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evening class, and the mother was more than Though hope and trust still bid us rise
glad to have her little girl to learn to sew. As

From low despondent thought or fear,

And raise to heaven alost our eyes,
I was leaving, she went to the door with me,

That drooping bend o'er his low bier;
and said, “ You have a cold afternoon, honey, to

be out hunting them up. I hope the Lord will

And though our warning years attest;

Whose lengtbened shadows are around, take care of you, and keep you. well, and bless

That soon the sun's last rays may look the ladies in their work.” Yes," we replied,

Upon another narrow mound; " and you must ask him to do so.'

." “ Ob, I do,

Still mourn we still for our lost boy,
she eagerly rejoined; "every morning, when I

And sorrow that he is not bere;
ask the Master to take care of me and my fam- Still " breathes for bim the secret sigb,”
ily, I ask him to bless these teachers. I re- As glides away year after year.

E. A.
member the time when you could not go about,
asking us poor blacks to go to school, let alone

Prophetstown, Iu.
teaching us. Oh, it's the Lord's doings, child;

From the Philadelphia Press.
Do man did the work." And with the bene-

diction of the good and grateful woman falling
pleasantly upon the ear, we again turned our

"God never permitted us to form a theory too beautiful for steps homeward.

His power to make practicable "- Phillips.
"I am always glad to see any one from Bos. Men take the pure ideals of their souls,
ton," said a man to me at whose house we were

And lock tbem fast away,

And never dream that things so beautiful
calling; “ we have such good friends there.

Are fit for every day.
We have friends true and tried here, (and he so, counterfeits pass current in their lives,
called some by name,) but outside of Baltimore And stones they give for bread;
our best friends are in Boston. They send us and starvingly, and fearingly ihey walk
these Northern teachers with their Northern

Through life among the dead;

Though never yet was pure ideal
babits of teaching, and we are grateful for it, Too fair for them to make their real.
and we would not forget it.”

The thoughts of hearty dawning on the soul
These people know who their friends are, and

Are glorious Heaven gleams,
find instinctively the path into which their feet And God's eternal truth lies folded deep
must turn if they would gain real liberty. We In all man's lofty dreams!
imagine the young man in one of our evening. 'Twas first in Thought's clear world that Kepler saw
classes, who said, " If I did not kvow the letter and through long years he searched the spheres, and

What ties the planets bound,
A, I should know too much to vote the con-

servative ticket," was a true representative of The answering law he found!
his race.

FANNY E. Ellis. Men said he sought a wild ideal,
Baltimore, Dec. 23d, 1866.

" It is real,"
Secretary. The stars made answer,

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Paul, Luther, Howard, all the crowned ones,
For Friends' Intelligencer.

Who, star-like gleam through time,

Lived boldly out before the clear-eyed sun,
SUGGESTED BY A CHERRY TREE IN BLOOM. Their inmost thought sublime.
Fair tree, that with thy beauty greets

These truths to them, more beautiful than day,
The loving Spring's return once more,

They knew would quicken men,

And deeds at which the blinded gazers speered,
Thou speaks to me, in accents sweet,
Of one whose brief young life is o'er.

They dared to practice then;

'Till those who mocked their young ideal,
His bands upreared the turf, where now In meekness owned it was the real.

Thy trunk in graceful beauty grows;
On every bud and leaf, his naine

Tbine early dreams, which came in “shapes of

A sad, yet tender grace bestows.

Came bearing prophecy-
Where broad Obio graceful sweeps,

Commissioned sweetly to unfold
Or wiods along the verdant shore,

Thy possible to thee.
In long and deep repose he sleeps

Fear not to build thine eyrie in the heights,
The sleep tbat never waketh more.

Bright with celestial day;
There, smitten in his youthful prime,

And trust thyself unto thine in most soul,
From home and friendship far away,

In simple faith alway,

And God will make divinely real
The whisperings came of heavenly clime
And bliss that would endure alway.

