« PreviousContinue »
1867. 1.702 3 892 5.465 1.810 7.320 11.025
3.145 6.615 2.150 2.930 4.680 2.960 2 520 2:181 8.705 4.1 45 1.760 3.465
From Chambers's Journal,
For Friends' Intelligencer.
April 3 795 ment are so valuable for future reference that
..........8.685 the compiler of the “ Reviews of the Weather,” June ..2.345 &c., furnished monthly for the Intelligencer, July ............3-770
2 387 herewith forwards it for publication in advance August........1.820 of his regular review, in order to avoid making
October ......1.820 a single article too lengtby :
J. M. E.
November....3.930 8th mo. 23d, 1867.
December....5:145 " The rain which fell on the 15th inst. was
Total ..... 46 001 the heaviest that has visited this city for the
It will be observed that the next greatest last fifty years, the record kept at the Peonsylvania Hospital showing the unprecedented quantity to the present month, falling in any large amount of 6-680 inches. The next heavia one month, was last June, and the greatest est rain within the last half century was in 17th of that month, the amount being 4-390
quantity on any given day herein was on the September, 1838, when the
inches." 6.011 inches to have fallen, which has not been exceeded until the present visitation. The pluriamater at the Hospital is kept ac
GREEN TURTLE CAY. curately and regularly, and its records' date
Some thousands of miles across the Atlantic, back every day to the year 1821.
you come to several green islands, of different In addition to this they have the records for size and shape. They are not situated off the some twenty years preceding that date, kept stormy and inclement coasts of Newfoundland by a Mr. Lagrue, of Spring Mills, of Montgom or Labrador, but far away to the south, where
. ery county, who took an interest in meterologi- the cocoa-nut tree ripens its fruit, where the cal and thermometrical matters, and although most luscious pine-apples exhale their delicious his records are not vouched for as strictly au- fragrance, and where the humming-bird finds a thentic, yet much confidence is placed in and congenial home, with a flower garden to ramble respect held for them.
through, and honey.dew to sip. These islands, The total amount of rain which fell during the smaller of which are called Cays, are situathe present month, up to Saturday night last
, ted just off the coast of Florida. The one of was 11-850, exceeding anything on the record which I am about to speak lies off the north for a corresponding period of time.
coast of the large island of Abaco, which being Of the entire month thus far there were only almost uninhabited, is very slightly cultivated. five days clear of rain, viz :—the 4th, 5th,
The smaller island of Green Turtle Cay has 11th, 12th and 13th insts. Some, in their de been settled for, I suppose, about fifty years,
? sire to exaggerate, charge the month of July and has a population of about a thousand. It with having been also unusually showery is five or six miles long, scarcely anywhere exand dampening to mortals ; but this is a mis- ceeds balf a mile in width; is covered nearly take, as, during that month there were only all over with dense bush ; bas a fine natural pine rainy days, averaging 2 387—quite a barbor, protected from all winds ; and is itself moderate return as compared with this good defended to a considerable extent by reefs of Eighth month, 1867.
rock, which stem the heavy seas as they come Or the rainy days we have had this month rolling over the North Atlantic. In addition the record shows the amount to have fallen, to the harbor just mentioned, there are two conrespectively, as follows:
siderable inlets or sounds at each extremity of
the island, which run in a longitudinal direction, 1st........ .1.961 9th........ •112 each of them from half a mile to a mile in length. 2d..... .403 10th...
Situated in pearly twenty-six of north lati3d..... .920 14th...
-326 tude, the island enjoys a very mild winter cli6th.... .400 | 15th..
mate, while its summer is oppressively hot. 7tb..... .1 910
100 The means of support and occupation which 8cb................1.735 17th........ •185 the islanders in this obscure spot possess, are making, as we said, in all, 14 850.
