be enjoyed in the spiritual world. spiritually prepared they are recognized as

“God's revelation of Heaven,” is the title of beautiful, though they be folly to all the world
one of Robertson's discourses, and the text re- beside,-as his Master had said before him,
ferred to is, 1 Cor. ii. 9, 10.-" Eye hath not · Wisdom is justified by her children.'
seen, nor ear beard, neither have entered into whatever type of life she might be exhibited,
the heart of man, the things which God hath whether in the austere Man of the Desert, or in
prepared for them that love him. But God the higher type of the social life of Christ, the
hath revealed them upto us by his Spirit.” Children of Wisdom recognized ber lineaments,

In the opening of this discourse he says : justified and loved ber: she was felt by them.
"The preaching of the Apostle Paul was reject- Two things are contained in this verse :
ed by numbers in tbe cultivated town of Cor- 1. The inability of the lower parts of human
inth. It was not wise enough, nor eloquent nature—the natural man—to apprehend the
enough, nor was it sustained by miracles. The higher truths.
man of taste found it barbarous; the Jew

II. The Nature and Laws of Revelation.
missed the signs and wonders which he had I. By the natural man is meant the lower
looked for in the new dispensation ; and the faculties of man; and it is said of these that
rhetorician missed the convincing arguments of they cannot discover truth spiritual.
the schools. To all which the Apostle was con-

1. Eternal truth is not perceived through sentent to reply, that his judges were incompetent sation. Eye hath not seen the things which to try the question.".

“For every kind of God hath prepared for them that love Him.'

In

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Senses,

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There is a life of mere sensation. The de- the Truths of God. Science cannot give a Re. gree of its enjoyment depends upon fineness of velation. Science proceeds upon observation. organization. The pleasures of sense arise from It submits everything to the experience of the the vibration of a nerve, or the thrilling of a Its law, expounded by its great lawmuscle,-nothing higher.

giver, is, that if you would ascertain iis truth The highest pleasure of sensation comes you must see, feel, taste. Experiment is the through the eye. Sight ranks above all the test of truth. Now, you cannot, by searchivg, rest of the senses in dignity. He whose eye is find out the Almighty to perfection, nor a single so refined by discipline that he can repose with one of the blessed Truths he has to communi.. pleasure upon the serene outline of beautiful cate.” form, bas reached the purest of the sensational “ 2. Eternal Truth is not reached by hearsay. raptures.

Eir bath not heard the things which God Now, the Corinthians could appreciate this. hath prepared for them that love Him.' Theirs was the land of beauty. They read the No revelation can be adequately given by apostle's letter surrounded by the purest con- the address of man to man, whether by writing ceptions of art. To the orders of architecture, or orally, even if he be put in possession of the the most richly graceful of all columbar forms tru!h itself. For all such revelation must be receives its name from Corinth. And yet it was made through words; and words are but countthese men, living in the very midst of the ers—the coins of intellectual exchange. There chastely beautiful, upon whom the apostle em- is as little resemblance between the silver coin phatically urged, " Eye hath not seen the things and the bread it purchases, as between the word which God bath prepared for them that love and the thing it stands for. Looking at the Him.'

coin, the form of the loaf does not suggest itself. “Therefore, when He came into the world, who Listening to the word, you do not perceive the was the Truth and the Life, in the body which idea for which it stands, unless you are already God had prepared for Him, He came not in the in possession of it. Speak of ice to an inbabiglory of form ; He was 'a root out of a dry tant of the torrid zone, -the word does not give ground : fle bad no form nor comeliness; when him an idea, or, if it do, it must be a false one. they saw Him, there was no beauty that they Talk of blueness to one who cannot distinguish should desire Him. The eye did not behold, colors,—what can your most eloquent descripeven in Christ, the things which God had pre- tion present to him resembling the truth of pared.

your sensation? Similarly, in matters spiritual, Now, observe, this is an Eternal Truth; true no verbal revelation can give a single simple at all times ; true now and forever. In the idea. For instance, what means justice to the quotation of this verse, a false impression is unjust, or purity to the man whose heart is often evident. It is quoted as if the apostle hy steeped in licentiousness ?" 'the things prepared' meant Heaven, and the “So that apostles themselves, and prophets glories of a world wbich is to be visible here speaking to the ear, cannot reveal truth to the after, but is at present unseen. This is mani- soul-no, not if God Himself were to touch festly alien from his purpose. The world of their lips with fire. A verbal revelation is only which he speaks is not a future, but a present a revelation to the ear. Revelation. God hath revealed them. Hespeaks Now, see what a hearsay religion is. There not of something to be manifested hereafter, are men who believe on authority. Their winbut of something already show, only not to ister believes all this Christianity true; thereeye or ear.

