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religious; and these may either be treated as the Epicurean, the Stoic, the Judiae, the Chrisdistinct, or as different aspects of the same tian in the various modes of its interpretation, thing. The subject we are now considering is which differ almost as much from one another not educatiou as a whole, but scholastic edu- as the teachings of these earlier schools. He cation, and we must keep in view the inevitable should be made familiar with the different limitations of what schools and universities can standards of right and wrong which have been do. It is beyond their power to educate morally taken as the basis of ethics; general utility, or religiously. Moral and religious education con- natural justice, natural rights, a moral sense, sist in training the feelings and the daily bubits; i principles of practical reason, and the rest. and these are, in the maiu, beyond the sphere Among all these, it is not so much the teacher's and inaccessible to the control of public edu- | business to take a side, and fight stoutly for cation. It is the home, the family, which gives some one against the rest, as it is to direct them us the moral or religious education we really all towards the establishment and preservation receive; and this is completed, and modified, of the rules of conduet most advantageous to sometimes for the better, often for the worse, by mankind. There is not one of these systems society, and the opinions and feelings with which bas pot its good side; not one from which which we are there surrounded. The moral or there is not something to be learnt by the votaries religious influence which an university can ex- of the others; not one which is not suggested ereise, coosists less in any express teaching, by a keen, though it may not always be a clear than in the pervading tone of the place. What perception of some important truths, which are ever it teaches, it sh uld teach as penetrated the prop of the system, and the neglect or unby a sense of duty; it should present all know dervaluing of which in other systems is their ledge as chiefly a means to worthiness of life characteristic infirmity. A system which may given for the double purpose of making each of be as a whole erroneous, is still valuable, until us practically useful to his fellow creatures, and it has forced upon mankind a sufficient atten. of elevating the character of the species itself; tion to the portion of truth which suggested it. exalting and diguifying our nature. There is The ethical teacher does his part best, when he Dothing which spreads more contagiously from points out how each system may be strengthened teacher to pupil than elevation of sentiment; even on its own basis, by taking into more comoftes and often have students caught from the plete account the truths which other systems living influence of a professor, a contempt for have realized more fully and made more promimean and selfish objects, and a noble ambition nent. I do not mean that he should encourage to leave the world better than they found it, an essentially sceptical electicism. While placing wbich they have carried with them throughout every system in the best aspect it admits of, and life. In these respects, teachers of every kind endeavoriog to draw from all of them the most have natural and peculiar means of doing with salutary consequences compatible with their effect, what every one who mixes with his fel- nature, I would by no means debar him from low-beings, or addresses himself to them in any enforcing by his best arguments his own precharacter, should feel bound to do to the extent | ference for some one of the number. They canof his capacity and opportunities. What is not be all true; though those which are false special to an university on these subjects belongs as theories may contain particular truths, indischiefly, like the rest of its work, to the intel pensable to the completeness of the true theory. lectual department. An university exists for But on this subject, even more than on any of the purpose of laying open to each succeeding those I have previously mentioned, it is not the generation, as far as the conditions of the case teacher's business to impose his own judgment, admit, the accumulated treasure of the thoughts but to inform and discipline that of bis pupil. of mankind. As an indispensable part of this, is has to make koowo to them what mankind at THE DOMINION OF CANADA may be regarded large, their own country, and the best and as fairly under way, though, from the grumbwisest individual men, have thought on the ling in Italifax and some other places, it is not great subjects of morals and religion. There as popular as it might be. This Dominion is should be, and there is in most universities, composed of the various British North Ameri. professorial instruction in moral philosophy; can possessions, and is divided into several but I could wish that this iostruction were of a provinces. The province of Ontario has an somewbat different type from what is ordinarily area of 121,260 square miles, with a population met with. I could wish that it were more ex of nearly 1,810,000. It contains Ottawa, the pository, less polemical, and above all less dog capital city of the new Dominion, and the more toatic. The learner should be made acquainted important cities of Toronto, Hamilton, Kingwith the principal systems of moral philosophy ston and London. The province of Quebec has which have existed and been practically oper- an area of 210,000 square miles, and a populaative among mankind, and should hear what tion of about 1,300,000. The population of there is to be said for each : the Aristotelian, Montreal, the largest city of the Province as well as of the Dominion, is estimated at 130,-, the kindness of Dr. Conrad, of the Peposylvania Hos000. New Brunswick contains within its boun. pital, wbo remarks : “This is the greatest amount of dary lines 27,000 square miles and 295,000 rain that has ever fallen in June, exceeding by three

