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intercourse, and if you do not prosper as rapidly

It is noted as a curious fact that all the figbting

nàtions of ancient times have died out. They secm as any of your neighbors, depend upon it you

to have been consumed by their fierce internal pagwill be as happy.-Moravian.

sions. On the other hand, the Chinese a peaceful

people, now number about four hundred millionHOW THE FRENCH RAISE TOMATOES.

a number sufficient if warlike, to sweep resistlessly An exchange says that the best gardeners in

over all Europe. France are in the babit of cutting off the stem

It is reported by the last steamer that the English of the tomato plants down to the first cluster of language is to be studied in the public schools of flowers that appear thereupon. This impels the Japan, and that American school books are to be insap into the two buds next below the cluster, troduced for the purpose of instruction. which soon push strongly, and produce another The Japanese Commissioners in this country bave cluster of flowers each. When these are visible, school books, and the first shipment was made trom

ordered some 20.000 copies of 'various American the branch to which they belong is also topped New York on Wednesday by way of the Isthmus and down to their lesel; and this is done five times San Francisco. successively. By this means the plants become A curious case is reported from Missouri. A man stout dwarf bushes, not over eighteen inches in that state ten years ago bequeathed $500 each to high. In order to prevent them fram falling

ten of his slaves, on condition tbat they should emi.

grate to Liberia or some country set apart for free over, sticks or strings are stretched horizontally persons. The sluves remained in Missouri, and the along the rows, so as to keep the plants erect St. Louis County Court, in that State, has decided In addition to this, all the laterals that have do that it is “ a place set apart for free persons of color," flowers, and, after the fifth topping, all laterals and the executor has been ordered to pay over the whatsoever, are pipped off. In this way the money,

The Minister of the Interior in Holland has issued ripe sap is directed into the fruit, which acquires a decree admitting women to examination for the a beauty, size, and excellence unattainable by position of assistant apothecaries, an occupation other means. It will be well for our friends to hitherto restricted exclusively to men.

This meas. try this simple and rational method the present

ure will enable the Holland doctors to have their prescriptions made up by their wives and daughters, and will thus relieve ibem from the charges of a male

assistant. The decree bas been received witb a good HINTS TO CORRESPONDENTS. Sidney Smith, a good authority on this sub- Hague, wbo look upon ibis as the beginning of a

deal of astonishment by the male persuasion at ject, says:-"In coin posing, as a general rule, systematic invasion of masculine privileges. run your pen through every other word you

A life.boat of peculiar construction is shown at bave written; you have no idea what vigor it ibe Paris Exhibition. It is about thirty feet long, will give your style.” The same writer says, weigbs a little less than ibree tors, and can accom“ All pleasantries should be short, and for that modate, with its full crew of thirieen, nearly forty

persons. It is impossible to sink it, and it is selfmatter, all gravities, too."

righiing. This is effected in several ways, but If you love others, they will love you. I mainly by constructing at each end two large, air

tigbt, hollow compartments, supplying bouyancy to you speak kindly to tbem, they will speak Hoat the vessel with its company, and renoering it kindly. Love is repaid with love, and batred impossible for ber to remain for more than a mowith hatred. Would you hear a sweet and pleas- ment or two on her beam ends. In addition there ant echo, speak sweetly and pleasantly yourself.

are the usual cellular spaces running along each

side, fotbat submersion is out of the question Tbe Treasurer of Friends' Association for the Aid with any buman load that could be crammed oa and Elevation of the Freedmen has received since board. Below tbe deck, which is above the waterlast report :

line, or close to it, are iron tanks, some of which, From City contributions............. $25.00 filled with water, afford ballast, while others are Alan Corson .......

6.00 hammered down and empty, which increases the
N. & E. Potter, Battle Creek, Mich. 1.00 | bouyancy.
Richel Haines, Fallston, Md... 10.00 As life-boats are liable to be swamped in certain
Soldiers Aid Soc., Fallston, Bucks

seas, even this exigency is provided for, and in that county,.......

5.70 is one of the great merits of the boat. It is said εbe Rachel Haines, Fallston, M 1......... 45.00 may bill for a moment, but or ly for a moment. The A Friend, per R. H.......

