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injury. The extremities of the fingers are without thunder,' that is true, for there is never most sensitive; the heart and bones have few destructive lightning without thunder. But, nerves. Had this been reversed, had the skin again, if I say, “ The tree was struck by lightbeen apathetic and the interior parts sensitive, ning without thunder,' that is true, too, if I great pain would have been the result," to po mean that the lightning alone struck it, withpurpose, and the parts exposed might have been out the thunder striking it. Yet read the two destroyed, burnt, or broken without giving assertions together, and they seem contradictory. warning of danger; whereas, as it is, the most So, in the same way, St. Paul says, “ Faith jusdelicate parts, like the eyelid, are protected by tifies without works,'—that is, faith only is that an acute sensibility, which defends them at the which justifies us, not works. But St. James most distant approach of injury.

says, “Not a faith which is without works.' “Well, the anatomist says the final cause of There will be works with faith, as there is this arrangement, that is, the end which was the thunder with lightning; but just as it is not the cause of its being so arranged, was the protec- thunder, but the lightning, the lightning without tion of the structure. Of course the anatomist the thunder, that strikes the tree, so it is not can go no further; but there are ends, which the works which justify. Put it in one sen. the anatomist's science does not even touch, sub. tence,— Faith alone justifies: but not the Faith served by these sensibilities, the education, which is alone. Lightning alone strikes, but for instance, of the character and heart through not the lightning which is alone without thun. pain; a much higher end, properly speaking, der; for that is only summer lightning, and more truly the final cause of pain, than the harmless. You will see that there is an ampreservation of the organic framework from biguity in the words without and alone,' and harm. In all such departments Science must the two apostles use them in different senses, forever be at fault. She has not the organ por just as I have used them in the above simile the intuitive sense whereby their truths are dis. about the lightning. covered."

“ All this will be more plain if you consider The following letter was, apparently, ad- what faith is. It is that strong buoyant confidressed to a young woman seeking for spiritual dence in God and in His love which gives energy guidance:

and spirit to do right without doubt or despondMy Dear -,-Your mamma showed me ency.' Where God sees that, He sees the spriog your questions to her, and I offered to answer and fountain out of which all good springs : He them as well as I can, though it would be easier sees, in short, the very life of Christ begun, and to do so de vive voix than on paper. That re- he reckons that to be righteousness, just as a small specting the personality of the Devil I have perennial fountain in Gloucestershire is the already answered in a letter to your sister, Thames, though it is not as yet scarcely large though I am not sure that it was sufficiently enough to float a schoolboy's boat; and just as detailed to be quite satisfactory or intelligible. you call a small seedling not bigger than a litRemember, however, that the main thing is to tle almond peeping above the ground, an oak: believe in God, which is the chief article of all for the word 'justify' means not to be made the creeds. Our salvation does not depend upon righteous, but to reckon or account righteous. our baving right notions about the devil, but “ Now observe, just as you count the seven right feelings about God. And if you hate springs to be the Thames without a flood of wa. evil, you are on God's side, whether there be a ters, and without the navy that rides on the personal evil principle or not. I myself be. Thames, and just as you call the sapling an lieve there is, but not so unquestioningly as-to oak, without the acorns, so God reckons the be able to say, I think it a matter of clear reve- trust in Him as righteousness, because it is the lation. The Bible does reveal God, and except fountain and the root of righteousness, being inwith a belief in God there will and can be no deed, the life divine in the soul. He reckons goodness. But I can conceive intense hatred it as such (that is, He justifies the soul that has of wrong with great uncertainty whether there it) without works,-that is, before works are be a Devil or not. Indeed many persons who done, and not because of the works. But then believe in a Devil are worse instead of better that faith will not be without works; for the for their belief, since they throw the responsi- fountain must flow on, and the tree must grow, bility of their acts off themselves on him. Do and the life of God in the soul, sanguine trust not torment yourself with such questions. in God, the loving and good One, must spring The simpler ones are the deepest.

up with acts; for to say that it does not would “Next, as to St. James's assertion that ' faith be to say that it is dead, or that it is like without works profiteth nothing;' which ap- summer lightning, or like the gutter, which is pears to contradict St. Paul's, who says that a running past my house now, after a shower of man is justified by faith without the deeds of rain, and which is no perennial spring. St. the law.'