Dot so limited as might be supposed; and, For the information of our readers, who take in fact, with a little fresh blood direct from an interest in such comparative matters, we England or America, a good deal wight be will add that the amount of average rain which made of the place and neighborhood. There fell each month, and year, since January 1, is abundance of fish in the neighboring seas; 1864, according to ombrometrical register, was and the weather being almost always fine, and as follows:
the sea calm, the occupation of fishing can be
for that year.
pursued at all times of the year There are they like, grow oranges for the New York mar. also lobsters, craw.fish, crabs, and occasionally ket. The land is cheap, and there is no tax on most delicious turtle. There are no ovsters. produce; besides which government land is Prawns, which are caught in such plenty in lo often occupied and cultivated without having dia, and form the basis of that finest of all been bought at all, or any rent being paid. Å dishes, prawocurry, are not found in the Baha- negro of my acquaintance told me that he ocmas. They appear, however, on the coast of cupied in this way a small plot of land of about the Windward Islands.
an acre or two, on wbich last summer, with the Lobsters are caught in a peculiar manner. help of his son, he grew three thousand six They are found in plenty along the side of the hundred pine-apples, for which he received inlets, which penetrate the Cays. A boat is thirty pounds. This plot of ground is on the rowed along the mangrove bushes wbich line island of Abaco, which the people usually call the margin of the sounds, as they are called the Main. It is separated from the Cay by One man is armed with a two.pronged spear; only two or three miles of delightfully calm & water-glass is used to examine the bottoin of and clear water. My black friend, having acthe sea ; and when a lobster is seen, he is sa. quired so much money for a few weeks' work, Juted with the prongs, and hauled on board. took, I believe, a long rest; in fact with the When the tide is low, numbers are easily help of fish and molluscs, of which there is great speared. Turtle is caught in a similar man- plenty, he had no necessity to work any more der, but without the use of the water-glass.
Besides fishing, however, there is a far more Fruit is very cheap: one hundred limes were profitable occupation, in which nearly every offered me for sixpence, a few months ago. one on the island can take part. About fifty Pine-apples are abundant, and the finest in Alamiles north-west, there is a splendid sponging vor I ever tasted. The pine-apples are plucked ground, and several times a year, boats proceed before they are quite ripe, and shipped for New to this spot, and return after a few weeks, each York, which port they reach in perhaps eight boat bringing perbaps from three hundred to or ten days. There they are immediately sold five hundred dozen of sponges. These are sent to a dealer, who soon finds purchasers for them. to Nassau, and sold to the merchants, so that a The oranges come later in the season ; they are considerable sum of money is periodically di- plucked green, and ripen during the voyage. vided among the islanders, from a source which There are two or three fruits on this island scarcely any other part of the world is in pos- which I have not seen in other parts of the session of. I have been informed that Nassau world; one of these is the alligator pear, which receives thirty thousand pounds a year from this is of the shape of an English one, and grows trade.
on a small tree. It is not much of a fruit, but The water-glass is absolutely neceesary is very nice for breakfast in hot weather, when in collecting sponges, which often grow at a it is eaten with pepper and salt. It is one of considerable depth. A pole, from ten to twenty those fruits for which one acquires a liking in or thirty feet long, with a double claw fastened a short time. It is only in season in the sumto the end of it, is let down to the root of the mer. The sapadello is another fruit which is sponge, which is torn from the rock. The na- not fouud in any part of India that I am actives pretend this is very bard work : proba- quainted with. This is a very nice fruit, and bly, however, it would not compare with plough- resembles bread-pudding, but is very sweet. ing or other of our agricultural operations. The There are so many reefs and ledges, sounds and sponges, when collected, are found to be ten- sandbanks, in this part of the world, that wrecks anted by the worm, as it is called, and must are considered a regular source of income, and therefore be placed in the sun, to allow the the most peofitable of all. In fact, although I animal to die. Afterwards, they are well resided on the island scarcely six months, there washed in water, until all the animal matter is were not less than seven wrecks within reach got rid of, and the bad smell dissipated, when of our boats. The share for salvage which the they are brought to market. A bead of sponges natives obtain is about half the value of the of about a dozen or more may be bought for goods saved; moreover, these being sold by three shillings on the island of Green Turtle auction in the town, the inhabitants are able to Cay.
