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died on the 23d of 24 month, 1848, at the ad- ja wiser, and therefore a more exalted nature.
vanced age of 81, having by due regard to the Lord Broughum.
laws of Health, for which he was remarkable,
given to the world the benefit of his great in-

For Friends' Intelligencer.
dustry and vast attainments, for an uninter-

THE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS. rupted period of 63 mature years beyond the An article in the Intelligencer of the 11th of whole extent of the life of Henry Kirke White, Fifth month last, under the heading of “The including the time of the latter's infancy and prospect before us,” is devoted to a subject education. Thus may we see the great import- upon which something more may be said. It ance of paying due regard to the requirements is the subject of the decline of our Society, and of the body,-to develop its powers, and pre- the prospect before us as to whether we shall serve them carefully in health, in order for the continue to live, or are destined to extinction. fulfilment of their highest allotment and capa. Statistics are there referred to, showing that bilities. To sum it all up,-keep the three there has been a diminution of nearly one-fifth parts of our nature, the animal, intellectual of actual members within Philadelphia Yearly and moral or religious, well balanced and all Meeting, from the year 1829 to 1863. And in harmony, acting out promptly and rigidly when we consider how much within that time the best information which you possess population bas increased, and how other re. or can acquire for the health of your bod-ligious denominations among us have increased, ies; have constantly at hand some useful we may form an idea of what our numbers ought employment or engagement, and whenever to be, instead of what they are. practicable, a full supply of bodily exercise,

But it is not so much in numbers that we fresh air and sunshine ;-preserve the mind bave declined, as in the attendance of our meetactive, cheerful, hopeful and self-reliant, with ings, and the life and interest of those meetings. feelings of kindness and love to all your fellow Here lies, in fact, the true difficulty. The arcreatures; and supply it daily with more or ticle before referred to states also that there is less intellectual food ;—and finally cultivate every reason to believe that Friends are diminlore and obedience to God, and an abiding trust ishing in numbers in all the Yearly Meetings in the watchful care of a kind superintending in correspondence with Philadelphia Yearly and over-ruling Providence, who will always Meeting; and that it appears also that the bless every right endeavor, and none wore ap- meetings of those called Orthodox, except in provingly than those directed to the preservation some of the Western States, are also declining. of the "harmonious condition of the multiplied Independently of actual statistics, this state depeudencies of the physical system,” with which of things, especially the continued falling off in he has so munificently entrusted us, for the the attendance of our meetings, must for years high and benevolent purpose of our own en- have been apparent to all who have had an opjoyment and His eternal glory.

portunity of observing; and to all our members

it suggests the most serious considerations. But LOST TIME,

one result can follow from the continued decline Let any man pass an evening in vacant idle of anything, and that is it must come to an end. Dess, or even in reading some silly tale, and com- Extinction is, therefore, our inevitable doom, pare the state of his mind when he goes to sleep and that at no very distant day, unless a remeor gets up next morning with its state some dy for this state of things is sought for and obother day, when he has spent a few hours in tained. going through the proofs, by facts and reasoning, Has our Society fulfilled its mission ? And of some of the great doctrines in natural science, is the termination of its existence to be regardlearning truths wholly new to him, and satisfy- ed as following in the natural and providential ing himself, by careful examination, of the order of events? If so, -and there may be those grounds on which known truths rest, so as to be who entertain this opnion,—then we need not not only acquainted with the doctrines of them- trouble ourselves about it; but otherwise an obselves, but able to show why he believes them, ligation of the most important character deand to prove before others that they are true,– volves upon us, and that is to ascertain the will find as great a difference as can exist in cause of our lifeless condition, and apply a remthe same being; the difference between looking edy. back upon time unprofitably wasted, and time It may safely be assumed that if the princi. spent in self-improvement. He will feel himself, ples we profess are correct, and have not become in one case, listless and dissatisfied; in the other, obsolete, and if our forms and usages were comfortable and happy. In the one case, if he wisely adapted to the wants and requirements did not appear to himself humble, at least will of the present day, then we would necessarily not have earned any claim to his own respect; prosper; and the fact that we do not prosper is in the other case, he will enjoy a proud concious- conclusive proof either that the particular testiness of having, by his own exertions, become monies we hold have had their day, or that our

