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COMPARISON OF RAIN.

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SUMMER TEMPERATURES.

ing faces. The average rate of progress with pow. Mean temperature of the three summer

der was about one foot per duy to each face, or from mos. of 1866.........

75.27 deg. twelty to thirty feet per week in all. In 31 month Mean - do do do

last the company accepted the services of an er. months of 1867 ..........

74.59 perimentor in nitro-glycerine, wbich article was Average of the summer temperature for

manufactured on the spot, wherever it could be used the past seventy-eight years........

73.42 with advantage, and the average was increased to Highest summer mean occurring during

nearly fifty feet per werk. The workmen, princithat entire period, 1828, 1838.. 77.66 pally Chipamen, labored in three gang for eight Lowest do. do. do.

66.00 bours eacb, and proved very servicable in this kind

of work. At times the consumption of powder Å very minute and d-tailed account of the recent Railroad is thus making rapid strides to a successful

reached four hundred kegs per day. The Pacific unprecedented rains, as contrasted with other years,

completion. • having been publisbed in the Intelligencer of 31st

IN DISCUSSING the present condition of the Atlantic ultimo, it is unnecessary to give anything more here than a very few items. The total amount of rain for cables, the London Times thinks it somewhat extra.

ordinary that the cable of 1865, wbich was once the three years designated below was as follows:

Inches.

supposed to be irremediably lost, should now be

the one in which the most reliance is placed For 1864.......

46.001.

The cause of the constant troubles witb the cable 1865, the unusual quantity of .........56.500.

of 1866 is explained by a statement that when the 1866.....

..... 45.256.

shore-end of this cable was laid from the Great the first eight month, only, of 1867..49.417.

Eastern that vessel was in a fog, and it was unfortuWbile the average for each year for many

nately laid over a shoal-patch about 240 feet in years has been about........ ......44 000,

depth, so that the icebergs frequently ground and The following brief summary of Temperatures and cut the cable. The cable company have determined Mortality will give a bird's eye view of those impor. to raise this shore.end as soon as possible from its tant subjecte for the past three months :

present bed, and remove it to a deeper channel. They The average temperature of the Sixth month was al o contemplate, in order to obviate the necessits 75.10 degrees; of Seventh month, 76.48 degrees; and of relying on the Newfoundland land lines for their of Eighih month, 72.19 degrees, an average for the connection with the United States, the lasing of a whole summer of 74.59 degrees. The boliest day of cable from Heart's Connent, by way of Halifax, to the geason was Seventh month 4.1, 92.50 degrees; | Boston, next year. and tbe coolest, Sixth month llib, 53.00 degrees. The Superiotendent of Education in South Caro. This low temperature, and the cleanliness wbich bas lida estimates that there are 25,000 blacks, men and resulted from the heavy rains, bave bad much to do women, in that State, who can read a newspaper with preserving the bealth of the city. During the with a good understanding of the contents, who, two three summer months, the bills of mortality in Phila- years ago, did not understand the alpbabet. delphia sbow an aggregate of 3997 interments as against 5191 for the same period last year, a difference osities of the Esprisition.

A Buddyisr “prayer macbine" is one of the curi

It consists of a little of 1194 deaths in favor of this season. Last year about this time, and for some weeks pre- you wish to say a prayer, a turn of the handle will

equare box, with a handle at the right side. When vions, we bad the cholera emongst us, which in some do it as easily as if it were a tune on a barrel organ measure accounts for the favorable contrast in the The Buddhist machine bas this advantage over a deaths. For instance, in the statistics above, we have 1674 recorded for the eighth month of this year, guarantee it to say a bundred and twenty prayers &

Barbary organ, that it is noiseless. Iis inventors counting five current weeks ; from wbich deduci onefifth for the extra week, and we have only 1339 for day, and it will vever get out of order. The prayers

are written on rollers in the box. 1867 against 1930 for 1866.

J. M. Ellis. Philadelphia, Ninth mo. 7, 1867.

The harvest of 1867, in America, is one of the

most bountiful ever gathered. A close and accurate ITEMS.

observer of agricultural matters reports, wib regard

to this harvest, that Illinois is much tbe largest proA new planet has been reported from the Professor ducer of Indian corn, more than one-sixth of the of the Michigan University as follows: On Friday whole crop of the country being grows there, and pight, while observing in the vicinity of the planet also the largest producer of oats (more than 20 per Neptune, I discovered still another planet hitberto cent. of the whole,) and of bay more than 20 per unknown, the brilliance of which is equal to that of cent. Pennsylvania takes the lead in the production a star of the eleventh magoitude. It is situated in of rye-nearly one-third of the product of the whole right ascension, 14 degrees 15 minutes, and in de country, and in buckwheat over 42 per cert. New clination 6 degrees 10 minutes north.