The distinction lies between a fore so do they. He calls this doctrine essenkingdom which is appreciable by the senses, and tial; they echo it. Sowe thousands of years another whose facts and truths are seen and ago, men communed with God; they have heard only by the spirit. Never get hath the heard this, and are content it should be so. eye seen the Truths of God; but then never They have heard, with the hearing of the ear, shall it see them. In Heaven this shall be as that God is Love-that the ways of holiness

Shape and color give them not. are ways of pleasantness, and all her paths God will never be visible. Nor will his blessed peace. But a hearsay belief saves not. The

He has no form. The pure is heart | Corinthian philosophers heard Paul; Pharisees will see Him, but never with the eye; only in heard Christ. How much did the ear convey? the same way, but in a different degree, that To thousands exactly nothing. He believes they see Him now. In the anticipated Vision truth who feels it. He has a religion whose of the Eternal, what do you expect to see ?-A soul knows by experience that to serve God shape? Hues? You will never behold God. and know Him is the richest treasure. And Eye bath not seen, and never shall see in finite unless Truth comes to you, not in word only, form, the Infinite One, nor the Infinite of feeling but in power besides, -authoritative because or of Truth.

true, not true because authoritative,--there has Again; no scientific analysis can discover been no real revelation made to you from God.

true as now.

ness.

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3. Truth is not discoverable by the beart— spirit, God hath revealed them to us by His Neither have entered into the heart of man Spirit.' Christ is the voice of God without the the things which God hath prepared for them man; the Spirit is the voice of God within the that love Him.'

The highest Revelation is not made by The heart-two things we refer to this source: Christ, but comes directly from the universal the power of imagining, and the power of lov. Mind to our minds. Therefore, Christ said iog

Himself, He, the Spirit, shall take of mine, Imagination is distinct from the mere dry and shall show it unto you. And therefore it faculty of reasoning. Imagination is creative; it is written here—the Spirit searches all things, it is an immediate intuition, not a logical analy, yea, the deep things of God. sis. We call it popularly a kind of inspiration. Now, the spirit of God lies touching, as it Now, imagination is a power of the heart. were, the soul of man-ever around and near. Great thoughts originate from a large heart: a On the outside of eartb, man stands with the man must have a heart, or he never could cre- boundless heavens above him; nothing between ate."

him and space, space around him and above Under this head, Robertson points out the him, the confiues of the sky touching him. So difference between the revelations of the Holy is the spirit of man to the Spirit of the Ever Spirit, with the utterances that proceed from it, Near. They mingle-in every man this is true. and those adınired efforts of gifted mind's which The spiritual in him, by which he might become are frequently called the inspirations of genius. a recipient of God, may be dulled, deadened, The statuary or the painter may excel in his art, by a life of sense, but in this world never lost. the philosopher may disclose the secrets of na- All men are not spiritual men; but all have ture, and the poet may soar to the highest re- spiritual sensibilities which might awake. All gions of imagination, yet none of these unless that is wanted is to become conscious of the they become the humble recipient of Divine nearness of God. God has placed mer here to grace, can attain the knowledge of heavenly feel after Him if haply they might find Him, Truth.

albeit he be not far from any one of them. Our Io illustration of this point, the discourse souls float in the immeasurable ocean of spirit. thus proceeds:

God lies around us; at any moment we might “ The highest astronomer of this age, before be conscious of the contact. whose clear eye Creation lay revealed in all its The condition upon which this self-revelaperfect order, was one whose spirit refused to tion of the Spirit is made to man is Love. recognize the Cause of Causes. The mighty These things are prepared for them that love heart of genius had failed to reach the things Him;' or, which is the same thing, revealed to which God imparts to an humble spirit. those who have the mind of Christ. There is more in the heart of man-it has Let us look into this word Love.

Love to the power of affection. The highest moment man may mean several things. It may mean known on earth by the merely natural is that love to bis person, which is very different from in which the mysterious union of heart with himself; or it may mean simple pity. Love to heart is felt. Call it friendship, love, what you God can only mean one thing.–God is a Charwill, that mystic blending of iwo souls in one, acter. To love God is to love His character. when self is lost and found again in the being For instance, God is Purity. And to be pure of another; wher, as it were, moving about in in thought and look, to turn away from uphalthe darkness and loneliness of existence, we sud lowed books and conversation, to abhor the modenly come in contact with something, and we ments in which we have not been pure, is to fiod that spirit bas touched spirit. This is the love God. purest, serenest ecstacy of the merely human : God is Love; and to love men till private more blessed than any sight that can be pre-attachments have expanded into a philanthropy sented to the eye, or any sound that can be giv- which embraces all, -at least even the evil and en to the ear; more sublime than the sublimest enemies with compassion,- that is to love God. dream ever conceived by genius in its most God is 'Truth. To be true, to hate every form gifted hour, when the freest way was given to of falsehood, to live a brave, true, real lifethe shaping spirit of imagination.