Works-mere acts—are not enough "Suppose I say, 'A tree cannot be struck | to justify us ; because they are limited and im




perfect. Ten thousand—a million cannot, work in us, it mnst be by,our behavior, gentle, because even a million is a limited number. humble, submissive, yet cordial and gay. Nothing can justify but faith, for faith is infinite, und immeasurable like a fountain. True,

A SINGULAR SERMON, replies St. James. But then do not think that Delivered at Frankford, Pa., by James Simpson, a St. Paul means to say that a living fount of

beloved Minister of the Society of Friends, a few faith will be barren, without worke. The faith

months before his decease. which saves, is not that kind which has no piety,

" What I am now going to relate is but a but that kind which is ever prolific-'a well simple story, and it is probable one of you may of water springing up into everlasting life.'bave heard me tell it before; but it has taken

In another letter he wrote as follows : such possession of my mind, that I thought I

“I think the great main doctrine of Christ is would just drop it for your consideration. that Truth is Light, and they who love the When I was a young man, there lived in our light come to it; that wisdom is justified by neighborhood a Presbyterian, who was univer. her children; that the Jews did not hear Him sally reported to be a very liberal man, and unbecause they were not his sheep; and, there commonly upright in his dealings. When he fote, that the Gospel was truth appealing to the had any of the produce of his farm to dispose of, heart much more than demonstrable to the he made it an invariable rule to give good measenses. Hence, 'If they heard not Moses and sure, over good, rather more than could be the Prophets, neither would they we persuaded' required of him. One of his friends observing by the most marvellous miracle.

him frequently doing so, questioned him why “But this did not include a secondary kind he did it-tolil him he gave too much, and said of proof for a lower kind of mind; see, especi- it could not be to his own advantage. Now my ally, John xiv. 11, where the two kinds of friends, mark the answer of this Presbyterian. proofs are given, and one subordinated to the God Almighty has permitted me but one journey other. It is quite consistent with God's wisdom through the world, and when gone I cannot reto reveal Himself to the senses as well as the turn to rectify mistakes. Think of this friends soul; and it the Gospel were utterly deficient but one journey through the world; the hours in this latter kind of proof, one great evidence that are past are gone forever, and the actions that it is from God would be wanting, -an in those hours can never be recalled. I do not evidence which we are justified in expecting throw it out as a charge, nor mean to imply that from the analogies of nature. God has written any of you are dishonest, but the words of this His glory, for instance, in the heart; at the Presbyterian have often impressed my mind, same time, He has so constructed the visible and I think in an instructive inanner. But one universe that the heavens declare the glory of journey-we are allowed but one journey God.' And when the Eternal Word is mani- / through the world; therefore, let none of us say, fested into the world, we naturally expect that “My tongue is my own, I'll talk what I divine power shall be shown as well as divine please. My time is my own, I'll go where I beneficence. Miracles, therefore, are exactly please; I can go to meetings, or, if the world what we should expect, and I acknowledge, a calls me, I'll stay at home—it's all my own.” great corroboration and verification of His Now this won't do, friends. It is as impossible claims to Sonship. Besides they startled and for us to live as we list, and then come here to aroused many to His claims who otherwise worship, as it is for a lamp to burn without oil. would not have attended to them. Still the It is utterly impossible. And I was thinking great truth remains untouched, that they, ap- what a droll composition man is. He is a com.


. pealing only to the natural man, cannot convey pound of bank notes, dollars, cents, and newsthe spiritual certainty of truth which the papers, and bringing as it were the world on spiritual man alone apprehends. However, as his back, he comes here to perform worship, or at the natural and spiritual in us are both from least would bave it appear so. Now, friends, I God, why shoald not God have spoken both to just drop it before we part for your consideration, the natural and spiritual part of us; and why let each one try himself, and see how it is with should not Christ appeal to the natural works,

his own soul.” subordinato always to the spiritual self-evidence of Truth itself.”

