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SEVENTH MONTH.

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the monster Anes changed their course to the thing that is grateful to us ; let us taste that the
westward, and causing the one upon wbich the Lord is gracious. Let the drying up of every
schooner hung to revolve, set tbe United States stream of comfort lead us to the fountain, and
free, though sorely damaged; the hold filled let us rejoice the more in God for our being
with water, the rudder split, the stero post deprived of that which we used to rejoice in.-
started, and the whole sbip rendered not only P. Henry.
Do longer ice-prvof, but unseaworthy.
(To be continued.)

ITEMS.

Catherine Maria Sedwick, the well known authorg.
For Friends' Intelligencer.

ess, died on the 29th ult. at Roxbury, Mass.
REVIEW OF THE WEATHER,

Tin Ore bas been discovered, it is said, in inex. haustable quantities Dear Pilot Koob, Missouri. The

discovery was recently made by an experienced 1866. 1867. Welsh tin miner. The ground in the neigb borhood

had been previously supposed to be ricb in copper, Rain during some portion of

and perhaps bad never before been visited by any the 24 hours,

15 days.

8 days.

one familiar with the indications of tin. Assays of Rain all or nearly all day,...

2

samples of the ore, it is reported, sbow it to cootain Cloudy, without storms,...

a much larger percentage of tin than any before Clear, as ordinarily accepted 14

16

known. The ore is at or near the surface, while in
Great Britain it is now worked from two to three

thousand feet deep.
31
31

WORKMEN are laying foundations to the new
abutment for the new suspension bridge at Niagara

Falls. It is intended for tbe use of foot passengers TEMPERATURE, RAIN, DEATHS,

only. The bridge will be located but a short dis1866. 1867. tance from the I ternational Hotel on the American

side, and tbe Clifton House on the Canada side. It Mean temperature of 7th

will require a span of 1.260 feet. The width will be month per Penna. Hospital, 80.33 deg. 76.48 deg. 10 feet, and the height above tbe water 100 feet. Highest do. during month 99.25 92.50

The structure will be of the usual wire cables, restLowest do. do. do. 63.00 162.00

ing upon wooden towers. It will be abundantly Rain during the month,...... 2.52 in. 2.38 in.

strong and safe for the purpose for which it is inDeaths during the month,

tended. being for 4 current weeks

THE COOLIE TradE is springing up quite briskly in for each year.....

2047 1415

Havana. A correspondent of the New York Journal of Commerce states that four cargoes, comprising

1082 coolies, arrived in that port in a single week, Average of the mean temperature of 6th month for the past seventy-eight years 75.67 deg

and the sbips employed were all sailing upiler the

Spanisb flag. The mortality on shipboard of these Higbest mean of do. during that entire

unfortunate coolies is reported to bave been quite period, 1793—1838.........

81.00

large. The recent attempts to import coolies idio Lowest do. do.

co.
1816 68.00

Louisiana has caused some excitement, and it is to

be hoped that the nefarious traffic, wbicb is quite as COMPARISON OF RAIN.

bad as tbe slave trade, will be stopped at once. 1866. 1867.

New SUBMARINE Cables connecting England with First month

3.14 inch 1.70 inch. the continent of Europe are constantly being laid. Second month...

6.61
2.89

Permanent and direct communication bas just been Tbird month...

2.15
5.46

established between London and Bremen and LosFourth month......

2.93

1.31 Fifth month.......

don and Hamburg, through the instrumentality of
7.82
4.68

Reuter, the European news agent.
Sixth month.....

2.96
Seventh montb....

2.52
2.38

The Draining of the Zuyder Zee is contemplated in

Holland. An eminent engineer has formed a plan
Totals .......

24.99"
32.58

for the reclamation of 500,000 acres of the ground It will be seen by the above that, altbough the result is anticipated, owing to the success attending

now covered by that body of water, and a favorable temperature of the months under review was a trifle similar operations in the Harlem Lake. above the average for seventy-eight years past, it was several degrees below that of last year, with It is stated that a company bas been organized for just about the same quantity of raio, while the total the manufacture of elastic sponge, to be used for up quantity thus far exceeds that of last year about holstery and for all purposes for wbicb curled bair stven and one-half inches. The decrease in the is now used. It is said that a sponge mattress posnumber of deatbs is a gratifying feature of our re- sesses all tbe advantages of hair, and can be afforded view.

