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Presbyterian Separations and Reuniong...

353 Spiritual Talk......


It is well with the Child.

356 MADE TO A Talk to Mothers.


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365 AGENTS -- Joseph S. Cohu, New York.

306 Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.

The Open Polar Sea-
Benj. Stratton, Richmond, Ind.
Review of the Weather, &c., for Seventh Montb-

William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.
James Baynes, Ballimore, Md.


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For Friends' Intelligencer.

The alienation between the two parties conPRESBYTERIAN SEPARATIONS AND REUNIONS. tinued to increase, and it became manifest that

a decisive struggle would take place at the (Continued from page 339.)

meeting of the General Assembly in 1837. The separation of 1838 was preceded by an The strict interpreters of the Confession of exciting controversy, relating to “ didactic theo- Faith-the Scotch party-had for some years logy and church government and discipline.” been the minority in the Assembly; they thereIn the year 1830, Albert Barnes, a distinguished fore invited a convention to meet in Philadelpreacher and writer, was chosen pastor by the phia the week previous to the time appointed First Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia for the General Assembly. The convention

He had previously preached a sermon enti- consisted of 124 members, most of whom also tled, " The Way of Salvation," which was were delegates to the Assembly. They prethought by many to be at variance with the pared and transmitted to the General Assembly, Presbyterian Confession of Faith and the Catea documenttntitled a “ Testimony and Memochisms. He was admitted by the Presbytery, rial." "They bore testimony against sixteen but a minority protested against it, and com- doctrical errors, ten departures from the plaint being made to the Synod of Philadel- Presbyterian order, and five declensions in phia, the case was referred back to the Presby- Christian discipline." tery. That body appointed a committee to ex- Among the alleged doctrinal errors chargrd amine the obnoxious sermon, and subsequently against the other party, they specified the fol. expressed their disapprobation of the doctrines lowing: avowed in it. The proceedings arising from “ Election to eternal life is founded on a this accusation continued six years, but failed foresight of faith and obedience.” " We have to effect his expulsion from the mipistry. He no more to do with the first sin of Adam, than was sustained by a strong party, known as the with the sins of any other parent.”

“ Infants Puritan party, or New School, while those who come into the world as free from moral defle. insisted on a strict adherence to the Calvinistic ment as was Adam when he was first created." doctrines, as construed by the Scotch party, "Original sin does not include a simple bias of were known as the Old School Presbyterians. the human mind and a just exposure to penal In addition to this cause of dissension, there suffering.” “ There is no evidence in Scripwere others, growing out of the administration ture that infınts, in order to salvation, do peed of their di cipline, and the proceedings of their redemption by the blood of Christ and regeneHome Missionary Society.

ration by the Holy Ghost.” “The doctrine of imputation, whether of the guilt of Adam's ecclesiastical business according to the presin or of the righteousness of Christ, has no scribed ordinary forms." This statement is foundation in the Word of God, and is both quoted from a paper written by an adherent of unjust and absurd.” “ The sufferings and the Old School party. death of Christ were not truly vicarious and A writer of the other party, commenting on penal, but symbolical, governmental and in the proceedings of the General Assembly in structive only."

1837, says : " It was distinctly understood,

“ The convention pronounced these and other previously to the meeting, through a convendoctrines they specified as “ errors unscriptural, tion of that party, that, if they could secure a radical, and highly dangerous,” which in majority, some mea-ures would be adopted " their ultimate tendency subvert the founda- which would disable, ever thereafter, the modetions of Christian hope, and destroy the souls rate party in the church. The desired majority of men.”

was obtained.”