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forms, usages and modes of worship are not treated to reinember the responsibility of their such as to meet the requirements of the present calling, and always to bear in mind that none generation. These are conclusions, the force can minister availingly, in attending to the inof which will be apparent to, and must be adjunction of the Divine Master-Feed my mitted by all. A more concise way of stating lambs'-to the gathering of the flocks, but those the proposition would be to say that the reason that are anointed and receive their qualification we do not prosper is—that there is something from on high-that nothing but what proceeds wrong with us.

from God can gather to him—that no human The duty we of the present generation owe to qualification is sufficient for the performance of those who are to come after us, of handing this great service ariyht, and that all scholastic down to them, as they have come to us, the attainments in the world fall very far short of a great distinguishing testimonies which we main-right qualification for the ministry-that the tain as a religious body, is one of the most im- gift being divine, the qualification must be of perative obligations. May not a kind reproof God, and should be performed freely without be administered to those occupying high seats, any view to reward from man,” &c., &c. The who are looked to as the fathers and mothers spirit of Fox is conveyed in such words as among us, who, notwithstanding their zeal in these, without the caution which seems to be. many things of a formal nature, yet, as to any come needful only as life expires. “ Therefore, active remedies, seem to be indifferent upon this I desire that you may all improve your gifts vital question. Perhaps this duty devolves and talents, and not hide them in a napkin, equally, however, or even ought to be assumed lest they be taken from you; and not put your principally, by those of a younger class; and, candle under a wushel, lest it go out; and not be in this view, a word of caution may not be out like the foolish virgins, who kept their name. of place to some who are older, lest by undue of virgins, but neglected having oil in their prejudice in favor of established usages, and in- lamps ; such were not diligent in the work of considerate aversion to all changes, they be God, nor in the concerns of the Lord, nor in found as stumbling blocks in the way.

their own particulars." “You may be a hinThe work of ascertaining what are our defi- drauce one unto another, if you (confine your ciencies, and what may be the most suitable visits to Friends, and) do not travel in the life remedies, and applying them, is one of peculiar of the universal Truth that would have all men delicacy and importance.

And while it neces- to be saved, and to come to the knowledge of sarily requires boldness, it also requires the ut- the Truth; and if you would have them come most prudence, and the constant and watchful to the knowledge of the Truth, let them know exercise of those eminent virtues, charity, for- it, and where it may be found. So I desire bearance, toleration, and love toward one an. that you be valiant for it upon the earth,' other.

T. H. S. &c.

It appears to me that these two utterances The roots of plants are hid under ground, 80 faithfully represent the spirit of the early, as that they themselves are not seen ; but they contrasted in action at least with that of the appear in their branches, flowers and fruit, modern, Society of friends. The latter, like an which argue there is a root and life in them. old man, advises care and caution, while the Thus the graces of the spirit planted in the former, like a young man, urges to action, eager soul, though themselves invisible, yet discover that work be done-and acts accordingly. The their being and life in the track of a Christian's one, full of zeal and enthusiasm in the Lord's life, his words, his actions, and the frame of his work, went boldly forward through the opposicarriage.-Leighton.

tion of friends and enemies to plant the seeds of

heavenly truth and love in all places, leaving For Friends' Intelligencer.

the ninety and nine righteous to go in search of ADVICE TO MINISTERS—EXCESSIVE CAUTION— the one benighted wanderer. The latter, fear

BILENT MEETINGS-CALL TO THE YOUNG. ful lest its order, peace and harmony be im

My mind has been powerfully impressed this paired, moves timidly around its narrow fold, morning on reading the first two articles of last keeping diligent watch lest there be any exces. week's Intelligencer—the “ Epistle from New ses or any departure from the ancient testimoYork Yearly Meeting of Ministers and Elders," nies and landmarks. and the letter of George Fox “to Friends of The one was an army of invasion, of young the Ministry. in Pennsylvania and New Jersey,” beroes striking boldly into the enemy's country, —with a certain point of contrast between them. caring less for tbeir defences than to have an The first named Epistle, which is full of excel edge on their swords; the other is an army of lent matter and stirring appeals, contains also deience, of old men shut in the walls of sectarian the following passage, which I select for an il- tradition, and mourning the desolations of Zion, lustration :