that is to love God. God is Infinite; and to This has entered into the heart of man, yet love the boundless, reaching on from grace to this is of the lower still. It attains not to the grace, adding charity to faith, and rising upthings prepared

by God-it dimly shadows wards ever to see the Ideal still above us and them. Iluman love is but the faint type of that to die with it unattained, aiming insatiably to surpassing blessedness which belongs to those be perfect even as the father is perfect—that is who love God.

to love God. II. We pass, therefore, to the Nature and This love is manifested in obedience: Love Laws of Revelation.

is the life of which obedience is the Form. First, Revelation is made by a spirit to al' He that hath my commandments, and keepet's

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them, he it is thai loveth me. ... He that Uses of Prayer.—Let prayer be the key loveth me not, keepeth not my sayings. Now, of the morning and the bolt of the evening. bere can be no mistake. Nothing can be Love Henry. to God which does not shape itself into obedi. ence.”

From the New York Yearly Meeting of Women “To this Love, adoring and obedient, God re

Friends, held in New York by adjournments veals His Truth. For such as love it is pre.

from the 28th of Fifth month, 1866, to the pared; or, rather, by the well-known Hebrew 31st of the same inclusive. inversion, such are prepared for it. Love is to the Y. Meeting of Women Friends beld in Philada.: the condition without which revelation does not DEAR SISTERS :— We deem it a privilege take place.”

thus to hold correspondence with our absent “Therefore the apostle preached the Cross to friends, and express our desires for each other's men who felt and to men who felt not the Re- welfare; but it is only as we are favored to velation contained in it. The Cross is humble-enter into spiritual communion that we are ness, love, self-surrender--these the apostle qualified to sympathize with each other's labors preached.' To conquer the world by loving it; for the promotion of Truth, and know its power to be blest by ceasing the pursuit of happiness, to unite us together in the bonds of love. and sacrificing life instead of finding it; to that we may be willing to ask counsel of Him make a bard lot easy by submitting to it--this who hath sald, “ Ask, and ye shall receive; was his divine philosophy of life. And the seek, and ye shall find;" then we may be en. princes of this world, amidst scoffs and laugh- abled to feel our own souls refreshed, and also ter, replicd, Is that all? Nothing to dazzle— to hold forth a word of encouragement to others. nothing to captivate. But the disciples of the We have with us at this time several friends inward life recognized the Divine Truth which from yours and other Yearly Meetings whose this doctrine of the Cross contained. The hum-presence and counsel has been comforting and ble of heart, and the loving, felt that in this lay encouraging to us. the mystery of life, of themselves, and of God, Mothers bave been encouraged to greater all revealed and plain. It was God's own wis faithfulness in the care of their tender offspring; don felt by those who had the mind of Christ. they have been exhorted to dwell under the in

The application of all this is very easy : fluence of that Divine power which will enable Love God, and He will dwell with you :-Obey them to control their own spirits, and show forih God, and He will reveal the truths of His deep- by example the practical character of the teach. est teaching to your soul.”

ings of Christ. “To such a man it would not matter where A deep interest has been revived amongst us he was, por what: to live or die would be alike. in regard to the iocreasing dangers of intemIf he lived, he would live unto the Lord; if he perance. Ought we not to consider our duty died, he would die to the Lord.

in reference to this great evil, which bas laid “No matter to such a man what he saw or waste so many fair prospects, and brought ruio what he heard; for every sight would be re to so many who otherwise would bave been splendent with beanty, and every sound would shining lights in the world. Let us examine echo harmony : things common would become ourselves and see whether we are altogether transfigured, as when the ecstatic state of the clear of our brother's blood,—that we do not inward soul reflected a radiant cloud from the drop the first seed of intemperance, by presentframe of Christ. The buman would become ing the wine-cup, or encouraging its use in Divine,-life, even the meanest, noble. In the social gatherings. We have been reminded hue of every violet there would be a glimpse of that we possess an influence, which, if faithDivine affection, and a dream of Heaven. The fully exerted, will do much towards the preserforest would blaze with Deity, as it did to the vation of those exposed to temptation, and bring ège of Moses.