The highest forms of tbine ideal.
The wbile to heaven's decree we bow,

And own its will for us is best,
And know froin earthly sorrow now

We are allowed to publish the following
He is forever laid at rest.

graphic extracts from a letter received from a Though Faith, like stars that gem the night, Friend who recently sailed for Europe, from

Points us to where the bappy dwell,
And robs the heart of deepest woe,

whom we hope to have further accounts of his By teaching that “He doeth well;"

travels :





STEAMER St. Laurent, at Sea, the gulf, at the bottom of which was the

Lat. 47° 36' Lon. 14° 37' beautiful mass of polished mechanism, thal,

4th mo. 27, 1867. Noon. thanks to the genius of Watt, was driving us so MY DEAR YOUNG FRIENDS :- We are now speedily through the bring sea. within one day's sail of Brest, and I propose to One of the most striking points connected furnish a brief account of our voyage. Let me with this voyage has been to me the unuttera. remark, in the first place, that this steamer is ble loneliness of the ocean ; whole days would probably not inferior to any vessel afloat, being pass in which a single bird, or a far distant ship, large, new, and, in all particulars, well appoint would be the only objects to meet the vision. ed. She is admirably officered and manned, Morning after morning have I mounted the furnished with engines of one thousand horse- deck, and scapped again and again the entire power. The table arrangemedis, sleeping ac- horizon without perceiving even a vestige of commodations, and attendance, are equal to life! Whilst we were within two hundred those of a first-class hotel ; io short, she appears miles of land, we saw some sca gulls. I recol. to be all that the most fastidious traveller could lect that about a half dozen of these birds leisdesire.

urely followed us on the second day for about We sailed from New York on the 20th in- fifty or sixty miles, and then quietly gave up stant, at 2 o'clock, P. M., anid the booming of the chase. The stormy petrel we have seen a cannon and the cheers of the crowd that very few of, and possibly one or two other thronged the pier. Just below the noted Fort birds; but nothing to remove from the mind Lafayette we * lay to” for some time, to wait the sensation above alluded to. the rising of the tide, so that it was about five My French serves me a pretty good purpose, o'clock before we reached Sandy Hook, and though I confess a decided preference for Engwere ready to discharge our pilot, and had fairly lish as yet. We amuse and interest ourselves, entered upon our ocean race.

however, every day in examining the illustrated A sumptuous dinner was spread at half.past French works that are placed at the disposal of four o'clock, to which some two hundred ladies the passengers. and gentlemen sat down, but a small fraction of We have had fair winds nearly all the voywhom were able to sit it out. The “al de age, and they have, in no sinall degree, conmer,” as the French say, began its work, though tributed to the rapid progress we bave thus far there was as yet but a gentle swell.

Some of made.

The labor of attending to the sails in a our party have been sick a goodly portion of steamer such as this is immense! Vastly more, the voyage ; others only for the first day; my. I apprehend, than in a corresponding sailing self merely a little qualmish at intervals for vessel, for the latter, when she once takes the about twenty-four hours. The truth is, I de wind, generally holds it for a long stretch, but termined not to be sick - not to give way—and the steamer pushes right onward, regardless I braved it out: the mind in this, as in all other alike of wind and sea; hence, she must modily matters, has large control over the body. her sails for every different stratum of air she

At half-past nine o'clock that night, I may chance to pass through or run into. About mounted the promenade deck. All was silent, thirty sailors are almost constantly engaged in save the regular aud continuous thumping of the adjustment and readjustment of our sailing the engine, and the rush of the mighty sea as gear, so that the shrill silver whistle of the it dashed into spray, and rebounded from the boatswain may be heard at nearly all hours of ship's side in sparkling phosphorescent foam, the day and pight, calling willing hands to looking as though illuminated by an artificial their laborious task. light. Six men were at “the wheel" perform. A voyage such as this might be supposed ing, in disciplined stillness, their inportant monotonous ; such, however, is by no means the work. Ooe man was at the stern compass, on case, for every day brings up new thoughts, the face of which a shrouded lantern threw its feelings, and subjects of interest. To those who ray; another was closely scanding the ainidship are fond of high living, it may be remarked compass; the officer in command of this mighty that on the ocean steamers five meals per day mass, with her living freight of four hundred are furnished, and on this line, the preparation souls, was pacing his narrow passerelle," look of these meals is a work of high art, io which ing momentarily out on to the deep; the sail the most elaborate resources of French cookery iog master was conning the ship on the weather are brought fully ioto play. But the most requarter; two old tars were in the bow with markable fact of all, it seems to me, is the total speaking trumpet in hand, watching' en avant;" loss of consciousness of danger. The wonderthe red and green lights were duly set upon the ful combivativn of strength, skill and intellilarboard and starboard quarters, a lantern gence to which you have entrusted your life, gleamed in the foretop, and everything looked becomes, after a time, a new creation : it ceases " snug” for the night; so I prepared to retire ; to be a ship and crew precariously floating upon first, however, casting an assuring glance down the fathomless waters; it is a world, where