incbes that of 1855, when nearly eigbt inches fell. persons. Nova Scotia has 16,000 square miles, On the 16th, 17th and 18th of the month the present and a population of something over 368,000. year the unusual quantity of 6.93 inches fell, 3.50 of The area of the Dominion of Canada amounts which descended between 2 and 7 A. M. of the in round numbers to 376,000 square miles. 17th, while 5.38 inches of it jell during twelve conThe total population is variously estimated at secutive hours, and the whole quantity (nearly

seven inches) was not more than twenty-four hours in from 3,700,000 to 3,800,000. Newfoundland


J. M. Ellis. and Prince Edward's Island are not included Philadelphia, 7th month 2d, 1867. in calculation, their

area may be estimated as follo Population round! Too Late Regrets. The moment a friend,


5 days.

0 3






Jand, 40,200 square miles of area, and 135,000 or even a mere acquaintance, is dead, how surely persons; Hrince Edward's Island, 2100


there starts up before us each iustance of unmiles and 92,000 inhabitants, which brings the kiodness of which we bave been guilty towards total population of the British American Prov- him. In fact, many and many an act or word ioces to about 4,000,000, with a total area of which, wbile he was in life, did not seem to us nearly 419,000 square miles. In the Dominion to be unkind at all, now "bites back" as if it there are sixteen railways, extending 2138 were a serpent and shows us what it really was. miles, that cost $133,360,100.- Ledger.

Alas! 'twas thus we caused him to suffer who

now is dust, and yet then we did not pity or reFor Friends' Intelligencer.

proach ourselves. There is always a bitterness REVIEW OF THE WEATHER, &C.

beyond that of death in the dying of a fellow

creature to whom we have been upjust or un1866. 1867.

kind. Rain during some portion of the 24 bours,

11 days.

If you depend for water on a pond that is Rain all or nearly all day,...


only filled by thunder storms, you will often Cloudy, without storm8.......

want water; but if you have a conduit that Clear,as ordinarily accepted 16


brings in water from a deep and ever flowing fountain, you never want. Human feelings and excitement, and emotions created by appeals to our feelings, may produce a temporary action,

but it is only the soul which is actually joined TEMPERATURE, RAIN, DEATHS,

to the Lord” by a true and living faith that 1866. 1867.

never wants strength, because Christ, who supMean temperature of 6th:

plies that strength, can never fail. month per Penna. Hospital,73.00 deg. 72.19 deg.

Highest do. during month 95.00 88.50
Lowest do. do. do. 57.00

The unfortunate Arch-Duke Maximilian, of Aus

53.00 Rain during the month,...... 2.96 in. 11.02 in.

tria, was condemned and shot on tbe 19.b ult. It is Deaths during the month,

thought that Juarez would have spared the life of being for 5 current weeks

bis captured enemy if it bad been possible; but the for each year.

1419 1197

pressure of opinion was too strong for him successfully to oppose it, and a determined effort to save

Maximilian would probably have cost him his own Average of the mean temperature of 6th

position. month for the past seventy-seven years 71.57 deg. ing Dr. Livingstone seems again to confirm the news

Dr. Livingstone.—The latest information concern. Highest mean of do. during that entire period, 1828–1831........


of bis death. Lowest do. do. do.


The great Exposition has reached its climax in the distribution of prizes by the Emperor Napoleon, on the 1st inst. For once in the history of the world,

the Crescent and ihe Cross were obited in public

1866. 1867. First month

ceremony—the Sultan of Turkey participating with

3.14 inch 1.70 inch. the Emperor and Empress of France in the pageant. Second month.....


SUBMARINE PATOGRAPHY.-M. B-zin illuminates Third monih.......


the bottom of the sea by means of electric light, for Fourth month......