The creations of genius would a great reward to ourselves both in the present breathe less of earth and more of Heaven. Hu- and future world. inap love itself would burn with a clearer and We would that the dear youth might feel as intenser flame, rising from the altar of self-sa- they go forth on errands of mercy and love into crifice.

lonely habitations, that they also are fulfilling These are the things which God hath pre- their mission in life, and that as they are faithpared for them that love Him. Compared ful and obedient, cheerfully doing these acts of

' with these, what are loveliness,—the eloquent self-denial, their path of duty will open before utterances of man,--the conceptions of the them, and God will strengthen them for greater heart of genius ? What are they all to the se. works. rede stillness of a spirit lost in love : the full, It is earnestly desired by us that we not only deep rapture of a soul into which the Spirit of as individuals, but as the Society of Frieods, God is pouring itself into a mighty tide of Re- may prove faithful in our duty toward the Af. velation ?"

rican race, who are passing from slavery to free

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dom, helping them from ignorance and degrada- ton, to send me to school; and I had not been tion to an appreciation of their new responsi- long there, before the time came for me to unbilities as free men and women.

dergo a preparation to receive the Holy SupOur hearts were warmed by the reading of per. Here I again found the advantage of my your acceptable Epistle and those of other ready memory ; fur I was soon able to repeat Yearly Meetings with which we correspond. all the necessary questions put to me by the And we have desired that we may all be instru- minister. mental in advancing the exalted testimonies I wish here to remark, that great danger beld forth by our Society; that it may become often arises to young persons, blessed with gifts a city of renown, shedding light to surrounding and talents, from being too early and improperly pations.

put forward by their parents and teachers, in a And in conclusion, dear sisters, may that manner that tends to fill the youthful mind with grace which alone is able to purify the heart self-conceit and vanity. This might have proved and qualify for usefulness, be our guide and a lasting injury to myself

, bad not God, in meroy, support in every good word and work. With preserved me from it. the salutation of love, we bid you farewell. . After the usual examination, I was found Signed on behalf of the meeting by

suitable to partake of this rite, but my preparaRACHEL Hicks, Clerk. tion consisted only in a knowledge according to

the letter: I knew nothing of heartfelt repent"Everybody is impatient for the time when ance, although my father, according to his own he shall be his own master, and if coming of religious views, had taken great care that I age were to make one so, if years could indeed should undergo a strict preparation, and also to bring the philosophic mind, it would rightly be myself, the subject appeared of great importa day of rejoicing; but too often he who is im- ance, much more so, perhaps, than it did to any patient to ecome his own master, when the of my school companions. But I soon found outward checks are removed merely becomes that the vows and promises, entered into at the bis own slave."

time of my baptism, were not sufficient to enable

me to renounce the radities of a wicked world ; For friends' Intelligencer.

yet I passed on in a pretty orderly walk, until JOHANN RICKLE.

about the eighteenth year of my age; when, The following sketch of the life of a Swiss sorrowful to relate, I was led away by evil com. p-a-ant, named Johann Ricklé, was translated pavions, to lightness of conduct, and to hurtfal and published in England a number of years things of almost every kind. ag. by John Yeardley, who will doubtless be Heavenly Father, by the convictions of His remembered by many of the readers of the In- Spirit, knocked at the door of my heart, so that telligencer as having, in company with his wife, when I returned from my nightly revellings Martha Yeardley, made several extensive jour- with my companions, I almost always formed pi:s in Gospel love to various parts of Europe. resolutions never to accompany them again to

S. B. F.

the like excess; but these resolutions being I was born in the year 1756, in the Canton made in my owo strength, they only lasted till of Beroe. My parents were of the Lutheran another temptation offered. My Heavenly Reformed Church ; and were accounted religious Father, in His mercy, ceased not to knock still people. I was their only surviving child, and harder at the door of my heart and conscience ; they were anxious that I should receive a relig- and the inwardly written law threatened me with ious education, and taught me early to read and judgment and hardness of heart. This made me accustomed me to prayer. They were afraid of a little more careful; I was frightened; and sending me to school, lest through the bad ex- my stubborn will became more yielding to the ample of other children I should learn more gentle leading of the Spirit; and a strong deevil than good.

sire sprang in my beart to give myself up to At home I read diligently the Heidleburg follow my crucified Saviour. Catechism, and having a quick and rotentive It was in the twenty-fifth year of my age memory, I soon learned it by heart: and could when I experienced this happy change. As repeat the answers, and also give the names of this blessed light began to shine in my dark the authors and passages referred to with readi- heart, it brought my sins to remembrance, and

From my early youth. I was very sus. the righteousness of God passed strict judgment ceptible of good impressions, and while read on my youthful levity and dissipation; and I ing the Holy Scriptures and other religious had bitterly to lament over many of those folbooks, I was often melted to tears; but from lies practiced by young people, and too often conunwatchfulness these impressions did not prove sidered as innocent: keen was the sting of conreal and abiding

science for time misspent that could never be In the ninth year of my age, my parents recalled. were obliged, according to the law of the Can. I have seen the danger to which young per

Yet my

ness.

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