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people walk, saunter, lull, eat, sleep, talk and we see every day, so when our ears are used to act out their various parts; where there are the the sound of a word or a phrase, we do not susmorniog salutations of neighbors, the social pect that it conveys no clear idea to our minds, calls, the formal visits; where we meet the and that we should have the utmost difficulty careful, deliberate steps of age, and the wild in defining it, or expressing, in any other words, gambols of children; where we find rain, wind, wbat we think we understand by it. Now it is sunshine, hopes, fears and pleasures, as in any obvious is what manner this bad habit tends to other world. And now I realize something be corrected by the practice of translating with of the sailor's devotion to his ship: it is the accuracy from one language to another, and fixed object in the horizon of his life:-all else hunting out the meanings expressed in a voaround him is passiog and transient. No woo- cabulary with wbich we have not grown fader that he weeps when his ship is lost : his miliar by early and constant use. I hardly tears are not for himself but for that creation know any greater proof of the extraordinary geupon which he delights to bestow the tendernius of the Greeks, than that they were able to appellation her."

make such brilliant achievemnts in abstract I commenced this letter at noon to day, but tbought, koowing, as they generally did, po this being our last day together, many interrup- language but their own. But the Greeks did tions have occurred. I believe, therefore, I will not escape the effects of this deficiency. Their reserve its completion till we arrive in Paris. greatest intellects, those who laid the foundaGrand Hotel, Paris, 5th mo. 3d, 1867.

tion of philosophy and of all our intellectual We had a splendid entrance in Brest, and culture, Plato and Aristotle, are continually led dropped anchor amid the booming of cannon away by words; mistaking the accidents of lanand a general burst of hilarity. At 2} we left guage for real relations iu nature, and supposby express for Paris, arriving at 5 the following that things wbich have the same name in ing morning Thé vegetation here is far the Greek tongue must be the same in their more advauced than it can possibly be about own essence.

There is a well-known saying of Philadelphia, although we are 8 or 9 degrees Hobbes, the far-reaching significance of which farther North. I have been too busy to write you will more and more appreciate in proportion more at present. All the splendor of Broadway to the growth of your own intellect: "Words and Chestout Street together might be put in are the counters of wise men, but the money or taken out of this city without any one know- of fools.” With the wise man a word stands for ing the difference.

C. S. H. the fact wbich it represents; to the fool it is

itself the tact. To carry on Hobbes' metaphor, Extracts from Inangural Address of Joun the counter is far more likely to be taken for

STUART Mill,delivered to the Univrsity of merely what it is, by those who are in the batit St. Andrews, Glasgow, Scotland.

of using many different kinds of counters. But (Continued from page 192.)

besides the advantage of possessing another cul. The only language, then, and the only litera- tivated language, there is a further considera. ture, to which I would allow a place in the or- tion equally important. Without knowing the dinary curriculum, are those of the Greeks and language of a people, we never really know their Romans; and to these I would preserve the po- thoughts, their feelings, and their type of charsition in it which they at present occupy. acter: and unless we do possess this knowledge, That position is justified, by the great value, in of some other people than ourselves, wc remain, education, of knowing well some other cultivat- to the hour of our death, with our intelleots oned language and literature than one's own, and ly half expanded. Look at a youth who has by the peculiar value of those particular lan- never been out of his family circle: he never & uages and literatures.

dreams of any other opinions or ways of thinkThere is one purely intellectual benefit from iog than those he has been bred up in ; or if a knowledge of languages, which I am specially he has heard of any such, attributes them to desirous to dwell on. Those who have serious- some moral defect, or inferiority of nature or eduly reflected on the causes of human error have cation. If his family are Tory, he cannot conbeen deeply impressed with the tendency of ceive the possibility of being a Liberal ; if Libmankind to mistake words for things. Without eral, of being a Töry. What the notions and entering into the metaphysics of the subject, we habits of a single family are to a boy who has koow bow common it is to use words glibly and had no intercourse beyond it, the notions and with apparent propriety, and to aceept them babits of his own country are to him who is ig. confidently when used by others, without ever dorant of every other. Those notions and hab. having had any distinct conception of the things its are to bim human nature itself; wbatever denoted by them. To quote again from Arch. varies from them is an upaccountable aberration bishop Whately, it is the habit of mankind to which he cannot mentally realize : the idea mistake familiarity for accurate knowledge. As lhat any other ways can be right, or as near an we seldom think of asking the meaning of what I approach to right as some of his own, is incon