J. M. E. much cheaper. The process of manufacture is simiPrila., 8th mo. 2d, 1867.

lar to tbai of paper as far as the preparation of pulp

is concerned. Let us live a life of delight in God, and love adopted female suffrage as well as suffrage for

The Michigan Constitutional Convention has to think of Him as we do of one whom we love Indians. and value. Let the flowing in of every stream

Attempts are being made in Illinois to manufac. of comfort lead us to the fountain ; and in every I ture sugar from beets.

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FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

"TAKE FAST HOLD OF INSTBUCTION; LET HER NOT GO; KEEP HER; FOR SHE IS THY LIFE.”

VOL. XXIV.

PHILADELPHIA, EIGHTH MONTH 17, 1867.

No, 24.

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EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION
OF FRIENDS.

CONTENTS.

Presbyterian Separations and Reunions.
COMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS Spiritual Experience.
MADE TO

One Hour at Quaker Bridge.
EMMOR COMLY, AGENT,

Social Life.

EDITORIAL
At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Street,

OBITUARY.........
Open from 9 A.M. until 6 P.M, On Seventh-days, until 3 P.M.

The Indians........
TERMS:-PAY ABLE IN ADVANOE

Review of Janney's History of Friends.
The Paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dollars per

A Pity to have an Empty Seat.
annum. $2.50 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10.

POETRY.......
Agents for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club. Bread ard Milk .......

Tho Postage on this paper, paid in advance at the office where
It is received, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year.

Early Rising...
AGENTS - Joseph S. Cohu, New York.

The Open Polar Sea.......
Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.

A Whirlpool in a Raindop.
Benj. Stratton, Richmond, Ind.

ITEMS..
William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.
James Baynes, Baltimore, Md.

369 372 373 375 376 377 377 378 379 380 380 381 381 384 884

BY S. M. JANNEY.

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For Friends' Intelligencer,

There is a common parentage, a common PRESBYTERIAN SEPARATIONS AND REUNIONS. hietory, a common share in great traditions,

and in the renown of great men. Spirit and (Continued from page 355.)

aims are essentially the same. The work to be Having given a concise account of the sepa- done is the same; the instrumentalities for ration which occurred in 1838, and shown that doing it are the same. The Articles of Belief the alienation of feeling engendered by it has, are unassailed; the Creed is one for all, the with the lapse of time, gradually subsided, until catechism, the ordinance, the symbol. Both the two parties can cordially intermingle in parties use the same weapons to keep at bay or their religious services, I propose to examine defeat the same foes. Both have at heart the what are the prospects of a complete reunion. same interests-intellectual, spiritual, social. The following remarks from the New York Tri- There is no political breach, for both profess bune present a hopeful view of the negotiations the ancient loyalty to republican government, now pending:

and to the cause of personal liberty. The “If it were not that disputes are apt to be grounds of difference were never very deep, bitter in proportion as the subject of them is never touched the sphere of vital religion. The trifling, it would excite surprise that the work occasions of dispute have passed by, and the of reunion between the wings of so powerful an questions in dispute bave, some of them, proborganization should be thought difficult. The ably become obsolete. At all events, the Com. present arrangement is in the most competent mittee, in their report, say they have. hands. Two Committees, each representing one We shall watcb, therefore, with more than of the General Assemblies, have charge of the usualinterest this new negotiation. The results of details. These Committees are composed of it will show, better than anything else can, how able, devout and conscientious men. The spirit, much truth there is in the belief that the preon both sides, has been sweet and friendly. The vailing disposition among Protestant sects is terms seem to be fair. The reunion of two in- toward unity.” dependent bodies on equal terms is the end con- It appears, however, that there are difficulties templated. If the tendency throughout Protest in the way of this consummation, which will reant Christendom be, as many say it is, toward quire both wisdom and charity for their removal. Doity, in this case it ought to show its power. They are clearly set forth in a letter recently The resistance to be overcome is less than it would published in the New York Independent, writbe in any other denomination. The unities are ten at the request of the editor by Samuel T. fundamental. The diversities are superficial. Spear, a

'

minister conected with the New

Upon

School organization. The greater part of his measure, this fact would be fatal to its success communication is here subjoined.

