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school and learn to read and write. It is the The Ascent of Mont Blanc, in the Summer of first opportunity we ever had, and we ought to

1866, by a Philadelphian. make good use of it. I thiok it will be a great

(Concluded from page 203.) improvement to us. We ought to love our During the first two hours of our walk the teacher, and mind her and respect her; and if route led us across the wide glacier to the west we love her she will love us, and we ought to of the “ Aiguelle du Mide," and up its steep love and respect everybody.

slopes over the little plateau, up the ascent be. (Signed) EDWIN WASHINGTON."

yond, and thus on to the grand plateau. This So much of interest is to be found in the let- immense field of ice was nearly clear of snow, ters before me, the conclusion of this number the high winds having blown it off and down will bave to be deferred until next week, to the slopes into the huge crevasses at tbeir foot, avoid extending it to an unwarrantable length. which looked not unlike in their blackness some Philada., 6th mo. 27, 1867.

J. M. E,

mountain lakes nestling beneath the crags.

This grand plateau is the largest space on the THE SKYLARK.

mountain, of a uniform or nearly approaching Bird of the wilderness,

level. It is probably two miles across, and lies Blithesome and cumberless,

immediately below a range of bigh and insurSweet be thy matin o'er moorland and lea! mountable cliffs of rock from which descend Emblem of happiness,

many of those frightful avalanches so fatal to Blest is thy dwelling-place, Oh, to abide io tbe desert with thee!

the adventurer on Mont Blanc. You reach the Wild is thy lay, and loud,

plateau to the right or north. On your left a Far in the downy cloud,

series of immense chasms in the ice compel Love gives it energy, love gave it birth.

you to keep closer to the base of the rocks than Where on tbe dewy wing,

the overbanging masses of frozen snow teach you Where art thou journeying?

is prudent, and involuntarily, as your glance Thy lay is in heaveo, thy love is on earth.

roams aloft, your steps become quicker, your O'er fell and fountain sbeen, O'er moor and mountain green,

voice more subdued. Immediately in front of O'er the red streamers tbat herald the day,

you on entering upon the grand plateau rise the Over the cloudlet dim,

range of rocky cliffs mentioned above. On Over tbe rainbow's rim,

their right lies a short, but now little travelled Musical cherub, soar, singing away!

route called the “ Aucienne Chemid.” On Then, wben the gloaming comes,

their left, and rising rapidly for probably a Low in the beatber's blooms

thousand feet, is a smooth and steep ascent of Swtet will thy welcome and bed of love be! Emblem of happiness,

frozen snow, so hard as to be impervious to the Biest is thy dwelling-place,

boot, and requiring the axe of the guide to give Oh, to abide in the desert with thee i

a safe and reliable foothold. This, the ordinary Hogg.

route, leads to the corridor at its summit, and

was the path chosen by our party. It was on THANKSGIVING FOR THE HARVEST.

their way to descend by the “ Aucienne CheFur ibe sunshine and the rain,

mio” that the Young brothers met their sad For the dew and for the shower,

accident a short time before my visit: it was on For the yellow, ripened grain,

the lower part of the same route that Capt. And the golden barvest hour,

Arkwright and guides were swept away, carried We bless Thee, O our God!

across tbe grand plateau and buried in the For the heat and for the shade,

chasm on the eastern side, by a huge avalanche For the gladness and the grief, For the tender, spruuiing blade,

of ice and snow wbich fell upon them, and in And for the nodding sheaf,

an instant hurried four of the party into eterWe bless Thee, O our God!

nity. Our ascent to the corridor was slow and For the hope and for the fear,

fatiguing, requiring great care and constant For the storm and for the peace,

watchfulness, a slip by one of the party being For the trembling and the cbeer,

almost sure to bring the whole party down toAnd for the glad increase,

gether, and to land them at some point below, We bless Thee, 0 our God!

which it would have been very difficult to dame. Oor hands have tilled the sod, And the torpid seed have sown;

The guide had constant recourse to his axe. But the quickening was of God,

Every step taken required careful adjustment And the praise be His alone,

of the baton before the foot was lifted, and equal We bless Thee, 0 our God !

caution in placing the foot upon the little shelf For the sunshine and the shower,

cut for its reception. Occasionally patches of For the dew and for the rain, For the golden harrest hour,

softer surface gave us greater confidence and And for the garuered grain,

quicker steps. Mr. S. had been elowly followWe bless Thee, O our God!