purchase at a cheap rate many of the necesThese two branches of trade, with what the saries and even luxuries of life. In incidentally soil itself can yield-namely, bananas, sweet- alluding to the subject of wrecking, I approach potatoes, and perhaps Indian corn-migbt be a topic of great importance to the real and persupposed to be quite sufficient for the support of manent welfare of the Bahama Islands. It is the inbabitants, who consist of men of Euro- a matter which bas engaged the serious atten. pean and Afrigan origin, with a few of a mixed tion of the present governor, who is most laudarace. In addition, however, to these sources of bly desirous of substituting some other occupalivelihood, the inbabitants can, all of them if tion more in accordance with the true interests of the inhabitants, than the precarious and de- air, so still is be, whilst bis wings are working moralizing trade of wrecking; and the gains with tremendous rapidity. Suddenly, he will from which are at times so great as to deprive ; tumble two or three feet down, and instantly be the natives of the necessary stimulus to those suspended in mid air, his wings giving forth industrial pursuits which their social wants in their monotonous hum. Then approaching a culcate. The certainty of the occurrence of a flower, he inserts his long bill, still standing in shipwreck sooner or later, naturally diverts the the air, and having extracted its sweets, darts miod from the subject of horticulture, which off in another direction. ongbt to engage their attention. The tempta-). In the beginning of February, another pleastion also to theft is very great, and too often'ing visitor makes bis appearance-the mockingyielded to. Numerous, however, as are the bird arrives. His song is something like that moral objections to the practice in question, not, of the thrush. The vatives of the Cay, howless so are the difficulties which stand in the ever, do not appear to pay any regard to such way of its reform.
visitants ; all their interests centres in the sea; There are several light-houses scattered over and the cry of “A wreck!” will send every the Bahamas, and no doubt many more are re- man running to his boat. quired. Still it should be borne io rnind that, But the ocean has here attractions of another to make them thoroughly efficient, the keepers kind. The Bahamas are celebrated for their should be placed beyond the temptation of a shells. Some very fine ones are occasionally bribe. A salary of eighty poundsa year, with found on this island, which entirely put to shame rations for one individual, is sadly insufficient anything of the kind which is found on the for such a purpose. When residing in that coasts of India or England. A week's sojourn part of the world, I accidentally heard of a on the Cay, if they could be suddenly transported keeper who, in spite of the severe economy in there, would be an immense treat to the freevitable with such a salary, contrived both to quenters of Scarborough or Brighton. The vadrink champagne and amass a fortune of several riety of bushes (some in flower), ferns, &c., hundred pounds. One is reminded, in short, of would afford amusement to those of horticula the Frenchman's stone broth, which proved so tural tastes; while the gyrations of the humdelicious a repast.
ming-bird, of which there are several species, In spite of the advantages enjoyed by the would be a perpetual source of delight both to Datives of the island, there is no accumulation old and young. What a never-ending source of wealth, as a general rule, by the negro popu- of interest would be offered by that great treaslation. They are improvident, and very de- ure-store, the sea! What uptiring pedestriang ficient in regard to the payment of their debts. I would circumambulate its shores ! How perseI confess I bave formed the opinion, that avering would be the idolaters of the little country inhabited by a negro peasantry would shrines, with their doorways of pearl, and their bear a very unfavorable comparison with one sculptured ornaments, fabricated by the creapeopled by men of European race, unless, in- tures of these clear green waters. deed, a prolonged moral culture under civilized institutions should develop a much more ele.
SPANISH HERMITS AND NUNS. vated character in future generations.
Lady Herbert, in her" Impressions of Spain,"
. One of the greatest evils connected with gives an account of her visit to the hermitage Green Turtle Cay is the painful uncertainty of in the Sierra Morena.
There are at present communication. European letters are received seventeen hermits, all gentlemen, and many of at Nassau once a month by the mail from New high birth and large fortune. “ They never York, and there they will remain for ten or see each other but at mags and in choir, or twenty days, when at length, after patience is speak but once a month." The cabin of each worn out from repeated disappointment, a recluse is fitted with "a bed composed of three schooner is seen approaching the island, the boards, with a sheepskin and a pillow of straw; letters arrive, but cannot be answered until the rest of the furniture consisted of a crucifix, a another mail has come from New York. The jug of water, a terrible discipline with iron Datives of the place, however, care very little points,” and an Essay on Christian Perfection. for this uncertain communication, as they have “No lioen is allowed, or stockings. They are no friends in Europe, and are not given to not permitted to possess anything. They keep epistolary correspondence. They find amuse-a perpetual fast on beans and lentils, only on ment in their boats and schooners, and their high days being allowed fish. They are not daily round of occupation.