with the New School. The latter, now at peace “ It is an undoubted fact that the two branches among themselves, and by their prosperity and of the Presbyterian Church have, for several good order both deserving and commanding the years past, evinced towards each other a cour respect of their Old School brethren, will not tesy, cousideration, and confidence, which, un- be likely to place themselves in a position to fight bappily, did not exist for a much greater num- over again the old battles. They have had ber of years immediately following the division. quite enough of this to know what it means. It is especially true that Old School Presby. But for the persistent, and, as I think, wholly terians have abandoned the theory of gradual uvjustifiable attack of the Old School upon the absorption in respect to the New School, and to New, there would not have been any division ; a large extent the offensive practice of impugn. and hence the prospects of union between the ing the orthodoxy of the latter. It is equally two will be very materially affected by the attitrue that, of late, there has been a growing dis- tude of Old School Presbyterians. Nothing position in both branches toward organic union, short of the most earnest and nearly unanimous culminating at last in the appointment of a joint desire on the part of the latter will give the committee by the two General Assemblies, in measure the least hope of success with New the recent report of this committee, and the ac- School Presbyterians. This question is not to be tion of the two Assemblies thereon. This manipulated by a few leaders. The heart of the brings the whole matter before both branches of Church must be thoroughly in it on both sides, the church for consideration.

or nothing can be done. Will this union take place under the circum- 3. I have failed to see any urgent, practical stances as now existing, and according to the necessity pressing upon either branch of the plan as submitted by the joint committee ? Presbyterian Church which requires organic

this question I understand you to seek my union in order to its relief. Both branches are opinion. This opinion I shall express by a brief strong in themselves. Both are well organized. comment on the following series of points : Both have their missionary boards for the propa

1. It is very plain that the effort ought not gation of the Gospel. Both have large in. to be successful, unless both branches of the vested interests. The country in which both Presbyterian Church, by a majority amounting are working is abundantly ample for both, with. almost to unanimity, think the union expedient out any conflict or jealousy. Both are in the and sincerely desire it. The committee name process of rapid growth.

Neitber needs the a majority of three-fourths in both bodies ; yet other for the purposes of church life. It might I have serious doubts whether a measure chang- be a pleasant spectacle in some respects to see ing the ecclesiastical status of all the churches the two united in one organic fold; but it is in both bodies, or merging all the churches of very far from being evident that the aggregate one or the other of these bodies into the other, usefulness of the two would be increased thereby. ought to be carried except by a much nearer It might be seriously impaired, especially if the approach to unanimity on the part of all the union is to result in the revival of old controparties to be affected by it. It is a very grave versies. There is at least some danger that the question whether the ecclesiastical relation and spirit of party would again make its appearance. rights of the local churches, as now established, It is, hence, a very important question for both are to be disposed of and altered by any vote branches to consider whether both-each now taken in the presbyteries. Suppose some of working so well in the separate state, and each these churches as a wbole, and minorities in accustomed to its own particular line of policyothers, refuse to abide by such a vote; suppose had not better let well enough alone. they insist on remaining just as they are, and 4. New School Presbyterians, in looking at where they are ; and then the consequence this subject, will readily see that their position would be division in one direction in order to in the united body would be that of a minority, effect union in another. How the question will since the other branch would contribute the be decided when submitted to the presbyteries, largest element to the common organization, and if ever to submitted, I of course cannot tell! hence be able to count the most votes in the Yet at present I see no sufficient indications General Assembly. As a natural result, the that the measure, when thoroughly canvassed, Old School would determine the general polas it will be, and certainly ought to be, will se-icy and course of the united body. Union cure the majority specified by the committee. would be practically merging the New School In this remark I allude more particularly to into the Old, so far as the control and managethat branch of the Church to which I belong, ment of ecclesiastical matters are concerned. not feeling myself as competent to judge of The politics of the Church would be virtually the other branch.