1.31 Fifth month......

the purpose of discovering the position of sunken 4.68

7.32 Sixth month.......

vessels, etc. His photograpbic studio consists of a 11.02 44

strong iron box, braced transversely, and admitting

the light through lens-shaped water-tight windows; Totals ........ 22.47 4 30.2011

and he can remain in it witbout inconvenience for We have nothing special to remark us to the tem- about ten minutes. He has, it is said, produced perature of the mooth uoder review, it varying but sharp and well defined photographs, suited to render little from that of last year or from the general aver- easy the recovery of objects sunk to considerable age, but about the quantity of rain some facts of in-deptbe, and has already worked at depths approach. terest may be stated for which we are indebted to ling three bundred feet.-- Builder.

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No. 20.



Review of the Life and Discourses of F. W. Robertson..... 306 COMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS Letter to D. (sband..

308 MADE TO True Inspiration:


312 At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Stroot,


312 Open from 9 A.M. until 5 P.M. On Seventh-days, until 3 P.M.

Extracts frum the Proceedings of Londyn and Dublin Yearly TERM 8:-PAYABLE IN ADVANCE


313 The Paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dollars per

" Situations Wanted". wnum. $2.50 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10.

-... 315 Agents for Clubs will be expooted to pay for the entire Club.


316 The Postage on this paper, p:id in advance at the office where it is rec-ived, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. The Ascent of Mout Blanc, in the Summer of 1866, by a AGENTS --Joseph S. Cobu, New York.


Henry linydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Benj Stratton, Richmond, Ind.
Death of Thomas H, Leggett.

William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.
James Baynes, Bailimore, Md.

REVIEW OF THE LIFE AND DISCOURSES OF Radicalism became triumphant; but now RadiF. W. ROBERTSON.

calism is to Socialism wbat Toryism was to BY S. M. JANNEY.

Radicalism,-a kind of feeble aristocracy which (Continued from page 292.)

can scarcely show its head, so completely is it The Workingmen's Institute, which Robert- put down by the ultra-socialism of Louis Blano's Bon was one of the chief instruments in estab-school.” lishing, was, after two years' successful opera- A few days afterwards he writes again : tion, placed in jeopardy by a proposition, urged "I have been all the morning interrupted by by many, to admit into its library sceptical or deliberations respecting the affairs of the Workinfidel publications. In the spring of 1850, ingmen’s Institute, which is in terrible disorder, writiog to a friend, he says: “I did not attend Poor is dead ! and there is no one to the meetiog of the Workingmen's Association, stem the torrent of infidelity but myself. I am as I told you I had intended, and am almost going to make a desperate attempt in a public sorry I did not; but some of the committee address.” were afraid for me of violence and rudeness “ His speech was loog remembered for its from the Socialists, and thought, too, that even tact. The great room of the Town Hall was if I swayed the vote by a speech against the crowded to excess. Every class in Brighton infidel publications, they would only say that was represented in the audience. All the it had been done by the influence of priestcraft. workiogmen of the Institute were there. The On this consideration I left them to fight the large minority of sceptical socialists had come battle for themselves, and I sincerely hope that determined to make a disturbance,-to hoot they bave got a signal victory. - But I find by him down. They bad dispersed themselves in inquiry that Socialism has made terrible strides parties throughout the room.

He began very in England: Louis Blanc's views are progress-quietly, with a slow, distinct, and self-restrained ing swiftly. They say we must get rid of the utterance. He explained the reasons of the superstitious notion of an invisible God. Till meeting. When he spoke of himself as the that is done, nothing can be effected. And person who had summoved them, -as one who then, of course, Communism and a scramble was there to oppose the introduction of the in. for property ensue.