ing us with the help of his guides, but rapidly -Jane Crewdson. losing what little strength he started with : he

Selected.

on the

was evidently fast gaining a condition when fur- snow now threatened to hide the few marks by ther advance, except in the arms of his assist- which our path up the mountain was shown. ants, would be an imposibility. We now To guide our return, C- broke the empty reached the corridor, a place comparatively bottles which he had carried for that purpose, level on the eastern side of the mountain, where and scattered picces at short intervals in places in the bright sunshine we seated ourselves where they could most readily be seen if still about eight o'clock to lunch, preparatory to uncovered by snow. Having thus prudently

. making an attack upon the remaining and by protected his return, we recommenced our asno means trifling ascent before us. The sun cent with renewed confidence in the capacity of had risen high enough to give us a fine view to our leader. The climb had now become very the northeast, including the grand peak of the tiresone. Whether occasioned by the rarity of Matterborn and the chain of Mont Rosa, with the atmosphere, or by that natural fatigue rethe space between them and Mont Blanc, show. sulting from several hours' walking on steep ing numerous summits of more moderate pre slopes of snow and ice, I am not able to state: tensions. The great rival of the king of the probably both united to make more frequent Alps is so surrounded by his satellites as to lose rests necessary ; bui we persevered, and about in grandeur by contrast with the many peaks so eleven o'clock were gratified with the infornianearly approaching his own elevation ; and it re- tion that we stood on the summit of Mont quires, in seeing Mont Rosa, as in judging of the Blane. The announcement was particularly immensity of Mont Blanc, that you penetrate gratifying, as but for being told of the fact I into their recesses, or to points where you can should bave been utterly unable to have said justly estimate the great distances which collec- that we were on any summit, or that we were tively form these enormous mountains. They not still surrounded by those great peaks which, are seen to great disadvantage from the valleys. during the early morning, had been seen tower. Before we left our balting place, it was wisely ing around and above us. The fog and snow decided by Mr. S- that he could go no far. made every thing obscure, and limited our ther, and ihat he would at once return with his vision to a radius of twenty or thirty feet of guides. During the last hour of our ascent, he very indistinct sight. But we were had been supported by them more than by his highest spot in Europe, and were of course own strength, and what he had of that was so highly delighted with our position. What we unnatural as not to be of long continuance. ought to have seen and could not see, we When I saw his face (almost as white as this could at least imagine, and hence our view over paper) and heard his expressions of determina the plains of Italy, and the beautiful and grand tion to reach the summit even in that condition, glaciers lying below us, was enjoyed to the utI could not but admire his energy while distrust, most of our power.

We looked after them very ing his prudence. His change of plan was a hard, but it was a long way after. That great great relief to me, and a most fortunate event rarification of atmosphere, which travellers defor him. Soon after we recommenced our as- scribe as producing such remarkable effects upon cent, the whole atmosphere underwent one of the head, was not apparent to me, in the slightthose sudden changes for which the highest degree, while standing at rest or in descendmountains are noted. A few fleecy clouds ing the mountain. I was expecting to see blood swept around the northern edge of the range flowing from my postrils and ears, to be affected and were quickly followed by masses of brouil. by nausea, and to suffer various evils incident lard; and before we had gained balf a mile of to an arrival at so great an altitude, but the enour ascent we were surrounded by fog driving tire absence of everything approaching these rapidly past, and treated to the variety of rain, symptoms leads me to the conclusion that only snow and bail, with occasional gusts of wind, so those very easily affected are liable to such atsevere as to compel us to pause and crouch down tacks, and that persons of medium strength of upon the surface of the ice. While thus en organization can expose themselves without fear gayed my bat was blown from my head and car- of annoyance. Our guide was not disposed to ried rapidly out of sight down the declivity we stay long on the mountain top, and I was quite were climbing. This slope was very similar to content to follow bis advice and begin the dethat leading from the plateau to the corridor in scent. We had mounted and were to go back its incline and surface, but it was more irregu- by the so-called “new route,” in distinction from lar, and had many more small crevasses, the “old route,” on which Mr. Young had been which, being covered with snow, were trouble. lost, and where Capt. Arkwright and guides some and annoying. As pursuit of my hat perished a month later. I was shown as much would be fruitless and its recovery almost an as we could see of tbat route; it reached the impossibility, owing to the steepness of the de- summit on the opposite side to that by which scent and the force of the wind, I borrowed we attained it. Our supply of broken glass a tile from C—, whose woolen head-gear en- having been exhausted before we got to the abled him to dispense with his chapeau. The end of our climb, we started down, hoping to