« Indeed, it is quite It does not appear by the statement from manifest that the whole movement was made, which these extracts are taken, whether the as was admitted by a principal leader of the New School party admitted or denied that they party at the time, for the simple purprise of beld the doctrines above cited, and to the un preventing a future majority of the other party. prejudiced miod it must seem astonishing that These four Synods, comprising about five huuany body of intelligent men could pronounce dred ministers and six hundred churches, and such doctrines “ dangerous errors,” calculated sixty thousand communicants, were attempted " to destroy the souls of men.

to be cut off from the Presbyterian Church, beThe General Assembly of 1837 met, and, the cause if the opposing party was not throughly adherents of the convention having a decided broken by such an excision, the Scotch party majority in that body, promptly acceded to the would never have a majority on that floor requesis of the memorial. They abrogated the again.” “plan of union” between Presbyterians and “ After passing these resolutions, the major. Cungregationalists. They adjudged that the ity took effective measures to retain the records four Synods of Genessee, Geneva, Utica, and and the funds of the Church, by passing an or. the Western Reserve .were not “constituent der requiring the clerks to pledge themselves parts” of the Presbyterian Church. The opera- not to receive the commissioners from the ex. tions of the American Home Missionary, and cinded Synods in the formation of the next of the American Educational Societies, were Assembly.”

“ The party that had excluded from their churches, and the Third excinded the four Synods to secure to themPresbytery of Philadelphia dissolved.

selves a future majority, retained all the funds "The succeeding twelve months were devoted and property of the Church, amounting to more by both parties to preparation for the Assembly than three hundred thousand dollars.' of 1838. By custom it devolres upon the The right to this property became a subject permanent and stated clerks to make up the of litigation in the courts of Pennsylvania. It list of the members, who present their commis- was held by crustees for “the General Assem. sions for that purpose anterior to the commence bly of the Presbyterian Church ;" but tbere ment of the sessions. These officers omitted all were now two General Assemblies; that called re ference to the delegates from the Presbyte- the Old School held possession, and the other ries comprised in the four Synods which had Assembly, which claimed to be the constitubeen expunged from the ecclesiastical statistics tional body, brought suit for the property. by the previous Assembly. When the motion After a trial before a jury, "a verdict was was made that the commissions from these rendered in favor of the plaintiffs, —the Puri. Presbyteries should be received, the moderator tan party : that is,' as explained by the prerefused to recognize the motion, or the parties siding judge, the Assembly which held its on whose behalf it was made. After a short sittings in the First Presbyterian Church (a interval of disorder, the minority (including portion of which had been cut off in 1837, both the advocates of the Synods who were ex-without trial) was the true General Assembly cluded by the Assembly of 1837, and the com- of the Presbyterian Church, in the United missioners from those Synods) united in dis- Siates of America, under the charter.'” From claiming the authority of the moderator, and this decision the Old School party appealed to proceeded to organize by themselves; and hav- the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, and Chief ing elected another moderator and clerks, the Justice Gibson ordered a new trial under inwhole of the dissentients from the acts of the structions ; but the New School Assembly conAssembly in 1837, immediately withdrew, in a cluded to withdraw the suit, and in so doing body, to the edifice occupied by the First left the property in the hands of the other Presb, terian Church of Philadelphia. The ma-party. jority retained their seats until the temporary

It is observed by Joel Parker, pastor of a confusi o ceased, when they proceeded to their New School congregation of Presbyterians in


Philadelphia, that “the Scotch party retain the

SPIRITUAL LIFE. funds and property. Individuals of the party have intimated a willingness to restore as much A devout man, one that prayed always. ---Acts 102, of these fuods as was contributed by the Puri- We miss very much devotional joy, by the tan party. There is no doubt they would be neglect of fragmentary prayer. In the intermore happy if it were done; but how to per- cals which separate periodical seasons of devo. form that which they desire, they find not. The tion, we need a habit of offering up brief ejac. funds are of little consequence. The period of ulatory expressions of devout feeling. The morn. deep excitement has passed away. Some great ing and the evening sacrifice depend very much advantages have accrued from this uo happy di- upon these interspersed offerings, as these in revision of brethren. The accusations of heresy rurn are dependent on those. Cornmunion with have ceased, and events have shown that either God in both, is assisted by linking the “set party would gladly strengthen itself with re- times" together by a chain of heavenward ceiving to its arms any clergyman of good thoughts and aspirations, in the breaks which standing in his present position. Ao inter- occur in our labors and amusements. Sunrise change of public services in one anothers' and sunset may attract our attention more churches has already cominenced, and there is strongly than the succession of golden rays every reason to hope that the time is not dis- between them, but who can say that they are tant when the kindest and most fraternal inter- more cheering? It is not often that a day course will prevail universally between these wholly clouded lies between two clear twiligbts. two branches of the Presbyterian family." Prayer, as we have seen, is, in the highest