fidel books, koots of men started up to interA strong radical told me that he can remem- rupt him ; a few hisses and groans were heard; ber the time when Toryism was in the ascend- but the undaunted bearing of the man, the calm ant in public meetings here, and the Radicals Foice and musical flow of pauseless speech, only just able to make head against it. Then powerful to check unregulated violence by itá. regulated quietude of utterance, went on, and faught he knows may be light from heaven, and they could but sit down again. Again and everything seemed wrapped in bideous unceragain, from different parts of the room, a man taioty, I know but one way in which a man would suddenly spring to his feet and half begin may come forth from his agony scathless; it is to speak, and then, as if ashamed or awed, sub- by holding fast to those things which are cerside. There were murmurs, passionate shuffling tain still, -the grand, simple landmarks of of feet, a sort of electricity of excitement, which morality. In the darkest hour through which the communicated itself from the excited men to human soul can pass, whatever else is doubtful, every one in the room. At last, when he said, this at least is certain. If there be no God, • You have heard of a place called Coward's and no future state, yet even then, it is better Castle,–Coward's Castle is that pulpit or plat. to be generous than seltisb, better to be chaste form, from which a man, surrounded by his than licentious, better to be true than false, betfriends, in the absence of his opponents, secure ter to be brave than a coward. Blessed beyond of applause, and safe from a reply, denounces all earthly blessedness is the man who, in the those who differ from him,' there was a dead tempestuous darkness of the soul, has dared to stillness. He had struck the thought of the hold fast to these venerable landmarks. Thrice turbulent,--the very point on wbich, in refer- blessed is he who,—when all is drear and cheerence to the address, they bad enlarged; and less within and without, when his teachers from that moment there was not a word, terrify him, and his friends shrink from him,scarcely a cheer, till the last sentence was given. has obstinately clung to moral good. Thrice It seemed, said one of them, and what he said blessed, because his night shall pass into clear, was confirmed by others, as if every man in the bright day. room were thrilling with the same feelings, as I appeal to the recollection of any man who if a magnetic power flowing from the speaker bas passed tbrough that hour of agony, and bad united them all to bimself, and in bim to stood upon the rock at last, the surges stilled beone another. The address was the most re- low him, and the last cloud drifted from the markable of all his speeches for eloquence, if sky above, with a faith, and hope, and trust po eloquence be defined as the power of subjugat- longer traditiooal, but of his own,-a trust ing men by bold and persuasive words. It was which neither earth nor hell shall shake thenceremarkable for two other reasons, which may forth forever.” not occur to the ordinary reader. First, in it “ The result of the address on the members be revealed much of his inner life and charac of the Institute was more successful than be had ter. He was forced by the circumstances under expected. Some of the sceptical minority were which he made the address to speak of himself. convinced that they were wrong; the rest The personal explanations into wbich he entered separated in a body, and, carrying off with them were an overt self-revelation. But there was a large portion of the library and property, esone passage in the address in which, without tablished a new society, which did not long the knowledge of his hearers, he disclosed the exist. The majority, along with some waverers, history of the most momentous period of bis who were contirmed into truer views of social life.”

questions, combined to carry out the views of He said, “ It is an awful moment when the Mr. Robertson. The first thing done was to soul begins to find that the props on which it rescind the old rule that no gentlemen were to has blindly rested so long are, many of them, be admitted to vote or act on the committee, rotten, and begins to suspect them all; when it and to reconstruct the association on this begins to feel the nothingness of many of the amended footing; the second was to ask Mr. traditionary opinions which have been receired Robertson to be their new President.” with implicit confidence, and in that horrible He declined their proposition, but did not insecurity begins also to doubt whether there be abate his interest in their institution, wbich, anything to believe at all. It is an awful bour, during the few years that he lived, continued -let him who has passed through it say how to work admirably. After the schism, its dame awful,—when this life has lost its meaning, and was changed to Mechanics' Tostitute, which seems shrivelled into a span; when the grave was not satisfactory to Robertson. Being reappears to be the end of all, human goodness quested to deliver lectures before it be returned nothing but a name, and the sky above this the following answer: universe a dead expanse, black with the void "In reply to your communication of the 21st, from which God himself bas disappeared. In which I only had last night, after an absence that fearful loneliness of spirit, when those who from Brighton, I beg to say, that after much should have been his friends and counsellors o nsideration I have come to tbe conclusion only frown upon his misgivings, and profanely that it is my duty not to refuse the request bid him stifle doubts, wbich for aught he knows made to me. may arise from the fountain of truth itself; to I am very unfit at present for the excitement 'extinguish, as a glare from hell, that which forl of addressing numbers; but knowing that the



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ipsuficiency will be pardoned, and feeling deep reporter. Two letters which their author reinterest in the success of the workingmen, Iceived are worth publishing, for the remark and shall not allow this to stand in the way. reply which were elicited from him.