but feeling powerless to advance agaivst the ad. “ Those in the ministry were tenderly en-Ivancing foe. It needs no prophet's eye to see

a

the end. Unless the Lord raise up an army of; and burn its way through us, not being able to
young men, or put a new spirit into those who force a way through many that should become
now serve him, causing them to think less of joyful channels of living water, because they
keeping their armor bright and clean than they dare not confront either iheir own weakuess or
do of the salvation of souls and of carrying the the critical examination and severe judgment of
saving truths of the gospel of Jesus Christ home others.
to the hearts of them that sit in darkness and And that kind of admonition which em.
the shadow of death, then the edict will soon braces but misadapts important truths, like the
go forth—“Cast out the bond woman and her misapplied counsel of Job's friends, is exceed-
son."

ingly dangerous. It may easily be that minis-
When we come to care more for the law than ters are in present need of caution not to move
we do for the Life, more for the form than for unbiddeo in attempting to do the Lord's work ;
the Spirit of religion, we are no longer Christ's but my conviction is that such exhortations as
freemen, but servants unto Moses. Ob, Friends, those of Jesus Christ, and of his apostles Paul
why have you turned again t ward the bondage and George Fox, are much more needful.
from which you were delivered? Why have “Preach the word; be instant in season and
you become weak and timid, so that the in babi. cut of season ; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all
tants of Canaan seem as giants, and you are long suffering and doctrine," was the advice of
afraid to move out of the walls of Jerusalem, or one of the most successful apostles. With this
let your young men go out to forage, lest they agrees the spirit of that lovely and zealous man
become defiled with the enemy? Is this faith on whom was laid the Word of the Lord, who
in God, or in brick and stone ? Your over-cau-called men from following forms, traditions and
tion, your anxiety to preserve your distinctive ceremonies to the guidance of Christ's living
testimonies as a sacred birthright, have so la Light. But what are the professed disciples of
dened you that your power of free action and all these now doing? Some are mourning that
your confidence in one another are nearly gone. the people have gone away to seek other pas-
A right degree of caution is invaluable, but an tures; some are sitting in silence, seldom
excess of it is fatal to that enterprise and free preaching and less frequently drawing together
activity which are as essential to success in the warmth of earnest hearts in prayer, while
spiritual as in temporal undertakings. The lit- others are felt to be sitttng on the watch, lest

. tle motions of the spirit are crushed back. We there be any departure from the accustomed fear to speak, lest we should say amiss, and so courses ; thus fostering a dead imitation of the little openings are closed, and the one talent other men's peculiar views or expressions, inburied in the earth, because we find Christ a stead of the freshness and power of original bard master. But why does he seem hard ? feeling and thought. There are earnest, useful Why is it hard work, like taking life, for the laborers intent on obeying the commandments ; young to open the mouth in a religious meet- but most of these are much more fettered in ing? It is not Christ who makes it so, for he their spirit and motions than were those sons of is all love, all tenderness and encouragement, the morning who carried light into dark places, gently urging to that freedom in the utterance and who, fearing the Lord only, loved their felof thought which gives growth to the spirit. low disciples as brethren. The sad truth is, we Ah! it is our over-nice and critical Friends that have become bondmen to each other, and to our are the bard masters. They are not so wise as own weakness and want of faith. What are we they were when first they were parents, and doing here, it were well to ask, in these silent taught their little ones how to speak. Then meetings?' Not one mind in ten is active with they loved their lisping accents, their broken profitable reflection. There is, perhaps, a words, and smiled and gently invited the timid wholesome feeling of solemnity which is better attempts to bring forth the spreading leaves of than vain words; but most present are only thought.