Jersey produces more rye than any other State, aeTHE GREAT TUNNEL of the Central Pacific Railroad, cording to population. New York takes the lead in which has just been completed, is said to have been the production of barley; about 40 per cent. of tbe tbe last, the longest and by far the most costly of the whole country. Virginia takes the lead in tobacco, excavations along the line of the road. It is one about 30 per cent. New York, Pennsylvania, and thousand six hundred and sixfy feet in length, and New Jersey together produce two-tbirds of all the was begun at the east portal on the 16th of 9th rye. New York stands the tenth State in the promonth, and on the west portal on the 20th of 91b duction of Indian corn, being exceeded by Hlinois, month last, and the work upon it has therefore oc- Indiana, Ohio, Iowa, Tennessee, Pennsylvania, Vire cupied about a year. The material, which had to be gioia, Kentucky and Missouri. In wheat New York drilled and blasted was granite of the hardest grain. is exceeded by Illinois, Wisconsin, Michigan, and As but a limited surface could be presented to the Iowa. Ilinois alone has in corn about 5,000,000 workmen, advantage was taken of a depression in acres ; in wheat, 2,196,000 acres ; in rye, 345.000 the centre, and a working shaft of one bundred and acres; in oais, 883,000 acres; in barley, 41,000 fifty-nine feet was sunk so as to present four work-I acres.

FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

" TAKE PAST HOLD OF INSTRUCTION; LET HER NOT GO; KEEP HER; FOR SHE IS THY LIFE."

VOL. XXIV.

PHILADELPHIA, NINTH MONTH 21, 1867.

No. 29.

EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION
OF FRIENDS.

CONTENTS.
Extracts from Thomas a'Kempis.....

...... 449 COMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS

An Address before Friends' First-Day School in Baltimore... 450
MADE TO
EMMOR COMLY, AGENT,
The Society of Friends.....

453 At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Street, Advice to Ministers-Excessive Caution--Silent Meetings-Open from 9 A.M. until 5 P.M. On Seventh-days, until 3 P.M. Call to the Young..

454 EDITORIAL

456 TERMS:-PAYABLE IN ADVANCE

458 The Paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dollars per

European Correspondence.. ennum. $2.50 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10.

POETRY.......

460 Agents or Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club. The Postage on this paper, paid in advance at the office where Michael Faraday, the English Chemist..

461 it is received, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. The Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania... ..... 462 AGENTS - Joseph 8. Cohn, New York. Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y. Mountain Grasses.

403 Benj. Stratton, Richmond, Ind.

ITEMS.
William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.
James Baynes, Baltimore, Md.

* 464

RASH JUDGMENTS.

WORKS OF CHARITY.

EXTRACTS FROM THOMAS A'KEMPIS. carried farther than his own inclinations and

opinions lead him. If, however, thou adherest Keep thy eye inwardly upon thyself, and be more to thy own reason and thy own will, than ware of judging the actions of others. In judg- to the meek obedience of Jesus Christ, as the ing others, a man labors to no purpose, coinmon- principal of all virtue within thee, thou wilt ly errs, and easily sins, but in examining and but slowly, if ever, receive the illumination of judging himself, he is always wisely and use the Holy Spirit: for God expects an entire and fully employed.

absolute subjection of our will to His, aud that We generally judge of persons and things as the flames of divine love should infinitely transthey either oppose or gratify our private views cend the sublimest heights of human reason. and inclinations; and, blinded by self-love, are easily led from the judgment of truth. If God Let not the hope of any worldly advantages, alone was the pure object of all our intentions nor the affection thou bearest to any creature, or desires, we should not be troubled when the prevail upon thee to do that which is evil. For truth of things happens to be repugnant to our the benefit of him, however, who stands in need own sentiment; but now, we are continually of relief, a customary good work may sometimes drawo aside from truth and peace, by some par- be intermitted; for in such a case, that good tial inclination lurking within, or some apparent work is not annihilated, but incorporated with good or evil rising without.

a better. Many, indeed, secretly seek themselves in Without charity, that is love, the external every thing they do, and perceive it not. These, world profiteth nothing; but whatever is done while the course of things perfectly coincides from charity, however trifling or contemptible in with the sentiments and wishes of their own the opinion of men, is wholly fruitful in the achearts, seem to possess all the blessings of peace; ceptance of God, who regardeth more the debut when their wishes are disappointed and their gree of love with which we act, than what or sentiments opposed, they are immediately dis- how much we have performed. He doeth much turbed and become wretched.

who loveth; he doeth much, who doeth well; From the diversity of inclinations and opinious and he doth much and well, who constantly pretenaciously adhered to, arise dissensions among fereth the good of the community to the gratifriends and countrymen, nay, even among the fication of his own will. Many actions, indeed, professors of a religious and holy life.

assume the appearance of charity, that are It is difficult to extirpate that which custom wholly selfish and carnal; for inordinate affechas deeply rooted ; and no map is willing to be tion, self-will, the hope of reward and the desi.e

men.