The foregoing remarks were published in conception of it, a state rather than an act. A 1814. At that time the numerical strength of full fruition of its benefits depends on a contin. the two parties were nearly equal; the General uity of its influences. Reduce it to two isolaAssembly of the Old School Presbyterians lated experiments daily, and separate these by comprised 19 synods, 105 presbyteries, 1134 long blank hours in which the soul has no ministers, and 159,137 members in communion. glimpse of God for its refreshment, and how That of the New School had under its care 19 can prayer be other than a toil, and often a synods, 101 presbyteries, and nearly 1500 drudgery? ministers. The number of its members is not We come to the eventide with the impression stated.

of the morning watch all obliterated; probably It will doubtless occur to some of the read with a conscience burthened by accumulations ers of “Friends’ Intelligencer,” that in many of sin upon an ungoverned spirit through the respects the Presbyterian schism in 1837 re- day. We feel that we must take a new start sembled the separation in the Society of every time we seek God's presence. Our sense Friends, that occurred ten years earlier. of spiritual progress is lost. Sinning and re

Joel Parker, writing of the New School penting is all our life; we do not have holy force party, says they bad at the time of the separa- enough to get beyond repentance in our devotion, as compared with the others, “less of tion. Our prayers, instead of being, as they organization as a party, and less disposition to should be, advancing steps, are like the steps contend. The Scotch party organized them of a tread.will. llamane law has abandoned selves by conventions and appeals through the this, even as a punishment for felons; why press, representing the church as being in ex- should one whoun Christ hus made free inflict it treme danger from heresy in doctrine, and upon himself ? innovations upon established order. The feel. We need, then, something that shall make ings to wbich they appealed were a warm regard our prayerful hours support each other--the to Presbyterian order and doctrine. The Pu- morning tributary to the evening, and the ritan party really believed that it was unjusti- evening to the morning. Nothing else can do fiable to attempt to meet these warlike prepara- this so naturally as the habit of ejaculatory tions by demonstrations of the same character. prayer. The spirit of prayer may run alung They thought if they still devoted their ener. the line of such a babit through a lifetime. So gies to the cause of 'missions and the progress one may live in a state of prayer, “ a devout man of piety in our own church, and in the country that prays always." at large, God would protect their cause." Not only does this habit of fragmentary

prayer contribute to a lofty, devotional spirit,

but such a spirit demands it for its own iodul. Shall we be slothful and negligent in the con- gence. templation of the glory of God, which trans- Critics have observed, that in the apostolic formas our minds into its own likeness, so that epistles, doxologies are sometimes embedded the eyes of our understanding shall be contin. in passages of remonstrance and of warning. It ually filled with it, until we see Him contin- should seem, that the apostolic mind came down ually ?-Ouen.

lunwillingly, or from a sense of duty oply, to


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(To be continued.)


per air.

a cross.

deal with the sins and weaknesses of earth; and horror at the idea of dying before that year of was on the watch for chances to rise, like a bird Jubilee. No other questions would give us let loose, though but for a moment, into the up- such tremors of anxiety as these would excite:

How many years now to the time of prayer ? Are there not, in the lives of us all, moments How many months ? How many weeks? when, without the formality of retirement to How many days ? Shall we live to see it? Who the closet, we feel disposed to pray ? We are can tell? conscious of special attraction towards God. Yet, on that great day, amidst an indumerPerbaps with no obvious reason for “ looking able throng, in a courtly presence, within up” now rather than an hour ago, we do look sight and hearing of stately rites, what would up. “ We feel just like praying It is as if


be worth to us? Who would value it we heard heavenly voices saying, “Come up in the comparison with those still moments, hither."

that No Christian, then, can afford to be frugal of

obsecret silence of the mind,' prayer, in the intervals of daily business and in which we now can find God,” every day

“ amusement. Enjoyment of all communion with and every where? That day would be more God must be impaired, by the loss of these little like the day of judgment to us, than like the tributaries. A 'Christian's life, so conducted, sweet minutes of converse with “Our Father," in ust languish as a tree does, whose fibrous roots which we may now have every hour.