Old School. I have some doubts whether New 2. If any considerable minority in the Old School Presbyterians will judge it best to put School shall be found in opposition to the themselves in this position. Among themselves

to int

if we of ex

they now do things in their own way, and that, union? The two Schools once contended over thi: too, a very good way; they have an ample op- difference with great earnestness; and, if brought portunity for the display of their own peculiar together in the same ecclesiastical organism, characteristics. But in the event of union, all upon a basis manifestly so ambiguous and uncerthis would be greatly modified by the numerical tain as that proposed by the committee, they preponderance of the Old School. This, I con- are quite likely to do the same thing a second fess, seems to me a point which New School time. It strikes me that this point needs a more Presbyterians will do well thoroughly to consider precise and definite solution. There ought to before taking the step proposed.

be an absolute and explicit covenant of mutual 5. The doctrinal basis, as submitted by the toleration, in plain words, binding both schools committee, is in the following words: The in respect to the peculiarities of each ; and if Confession of Faith shall continue to be sin- they cannot agree to such a covenant, to be cerely received and adopted, as containing the placed in the fundamental law of the church, systein of doctrive taught in the Holy Scrip- as one of the terms of the union, then this fact tures; and its fair historical sense, as it is ac- will be proof conclusive that they had better cepted by the two bodies, in opposition to Anti: not unite together. Such a covenant is the domiapism and Fatalism on the one hand, and very least that the exigency will permit; and to Arminianism and Pelagianism on the other, as human nature is constructed, even among shall be regarded as the sense in which it is re- theologians, it is not quite certain that even this ceived and adopted.' Just here lies, perhaps, would answer the purpose. I object to the the greatesi difficulty of the whole question. basis of the committee, because in the well

What is this "fair historical sense, as it is known circumstances to which it refers it is inaccepted by the two bodies ;' and when and definite, and hence liable to almost any interwhere has it been set forth? Is this sense the pretation which party spirit might inspire. Persame in the two schools ? And if not, then haps the committee could not agree to a more which of the two senses—that of the Old definite basis; and if so, then it is a fair quesSchool, or that of the New-is to be deemed tion whether they had better try to agree at all. the "fair historical sense ?' Is there to be a The simple Confession of Faith as a basis has new sense, different from that of either of the failed to unite the two schools ; and now, Schools, which shall have the power to harmon. are to have something added in the way ize both ? Are the two senses, though in some planation, to prevent the recurrence of this respects different, to be accepted and adopted, failure in the event of reunion, then let that each being viewed as perfectly orthodox? No something be as definite as words can make it. one can deny that in the interpretation of the 6. The excinding acts of 1837, originally Confession of Faith, Presbyterians of the two enacted by the Old School, and at no subseSchools have differed to some extent, and that quent period disaffirmed, and always declared they still differ. They stand in this respect just by the New School to be acts of gross ecclesiaswhere they did thirty years ago. Dr. Hodge, tical usurpation and outrage, are left untouched of Princeton, for example, and the Rev. Albert in the proposed plan of union. They were the Barnes, though subscribing to the same confes- immediate occasion of the division.

The assion, are very clearly Calvanistic theologians of sumption of powers on the part of the General

The Immediate Imputation Assembly involved in these acts has never Theory which figures so largely in the theodioy been recalled. It remains on the record uncon. of the one is not held by the other; and hence tradirted and unchanged; and there it will rePrinceton, the recognized expounder of Old main, unless something more than the commitSchool theology, cannot consistently regard Mr. tee propose be done to change it. This, I am Barnes as being orthodox, though he is most apt to think, will not be quite satisfactory to cordially accepted and honored as such by his New School Presbyterians, especially when they New School brethren. The simple truth is, remember that they differ somewhat from their there is a real difference between the two Old School brethren as to the powers of the Schools, bitherto claimed by the Old School to General Assembly. They will naturally want be essential and vital, and also admitted as a some positive guaranty incorporated into the fact by the New School, while denied to be es constitution of the Church, that the like assump. sential and vital. Thus the matter has stood; tion shall not be repeated at any future time. thus it now stands; and thus it will continue This is a question that ought to be settled beto stand, unless the Old School do-what there forehand-pot by indirection, but in language is not much probability of their doing-virtually too plain to admit of the slightest doubt as to concede that all their past allegations of heresy its meaning. against the New School were little better than 7. It is a very obvious fact that what may simple slander.

be termed the tone and type of Presbyterianism Now, in respect to this admitted difference, in the two schools are not precisely the same. What is to be done, and what are to be the terms of | The one partakes more of the Scotch spirit, and

different types.