It is a day of unusual excitement and inquiry (To be continued.)

in every region of religious thought. In quiet

ness and confidence, io humility and watchfulIt is not in speaking of God that we can ness, will be our safety and our strength. And express what we feel concerning God, for this while it is our duty to uphold uotlivchingly is injurious to us. Trust me, in order to speak the doctrines and testimonies given us as a of God, you must rest silent concerning Him a church to bear, may we strive to possess our long time. God wishes a silence over all that souls in patience, that whether our controversy He works in us; and if we would manifest his I with what we believe to be error be oral or espistolary, we may conduct it towards those facts to aid in taking straight and firm steps in of our brethren from whom we are compelled the pathway of education and the duties of life; to differ, in a spirit of Christian love and for- and I ardently crave that the time we are now bearance, to the furtherance of the great inter- together may not be entirely lost, but that each ests of truth and righteousness, remembering one of my precious young friends present may that if we are in possession of the truth, the gain at least one new idea by the discourse you best evidence we can give of our faith in its hear, or have one of value, which was before omnipotent power is a calm confidence in the possessed, more permanently fixed. assertion of it.-British Friend.

I am informed that the present session of

your school will, for the summer, close this Liberty has been obtained from the author to pleasant exercise, so as to allow you a remission publish the following address, which we com- from school duties till fall, when, it is not mend to the careful perusal of our young doubted, you will return to them with renewed Friends. It contains many useful “ hints” and

interest and vigor. These periods of cessation

from any particular engagement have their use much valuable information.


in the mental economy, and may be compared An Address delivered at the request of the to the moulting in insects, and a similar cond

Teachers of Friends' First-day School in tion in trees. The silk.worm, for instance, eats Baltimore, on the occasion of closing the and grows for some time, then both processes School for the Summer, 5th mo. 27th, 1866, cease, and a state of quiet ensues, during which BY BENJAMIN HALLOWELL.

it is acquiring force to throw off the impediment My Young Friends :- I have been invited to its further development; and this being efby the board of Teachers of Friends' First-day fected, it commences with renewed vigor to eat School in Baltimore, to deliver an address to and grow again. the interesting company of young persons under Also, the trees, after the summer's growth their charge, and I have accepted the invitation; and development, shed their leaves, and rest not on the supposition that I possess any through the winter. But this is not a useless greater qualification of being useful to you condition; they are laborating, during this pethan they; or that I am likely to impart any riod of repose, materials which will enable ideas or truths tbat you have not already re-themceived from them, although I may clothe them

To put their graceful foliage on again, in a somewhat different dress, so as to appear as And, more aspiring, and with ampler spread, something new; but I come to afford a little Shall boast new charms, and more than they have variety in your exercises, in harmony with the


Couper. Poet's assertion that

So, I have no doubt, it will be with you, my • Variety is the very spice of life, young friends. Your remission through the That gives it all its flavor,"

summer will afford opportunity to digest and and with the still higher authority, that “in arrange the intellectual acquirements already the mouths of two or three witnesses every attained, and enable you to resume your exer. word shall be established.”

cises in the fall, with renewed energy and effiI am not about to endeavor to entertain, but ciency. Your present period of life is that deto instruct you. My remarks to you on the voted to the acquisition of information, both of present occasion will, designedly, not be wholly a literary and a business kind, to qualify you for adapted to your present capacities, but they may future usefulness. To secure this great object be likened to an inclined plane, of which the -- a qualification for future usefulness—the two lower part is slid under your feet, while I in- essential requirements are to develope, strengthvite and encourage you to strive to go up higher en and discipline the mind and heart; and to and higher; or to a cord, of which I give you hold preserve the physical constitution in a healthy, of one end, while the other end is attached to vigorous tone; and I propose to give you some immutable Truth, and I encourage you to climb of the most practical views I possess from obserup yourselves.

vation and experience, upon both these points. This effort in the use of your own minds, is First-in respect to the mind-it is a very comwbat will benefit you.

mon remark, especially by girls, in relation to Now that I am with you, what shall I talk studying arithmetic, or something which reto you about ? Most of you are entire strangers quires close thought, that "there is no use in to me; I am not at all acquainted with your my learning this, for I never expect to have attainments, your tastes, your expectations on any occasion to use it.” My young friends, the present occasion, or any exterior thing that this is not the point. The primary object in will enable me to adapt my discourse to the par- school study is to strengthen and discipline ticular circumstances that exist among you; the mind, to develope the intellectual faculties; but the bright, intelligent and inquiring coun- and such studies, especially if they are difficult tenances before me, speak a desire for practical to you, are eminently calculated to do this-and

for such addition to your powers of thought, in- | mately get, if they continue to persevere, and vention and reason as these studies give, you richly are they rewarded for their labor. will have need all your lives, be your occupa. The unsuccessful teacher, on the other hand, tions what they may; and you will also find stands below, and tries to push and drive his therefrom, a great addition to your usefulness pupils up on the platform with his hand, his and enjoyment.

