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BY MARY G. CHANDLER.
darkening; the aspects of cheerful and com- spoil it of its gladness, and send their victim to fortable abode gradually disappearing, and the grave at last, from a life which has been gloom and filth coming instead, and silence one long sigh. And all might have been prebroken only by the sobs and moans of prisoners, vented by one brisk daily walk in the open air. or the sadder sound of cursing or revelling ? This subject--and I mean now this whole Such, mark it well! becomes the body, the subject of the right training and care of the more immediate house of life, to every aban. body—is one, I conceive, of unappreciated imdoned transgressor! Not alone the mount portance. Our physical nature is more than that burned with fire, utters the command the theatre, more than the stage, it is the very ment of God; not alone the tabernacle of costume, the very drapery in which the mind Moses, covered with cloud and shaken with acts its part; and if it hangs loosely or awkthunder; but this cloud-tabernacle of life, wardly upon the actor, if it weighs him down as which God has erected for the spirit's dwelling, a burden, or entangles his step at every turn, and the electric nerves that dart sensation-like the action, the great action of life must be lame lightning through it—all its wonders, all its and deficient. What that burden, that entanmysteries, all its veiled secrets, all its familiar glement is now; and what is the genuine vigor recesses, are full of urgent and momentous and health of a man ; what is the true, spiritual teaching
ministry of the body to the soul, I am perBut there is something further to be ob- suaded, we do not yet know. served concerning this teaching; there is one
(To be continued.) respect in which it is yet more urgent. For it demands not only moderation and self-denial,
Despondency in God's service is sinful and but activity: it forbids not only excess, but in unreasonable, for He is both able and ready to dolence. It demands of those that do not la- bestow upon his servants any measure of strength bor, daily, out-of-door exercise—not a lounge and wisdom which their recessities may demand.
, in a carriage only, but a walk, or some bracing exercise in the open air-demands that, or says,
COMPANIONSHIP. "pay for your neglect.” Some inuring, some hardness—hardship if they please to call it
(Continued from page 247.) nature exacts even of the gentlest of its children. The Companionship of our fellow-beings is The world was not built to be a hothouse, but not confined to the living men and women a gymnasium rather. Voluptuous repose, luxu- around us, but comes to us through books, from rious protection, enervating food and modes of all nations and ages. Wise teachers stand ever life, are not the good condition, not the per- ready to instruct us, gentle moralists to console mitted resort, for our physical nature. Half of and strengthen us, poets to delight us. Scarce the physician's task with many, is to fight off a country village is so poor that there may not the effects of such abuses. The laws of the be found beneath its roofs the printed words of
1 human constitution are moral laws; they ad- more great men than ever lived at any one pedress the conscience, the moral nature; they ex. riod of the earth's great history. act penalties for neglect. And doubtless the We are too apt to use books, as well as 80penalties are severe. That is not nature's ciety, merely for our amusement; to read the fault, but nature's excellence. Doubtless the books that chance to fall into our hands, or to penalties are severe. I am persuaded, indeed, associate with the persons we happen to meet that if they could be enumerated; if all the with, and not stop to ask ourselves if nothing layguid and heavy pulses could be numbered; better is within our reach. It may not be in if all the niseries of nervous and diseased sen- our power to associate with great living minds, sation could be defined; if all that could be but the mental wealth of the past is within the described which surrounds us with wasted reach of all. We boast much that we are forms, or sequesters them in silent chambers, a reading people, but it may be well to inan aggregate of ills could be found which quire how intelligently we read. The cata. would match the statistics of pauperism, or of logues of books borrowed from our public intemperance itself. I believe there is less suf. libraries show, that, where the readers of fering among the idler and more luxurious works of amusement are counted by hun. classes, froin violent disorders, than from those dreds, the readers of instructive books are num. chronic and nervous ailments, which do not bered by units. In conversation it is not unalways inflict acute pain, wbich do not alarm us common to hear persons expressing indifference for the patient-well if they did !—but which en- or dislike to whole classes of books,--to hear feeble the energies, destroy the elasticity of the Travels denounced as stupid, Biography as frame, undermine the very constitution of the tame, and History as heavy and dull. It does body; which depress the spirits, too, wear out not seem to occur to the mass of minds that the patience, sour the temper, cloud the vision any purpose beyond the amusement of the moof nature, disrobe society of its beauty and de- ment is to be thought of in reading, or that
any plan should be laid, or any principle adopt- through the streets, teaching them their first ed in the choice of books to be read.