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ceivable to him. This does not merely close but about the political, religious, and even dobis eyes to the many things which every coun. mestic concerns of life. I will mention a furtry still has to learn from others : it hindersther aspect of this question, which, though I every country from reaching the improvement have not the merit of originating it, I do not which it could otherwise attain by itself

. We remember to have seen poticed in any book. are not likely to correct any of our opinions or There is no part of our knowledge which it is mend any of our ways, unless we begin by con more useful to obtain at first band—to go to ceiving that they are capable of amendment: the fountain bead for-than our knowledge of but merely to know that foreigners think differ history. Yet this in most cases we hardly ever ently from ourselves, without understanding do. Our conception of the past is not drawn why they do so, or wbat they really do think, from its own records, but from books written does but confirm us in our self conceit, and con about it, containing not the facts, but a view of Dect our national vanity with the preservation the facts which has shaped itself in the wind of our own peculiarities. Improvement con- of somebody of our own or a very recent time. sists in bringing our opinions into nearer agreeSuch books are very instructive and valuable; ment with facts; and we shall not be likely to they help us to understand history, to interpret do this while we look at facts only through history, to draw just conclusions from it; at the glasses colored by those very opinions. But worst, they set us the example of trying to do since we cannot divest ourselves of preconceived all tbis; but they are not themselves history, notions, there is no known means of eliminatiog The knowledge they give is upot trust, and their influence but by frequently using the even when they have done their best, it is not differently colored glasses of other people : and only incomplete but partial, because confined to those of other nations, as the most different, are what a few modern writers have seen in the ma. the best.

terials, and bave thought worth picking out from But if it is so useful, on this account, to know among them. How little we learn of our own the language and literature of any other cultiva ancestors from Hume, or Hallam, or Macaulay, ted and civilized people, the most valuable of compared with what we kaow if we add to all to us in this respect are the languages and what these tell us, even a little reading of coliterature of the ancients. No nations of mod temporary authors and documents! The most ern and civilized Europe are so unlike one an. recent historians are so well aware of this, that other, as the Greeks and Romans are uplike us; they fill their pages with extracts from the ori. yet without being, as some remote Orientals are, ginal materials, feeling that these extracts are so totally dissimilar, that the labor of a life is the real history, and their comments and thread required to enable us to understand them. of narrative are only helps towards uoderstand. Were this the only gain to be derived from a ing it. Now it is part of the great worth to us knowledge of the ancients, it would already of our Greek and Latin studies, that in them place the study of them in a high rank among we do read history in the original sources. We enlightening and liberalizing pursuits. It is are in actual contact with cotemporary minds; of no use saying that we may know them through we are not dependent on hearsay; we have somemodern writings. We may know something of thing by which we can test and check the rethem in that way; which is much better than presentations and theories of modern historians. koowing nothing. But modern books do not it may be asked, Why then not study the origiteach us ancient thought; they teach us some dal materials of modern history? I answer, it modern writer's notion of ancient thought. is highly desirable to do 60 ; and let me remark Modern books do not show us the Greeks and by the way, that even this requires a dead lanRomans, they tell us some modern writer's guage; nearly all the documents prior to the opinions about Greeks and Romans. Transla. Reformation, and many subsequent to it, being tions are scarcely better. When we want really written in Latin. But the exploration of these to know what a person thioks or says, we seek documents, though a most useful pursuit, can it at first hand from himself. We do not trust not be a branch of education. Not to speak of to another person's impression of his meaning, their vast extent, and the fragmentary nature given in another person's words; we refer to of each, the strongest reason is, that in learning his own. Much more is it necessary to do so the spirit of our own past ages, until a comparawben his words are in one language, and those tively recent period, from cotemporary writers, of his reporter in another. Modern phraseolo we learn bardly anything else. Those authors

, fy dever conveys the exact meaning of a Greek with a few exceptions, are little worth reading writer; it cannot do so, except by a diffuse ex. on their own account. While, in studying the planatory circumlocution which no translator great writers of antiquity, we are not only learn dares use.