switches, tasks, scoldings, black marks, privaWhile you gain all the information you can tions from ordinary privileges, and all such old from others, you must learn to think for your pedagogue inventions; and this frequently, too, selves—to use your own minds; so that when while they are running and reaching after other you meet with some difficulty, you must not go objects in which they are much more interested; at once to a teacher, or a more advanced scholar, and slow, difficult, mutually oppressive and reto get it solved, but use your own powers first : pulsive, imperfect, and almost useless work, is your effort may enable you to solve it, and even made of it. if it does not, it will at least the better prepare But returning again to my young friends, in your minds for advantageously understanding regard to hiuts for improving and disciplining the solution when given by another. By ex- the mind. When you do not know, and have ercise in this way, the mental faculties are not the means within your reach of informing strengthened. If a persor never lifted any yourselves, never be ashamed or hesitate to ask thing heavier than a pin, the muscles of his those who you think can give you the desired arm would never fully develope and become information. A few years past, I was going strong; so if the mind does not have some fre. along a street in the lower part of your city and quent engagement that will s'rongly task its saw a sign: “Stencils made to order.” Stencils, powers, it will fail of that healthy, strengthen said I to myself, I do not know what they are; ing discipline which it so greatly needs. so I immediately stepped into the shop and

I used frequently to tell my students that tounil a very benevolent-faced man behind the they might just as reasonably expect to become counter, and said to him, “ My good friend, I fat by having some other person to eat for them, cannot tell whether I want any of thy ware or as to become wise and learned by having an oot, for I do not know what a stencil is.” He other to think for them. The great fact should smiled, not apparently at my ignorance, but be continually borne in mind, that we must do good-naturedly and patronisingly, and showed for ourselves in life-must use our own powers, me the article, and I found I had long known which are thereby healthfully developed and it, but not by that name, which however is its strengthened. You must, in fact, educate your true name. On mentioning the circumstance selves, and let your books, dictionaries and to others since, I have been surprised to find teachers only come in as aids to your own exer- how many were like myself, ignorant of the tions. Then you will become thoroughly edu- name of so familiar an instrument. cated in those departments of knowledge in 2d. Never give up a search, but keep a subwhich you engage.

ject of inquiry before you, till you get your dif- . And here let me give a little hint to teach-ficulty solved, if possible. ers. The Educational Platform may be repre- I was more than twenty years endeavoring to sented as elevated on four principal pillars,- ascertain why, in the Roman numeral characters, Truih, Experience, Observation and Reason.- L stood for 50 and D for 500, inquiring of every The successful teacher stands high on the plat- one who I thought could inforin me, and examinform ; expatiates on the delights unfolded by ing every book which I believed likely to coutain the prospect he enjoys, and on the beauty, utili- the desired information. It was easily seen why ty and desirableness of the treasures it yields; C stood for 100, as it is the conmencement of the and with the sweetness and loveliness that Latin word centum, which means 100; and M adorn the true advocates of education, invites for 1000, as it is an abbreviation of mille, which and encourages the young people to come up, is 1000 in Latin. Also, in the ancient method see, and partake for themselves.

of keeping tally, one mark (1) stood for one, and Thus invited and stimulated, they are left to in printing this mark it was represented by the apply their own powers in their own way to letter I; two marks (l) stood for two, which gain the ascent. Some go resolutely at work in were printed by two II's; three marks (11) climbing up the main pilla-s; some succeed by stood for three, which were printed by three getting a ladder or steps [books, &c] that III's; four marks (1111) stood for four, which others have constructed; some solicit aid from were printed by four III's, and these four the teacher, which is always cheerfully given marks with a cross, 1·1-1 1,* stood for five, which when applied for and needed. One by one meth- *The difficulty of forming these characters in punt od, and another by another, according to their was not taken into consideration when the article characteristic specialty; but all are at work, was sent to press. The reader will therefore imagino

a line drawn across the 4 marks where the dots occur, with their own powers, to get up; and although

to represent 5. Some of tbe other representations, for their progress may be different, up they all ulti-l the same reason, are necessarily in perfect.--Eus.

was pripted by the letter V, as the one most to take their respective places, when they were pearly representing it; and then tallying by a" in care," as it was called, to keep order at the