lessons in vulgar vanity. It is undoubtedly a great good that nearly A child may be educated at the best schools all our people are taught to read, but it is a without acquiring any taste for good literature. small fraction of the community that reads to The way a parent treats a child in relation to much good purpose. Children, so soon as they its books has far more influence in this respect have acquired the use of the alphabet, are in- than a teacher can possibly possess. A mother, undated with little juvenile stories, some of even if she is not an educated woman, can learn them good, but most of them silly, and many to read understandingly, and can teach her child vulgar. As they grow older, successions of simi- to read in the same way. She can talk to it lar works of fiction await them, until they ar- about its books, and awaken a desire in its mind rive at adolescence, when they are fully pre- to understand what it reads. Children are pared for all the wealth of folly, vulgarity, always curious in regard to the phenomena of falsehood, and wickedness that is bound up nature, and whether this curiosity lives or dies within the yellow covers of most of the cheap depends very much on the answers it receives novels that infest every highway of the na- to its first questions. If the mother cannot antion.
swer them berself, she can help the child to As you are jostled through the streets of find an answer somewhere else, and she should our populous cities, or take your seat in a beware how she deceives herself with the idea crowded railway-car, you are, perhaps, impress that she has not time to attend to the moral and ed with the general air of rudeness that per intellectual wants of her child. She has no vades the scene, -a rudeness of a kind so new right to so immerse all her own mind in the to the world, that, no old word sufficing to decares of life that she cannot, while attending to scribe it, a new name has been coined, and them, talk rationally with her children. The the swaggering, careless, sensual looking beings, mothers who best fulfil their higher duties toreeking with the fumes of tobacco, that make wards their children are quite as often found up the masses of our moving population, are ad among those who are compelled to almost conequately described only by the word rowdy. As stant industry of the hands, as among those of yet no title has been found for the female of abundant leisure. There is nothing in the this class,-bold, dashing, loud talking and handiwork of the house-keeper or the seamloud-laughing, ignorant, vain, and so coarse stress that need absorb all the mental attention ; that she supposes fine clothes and assuming and hers must be an ill. regulated mind that manners are all that is necessary to elevate her cannot ply the needle, or perform the more to the rank of a lady. Perhaps you wonder active duties of the household, and yet listen to how so numerous a race of these beings has the child as it reads its little books, and concome to exist; but that boy at your elbow, verse with it about the moral lessons or the in. bending under the weight of his literary bur. tellectual instruction they contain. The mother den, is a colporteur for converting the men and has it in her power to influence the mode in women of this “enlightened nation” to rowdyism. which the child makes companions of its books, Those books portray just such men and women more than any other person; and the character as you see before you, and that is why they are of its Companionship with them through life welcomed so warmly. A few cents will buy will generally depend in a great degree on the from that boy enough folly and impurity to tastes and babits acquired in childhood. gorge a human mind for a week, and possibly Many parents who guard their children with few among this throng often taste more whole-jealous care from the contamination of rude and some intellectual food.
vicious society among other children, allow It is probable that some of these persons are them to associate with ideal companions of a the children of intelligent and well-bred pa very degraded kind. The parent should check rents; but their fathers were engrossed in busi- the propensity, not only to read bad books, but ness, and their mothers in family cares, and also to read idle or foolish books, by exciting thought they had no time to form the moral the action of the mind towards something better. and intellectual tastes of the immortal minds Merely to deny improper books is not enough. eommitted to their charge. They fancied that, Something must be given in place of them, if they sent their children to good schools, and or the craving must continue, and the child will provided liberally for all their external wants, be very apt to gratify its appetite in secret. they had done enough. Ignorant nursery- Children are easily led to observe nature, ani. maids, perhaps, taught them morals and manners, mate or inanimate, with interest, and there are while the father toiled to accumulate the means many simple books illustrating the departments for supplying their external wants, and the of natural science which mothers could make mother hemmed ruffles and scalloped trimming, interesting to their children at the same time to make people say, "How sweetly those chil. that they instructed themselves. Juvenile dren are dressed !” as the maid paraded them works on history abound, and through them the
child may be led, as intelligence expands, to other modes of teaching; and an intelligence
Instead of the nonsensical though amusing
are divided. The clothing of the animals, the (To be continued.)