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of personal advantage and convenience, are the An Address delivered at the request of the common motives that influence the conduct of

Teachers of Friends' First-day School in

Baltimore, on the occasion of closing the He that has true and perfect charity “ seek- School for the Summer, 5th mo. 27th, 1866, eth not his own” in anything, but seeketh only By BENJAMIN HALLOWELL. that “God may be glorified in all things;" he

(Concluded from page 438.) " envieth not” for he desires no private grati- I would by no means recommend less attenfication; he delights not in himself, nor in any tion to the cultivation and improvement of the created being; but wishes for that which is mind, but more to the proper care and healthinfinitely transcendent, to be blest in the enjoy. ful development of the body, which is the only ment of God; he ascribes not good to any means through which the mind can act. Now, creature, but refers it absolutely to God; from it may be expected that I should give some whom, as from its fountain, all good originally general rules in regard to the modes of proflows; in whom, as in their centre, all saints moting or preserving health, and I will enwill finally rest.

deavor to give some of the results of my expeBEARING THE INFIRMITIES OF OTHERS.

rience and observation. Those evils which a man cannot rectify, he 1st. In regard to diet, be rigidly careful to ought to bear with humble resignation, till God have all the food properly prepared, and not shall be pleased to produce a change. This too rich—then do not starve yourselves—eat state of imbecility is, perhaps, continued as the enough and always, if possible, of that which proper trial of patience, without the perfect you relish. To relish what is eaten as a work of which we shall make but slow and in general thing, is indispensable to good health. effectual progress in the Christiari life. Yet, Meat, in too great quantities, like all rich food, under these impediments, we must devoutly overstimulates the system. There is a great pray, that God would enable us, by the assist. deal too much meat eaten for true health. ance of his spirit, to bear them with constancy Vegetables and fruits with good well-baked and meekness.

bread, milk and eggs, constitute what should If" after the first and second admonition, thy be the basis of fare, in order to secure a sound brother will not obey the truth,” contend no condition of the system. longer with him; but leave the event to God, 2d. Keep the mind calm. Let it be ener. who only knoweth how to turn evil into good, getic, when occasion demands, but preserve it that his will may be done, and his glory accom- tranquil and self-possessed. Fretting, no matplished in all his creatures.

ter from what cause, disturbs the nervous sys. Endeavor to be always patient of the faults tem and disorders the stomach, thus destroying and failings of others, for thou hast many faults the tone of the whole constitution, and renderand imperfections of thy own that require a re. ing it less able to bear up under the trials that ciprocation of forbearance. If thou art not caused the original disturbance. In this manable to make thyself that which thou wishest ner, the disturbed nervous influence induced by to be, how canst thou expect to mould another fretting, or giving way to brood over what is in conformity to thy will? But we require per called trouble, acts injuriously on the system, fection in the rest of mankind, and take no care and then the system re-acts on the nerves, till to rectify the disorders of our own heart; we an entire derangement of the feeling ensues, desire that the faults of others should be se- under which the poor victim will, perhaps, sufverely punished, and refuse the gentlest correc- fer for days, and in all probability, involve others tion ourselves ; we are offended at their licen- of the household in a similar catastrophe. I tiousness, and yet cannot bear the least oppo- have met with two admirable precepts upon this sition to our own immodérate desires; we would point which my young friends would do well subject all to the control of rigorous statutes to remember. First. Never fret or worry about and penal laws, but will not suffer any restraint what you can't help. If you can't help it, it is upon our own actions. Thus it appears, how simply absurd to fret about it. Second. Nerer very seldom the second of the two great com- fret or worry about what you can help. If you mandments of Christ is fulfilled, and how difficult can help it do so immediately, and the occasion it is for a man to “love bis neighbor as him for fretting is at once removed. self.