“ point over each mark for 6, 7, 8 and 9, and a table of the “waiters,” who ate after the other back tally, thus 1:1-1:1 made the ten, and ulti- scholars were all done, which allowed my asso. mately the two tallies alone (X) stood for ten, ciate teachers some additional balf hour three which was printed by the letter X. When the times a day, the week they were “in care,” to tallies were made by cutting notches in a stick | attend to their domestic concerns. By this aror piece of wood, the first ten units were deno- rangement I attended at the waiters' table three ted thus, 111.1 1.1-11, and the ten alone was times every day the whole year; and having printed as VV's, or X.

nothing to do but to preserve order by my preFurthermore, that a character which stood sence, I kept a volume of Addison's Spectator for a less number when placed before one that on a shelf dear where I sat in the dining room, represented a greater number, took that much and read a paper in it, which was about four from it; whereas, when placed after the great- pages, while the scholars who had waited on er, it added to it. Thus I before V takes one the others during their meals, ate theirs, which from five, so that IV is four; while I after V made three papers or some twelve pages a day. adds one to five, and VI represents six. In like When I closed my book at the end of one meal, mander, as L stands for 50, XL is forty, while I thought over the import of what I had just LX is 60; XC is 90, while CX is 110. All read; and before opening it, on picking it up at this was easy and comprehensible. But why the next meal, I ran over this again in my did L stand for 50, and D for 500? That was mind, so as to retain the connection. In these the question which I was trying for more than small portions of time, which otherwise might twenty years to solve. I never doubted of ulti. have passed as wasted, I thus read, thoroughly, mate success if I should live, and therefore still the whole twelve volumes of the Spectator in kept the subject befyre me; and one day, when one year; and it was among the most profitable engaged in an entirely different investigation, reading I ever did. So that while accommodatand searching an old quarto Ainsworth's Latin ing my fellow-teachers, I did a kindness to my. Dictionary, printed in London in 1783, I acci. self, in gaining valuable information and inteldentally fell upon the information I bad been lectual improvement. Four pages, read three so long in quest of, and very simple it was, as times a day, requiring from fifteen to twenty most things are when understood. The Roman minutes each time, will, in a year, make twelve C, which stands for centuin, or 100, used to be volumes of 365 pages each. made thus [, which is much as our printed C, I can therefore confideotly recommend to all only by rapidity in forming the characters when my young friends to employ usefully and sysprinted with a pen, the corners have become tematically all the small portions of time-also, rounded. Cut this C in two, and take the lower never to put off to another time wbat you can half, L, and the Roman letter with which it as well do now; and then I give it as my expecould be printed was L, so that L represented rience, you will never want for leisure for the 50, the half of 100.

most pressing requirements of life. In nothing Again, M, which stands for mille, 1000, was is the Scotch proverb more true than in regard formerly printed thus CD. Cut this in two, and to time, that "“ Movie inkles mak a mickle."we have the right hand half, ”, which is print. “Many littles make a great deal.” Peter Pared by the Rowan D, to represent 500, or half ley (S. G. Goodrich) gave a good maxim once

å of a thou a d-all easy and clear.

in my hearing to some young persons whom he 3rd. Occupy small portions of spare time in was addressing- , some useful and systematic engagement. An

Ne'er till to-morrow's dawn delay author, mentioned in the Spectator, I think, What can as well be done TO-DAY." who had disciplined himself to punctuality and From experience of its value, I can strongly reindustry, wrote an interesting volume in the commend this rule for your adoption. The short intervals between the time he reached the German poet, Gothe urges to present prompt. table, upon the family being summoned to their ness in action in these lines, which are well meals, and when his wife came to sit down with worthy of being retained in mindhim. He kept the writing materials for this

“ Are you in earnest? Sieze this very minute. service by the table ready from one meal to What you can do, or think you can, begin it; another, and was thus enabled to pass these lit- Boldness bas genius, power magic in it.” tle portions of otherwise waste time, patiently

(To be conticued.) and pleasantly to himself, and to the benefit of others, by the result of his iudustry.

COMMUNION WITH GOD. When I was teacher at West Town Board- Religion, or the devotional part of it, is noing School, from 1821 to 1824, I was the only thing but communion of the soul with God; unmarried male teacher in the establishment, and therefore by its necessary condition is seand my colleagues having families, I volunteered | clusive. There is no piety of a multitude.


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