antlers of the deer, the tusks of the elephant, FRIENDS INTELLIGENCER. the art of the beaver, the antics of the monkey,
and the habits of many of the plants faPAILADELPHIA, SIXTH MONTH 29, 1867.
miliar to most, will be as entertaining in their EARLY HOME-CULTURE.—The proper train development to the mind of the uninitiated, ing of the youthful mind is a subject which must as the work of the Fairies drawn out in its wild continue to claim the serious attention of those fancies. The one will have furnished material impressed with the responsibility connected for future use, while the other would sow per- . with the care of children. None who have ob nicious weeds to be sooner or later eradicated. served the eagerness often manifested for The importance of a right cultivation of the knowledge even in very early life, by the never
literary tastes of children cannot be over-estiwearying questioner, can, we think, regard with mated. At schools knowledge is acquired indifference the manner in which this want is.
which is deemed essential, but if a judicious care to be met. That it has not at all times been
is not extended by parents, there may be the
luxuriant vine without putritious fruit. Many recognized or fully appreciated, must have
Friends are aware that the Association of been because it has not received the consideration its importance demands.
Friends of Philadelphia, within the past few We believe that not unfrequently the proper
years, has published several little books for the
Some evimoulding of the character is too long deferred. purpose of aiding the good cause.
dences have been furnished that the labor has A mother oppressed with household cares, or with her attention otherwise engrossed, may seek to
not been in vain, but we could wish that there amuse her infant prattler with the highly col- was a more general appreciation of the works to
which allusion has been made, "The Scripored cuts which abound for the purpose, with
tural Watchword” is a valuable book when out sufficiently regarding the reading matter of
viewed in connection with the need we have of the little book, whereby a false idea or a taste fostered. With a little more effort perhaps, « Thoughts for Children” contains much that is for the unreal may be early and unintentionally help amid the pressing cares of life, to turn the
to but with much happier results, instruction might be combined with amusement, as has been suggestive for a wider range in the same direc
tion. amply proven by “ Object Teaching."
The two little books of " Devotional Poetry" In every branch of knowledge this system have been compiled with care, and breathe the may be made available; and much that is not spirit of love and purity in an eminent degree. only interesting, but wonderful, both in the ani. If children were encouraged to commit some mal and vegetable kingdom, may be introduced of these selections to memory, we doubt not in a manner to be comprehended by very little that in after years they would arise with the children. With the mind turned toward this brance of youthful days, when by kind parents
odor of a grateful heart to refresh the rememkind of instruction, the means of imparting these children were taught to remember their it will be abundantly unfolded. If there be a Creator. hesitation in adopting it lest the tender and Other valuable books will be found in the sensitive organization of the child should be in catalogue of the Association.* Among them jured by premature thought or reflection, we South Sixth Street, and Emmor Comly, at the office of
* As furnished by T. Ellwood Zell, Nos. 17 and 19 have need only to exercise a care in this as in Friends' Intelligencer.
are three volumes recently published for the neighborhoods could leave their planting to be use of families and First-day Schools—" Fa- present; but in this we were agreeably disapmiliar Talk with Children” in “ Part First” and pointed, several having travelled over 140 miles “ Part Second,” and “Biblical History Fa felt'to be over the meeting at its opening, and
in private carriages. A heavenly covering was miliarized by Questions"--all having the same remained until the close, to the tendering of end in view, viz., to draw the mind away from our souls in contrition before the Lord. The that which has a hurtful tendency, and lead it Quarterly Meeting was very comfortable; and into a field rich with fruit that will not only be although we had no strangers from abroad in
the ministry, some Friends from Peopsylvania pleasant to the taste, but healthful to the spirit. were acceptably with us. The hospitality The Fourth Annual Reunion of Friends' members who have recently visited some of their
shown by our Orthodox Friends to some of our Social Lyceum took place on the grounds of meetings for Worship and Discipline was alSwarthmore College, on the 15th inst, and was luded to as an encouraging evidence of the inheld to the satisfaction of the large concourse
crease of toleration and charity.