3d. Never get in a passion. A fit of anger

or passion is almost as bard on the system as a GENTLE INFLUENCES—If the secret of all fit of epilepsy, or a spell of bilious ferer; then, regenerate hearts could be laid open, we should on account of health, leaving out of considera doubtless view with a mixture of astonishment tion the moral qualities and attendant unhappiand gratitude the quantity of benefit which has ness, it should be equally deprecated. Keep been and which is effected in the world by the therefore the mind calm and tranquil. Make familiar converse, and even by the silent looks, every reasonable and proper effort to remove of truly good men.-Bishop Jobb.

whatever is uncomfortable and disagreeable, and

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to have things in the condition in which you de estimated : and yet how many remain and keep sire them; and having done all in your power to their precious children almost entirely excluded this end, submit calmly and with patient resig from the healthy enjoyment of the sun's rays, nation to them as they must be. Having done thus depriving themselves and their offspring of your best, leave the rest trusting. You say this the kind and invigorating offices of one of their cannot always be done ; but we can try, and best friends. The three great natural contribueven the effort will be favorable, and such effort tors to health-please remember them-are ex. will often be successful.

ercise from useful employment, fresh air, and sun4th. With raw the mind as much as practica-shine. ble from self. The more it centres upon self, I promised to mention some instances illusthe less favorable it is to health. Let the mind trative of the fact, that individuals of the go forth frequently and liberally in the con- greatest promise of usefulness and of the hightemplation of the beauties of nature—the placid est intellectual capacity and attainments are grandeur of the stars—the beauty and sweetness frequently lost to the world many years earlier of the flowers—the innocence and cheeri- by the premature breaking of the delicate casness of the birds--the love of our fellow crea- ket in which the precious treasure is contained, tures--anything and everything that is beauti- for want of due regard to the laws of Health. ful and inviting, and it will tend to bring the Of the many recorded instances of the physical system into its true harmony and to restore and constitution being thus broken down in the preserve the health.

great struggle for intellectual greatness, I shall Avoid as much as possible the unhealthy mention two. babit of drawing upon or taxing the sympa- Blaise Pascall, born at Clermont in France, thies of our friends and ourselves, by a rebearsal in 1623, is famous for ingenious reasoning in of our ailments, our trials and difficulties. support of the opinion of Torricelli, that it was There may be a momentary relief in this too the pressure of the atmosphere which sustained common and hurtful practice, but it is unsub- tbe column of mercury in the tube of the baromstantial and weakening, and disposes the mind eter. Pascall reasoned, that if the mercury was to a morbid dwelling upon its own sorrows, sustained by the pressure of the air, it would which is directly at variance with that firm stand at less and less height in the tube of the dignity, fortitude and self-reliance which are so barometer, as the instrument would be carried essential to true health.

up a mountain, where the column of air above 5th. Cultivate feelings of interest and cheer- it would be less. This opinion was verified, at fulness in your daily avocations, whatever these his suggestion, by actual experiment, and the may be. As a general thing, it is the condition great proposition of the atmospheric pressure of the mind, not the amount of labor or exer. thereby permanently established. tion in our business, that produces the principal This ingenious and interesting person devoted wear and tear of the system. Where the en- himself incessantly to study. He spent his gagement is entirely from choice, however great play hours when a youth by himself, in a rethe bodily labor, this wear and tear are almost mote room;” wrote a treatise on Sound, at wholly uøknown. In the philosopbic language eleven years of age; and one on Conic Sections, of a colored man “choose work” (that is work an advanced branch of mathematics, at sixteen. of one's own choice) "is no work at all.” The His biographer says, “The incessant application same wise sentiment is expressed in different that produced results of such variety and ex. language by a person of great learning and ob- tent, produced another consequence, equally inservation, “ It is not work that kills people, but evitable--the loss of health, with all its attend. worry.". Dr. Armstrong in his poem on the ant evils.”. He thus sunk prematurely to the Art of Preserving Health” speaks to the same tomb, at the early age of 39, beloved and repoint:

gretted, his brilliant star being extinguished "In whate'er you sweat

before it had reached its meridian, for want of Indulge your taste :

keeping the triple powers of the system propIle chooses best, whose labor entertains

erly balanced. His vacant fancy most. The toil you hate

Henry Kirke White, whose“Remains" have Fatigues you soon, and scarce improves your limbs." been so successfully embalmed by the poet

6th. Persons, especially females, should very Southey, was possessed of uncommon intellectgenerally walk more and use more exercise in ual capacity. He was born in England, in the open air. Besides the benefit of the fresh 1705, and commenced his career at school at air, the influence of the sunshine-yes, sun. the age of three years. His biographer says, shine, when not too scorching-is most favorable " At a very early age, his love of reading was to health, in imparting activity and strength a passion to which every thing else gave way." to the skin and aiding it in the perform- In the pursuit of his studies for a profession, it ance of its various important functions. The is recorded of him that he allowed no time for benefit from this source can scarcely be over. I relaxation, little for his meals, and scarcely any

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for sleep, under which regimen his bodily pow-Come, Disappointment, come!

