Page images

[ocr errors]

the thirty the water of life,-lead them to , to llim. Will not this blessed intercourse ex.
living fountains, -and show them that the pure clude the thought that you are forgotten or for-
spirit of the Lord is in them, —" a well of water saken, or that he is dealing hardly with you?”
springing up unto eternal life."
Cheer up, then, ye desponding! Take cour-

age ye that are disheartened; remember in days There are conditions of mind entering into
of old, when Israel was in a great strait, be- and promoted by secret prayer, which must
sieged by enernies on every hand, the Prophet ever commend it most strongly to every devout
prayed that the Lord would open their eyes to person. It remores in a large measure from
see the true state of things, and behold their the heart the temptation to ostentation in reliy-
surroundings were full of chariots and horses; ion. That the profession of Christianity is a
more was with them than against them; all the cause of trial to many, and, under some circum.
hill country was

as full of strength. Now this stances, to all miods, is begond doubt; but in metaphor we would do well to consider, and cannot be denied that the outward confession look up above the weaknesses of men to the may so far cease to be a cross as to become a power of God. Instead of dwelling upon deso- means of self-glorying. In such case, it is a lations, let us arise and build every one over snare to the soul, a most pernicious one, superagainst his own house; then we would soon see inducing self-righteousness and hypocrisy. the multitudes come up "like a flock of sheep Every man possesses what may be termed a from the washing, every one bearing twins, and double consciousness--one for himself and anothDone barren among them.”

er for the world : with the one, he reads himself Such I believe is the power of the word of for himself, and with the other, he reads himlife when public expression is called for; such self for others. Some minds seldom study the the burning of the tire kindled within, that the former, but almost exclusively the latter. To tongue must speak and tell what God has done. such the danger of performing their religious May all mind their calling, young and old, and duties for the inspection of men is very great, encourage one another to love and to good and nothing is more important to them than to works.

SARAH HUNT. be put under the necessity of so far excluding

themselves from the observation of the world SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATED.

as to temporarily free them from this exposure Not long since a man in India was accused by making them feel that they are alone with of stealing a sheep. He was brought before the Searcher of hearts. Iusensibly will the the judge, and the supposed owner of the sheep thought of another's opinion steal upon the was also present. Both claimed the sheep, and best of men in their most honest public devohad witnesses to prove their respective claims, tions, and in some degree, however slight, be an so that it was not easy for the judge to decide epticement to dissembling. To say nothing of to which the sheep belonged.

the desire to make one's self appear good--too Knowing the customs of the shepherds, and easily excited in us all-the very uses of public the habits of the sheep, the judge ordered the worship to stir cach other to increased piety in sheep to be brought into court, and sent one of some sort lay one under bonds, cither real or the two men into another room, while he told imaginary, to try to please. One would natuthe other to call the sheep, and see if it would rally wish to niake an impression favorable to come to him. But the poor animal, not know religion by exhibiting its excellence in one's ing the “voice of a stranger,” would not go to own exercises. This is a good; yet we must him. In the meantime the other man, who was

see how this line of commendable virtue runs in an adjoining room, growing impatient, and by a briuk-thie temptation to appear better * probably suspecting what was going on, gave a than we really are. Now, the correction for

kind of “cluck," upon which the sheep bounded this tendency is not abstinence from public a way towards him at once. This “ cluck worship, but frequent devotion under circumthe way in which he had been used to call the stances where it is impossible to be thus beset. sheep, and it was at once decided that he was The soul, shut away from outward incitements, the real owner.

is led to turn in upou itself, and so a deeper, Thus we have a beautiful illustration of John jaster insight of its own condition is insured. x. 4, 5:“And the sheep follow him, for they Thus withdrawn from the eyes of men, it reads know his voice: and a stranger will they not fol. itself for itself--not asking what will wen think low, but will flee from him ; for they know not of this or that act, but “ What do I think of it the voice of strangers. - British Wurkman. for myself?" "Does it do for me?" "Does

it answer the idol of truth and purity which “ Maintain confidence in God by lookiog out I have formed for myself, and so command my for instances of His love. They will not be own respect, which is of infinitely gria er mowanting; and when you meet with them, let a ment to me than the judgments of o hers?'' word of grateful response rise from your heart The heart can see much of liself as rá ideii in