J. A. D. of Friends who assembled on the occasion.
Sixth mo. 11, 1867. The day, though warm, was pleasant, and many from the city and adjoining counties, and Read at the Fourth Reunion of Friends' Social Lyceum, some from New Jersey, Maryland and Delaware, on the Swarthmore College Grounds, Sixth month
15th, 1867. participated, and exchanged the friendly greetings which the occasion was calculated to in- bute something by way of essay for the present
When invited a few weeks since to contri. spire. One of the pleasant features of the occasion, I felt a strong desire to comply, and scene was to observe so many in advanced life ran over io my mind some of the subjects which participatiog with the young in innocent re seemed most appropriate and calculated to call laxation and enjoyment.
forth agreeable ideas and feelings. The one at
last selected will not I fear prove to be of this Owing to the excellent arrangements of the agreeable character ; but it had previously, so Committee, every thing necessary for comfort occupied my thoughts that, to write at all, it and enjoyment was provided. Entire order was necessary to write on that. In its treatprevailed throughout, and nothing occurred that ment I may approach so near the confines of we heard of to mar the pleasure of the day.
censure and sarcasm, that if they are overstep
ped I must plead the necessity of the case. The literary exercises were of an unusually
There is a strange power, whose fantastic interesting character, and two of the articles freakishness is only equalled by its unreasonread on the occasion appear in the present able despotism, and which is withal so insidinumber.
ous, that even while we protest against it, it is
silently leading nearly all of us captive. UnFor Friends' Intelligencer.
like most despotisms, which control only the
actions of men, but leave thought free, this A year ago, in the Sixth month, the Prairie power tyrannizes over thought, taste and sentiGrove Quarterly Meeting was opened under a ment, compelling its subjects by some subtle feeling of solemnity not soon to be forgotten. process to adopt and even to admire that which On the 8th inst., the Meeting for Ministers and but a short time before they condemned. Elders convened, and was favored to realize a When we have given the name of Fashion to unity of spirit and judgment, and a sensible this mysterious something, we have not defined evidence of the covering of Divine Power. it. The question still arises, What is it?
Op First-day previous to the public meeting whence originates this influence which leads so the First-day School was held, in which an ex- many captive, enters our homes uninvited, mod. cellent and impressive article was read from the els our dress, our social intercourse, and our Intelligencer After the Bible reading, a sea- household arrangements ? I imagine that of son was devoted to conversation and comments this large company not one could answer the upon what had been read, which interested question satisfactorily. Some perhaps would many. The school was closed by reading a say, It is the force of custom. But custom is chapter in the book of James, when the hour steady and regular, and does not tolerate arrived for the public meeting. On this occa- changes, which is certainly not a characteristic sion the house was completely filled, a num- of Fashion. Custom is congenial to that faculty ber being unable to find seats. Owing to the of the mind which dislikes change, while Fashvery remarkable backwardness of the season, it ion appeals to that which lores change. Some was not anticipated that Friends from remotel would say it is imitation--that propensity ex
FRIENDS ON THE PRAIRIES OF IOWA.
isting more or less in all—to do as they see grieve and protest. When a young woman other people do. No doubt it is to this propen-walks in the public streets, wearing a man's hat, sity that Fashion chiefly addresses itself, but and wearing it, too, in a manner that would we have come no nearer to defining Fashion; characterize a young man as “fast” and “rakfor the question then arises, who are the other ish;" when, like the untutored savage, she people wbom we imitate, and who are they who ornaments nearly every part of her dress with influence them? Is there a league, a secret beads; when, like him, she perforates her flesh association, where these things are all settled ? that she may introduce a pendant ornament; If so, there is some hope that a vigorous attack when she trails the finest and costliest fabrics may disband it !