Thou art not strange to me, ers soon gave way, and he sunk with all his acquirements and promise to the tomb, at the Sad monitress! I own thy sway,

A votary sad, in early day early age of 21, his bright sun setting in the

I bend my knee to thee : morning of life. He died on the 19th of 10th From sun to sun, my race will run, month, 1806.

I only bow and say, my God, Thy will be done."" The poet Byron refers to the untimely and These lines breathe the spirit of genius and lamented death of Kirke White, in the follow.devotion—the mind and the soul bewailing, in ing beautiful lines :

sad and softened, but resigned cadence, the “ Unhappy White! while life was in its spring, certain early separation of a member of the And thy young muse just waved ber joyous wing; tri-partnership, upon whose withdrawal their The spoiler swept that soaring Lyre away

whole action, in this sphere of existence, must Which else had sounded an immortal lay. Oh! what a noble heart was here uodone,

cease forever! When science 'self destroyed her favorite son!

From such sweet specimen of his early promYes, she too much indulged thy fond pursuit; ise, how must we lament that all should have She sowed the seeds- but death has reaped the fruit. been so prematurely lost to the world, by such 'Twas tby own Genius gave the fatal blow,

total disregard as we have seen, of the laws of And helped to plant the wound that laid tbee low. So the struck Eagle, stretched upon the plain,

Health, of which, however, it is to be presumed No more, through rolling clouds, to soar again,

he was ignorant. Viewed his own feather on the fatal dart,

We have, on the other hand, some contrasting And winged the shaft tbat quivered on his beart! and noble instances where the triple powers of Keen were his pangs, but keener far to feel,

our nature-body, mind and soul-have been He nursed the pinion which impelled the steel ;And the same plumage that had warmed his nest,

preserved, well balanced, through a long and Drank the last life drop of his bleeding breast."

active life; among whom I shall name the Kirke White saw his approaching dissolution Baron Von Humboldt and John Quincy Adams. some time before it occurred, and mournfully

The great and learned Humboldt, by the labor referred to it, in the following touching lines of ascending the Andes and various other in “An Ode to Disappointment,” written about mountains, and exploring the geographical feaage of 19.

tures of the greater portion of our globe, with

his great bodily industry and mental activity, "Come, Disappointment, come! Though from Hope's summit burled;

and his soul constantly alive to the grand disStill, rigid muse, thou art forgiven,

play of the power, wisdom and goodness of God, For thou, severe, wast sent from Heaven,

which is everywhere witnessed in creation, not To wean me from the world :

only acquired that deep insight into nature, and To turn my eye from vanity, And point to scenes of bliss that never, never, die.

those lofty conceptions of the attributes of

Deity, which constituted such a rich gift to his What is this passing scene ?

contemporaries, and grand bequest to generaA peevish April day : A little sun--a little rain;

tions to come, but at the same time, by bis well And then night sweeps along the plain

regulated and laborious researches in these exAnd all things fade away.

plorations, secured that vigorous development of Man soon discussed, yields up his trust,

bis physical constitution, for which he was inAnd all bis hopes and fears lie with him in the dust. debted for his great power of endurance, in Oh, what is beauty's power ?

giving to the world so many valuable volumes It flourishes and dies :

containing the recorded results of his labors. Will the cold earth its silence break, To tell how soft, how smooth the cheek,

He died at the advanced age of 90, with all his Beneath its surface lies?

powers in full vigor to the last, continuing Mute, mute, is all o'er beauty's fall,

actively to benefit his race for a period of more Her praise resounds no more when mantled in her than 50 years longer than the whole life of the pall.

lamented Pascall. The most beloved on earth

John Quincy Adams also kept all his triple Not long survives to-day; So music past is obselete,

powers well balanced to an advanced age. His And yet 'twas sweet, 'twas passing sweet,

mother trained him early to active physical duBut now 'tis gone away!

ties, and to elevated moral and religious ideas Tbus does the sbade to memory fade,

and observances, which happily continued with When, in forsaken tomb, the form is laid.

him through life. Then since this world is vain,

He remained constantly at his post of activity And volatile and fleet,

and usefulness till the bodily machine was Why should I lay up earthly joys, When rust corrupts, and moth destroys,

worn out, in the course of nature, when, seeing And cares and sorrows eat ?

he had finished his career and reached the terWhy fly from ill, with anxious skill,

mination of his journey and his labers here, he When soon this hand will freeze, this throbbing heart calmly remarked, “ This is the last of earth : be still ?

I am content," and gently ceased to be. He

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