We must be able, in a certain de ing to understand the ancient mind, but laying gree, to think in Greek, if we would represent in a stock of wise thought and observation

, to ourselves how a Greek thought: and this still valuable to ourselves; and at the same not only in the abstruse region of metaphysics, I time making ourselves familiar with a number

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of the most perfect and finished literary compo- mit of being transferred bodily, and has been sitions which the human mind has produced- very imperfectly carried off even piecemeal, is compositions which, from the altered condi- the treasure which they accumulated of what tions of human life, are likely to be seldom paral- may be called the wisdom of life: the rich leled, in their sustained excellence, by the times store of experience of human nature and conto come.

duct, which the acute and observing minds of
Even as mere languages, no modern Europe- those ages, aided in their observations by the
an language is so valuable a discipline to the in- greater simplicity of manners and life consigned
tellect as those of Creece and Rone, on account to their writings, and most of which retains all
of their regular and complicated structure. its value.
Consider for a moment what grammar is. It is

(To be continued.)
the most elementary part of logio. It is the
beginning of the analysis of the thinking pro-

The principles and rules of grammar are The question started some time since as to
the means by which the forms of language are the length of time our coal was likely to last,
made to correspond with the universal forms of has led to inquiries by our Government as to
thought. The distinctions between the various the coal supply of other countries, and the re-
parts of speech, between the cases of nouns, the sult must be very reassuring to those (if there
moods and tenses of verbs, the functions of par- be any such) who fear that the world will be
ticles, are distinctions in thought, not merely in short of coals some three or four thousand years
words. Siogle nouns and verbs express objects hence. The information appears in the form
and events, many of which can be cognized by of a blue book, containing reports which have
the senses : but the modes of putting nouns been received from secretaries to various Brit-
and verbs together, express the relations of ob. ish Embassies and Legations respecting the
jects and events, which can be cognized only by pro pects of a supply of coal, if need be, from
the intellect; and each different mode corres- abroad. The return includes reports from Aus-
ponds to a different relation. The structure of tria, Baden, Bavaria, Belgium, Brazil, France,
every sentence is a lesson in logic. The vari. Prussia, Russia, Spain, the United States, and
ous rules of syntax oblige us to distinguish be- the Zollverein. France, in 1865, produced
tween the subject and the predicate of a propo- 11,297,052 tous, and imported 7,108,286 tons,
sition, between the agent, the action, and the of which, 1,455,206 tops were imported from
thing acted upon; to mark when an idea is in- Great Britain. Every year shows an increase
tended to modify or qualify, or merely to unite of coal consumption in that country. Prussia
with, some other idea ; what assertions are cate- is rich in mineral fuel, especially in very good
gorical, wbat only conditional; whether the in coals. The working of the coal pits is rapidly
tention is to express similarity or contrast, to aud continuously increasing. No coal is exported
make a plurality of assertions conjunctively or from Russia, which is supplied in a great de-
disjunctively; what portions of a sentence, gree from other countries, prominently Great
though grammatically complete within them- Britain. During 1803, the latest date from
selves, are mere members or subordinate parts which statistics are supplied, the coal produce
of the assertion made by the entire sentence. of Spain amounted to 401,297 tons. No coal is
Such things form the subject-matter of univer- exported from that kingdom. Austria, Bavaria,
sal grammar; and the languages which teach Belgium, and other continental countries all
it best are those which have the most definite seem to have well-stocked coal cellars to fall back
rules, and which provide distinct forms for the upon.
greatest number of distinctions in thought, so In the year ending June 30th, 1866, the
that if we fail to attend precisely and accurate produce of the United States was 20,553,550
ly to any of these, we cannot avoid committing tons, being an increase of 3,447,049' tons as
a solecism in language. In these qualities the compared with the previous year. It has been
classical languages have an incomparable supe estimated that the capacity of the Pennsylva-
riority over every modern language, and over dia mines alone is fully equal to 20,000,000
all languages dead or living, wbich have a liter tons a year. In pine counties of the State of
ature worth being generally studied.

Missouri there are about 3,500 miles of coal But the superiority of the literature itself, for lands, which average a mean thickness of 11 purposes of education, is still more marked and feet. Professor Snealow's computation makes decisive. Even in the substantial value of the out 38,000,000,000 tons of coal in these nine watter of which it is the vehicle, it is very far counties alone. In 40 counties of the same State from having been superseded. The discoveries there is said to be sufficient coal to last 3,000 of the ancients in science have been greatly sears of 300 working days each, if an average surpassed, and as much of them as is still val- of 100,000 tons were mined every day. Pro. uable loses nothing by being incorporated in fessor Rogers has estimated that the Illinois coal modera treatises ; but what does not so well ad. I fields are six times as extensive as those of

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