We are stripped off, leaving only its truncal roots, should appreciate this privilege of hourly possibly only a tap-root, for its pourishment. prayer, if it were once taken from us.

Should That Christian is hoping against impossibilities, we not? who thinks to enjoy a life of social intercourse “Still with Tbee, O my God, with God in any such way.

I would desire to be ;
In the vestibule of St. Peter's, at Rome, is a By day, by night, at home, abroad,
doorway, which is walled up and marked with

I would be still with Thee !
It is opened but four times in a cen-

" With Thee amid the crowd

That throngs the busy marttury. On Christmas eve, once in tweuty-five

To hear tby voice inid clamor loud, years, the Pope approaches it in princely state,

Speak softly to my heart ! with the retilue of cardinals in attendance, and

--The Still lour, begins the demolition of the door, by striking it three times with a silver haq:mer. When

IT IS WELL WITH THE CHILD. the passage is opened, the multitude pass into Bishop Leighton thus wrote to his sister's the nave of the cathedral, and up to the altar, husband on the death of a beloved child : "I am by an avenue which the majority of them bever glad of your health, and of the recovery of your entered thus before, and never will enter thus little ones ; but, indeed, it was a sharp stroke of again.

a ped that told me your little Johony was dead, Imagine that the way to the throne of grace and I felt it truly more than to my remembrance were like the Porta Santo, inaccessible, save 1 did the death of any child in my lifetime. once in a quarter of a century, on the twenty- Sweet thing! and is he so quickly laid asleep? fifth of December, and then only withi august Happy he! Though we shall no more have the solemnities, conducted by great dignitaries in pleasure of his lisping and laughing, he shall a holy city. Conocive that it were now ten have no more the pain of crying, nor of being years since you, or I, or any other sinner, had sick, nor of dying; and hath wholly escaped the been permitted to pray; and that fifteen long trouble of schooling and all the suffering of years must drag themselves away before we boys, and the riper and deeper griefs of upper could venture again to approach God; and years—this poor life being all along nothing but that, at the most, we could not hope to pray a linked chain of many sorrows and of many more than two or three times in a lifetime! deaths. Tell my dear sister she is now so much With wbat solicitude we should wait for the more akip to the other world, and this will be coming of that holy day! We should lay our quickly passed to us all. John is but gone an plans of life, select our homes, build our houses, hour or two sooner to bed, as children use to do, choose our professions, form our friendships, and we are undressing to follow. And the more with reference to a pilgrimage in that twenty. we put off the love of the present world, and all fifth year. We should reckon on time by the open- things superfluous beforehand, we sball have the ings of that sacred door, as epochs. No other less to do when we lie thought would engross so much of our lives, or kindle our sensibilities so intensely, as the DEFECTIVE RELIGION.--A religion that thought of prayer.

It would be of more never suffices to govern a man, will never suffice significance to us than the thought of death is to save him; that which does not sufficiently disnow. It would multiply our trepidations at tinguish bim from a wicked world, will uerer the thought of dying Fear would grow to distinguish bim from a perishing world.—Howe.