dreaming or sitting under a dark cloud which Mistakes were unnoticed ; they knew that as yields them no water. And this is not because the life advanced, as reason dawned, darkness there is not water in the cloud, but because the would flee away, so they surrounded the fireside electrical power of the Spirit is wanting to conor the domestic table with a warm, genial, en-dense the dark vapor into shiping drops, which couraging atmosphere of love. Had they not would bring life and joy to thirsting souls, could done this, their children would either have left they but fall, even in the simple patterings of them to find relief and pleasure, or else have the artless but earnest tongue. grown up as dull and ignorant of common life “ With the mouth confession is made unto as most of us are in our religious life. Oh, it salvation.” “Out of the abundance of the is sad, very sad, that religion should be made heart the mouth speaketh.” Why, then, are such a hard and doleful thing; that the spirit of we so much silent ? Let us not be deceived. love, and knowledge, and understanding, which It is not because we are so spiritual, more than is the Spirit of the Lord, should have to beat others, but because we are dying; because the

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life of God is under oppression in our hearts. ted existence, or in oblivion of all others, before Therefore, those who have come, thinking to the throne of God. How vivid soever may be receive the bread of life, go away hungry, per- the emotions that spring from the heart in its haps to return no more. It is sometimes well sympathy with others, they can never come into to point to the open Fountain, saying, “There comparison with those that belong to its own. is water; dip for yourselves.” But because ultimate welfare.Isaac Taylor. the land is dry, and the water deep, and men have no buckets, therefore God sends his ser- FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER. vants to draw for them, until they learn to draw for themselves. As God condescended to our

PHILADELPHIA, NINTH MONTH 21, 1867. low estate so far as to clothe his Son, who is our spiritual Bread, in a body of flesh, so he " WE GLEAN FROM EVERY VINTAGE.”clothes bis love, wisdom and goodness in words, This motto we deem appropriate to express the that men may receive truth through these ex. aim wbich the editors of this paper have ever ternal mediums or signs. The cry of the Psalmist is echoed by many souls, Lord, be kept in view, while seeking for aliment to

« not silent unto me, lest if thou be silent unto satisfy the intellectual wants, and minister to me, I become like them that go down into the the spiritual life of its readers. To cater for pit." Words are the mirrors of thought and such a variety of tastes as must inevitably be feeling by wbich these are transmitted and en. larged. Therefore, while reasonably cautious

found among the large circle of our subscribers, · not to be found sowing chaff, let every Chri- requires no small degree of care and assiduous tian consider it his duty to scatter the seeds of labor; and it is satisfactory to receive assur. righteousness and truth in some way, and if he ances that our sincere endeavors are appreis not now able, make it his immediate business

ciated. to find that ability by applying diligently for the grace of God, and laying in seeds of knowl

Among the articles recently inserted in our edge from the granary of the Scriptures, and paper, the selections from the discourses and not be hindered by custom, if he find good seed letters of F. W. Robertson have elicited from therein adapted to the present wants, from many of our readers and correspondents testibringiug it to the people in such form and

monials of decided approbation. There are, measure as it has been preserved for our use.

Arise, young men, and begin to serve the however, we regret to learn, some exceptions. Lord your God. “ As the lightning cometh One Friend, writing to our publishing agent, out of the east, and shineth even unto the expresses his disapprobation of resorting to west,” so the Light of Christ is enlightening the writings or opinions of a hireling minthe Gentiles. Why are you yet slumbering ? Arise, virgin souls, and trim your lamps, and if istry,” in order to fill our columns. they are burping low, fill them quickly with the For our part, we rejoice when we have evi. oil of grace, and take them from under your dences that others, not of our fold, are being beds of ease and your sectarian measures, lest, gradually drawn away from a dependence upon when the Bridegroom comes, you be left weep. externals; and we believe, as this work goes ing without, and bewailing your folly in the darkness.

EDWARD RYDER.

on, it will lead to an acknowledgment of the Brewster's Station, N. Y., 8th. mo. 27, 1867. Truth in its simplicity, and an abandonment

of the ceremonial observances by wbich it is COMMUNION WITH GOD. Religion, or the devotional part of it, is noth-encumbered. We consider the system of a ing but communion of the soul with God; and stipendiary ministry inconsistent with the pretherefore by its necessary condition is seclusive. cepts of Christ and the practice of the Apostles, There is no piety of a multitude. The worship and we believe it has been fraught with great of a congregation is the worship of so many injury to the Church throughout Christendom; hearts, each rendered a degree more fervent than but we must, in charity, admit that many who otherwise by the power of sympathy. But if the elements of worship have not been brought have been engaged in it have been sincere together from the depths of individual spirits, Christians, devoting their lives to the righteous they exist not at all