allowed to write or receive letters, or to go into At Green Turtle Cay I made my first ac- one another's cells, or to go out of the enclosure, quaintance with the humming-bird. His power except once a month, when they may walk in of wing is wonderful. Yon are puzzled to de- the mouctains round, which they generally do cide whether the marvellous little creature is together, reciting litanies. Seven hours of each perched on some small twig, or standing in the day must be given to prayer, and they take the
discipline twice a week.” Twice a week-tbat| ticipation in the benefits of tbe priblic-school system is, they lacerate their backs with an irop-pointed of that State, fourteen schools have been established scourge. "The cold in winter is intense, and through the aid of various associations, supported
in part by the contributions of tbe parents of tbe they are not allowed any fires." In the convent pupils. The average number enrolled is about 730, of St. Theresa, at Seville, an equally rigorous and, during the coming autumn and winter months, system is kept up by the nuns. They keep this will probably be increased from 1,000 to 1,200. up a perpetual fast, living chiefly on the dried The same eagerness to learn which has been exhibited cabala, or stockfish, and only on festivals al-throughout the South, has been displayed in Dela
ware, accompanied in some districts with even lowing themselves eggs and milk. They bave greater opposition from a portion of the white popuno beds, only a hard matress; this, with an iron lation. lamp, a pitcher of water, a crucifix, and a dis- Statistics of the colored schools in Virginia sbow cipline, constitute the only furniture in each cell. that nearly 17,000 scholars are enrolled, the annual They are allowed no lipen except in sickness. I expense of whose teaching will be about $100,000. They are rarely allowed to go out in the corridor, from 43 teachers, some of the latter being also col.
In Richmond 3,000 colored pupils receive instruction in the sun, to warm themselves. Their house is ored. The scholars are regular in attendance, eager like a cellar, cold and damp, and they have no to learn, faithful to the requirements of the schools, fires. Even at recreation they are not allowed and give good promise of becoming intelligent and to sit, except on the floor. They have only five worrby citizeus. hours' sleep. They see absolutely no one, re
The Washington Union reports the discovery, beceiving the Holy Communion through a slit in low the Great Falls of the Potomac, within ifteen
miles of Washington, by Prof. T. C. Raffi oson, of the wall. The Eoglish lady was the first per Copenbagen, of a Rupic inscription, wbich records son they had seen face to face, or with lifted the death of an Iceland woman named Suasa, wbo veils, for twelve years.” At chapel they are died in the year 1057, of the Christian era. Fragnot allowed to see the altar. Lady Herbert, Dev
men:s of teeth, bronze trio kets, coins, and other cuertheless, asks, “Why is it that convents of the discovery appears to prove conclusively that
rious things, have been exbumed from the grave. this nature are so repugnant to Euglish taste ?” the Northmen were long in advance of Columbus in -Evening Bulletin.
their explorations upon this continent. A sciepufic
report, in reference to this discovery, will be looked HEART RELIGION.-Religion is, in an emi. for with great interest. nent degree, the science of the heart, and he An Omaha correspondent of the Chicago Republic who does not receive it in his heart, studies it to can writes concerning the recent attack on a traio very little purpose. Every Christian ought, the Union Pacific Railway, as follows : therefore, to study with the heart as well as
“The way tbe tbing looks now, it does not appear with the head; letting light and heat increase skins did. The scalping was certainly not done
that the redskins did this business, but the whi with an equal progression, and mutually assist Iodians-so men who understand the business sas, each other.-Schimmellpenninck.
A redskin would not be apt to leave the scalp behind
-be would ratber lose bis own-tbat of itself is m ITEMS.
little evidence; but what makes it almost sure is the It appears from the records of the Smithsonian fact that the scalp of the man who is still living, and Institute tbat the entire fall of rain by the late in a fair way to recovery, by the way—is not takea storm was nearly six inches.
in the Indian style. An Indian is never known to The successful completion of the cable connecting merely a couple of inches from the crown of the
take the whole top of the head for his scalp, but Florida and Cuba affords great cause for congratu- bead; and, besides, they generally take it off neatly, lation. It places tbe United States in close communication with a country with which it bas most in Some persons (and I must say I am one of the num.
wbile this was done in a very bungliog manner. timate and important business relations. Messages are said to be successfully passing through this ber) think there were no lodiane concerned; but cable. The broken end was recovered on August have an Indian war if possible, and their constant
Omaha and all these Western towns are bound to 18th, after several days of unsuccessful grappling, and the cable was immediately spliced and the con
cry is extermination. Now, this late attack serves nection made perfect. It will be opened to the pub- question, provided they keep under a few of the facts.