5.00 self-acting valves or scuppers running down rigbt Collection at Annual Meeting...... 240.00 tbrough, immediately open and drain off ibe water,

wbich can be no chance swell up througb tl.em. The

$377.70 water, in fact, carries itself off by its owo weight, HENRY M. LAING, Treasurer.

and is tben locked out. Supposing the men fung Phila., 6!h mo. 29th, 1867. No. 30 N. Tbird St. out, there are catch-lines for them to seize or to

bold fast by when the peril approaches, and each ITEMS.

wears a life-beli on a new plan, wbich deserves parThe President has issued a proclamation informirg ticular mention. It is of cork; it can be slipped on the country that the treaty concluded between the and off as easily as a fieberman slips on bis jacket ; United Staies and Russia concerning Russian Ameri- it in no way impedes the action of the arms, and the ca bad become a law. It is stated tbat this newly persons taken off a wreck are supplied each with one acquired territory will be attacbed to the Depari- immediately, should the condition of the weather ment of Oregon od Washington, under the nilitary permit of the least action beyond that of clinging to jurisdiction of General Rousseau.

ibe “bark of hope."- Public Ledger,

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EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION

OF FRIENDS.

COMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS

MADE TO
EMMOR COMLY, AGENT,
At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Street,
Open from 9 A.M. until 5 P.M, On Seventh-days, until 3 P.M.

CONTENTS.
Review of the Life and Discourses of P. W. Robertson...... 289
An Appeal..

292 How to be Happy.

293 The Sabbath Question .....

.... 293 The Still Beauty of Nature......

294 How God Sometimes Answers Prayers.

295 EDITORIAL

296 OBITUARY.....

297 Extracts from Minutes of New York Yearly Meeting.

298 POETRY........

800 New System of Registration for Letters......

201 Extracts from John Stuart Mill's Inaugural. Address........ 302 The Dominion of Canada........

303 Review of the Weather, &c., for Sixth month..

304 ITEMS

.: 304

TERMS:-PAYABLE IN ADVANCE The Paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dollars per annum. $2.50 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10.

Agents for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club.

The Postage on this paper, paid in a ivance at the office where
It is rec'ived, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year.
AGENTS --Joseph S. Cohu, New York.

Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Benj. Stratton, Richmond, houd.
William II. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.
James Baynes, Ballimore, Mil.

BY S. M. JANNKY.

REVIEW OF THE LIFE AND. DISCOURSES OF, wideoed in the storm and stress of London life, F. W. ROBERTSON.

and with others, whose prejudices were as blind

as those of the smallest village in England. He (Continued from page 276.)

associated with clergymen of all religious deThe selections that have been presented in nominations, who had rendered themselves this Review, from the discourses of F. W. Rob- koown by their eloquence and their writings, or ertson, have probably prepared the readers of by their active leadership of party. He min. tbe Intelligencer to take an ioterest in his Life gled with persons of every shade of Conservaand Correspondence.

tism and Liberalism, and among the working, The early part of his career, and his settle. men, with large numbers of hot and eager ment as incumbent of Trinity Chapel, Brigbton, Chartists. have already been noticed. His ministerial la

. If he had beep as fresh and enthusiastic as bors in that city were distinguished by the clo- he had been six years before, he would, like a quence and earnestoess of his discourses, the young soldier, havo rejoiced at his position, boldness with which he uttered unpalatable placed thus in the fore-front of the battle. truths, and the interest he manifested in the But, as we have seen, he was worn and weary. cause of degraded humanity. His powerful in- He had a presentiment, which was not altotellect and refined manners attracted the atten. gether painful to him, that his work,—done as tion of cultivated minds, and his sympathy for he did it, with a throbbing brain, with nerves the laboring classes drew to his chapel a crowd strung to their utmost tension, and with a physiof the working men and sewing women of cal excitement which was all the more consumBrighton.

ing from being mastered in its outward forms, His position is thus described by his biogra- |-would kill him in a few years. He resolved pher:

to crowd into this short time all he could. He “He came into contact at Brighton with re- had long felt that Christianity was too much ligious tendencies and sects as extreme as at preached as theology, too little as the religion Cheltenham, but they were opposed more of daily life; too much as a religion of feeling, strongly than at Cheltenham by a bold freedom too little as a religion of principles; too much of thought among the upper and lower classes, as a religion only for individuals, too little as a wbich tended in the former to carelessness or religion for nations and for the world. He de. silent contempt for Christianity, and in the lat. termined to make it bear upon the social state ter to open io fidelity. He met with men of all of all classes, upon the questions which agitated classes, whose opinions bad been formed and society, upon the great movemeots of the world..