. In all true worship, cause, so far as it was opened to their minds. whether the scene be the place of public convocation or the closet, the soul brings its immortal ledge is usually gradual, and, when much en

The progress of the soul in spiritual knowsubstance, and its personal destiny, and its par

, ticular interests—its recollections, its hopes and cumbered by the prejudices of education, is its fears-yes, itself, as if it were the only crea- almost invariably slow. An instructive ex

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ample of this is found in the recorded ex. I those of George Fox in a letter “ to friends of perience of John Simpson, a highly valued the ministry in Pennsylvania and New Jersey," minister, who lived in the last century. He both of which appeared in the 25th number of was educated among the Presbyterians, and, the Intelligencer. He considers the former after he became a minister in our Society, he cautious and contracted, and that the latter retained for some time a belief in the rectitude urges to active and expansive measures for the of defensive war. “ Through the gradual un- promulgation of Truth as professed by Friends. foldings of the Divine Light, his understand. We believe that the two cannot be justly coming at length became illuminated, and his pared. Our early Friends were incited to labor judgment fully convinced that all carnal war with a zeal consequent upon the new era which fare, offensive and defensive, had its origin in had dawned upon them, through the faithfulthe unsubdued lusts of the flesh, and was ness, apparently, of one who had himself been entirely opposite to the spirit of the gospel of led into quiet fields and secret places, where he Christ. Previous to this discovery, he had became impressed with the immutable truth, been careful not only to avoid speaking on the that Christianity consists in obedience to the subject, but also to conform to the established revelations of Christ, “the true Light which discipline and testimonies of Friends in rela- lighteth every man that cometh into the world,” tion to wars and military requisitions. He was and that those who receive it are given “ power heard to remark that, from observation and to become the sons of God.” In that comexperience, he was fully persuaded that, in the paratively dark day, there were many hungering operations and discoveries of the divine prin for the bread of life, being weary of a profesciple in dedicated minds, every man did not sional religion which yielded not the fruits of begin to learn at the same point of the Christian the spirit. To these, the voice of G. Fox and alphabet; but, as faithful obedience was yielded others, who were alike convinced of this vital to the arisings of Light, all would come into principle, was like a living inspiration from the the fulness, and see eye to eye."*

Fountain of Life. The novelty of men and It has always been the practice of writers women preachivg without having been prdained in our religious Society, when advocating the by man, drew the people in crowds to listen to principles of Truth, to call to their aid appro- their teachings. Persecutions followed; and priate corroborating testimony from devout the blood of the martyrs eakindled a holy zeal authors of other persuasions. The writings of for the cause for which they suffered. Archbishop Fenelon have been widely circu- lapse of years a very different state of things lated and much approved by Friends; and exists. In some cases the language of the Robert Barclay, in his Apology, quotes freely prophets is doubtless applicable—“How is the from the writings of Calvin and other Protest- gold becoine dim! how is the most five gold ant ministers, to sustain some of the views changed !" Still, we believe there are many presented in that standard work. In quoting who are living in accordance with their highest from Calvin, we know that Barclay did not perceptions of right. The origin of the New favor the doctrine of predestination, nor the York Epistle was to share with the absent memsystem of giving to ministers a pecuniary sup-bers of that part of the Society the gospel ex. port in reward for their services.

ercises which had flowed freely during the site Let us rejoice in the progress of Truth, and tings of the Yearly Meeting, "which perehance embrace it wherever we find it.

might be as a brook by the way to cheer the

drooping spirit and strengthen the weary travCommunications from two correspondents eller on the way to Zion.” They no doubt will be found in the present number, both could also with George Fox desire that "all bearing upon the condition of our religious or.

men should come to the knowledge of the ganization. E. R. contrasts the sentiments Truth,” and with him encourage all to walk in contained in the “ Epistle from New York obedience to the knowledge received. We Yearly Meeting of Ministers and Elders,” with unite with our correspondent in the wish that

* Janney's Hist. of Friends, iii., 405. faithfulness may be observed in the work as

AN

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