:

find the last pieces that had been left, and then over the situation, and had come to the deterto follow the trail without difficulty. We had mination that we were seeking our route in the gone fir enough to reach them and farther opposite direction to that in which it would be without success ; we continued on for some found. My compass showed me we were going distance on a gradual descent, but still without south, and that, in the brief view we had had of sigo of our much needed guides. It seemed to the Rochers Rouges, they were due north. The me that we were travelling to the right toward track by which we had climbed the mountain the south all the time, turning from the east, led us to the south of these great clitfs, leaving and gradually getting farther and farther from them on our right, but a short distance off. It our proper course. Whether this resulted from was clear to my mind that a course to the north a beliet by that we were to the north of would lead us across the landmarks sought, beour true course, and must cross it in turning fore we could reach the red rocks. When, then, to the south, or whether it was the realization - persisted in bis efforts to find a course to of that curious inclination that leads travellers the south, I told him that I would not go farin a fog or without any guide in the dark, to ther in that direction, and was opposed to longer make a circuit, I do not know, but the convic- delay in searching for means of crossing the tion grew upon me so strong that such was our crevasse, as he thought it. Our quiet during position, that I spoke to him and his associate, his excursions had caused me to become quite telling them my belief and directing their at- chilled : the wiod had not ceased to blow vio. tention to their mistake. They either misunder. veotly, driving the snow and sleet in our faces, stood my poor French, or doubted my poorer and covering us about the head with a coating judgmeat, for my views were not heeded, and of ice wherever hair offered it a foundation : the we kept our course, still turning as I thought guides looked like moving snow men. Finding more and more to the right, and leaving our his own efforts unsuccessful, C- at length true course farther and farther behiad. As a yielded to my views so far as to say he did not last resort, I examined my compass and found doubt we ought to go toward the Rochers my fears justified; we were travelling south. Rouges, but that he did not know where to fiod About this time a sudden and momentary lift them in the fog. On ny repeated assurance that of fog showed us the peaks of the “ Rochers they were in the direction which I pointed out Rouges" directly behind us and in the direction to him by the compass, he at last resolved to (north) that our guides had forsaken, but they make an effort in that direction, and, as before, disappeared in a moment and we were again in leaving me with G-, he started up the moun. the fog. Continuing on our original course, we tain, and was quickly lost in the fog Fifteen min. were suddenly brought to a halt by a dark line utes passed without his return, when we concrossing our path, which, in the obscurity of cluded to go after him in the same direction, and sight, it was impossible to understand. Leaving if he were in the right track, to save time and G- behind, and both of us holding the rope warm our numbed limbs by the same operation. by which we had so long been tied together, After walking ten or fifteen minutes and bail. Cadvanced cautiously into the fog, ap- ing him repeatedly, we had the double satisfacproached as near as was prudent the dark line tion of finding him just as he had discovered before us, and found that he stood on the edge our loug lost traces. Another momentary break of a precipice, the depth of which he could not in the clouds gladdened us with a view of those fathom, uor could be see any opposite side by long sought rocks almost overhead. We had been which our progress could be continued in that two or three hours wandering on the top of the direction. This dark line fell off quite rapidly mountain, lost. Our delight may be imagined . to our left or toward the east. Leaving G- at finding ourselves once more with landmarks and myself with our feet buried in the snow, to to guide us, and these comparatively familiar keep them from freezing, C- started down peaks looking down from their region of spow. this incline, keeping as close to the edge of the Taking advantage of a comparative level, we cliff as he thought safe, and after an absence started on a run, and quickly reached the steep that seemed like a quarter of an hour, he re. descent above the corridor. Our further proturbed, saying he could find no place to cross, gress down this incline was uneventful, save and that he would try in the opposite direction that we lost our way again; but this time there His efforts here met no better reward; no was not the same chance to wander to the right, means of crossing what he evidently thought and after a very slow and careful descent, passwas a great crevasse could be found, and he pro- ing numerous small crevasses partly filled with posed our turning to the east and following the snow, we reached the corridor and again starttrack down the incline which he had first takey, ed off with quickened steps. By this time we in hope of being able to pass this black line of had reached the opposite or north side of the uoknown depth and width, and to find beyond Rochers Rouges, and were to make a long and our homeward route. During his absence on steep descent to the Grand Plateau by the steps the searches alluded to, I had been thinking cut during our asoent in the morning; to find