in the dirt, with a disregard of cleanliness worBut, giving up as hopeless the attempt to thy also of the savage; what shall we say but define this power, let us look at some of its that we are only so far civilized as Fashion will strange freaks, which of latter time have been so allow to be! Oh! for the zeal and earnest. odd and ludicrous as to suggest the hope that ness of an Apostle, to show to woman how she the old tyrant is in his dotage, and may ere has surrendered to Fashion her dignity, her inlong pass away. We will take as an example a Auence for good, and her high destiny. woman's bonnet. The bonnet in its first con- The idea that prevails among friends that a ception was evidently intended as a covering special visitation of Divine grace can alone refor the bead, superadded to the patural cover deem the mind from the bondage of Fashion, is ing for protection out of doors. Accordingly mischievous in its effects. It leads the young it had a crown, which fixed it firmly on the to believe that Fashion must be followed until head; a front, which projected sufficiontly to a special visitation shall compel them into that protect the face from sun and wind, and to sobriety of dress and manners which is regarded some extent from the rude public gaze; and a as peculiarly the outward sign of a religious cape, which protected the back of the neck. life. Many, very many, have been thus reThis bonnet, per se, admitted within its limits deemed. But should any higher motive be of some deviation in form, and much in mate needed to induce a woman to dress herself prorial and ornament, according to the taste of the perly than good sense and good taste? Divine wearer. But in no article of woman's dress has power can indeed break the chains of the bondFashion played such pranks. The crown of the man, but should the chains over have been bonnet has been lowered and lowered, until it placed upon him? is now nearly obliterated; and various contriv. Although the distinctive form of dress worn ances bave been devised to prevent its falling by Friends may not be the very best that could off the head. While this process was go- be adopted, and may indeed have been producing on with the crown, the front has been cur- tive of evil
, because too much stress has been tailed and curtailed, until it has nearly disap- laid upon it as a badge of religious fellowship, peared; and the cape has shared the same fate. yet it has been found by many to be a refuge in The antiquarian who in a future age stumbles these days of rapid and absurd fluctuations in on the little disc now worn by the votaries of fashion. Within its limits, some indulgence in Fashion on the top of the head, and most ab- individual taste and some convenient changes surdly called a “bonnet,” would be somewhat are admissible, while its rational permanency at a loss to discover, from its shape, for what it obviates the necessity of much thought and atwas intended; and even if some quick-witted tention whenever a new article of attire is needed. woman should suggest that perhaps it was worn I believe if the idea of what is called “making as a head-dress, the wonder might still be why a profession of religion” could be disjoined it was worn at all. The Friends' or plain from the “plain dress,” many, even among the bonnet (as it is technically called) has stood its young; would adopt some approximation to it, on ground without much change amid the muta account of its convenience, neatness, economy tions of fashion; and many a wearer has con- and becomingness. If this association of ideas gratulated herself
, with a feeling of thankful. cannot be broken in upon, and the “ plain dress" Dess, that she was not compelled to change it must continue to be avoided by those who are for one of a less convenient shape at the com- pot willing to assume all that it implies, sensible maud of a power she despised." It has stood, women, who despise the tyranny of Fashion, too, an unmistakable evidence of what a bon-while in some measure they feel compelled to pet was originally intended for; a fact which submit to it, should adopt some alternative. In but for it might have been lost sight of. A the suppression of many of the evils that afflict “plain bonnet” is a recurrence to "first prin- humanity, the principle of association has been ciples.” Did this wayward sprite, Fashion, con- resorted to with some success. The evils of fine itself only to fantastic freaks, we might be war, of slavery, of pauperism, have had public tempted to smile at them; but when it invades attention called to them in this way, and bave the domain of feminine dignity and delicacy, no doubt been lessened by united action. Why we must cease to smile in order that we may should not women avail themselves of some