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From the Christian Register.

sprung out of it; but the seeds of vice are A TALK TO MOTHERS.

already bedded down into it; and we must

plant good seeds and purse them until there is 1 SAMUEL 2: 18, 19.-Samuel ministered before a strong growth of the better promise, carefully, the Lord, bring a child. Moreover, bis mother all the while, weeding out whatever is bad as it made him a little coat, and brought it to him from

comes to the surface. At the first glance this year to year.

seems to be about the truth. Still, I fear it This is part of a most touching story, how has not come so much out of that true philosoGod gave to a Hebrew mother a man child, phy which is founded on a close observation of many years after her wedding; and the gift our nature, as it has come out of a desire not was such a gladness, that she dedicated him back to differ so very far from those who denounce to God, and carried him back to the temple, us heartily as unchristian. there to minister all his life.

Such an idea of the child-nature is, after all, year she made him a little coat, and carried it a moderate theory of infant depravity; and as up to the temple herself, when she went to see such I reject it, so far as it gives any pre-occuher child, whom she called Samuel, which, pation and predominance to sin, and accept the being interpreted, is, "He who was asked of third theory as the true and pure gospel about God."

the child nature; namely, tbat the kingdom of We have threo separate statements of the heaven, in a child, is like unto a man that nature of a little child. The first is that in sowed good seed in bis field; but afterward, some way it is utterly depraved and lost; not while men slept, bis enemy came and sowed capable of conceiving one good thought, saying tares among the wheat and went away; and one good word, or doing one good thing, when the blade sprung up and brought forth being

fruit, then appeared the tares also. That is “Sprung from the man whose guilty fall the true statement of this fact, my friends, as Corrupts his race and taints us all."

I understand it. The good seed is sowo first, – This statement, to my mind, is untrue, for two good principles and powers are the first to be reasons. The first is, that it clashes with the set down in the fresh, young heart, while even loftiest revelations ever made to our race about the tares themselves are not utterly worthless the child-nature. Jesus said, “Suffer the little weeds, but degenerate wheat, a poorer grain, children to come unto me, and forbid them not : but never utterly useless or worthless; for for of such is the kingdom of heaven.” One the better kinds of it can be made into a cannot help seeing here the inevitable logic. rather bitter bread, while even the worst can If the child is utterly depraved, and of such is be burnt up, and be made to enrich the ground the kingdom of heaven, wherein does the king- for another harvest of the nobler grain. The dom of heaven differ from the kingdom of good is primary, and purely good; the bad is hell?

secondary, and not totally bad.
I sat at my desk, trying to put my second little child ministers before the Lord, and every
and most impregoable objection, as it springs mother makes bis garments from year to year.
out of the nature of the little child itself, into I propose to speak briefly on the nature and
words. And one sat at my feet

, rich in the possibilities of this mother-influence, what it
possession of a new toy; while another wept is, and what it


be. And note, first of all, and came, singing through the fresh spring that while in after life the father may come to moroing. Then I said in my heart, “ O God, an equal or even stronger influence over the my Father! when I can say that this morning child, —in the plastic morning of life, when the sunshine, pouring into my room fresh from the infant soul puts on its first robes of joy and fountains of thy light, is a horror of great love and faith and wonder, the hand of the darkness, and the voices of the singing birds mother alone is permitted to give them their are intended to echo to us the cry of lost souls ;

rich quality and texture; and, to her loving and that the ever-changing glory of spring, and skilful eye only is left the decision of their summer, autumn and winter is but the ever-comfort and adaptation to the ever-varying nature shifting shadow of the frown of God on a sin. of every little one that comes into the world. stricken world,—then I can say that the light God has made it so in his infinite and unfailing that comes out of the eyes of that little child, providence. who has not yet framed its tongue to call me The way to reur op children (to be just);

16 Women know
father, is the bale-fire of a soul already akin They know a simple, merry, tender koack
to the lost; and the sweet confidences of the Of tieing sashes, fitting baby-shoes,
ather, the uolearned blasphemies of despair.” And stringing preity words that make no sense,

The second theory is one that I have heard Aud kissing full sense into empty words;
from some liberal Christian,--that the heart Although such trifles. Children learn, by such,

Which things are corals to cut life upon,
and nature of a little child are like a fresh gar-Love's holy earnest in a pretty play,
den muuld in the spring-time. Nothing has and get not over-early solemnized.

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