а

this track was our next effort, but it failed: we had so safe a deliverance from one of the perils got too far from the rocks, and saw no trace of to which every voyager on Mont Blanc is neit, being compelled to cnt a new footing nearly cessarily liable. all the way down on a surface of ice or hard About the middle of October, after a delightsnow, steep enough for a glissade, but having a ful trip among the valleys on either side of the huge crevasse at its foot, large enough to engulph Rhone and around Monte Rosa, across the an army. As the labor of cutting was consid. Monte More Pass, over the passes lying to the erable, it became necessary for one guide to re- south of Monte Rosa, I made the ascent of the lieve the other; and wben this change had been "Cramont," a peak about 8000 feet high, and effected two or three times, and we had care. lying directly south of the Moot Blanc range. fully picked our way step by step in the little From this summit I had a good opportunity to notches made by the axe, we reached the Grand verify the theory I had formed wben lost on the Plateau ip safety. Our descept was made along top of Mont Blanc, that the dark line along the upper edge, around and then below a huge which we bad groped, seeking to cross it as our crevasse opening on the side of this incline. As guide desired, was the edge of that enormous we got to the more level ice, the clouds broke precipice which fell almost perpendicularly to away; the setting sun tinged the peaks with its the Allee Blanche, a distance of many thousand . red light and cheered us on our way. Our dis- feet: such was my belief at the time, and this tance from the Mulets taught the necessity of view fully confirmed my previous impression. haste, and we sped rapidly over the smooth ice,

J. glistening under the evening light: a hard

ITEMS. coating of snow, with occasional patches of ice, gave us a firm footing, and we moved merrily mental Reconstruction bills

, wbich were sent for sig,

The two Houses of Congress passed the Suppleorward, reached the descent to the little plat- nature to the President. On the 18th be returned eau, crossed it, descended the snow-fields, and them with bis veto message, which was received, and just before dark reached the Grand Mulets. the Reconstruction bills passed in both Houses over Our arrival there was most grateful: sixteen the objectioos by the constitutional majority. hours of such a life on the snow and ice, at an

The Reform bill bas finally passed the House of elevation of from ten to fifteen thousand feet, Commons, and has gone to the House of Lords. was quite enough for one trip. The rough fare

The German States that form tbe Northern Con. and rude accommodations were as grateful as union proposed by Prussia. A conference between

federation have all accepted the new commercial the most sumptuous banquet and softest the King of Prussia and the South German Sovercouches. After being thawed out of the coat- eigns has beea arranged, and will take place at an ing of ice and snow which decorated our exte. early day. rior, and being regaled with the warm supper

Dr. LIVINGSTONE, after all the contradictory reports which our host bad provided, we sought our

as to bis tale, may even now be safe. The following humble beds, and were not long in finding that letter, published at Bombar and written by the offi

cer commanding one of the English Sepoy regimeots rest and sleep so grateful to the weary.

in India, is said to contain the latest authentic inOn rising the next morning we fouod that a telligence on the subject. The letter was written to heavy fall of snow bad taken place during the tbe editor of the Times of India, and was at once night, covering everything to a depth of eighteen published: “Sir: One of the missing Sepoys, 21st inches, and finishing, for several days at least, regiment pative infantry, or marine battalion, who

accompanied Dr. Livingstone's expedition, returned further attempts at the ascent.

this day from Zanzibar. News has been received Both my guides were suffering much from from the Doctor. He was alive and well, and the inflammation of the eges; C- was quite un. bavildar, 21st regiment native infantry, or marine able to open his to the light. Making an applic battalion, and the Nassick boys, were with bim. S. cation of the white of egg, he bound it over

Thacker, commanding 21st regiment native infantry,

Bombay, May 14, 1867.” his face, and by noon was able to start for Chamouni, with the help of a guide. G-, by the ilton College Observatory, New York. The discovery