872

а

our

the other more of the New England spirit. The both branches of the church for deliberate exone bas been designated as Scotch Presbyterian. amination. Perhaps the committee, in their

.' ism, and the other as American Presbyterian- dext report, will see occasion to modify the ism. It is not olear, by any means, that these plan. Whatever may be the result, all good two types, without deciding the question of their men must rejoice in the Christian and fraternal relative merits, will not work better for the spirit which seems to be at the bottom of this glory of God and the edification of the Church movement. in the separate than they will in the organically The views expressed in this letter are sugunited state. Both certainly have done very gestive, and worthy of consideration by such of well since the division ; and whether they will our members as desire a reunion with those do better in the state of union is at least a mat-called Orthodox Friends. Such a reunion would ter of some doubt. I certainly do not desire any be exceedingly desirable, if both parties were preunion which leaves the way open for conflict pared to enter into it cordially and to maintain between these two phases of Presbyterianism. it in Christian charity. But can it be said of The phases are real; and whether they can be Friends, as of the Presbyterians, that the two harmoniously blended in one organism is a point branches evince towards each other “courtesy, which at least admits of debate. If they cannot consideration and confidence ;” and bas one of be, as the history of the past seems to indicate, these branches abandoned " the offensive prac. then things had better be left as they are. tice of impugning the Orthodoxy" of the other?

8. What disposition will be made of the prop-It must be remembered that one of these erty questions to be settled in the event of union branches or sections, called Orthodox, is in some I am not sufficiently a lawyer to decide. Yet places broken into fragments, between which it seems to me that these questions will involve there is no unity. some difficulty. Take, for example, the church- As in the case of the Presbyterians, religious erection fund, now held as a trust fund by intercourse must precede reunion, and acts of trustees under a special act of incorporation, and courtesy must be mutual. We have long been placed under the care of a oertain New School in the practice of opening our meeting houses, General Assembly that met at Philadelphia, when requested, for the use of the Orthodox and also under the care of all successive assem- Friends, and of allowing them uprestrained blies representing the same constituency. This freedom to speak in our meetings. They have fund was contributed by New School men, and lately extended the same courtesy to for New School purposes. Where, then, is the Friends in some of the Western States; but power to change the ecclesiastical status and re are they prepared in Pennsylvania, New Jersey Jationships of this fund? This, with like ques. and New York to pursue this liberal course? tions to arise in the other branch of the Church, If they are not, then the way is not open for and perhaps other property questions to grow any steps towards reunion, although forty years out of union, will demand very grave considera- have passed away since the separation in Philation. Neither branch should commit itself to delphia, and nearly all who were active in it union until both see very clearly the end of the are numbered with the dead. experiment. The law committee proposed may shed light upon this subject; but until the light

SPIRITUAL EXPERIENCE. comes it will be prudent to wait.

It is not our want of aptitude for doing good I have tbus, in response to your request, and which stands in our way, half so much as it is as concisely as possible, named some of the dif. our want of communion with God. The rule ficulties which have occurred to me in respect is, “Oh! taste and see that the Lord is good !" to the proposed plan of union. I am quite Out of this experimental acquaintance with truth aware that the wbole subject is as yet in an in- grows our power to fitly offer it. Only tbus can choate state. Both Assemblies have continued we learn to recommend the various viands on the joint committee, directing them to report, in the table of the gospel feast. Scholarship be1868, any modification of the plan “ they may comes a means to an end. It is not the sbow deem desirable in view of any new light that of splendid attainments, but the hidden force they may receive during the year.” It is to be of piety underlying them, which affects the hoped that the subject will be frankly and thor-souls we hope to influence. oughly discussed ; that all the objections will The gospel light is much like the solar light; be carefully weighed; and that both branches its beauty is not its efficiency. You may divide of the Presbyterian Church will fully under the sunbeam into seven beautiful colors, and stand each other when they come to the point not one alone, por all togetber, will imprint an of final action. It is just now, as it will be un- image on a daguerreotype plate. Just outside til settled, the great question in the Presbyter the spectrum in the dark, there is one entirely ian Church. Both Assenublies were eminently invisible ray, called the chemical which wise in simply accepting the reports of the joint does the work. No manever saw it, do man committee and recomitting the whole question to lever felt it; and yet this it is which bleaches

ray,

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