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Shortly after his arrival at Brighton, he had relating to civil government. Ilis views on the an opportunity for carrying out his intention. rights of property and the rights of labor were The great surge which took its impulse from subsequently expounded in two discourses that the volcanic ouiburst of February, 1848, in have been noticed in this review. In the lecParis, rolled over half of Europe. The de- tures on the book of Samuel, these subjects crees of February 25, 26, by which Lamartine were treated of as Israelitish, not as nodern declared France republican, and which practi- questions, but the principles enunciated were cally proclaimed Socialism as well as Commun- obviously applicable to the events then tranisin, chimed in with the hopes of all the unregu- spiring, The consequence

:he lated and uneducated minds among the work- irritated and terrified almost all parties in ing classes. The cry of Liberty, Equality, and Brighton. A cry was raised against him. Fraternity, and the demands based upon this He was spoken of as a Revolutiouist and a watch word, created a wild fear in some English. Democrat. Some even went so far as to commen, and a wild joy in others, which were plain to the bishop of the diocese that he was aliké irrational. No man in society could be preaching politics. He answered that, if the silent on these subjects. Mr. Robertson re principles revealed in the inspired history of solved not to be silent in the pulpit. Ilis spirit Israelitish society bappened to be universal, and was stirred within him, as the spirits of Cole-to fit the events going on in 1818, it only proved ridge and of Wadsworth had been at the be. the deep inspiration and universal character of ginning of a greater revolution. IIe rejoiced the Bible, and he was not to be blanied. On in the downfall of old oppressious; and in the the other hand, workingmen who were then'young cries of Freedom' he thought that he selves Revolutionists in teeling, and all who saw heard the wheels of the chariot of the Son of something deeper in the revolutions than a Man, coming dearer and nearer to vindicate the mere blind attack upon existing Governments, cause of the poor. He writes in 1818 :- listened to these lectures as sincere endeavors

The world has become a ner one since we towards a Christian solution of great problems. met. To my mind, it is a world full of hope, Many a map traces to their iufluence upon himu even to bursting. I wonder what you think of his escape from the false fraternity and the all these tumults:

false freedom of Socialism, into a higher region For all the past of time reveals

of thought, where a truer brotherhood aud a A bridul-dawn of thunder peals,

purer liberty were conferred on him in Christ. Wherever thought had wedded fact. But not only in the pulpit, where he was pecesSome outlines of a kingdom of Christ begin to sarily shackeled did he meet these questions. A glimmer, albeit very faictly, and far off, per- better and more public opportunity was soon af. haps, by many, many centuries. Nevertheless, forded him. In the begioning of the year 1818, a few strokes of the rough sketch by a master- he had visited,' during a severe illness, Mr. band are worth the seeing, though no one knows Holtham, a member of his congregation. 'I yet how they shall be filled up. And those found one thought,' Mr. Robertson says, 'upbold, free, dashing marks are made too plainly permost in his mind : Ilow shall I do good to to be ever done out again. Made in blood, as the working closses ?' Their consultations for they always are, and made somewhat rudely; many weeks on the sulject resulted in a steady but the Master Hand is visible through the effort to establish a Workingman's Institute at great red splotches on the canvas of the uni- Brighton."

I could almost say, sometimes, in ful- " The Institute was set on foot. It was supness of heart, ' Now let Toy servant depart in ported by the subscription of a penny a week

from each of the members. More than a thous. I have been very much overdone by work and put down their names. They cleaned and here. It is extremely trying ; full of encour-papered and furnished the house in which they agement, but full of a far larger amount of met with their own hands. The library was, misunderstanding and dislike than I expected for the most part, bought by themselves. In to meet with. And I work alone with many this way their independence was secured. But adversaries,' and few to bless; but with a very they were not too haughty to accept as: istance distinct conviction that I am doing something; and gifts of books from the wealthy. Thus, in and for that I am grateful, for it is well nigh accordance with one of Mr. Robertson's deepest the only thing that is worth the living for. desires, the rich and the poor were brought to

Early in the year 1818, he began a course of gether, on the ground of sympathy. He was lectures on the first book of Samuel. His sub- acked by the committee, which was composed ject required him to treat of a great revolution solely of workingmen, to open the lostitute by in the commonwealth of Israel, passing from an address. He ansvered in a letter, which the patriarchal governments of the Judges to shows that even then, scarcely a year after his the establishment of a kingdom; and this led arrival in Brighton, the isclation which so painhim to treat of hereditary rights and questions fully affected his career had already begun :