A NEW ASTEROID has been discovered at the Ham. use of colored glasses, was able to bear the bril. was made on July 7ıb, and the position of the new liant light on the newly fallen-snow, and went asteroid was twenty.one bours and twenty-one min. down with me: my own eyes were less affected, utes rigbt ascension, and twenty-one degrees and but were weak for several days. The necessity thirty-one minutes of southern declination. On the of removing the glasses wbich we wore the pre: twenty-four hours about twentyfive seconds to the

morning of the 8th it was found to bave moved in vious day, to prevent then being coated with west and six minutes to the south. Being of the ice, and thereby made quite opaque, exposed eleventh magnitude, and still about one month beour eyes to the driving storm and cold, and tore opposition with the suo, the observer reports caused this new and unexpected trouble.' By that the planet promises to be a very bright one. three o'clock next day, (a bright and warm

An EXCHANGE says that it is a safe rule to wet the day,) we reached Chamouni, wiser if not better The effect is immediate and grateful, and the danger

wrists before drinking cold water, if at all heated. for the lessons learned in the experience of the ot fatal results may be warded off by this simple two previous days, and well contented to have I precaution.

FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

“TAKE FAST HOLD OF INSTRUCTION; LET HER NOT GO; KEEP HER; FOR SHE IS THY LIFE.”

VOL. XXIV.

PHILADELPHIA, EIGHTH MONTH 3, 1867.

No. 22.

EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION

CONTENTS.
OF FRIENDS.

Presbyterian Separations and Reunions..

Moral Influence of Farming...
COMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS Extermination of the Indians...
MADE TO

What Working Men may Become.
EMMOR COMLY, AGENT,

Scene in Palestine...
At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Street, Was it Chance....
Open from 9 A.M. until 5 P.M, On Seventh-days, until 3 P.M.

An Oriental Night............

First Anti-Slavery Movements in America.
TERMS:-P AYABLE IN ADVANCE

OBITUARY...
The Paper is issned every Seventh-day, at Three Dollars per Friends Amongst the Freedmen.
annun. $2.50 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10.

Links in the Chain...
Asent for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club.

POETRY........
The Postage on this paper, paid in aivance at the office where
it is reeived, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. The Power of Kindnesg..
AGENTS -Joseph S. Cohu, New Yorke.

Garden Work........
Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.

A House Sinks into the Ground
Benj. Straiton, Richmond, Ind.
William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.

Power-Loom and Hand-Work Fabrics..
James Baynes, Ballimore, Md.

ITEMS

337 339 339 341 341 342 342 313

344 ... 344

316

347 ..... 343

318 351 351 352

BY S. M. JANNEY.

For Friends' Intelligencer.

may safely be tolerated, because religious dogmas PRESBYTERIAN SEPARATIONS AND REUNIONS. are of far less importance than practical right.

eousness. Secondly, the works of philanthropy It has often been asserted by Roman Catho in which all are, more or less, engaged, have lic writers and speakers that the tendency of brought the different Protestant churches into Protestantism is towards dissension and division, contact, and their joint labors bave produced resulting from the want of that strong bond of mutual esteem and sympathy. The labors of union which is found in Papal supreinacy. In the Sanitary Commission and the Christian proof of this they point to the numerous sects Association during the late war had this benein Protestant countries, each contending for its ficial result, in addition to the immense amcreed and form of worship, often castiog upon ount of good that was done in affording relief one another the imputation of heresy, and all and consolation to the sick and wounded. In endeavoring to make proselytes.

like manner, the unparalleled efforts now being To this charge we may answer, that our di- made to educate and improve the condition of versity is better for human progress and happi- the colored people in this country, will, like all Dess than their enforced uniformity, which is, in- disinterested charities, redound to the benefit deed, more apparent than real. The deadening of both parties, conferring a blessing on those effect of their coercive system is shown by its who give, as well as those who receive. fruits in those countries where its authority is These remarks have been suggested by read. absolute. Wherever ecclesiastical domination ing in the public journals several articles relatis most complete, there is religious life most de ing to the efforts now being made by the Prespressed, and freedom of thought most restricted. byterians to reconcile their differences and to

Whatever grounds there may have been in become again united as one body: On referring former times for the charge of dissension among to Rupp's History of the Religious DenominaProtestants, it is believed by many, that the tions of the United States, I find historical actendency now is towards reconciliation and counts emanating from each of the bodies reunion. There is less disposition among the known as the old and the new school Presbytevarious sects to enter into doctrioal controver- /rians, which furnish information that I deem in. sies, and more sympathy with each other in teresting. their religious movements.

It appears that since the settlement of this This charge has probably resulted chiefly country there have been two separations in that from two causes : First, the growing conviction church : the first of which continued about in the public mind that doctrinal differences thirteen years, and then a reunion took place.

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