first rate to bring Eastern people to tbeir side of the lic in a short time. By a new Anglo-American treaty, the postage be- have been tbrown from the track before now, the
Several trains on Eustern and Sontbern railways tween England and the United States will speedily cars robbed, and sometimes destroyed. This bas be reduced one-half. It is now twenty-four cents been done inside of two years. There being no loupon a balf-ounce letter, and tbis is to be cut down dians then to tbrow the blame upon, it was at once to twelve cents. It was partly promised (by the charged rightly to thieves and bighway robbers; and Duke of Montrose, Postmaster General of England, it is very natural to suppose that the same class of when placing the postal treaty before the House of beings will do the same kind of work here, if that Lords,) that, whenever circumstances permitted, a class is here to do it. And it is not deried, but read, still further reduction would be agreed to by the ily admitted, that towns such as Julesburg, and British Government. This means in the even: of others not so far away, are more than half peopled the revenue not suffering by the change. As for by roughs. Andiber ihing, every time there is a ru; tbat, we suspect tbat the increased number of letters mor of an Indian attack anywbere, it is telegrapbed will more than make up all deficiencies. There is East as a fact; but wben, a few hours later, it proves hope, too, of a daily mail from Europe.
to be entirely untrue, tbe telegraph does not carry The colored people of Delaware being depied par-I the correction.”
“TAKE FAST HOLD OF INSTRUCTION; LET HER NOT GO; KEEP HÊR; FOR SHE IS THY LIFE.”
PHILADELPHIA, NINTH MONTH 7, 1867.
EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION
Review of the Life and Discourses of F. W. Robertson....... 417
423 At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Stroet,
424 Open from 9 A.M. until 5 P.M. On Seventh-days, until 3 P.M.
4.25 TERMS:-PAYABLE IN ADVANCE POETRY......
427 The Paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dolars per Annum. $2.30 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10.
Extra 'ta from an Excursion on the Westchester and PhilaAgents for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club.
427 The Postage on this paper, paid in alv at the office where It is received, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. The Value of Good Men..
430 AGENTS - Joseph S. Cobu, Nero York.
BY S. M. JANXEY.
REVIEW OF THE LIFE AND DISCOURSES OF Diabolic, Noble and Base, I believe sophistry
cannot puzzle so long as the life is right.
“I should say, therefore:
“1. Remember how much is certain. Is there (Continued from page 305.)
any doubt about the Sermon on the Mount? In reading the Life and Correspondence of Whether, for instance, the Beatitudes are true Robertson, we are impressed with his earnest- to fact? Whether the pure in heart shall see Doss of purpose, the originality of some of his God? Any doubt, whether to have the mind views, and the tone of Christian charity that of Christ be salvation and rest ? Well, if so, pervades the whole. Taking ioto consideration you may be content to leave much, if God will, his education and position in the established to unfold itself slowly; if not, you can quietly church, we can make allowance for some opin. wait for Eternity to settle it.” ions not coincident with our own, and read with In relation to the limitations of science, he satisfaction the illustrations of Heavenly truth said, in a letter to a friend : “Some time ago I presented in his choice and glowing words. know that Faraday said he considered that they
In answer to a friend who sought his advice were just in sight of the discovery of the prin. in relation to religious investigation, he wrote as ciple of life, the distant discovery was already follows:
felt trembling along the line.' It is enough to “The condition of arriving at truth is not make one's brain reel, indeed, to think on these severe habits of investigation, but innocence of things. life and humbleness of heart. Truth is felt, “It appears to me, however, that great misnot reasoned, out; and if there be any truths takes are made in the expectations e utertained which are only appreciable by the acute under- with respect to what science can do. The scistanding, we may be sure at once that these do entific mode of viewing
thiogs is simply buman : Dot constitute the soul's life, nor error in these it is not God's way. Creation is one thing, the soul's death. For instance, the metapbys- dissection is another. Dissection separates into ics of God's Being, the plan,' as they call it, organic parts, shows the flesh laid on the skele
of salvation,' the exact distinction between the ton, &c.; but God did not make first a skeleton divine and human in Christ's Person. On all and then flesh. Life organized to itself its own these subjects you may read and read till the body. And so, too, according to Science, the brain is dizzy and the heart's action is stopped; final cause of the sensibility of the skin, and so that of course the mind is bewildered." But the insensibility of the parts below the skin, is on subjects of Right and Wrong, Divine and the protection of the parts most exposed from