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I do not think I am at all the man that the working of this institute, of an amount of should be selected. They should have some bitterness and jealousy, and batred of things as one of standing and influence in the town, and they are, which I had not before suspected in I am alınost a stranger; and my taking so its full extent. And people go on saying, prominent a position might fairly be construed Peace, peace, when there is no peace ! into assumption. Again, I am much afraid that The address was delivered on Monday, Ocmy name might do them harm rather than good. Itober 23, 1848. It was listened to with deep They wish not to be identified at all with party admiration and attention. It was so eloquent; politics and party religion; and I fear that in thie voice and manner with which it was demiods of very many of the more influential in livered were so thrilling, the earnestness and habitants of the town my name being made con- deep belief of the speaker in all that he said spicuous would be a suspicious circumstance. It were so impressive, that men said the words is my conviction that an address fro:n me seemed imprinted on their characters forever. would damage their cause. For though the It was morcover a brave and noble speech, more institution is intended to be self supporting, yet brave and noble than can be easily understood there is no reason why it should wilfully throw at present. Fifteen years ago the feelings and a way its chances of assistance from the richer opinions on the social relations of the upper classes, and I am quite sure that of these very and lower ranks of society, which are common many, whether reasonably or unreasonably, are now, were very uncommon, especially, on the prejudiced against me, and perlips the profes- lips of clergymen. The elevation of the worksedly religious portion of society most strongly ing classes,' meant to most men at that time,

Now, I do think this is a point for very the destruction of the aristocracy and the monserious consideration, and I thiak it ought to archy: to own any sympathy with a Chartist be distinctly suggested to the committee before was to acknowledge one's self a dangerous charI can be in a position to comply with or decline acter : to speak of the wrongs of the laboring complying with their request. Besides this, I men was to initiate a revolution : to use the believe they have erred in their estimate of my words "liberty, equality, and fraternity,' and nientul calibre. I wish most earnestly, for their to say that they had a meaning and a truth in own sakes, that they would select a better them, was to that large class of persons to whom man."

terins have odly one meaning and truth only The following letter written to Lady IIenly one side, to whom error is error and nothing gives an account of his hopes and fears :- more,--teaching which was perilous in a poli

"I am anxious to enlist your sympathy in tician, but almost impious in a clergyman. Supthe cause which I am trying to assist The ported by his faith in truth, Mr. Robertson case is this. About 1,100 workioymen in this cared for none of these things. He taught the town have just organized themselves into an as- right, and left the seed to its own vitality. It sociation which, by a small weekly subscription, cost him ease and finally his life to speak, but enables them to have a library and readings he would not be silent. The misuuderstanding room. Their proceedings hitherto have been and censure which he incurred stung him inarked by singular judgment and caution, ex- acutely, but could not sting him into faithless. cept in one point, -that they have unexpect- ness to duty. Ile did not seek for martyrdon : edly applied to me to give them an opening few men have ever shrunk more painfully froin address.

publicity; but he steadfastly resolved to fulfil A large number of these are intelligent his work and bear his cro-s. One class, though Chartists, and there is some misgiving in a few for a long time suspicious, received his words minds as to what will be the result of this with joy, and hailed him as a faithful friend. inovement, and some suspicion of its being only The workingmen of Brighton felt that, at last, a political engine.

a minister of the Church of England had enMy reasons for being anxious about this effort tered into their aspirations and their wrongs." are these, -it will be made. The workingmen “ The whole address may be described as an have as much right to a library and reading. effort to destroy the errors of socialistic theories, room as the gentlemen at Folthorp's or the not by denouncing them, but by holding forth trades nen at the Atheneum. The only ques- the truths which lay beneath them, and gain tion is, whether it shall be met warmly on our them their vitality : to show that these truths parts, or with that coldness which deepens the were recognized in Christianity and placed suspicion, already rankling in the lower classes, there upon a common ground—where the varith it their superiors are willing for them to im- ous classes of society could meet and merge prove so long as they themselves are allowed to their differences in sympathy and love." have the leading.strings.

| The labors of Robertson among the poor; The selection of books for the library is a'and his intense desire to rescue the fallen and matter of very great i'vportance; as I have be-'degraded, gained for him the entire confidence come aware, since getting a little insight into of the laboring classes.