I was not aware that the name of the Insti- The first was from Mr. Henry Drummond : tution was to be changed. Is pot this virtually DEAR SIR :-I have received your essay acknowledging that the former attempt was a with many thanks. It appears to me that you failure, instead of the society being, as I believe are the only person who is grappling with the it is, the old one purified by experience? Not natural infidelity of minds educated in everykoowing the reasing for the change, which per. thing except religion... haps are valid, at first sight I am iuclined to On sending this letter to a friend, Mr. Robregret it. There is much in panjes, especially ertson wrote: when they are associated with recollections Mr. Drummond's letter is interesting, inaswhich can be appealed to, and when they ad- much as it exbibits a deeper perception of what here to a society through many shocks and I was aiming at than I have yet seen in aay changes Besides, “Workingman' is a noble one. To produce a belief in the realty of the title for any human being: a human being's invisible Truth and Beauty, is the chief end of right title. Mecbanic' is a poor class title, my insignificant work here.'” like Agriculturist, Botanist, Sailor, &c., &c. The second letter was from Lord Carlisle, Besides, it is not true as a designation for your who commended “the high ability, and the society; a schoolmaster is not a bechanic, nor generous and delicate feeling evinced by the a retail dealer of any kind, yet many such are lectures.” in the society. Ought you not, like good sol- It was the earnest desire and constant aim of diers in a great cause, to stand to your colors ?! | Robertson to improve the condition of the

“ In pursuance of this promise, the two pub- working classes, wbich he believed could only lished lectures on • The Influence of Poetry on be done by inducing them to accept and adhere the Working Classes,' were given in February, to the benign principles of Cbristianity. In 1852. They were delivered extempore, and one of his lectures on the Epistles to the Corbefore an audience of more than a thousand in iothians, he says: “ The spirit of Christ does number. The wonderful fluency, wedded to really what high breeding does outwardly. A impassioned feeling, which made them so tell- high-bred man never forgets himself, controls ing in delivery, did oot imperil their effect when his temper, does nothiog in excess, is urbane, printed, for they were as full of concentrated dignified, and that even to persons whom he is thought as if he had elaborately written them. inwardly cursing in his heart, or wishing far

These addresses were not resultless. The away. But a Christian is what the world seems to workingmen of Brighton, for the first time told be. Love gives him a delicate tact which never that Portry did not belong to one class alone, offends, because it is full of sympathy. It disbut to all who felt within them the common cerns far off what would hurt fastidious feel. pa-sions of Humanity, at once assumed their ings, feels with others, and is ever on the watch right. The works of many of the poets were to anticipate their thoughts. And hence the added to their library. Their power of appre- only true deep refinement-chat which lies not ciating the highest poetry_was believed in, and on the surface, but goes deep down into the then they believed in it themselves. They be character-comes from Christian love. ca me couscious of their powers. From the Life And bence, too, we understand what is meant of Christ Mr. Robertson had learned this great by elevating and refining the poorer classes. principle of education; to make men recognize My brethren, Christianity desires to make them their own spiritual capabilities by throwing all gentlemen. Do not be alarmed' for it is himself in trust upon those capabilities. In not in the world's sense of the word, nor in the these lectures he carried that principle into socialistic, but only in the Christian meaning, secular things. And the men were roused. that we would see them alle refined. And as. They read the poets eagerly; sharp discussions suredly, if Christiao charity were universal, if arose among them on the comparative merits of every man were his brother's teacher, a rude Pope, and Walter Scott, and Tennyson. One clown, or unmannered peasant, or coarse-mindpart of the lecturer's aim was thus attained.ed workman could not be met with. But these, The men employed in dull mechanic round, you say, are only dreams, and that it is absurd or in coarse band-labor, were led into a refined to expect or aim at the refinement of the work. and pure region both of intellect and feeling. ing classes. Tell me, then, is it equally absurd

They desired to find and to feel the beautiful. to expect that they may become Christians ? It was a step in their elevation.

And if they are Christians, can they be so far A more tangible result of tbe lectures was, unrefined? Only read this description of that they brought in sufficient money to make Christian charity, and conceive it as existing in the fortune of the Institute. They were at a peasant's breast. Could be be upcourteous, once published from the corrected notes of the rude, selfish, and inconsiderate of the feelings,


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