lle did not despise

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To the Editors of Friends' Intelligencer. rounded by the most unfavorable circumstances,

DEAR FRIENDS :—The calls to duty are of but through all their degradation be beheld daily occurrence with you as well as with me, the ruins of a noble nature, which, by Christian but the painfully pressing needs of many entire sympathy and judicious training, might be led tribes call now for earnest care, because it does to the knowledge of heavenly truth.

pot admit of delay. If what I have written is " His rule of life was not Crush what is not opportune, I must implore you to raise a natural,' but · Walk in the spirit, and ye shall voice in the lodians behalf. I have written not fulfil the lusts of the flesh.' Far above all under a sense of deep responsibility, and 0 other motives was his love to Christ. That was shall the appeal be in vain. the root of his life, and the life of all his effort.

Your sincere friend, SIDNEY AVERILL. It was a conscious, personal, realized devotion.

AN APPEAL. It was too ballowed a feeling for him to speak There is, looming up in the Western horizon, much of. It colored and pervaded every the appalling portent of a war of extermination thought; was an unceasing presence with him ; f of the scattered tribes—the original owners of lay at the foundation of every endeavor, and was a vast territorial domain. The Indian, though brought to bear on every action in life, on every artful as a warrior, appears to be destitute of book he read, and almost on every word he spoke. reflection, and blind to consequences; the plan

Temptations and doubts he strove to solve he takes to elude bis pursuers im peril his wife by working among the poor. The indulging in and children. For his pale faced enemy, there mere aspirations he would not permit bimself : is but one way to conquer bim, and that is to he freed bis ideal world from its atmosphere of destroy the Indian lodges in the covert absence sloth and vague cloud land, by putting, as far of the warriors. To fall without mercy upon

, as he could, his aspirations into action. No the defenceless, though opposed to every senti. . work was too small for him. He did not de- ment of justice, will be impleaded as a needful spise the dullest intellect; and was fair, patient, element in this general massacre. The Society and gentle in argument, even with the intoler- of Friends may not stay the tide of vengeance ; ant. He listened to a child with interest and but it is believed they can divert it into a consideration. Somehow, he reached the most peaceful course. They have, on behalf of the dense in a Suoday-school class. He led the Indians, a great and growing influence with the children to elaborate for themselves the thought Government. A committee representing all the he wished to give them, and to make it their Friends in America, would not appeal in vain. own. No pains or patience were spared in doing A carefu!ly written and impartial account of the this. It was strange to see so fiery a nature causes which have led to the Indian atrocities, drudging on so meekly, and gently, and perse will disclose beyond a doubt the darkest chapveringly, content to toil at striking sparks outter that has ever disgraced the annals of a of apparently hopeless clay. But untiring ear greedy speculation. And we should, in justice Destpess and unflinching resolution in duty to the poor Indian, examine the wrongs which made him do all things as in God's sight."

drive bim on to desperation. It is not too much To be continued.

to say, that the ultimate guilt of every fiendish "In passing judgment upon the characters of outrage upon the western plains, lies not at the men we ought to try them by the principles and

door of the wigwam, but at the trail or ranch

of the white man. maxims of their own age, not by those of an.

To prevent the shedding of other, for although virtue and vice are at all innocent blood, or if the deep, dark guilt fall times the same, manders and customs vary con

upon our nation that we may escape its stain, tinually. Some parts of Luther's behaviour, gives who hears the cry of every outcast race ;

are we pot called to act in the ability which He which appear to us most culpable, gave no dis

for of one blood He has made all nations. gust to bis cotemporaries. It was even by some

S. A. of those qualities, which we are now apt to blame, that he was fitted for accomplishing the If you depend for water on a pond that is great work which he updertook. To rouse man. only filled by thunder-storms, you will often kind when sunk in ignorance or superstition, want water; but if you have a conduit that and to encounter the rage of bigotry armed brings in water from a deep and ever-flowing with power, required the utmost vehemence of fountain, you never want. Human feelings and zeal as well as a ten per daring to excess. A excitement, and emotions created by appeals to gentle call would neither have reached nor ex. our feelings, may produce a temporary action, cited those to whom it was addressed. A spirit but it is only the soul which is actually more amiable, but less vigorous than Luther's, “ joined to the Lord" by a true and living would have sbruok back from the dangers fuith, that never wants strength, because which he braved and surmounted."- Cyclope- Christ, who supplies that strength, can never dia of English Literature.

fail.

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