[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]

. It has sometimes

been said that man is govern

the opinions of others; but the lesson will be “ How beautiful the thatch looks !” cried aa-
straightway forgotten unless it carry these teach other.
ings ioto its own solitudes and ponder them. " Ah !" cried the old thatch, " sather let
The sun paints his pictures in the dark, and the them say how beautiful is the loving moss, that
operator must hurry away his delicate tracery spends itself in covering all my faults, keeping
to the little dark room to fix it. The outside the knowledge of them all to herself

, and by
surface man, comparing himself with men around her own grace making my age and poverty wear
him, estimating himself by the average of man. the garb of youth and luxuriance.
kind, makes no advancement; while he who
seeks retirement with God, bringing with him MAN AN ORIGINAL CREATION, NOT A DEVELOP-
the results of his observations, finds a higher
standard of comparison for his character. A A From an article under this head in the Theo.
clearer light than the dim. confused opinions of logical Eclectic, for July and August, by Wor-
men shines upon his soul, even that which thington Hooker, M. D., Professor in Yale Col-
streams forth from the perfection of the Al- lege, we extract as follows:
mighty. He and God are alone, and in God “How does map differ mentally from animals?
there is no darkness at all. All is made mani.
fest by this light, and as the soul can bear it, ed by reason and animals by instinct. To near-
every motive and act stands out in full propor- ly the same purport, says St. Hillaire, an emi-

nent French naturalist, the plant lives, the aniThere is, moreover, absolute Deed of the mal lives and feels, man lives, feels, and thinks.' broader freedom which the soul can have only The truth is, that both man and the animal in closet prayer. Secret devotion may restrain bave instinct, thought, and reason. That comfrom pride, from dissimulation, but it also af- mon animals think, I need not stop to prove. fords the opportunity for, and the encourage. It is obvious, also, that they reason, if we call ment to the utmost directness and thoroughness the making of inferences reasoning. If you hit in one's approaches to God. Every thought a dog with a stone, and he afterward secs you can be expressed; sivs which are hardly con- take up another stone, he infers that he had ceived may be confessed; troubles which no better get out of the reach or that stone if he human breast could appreciate can be told into can. This inferring, or reasoning, is through an Ear that never wearies of listening and a the mere association of ideas, and differs from loving Heart that never wearics of feeling; a higher kind of reasoning, soon to be spoken emoticns of joy and sorrow can have their full of as belonging exclusively to man. Sumetimes gush of expression without fear of annoyance this reasoning by association is more complex to one's highest friend. However much all than in the case just cited. I will give a few hearts may need the aid which contact with examples. A bird built its best in a quarry, other bearts imparts, there are times when where it was liable to disturbance from the blastevery heart absolutely requires the unrestrained ings. It soon, however, learned to fly off wbeo liberty of privacy. Two are infinitely too many; it heard the bell ring to warn the laborers preone and God are enough. Then will the soul vious to a blast. They sometimes rung the bell open all its secrets, and from a deep sense of its when there was to be no blast, for the sake of bitterness and helplessness, pour out itself into amusement in seeing the bird start off when an urgent waiting and pleading before Him who there was no need of it; but it did not allow seeth in secret and rewardeth openly. Happy itself to be many times deceived in this way, for us if, when such seasons of want and anguish for it soon added another mental association to come, we have already learned the uses of se- the first one from which its inference was made, cret prayer?- The Methodist.

and did not quit its best till it saw the men

Some horses in a field were supplied with

water in a trough occasionally filled by a pump. “Dear moss!" said the old thatch, "I am One of the borses, more sagacious than the rest, 50 worn, so patcbed, so ragged; really, I am if be found the trough empty, would take the quite unsightly. I wish you would come and pump-handle in his teeth, and pump into the cheer me up a little ; you will hide all my in- trough. The other horses seeing this, would, firmities and defects, and, through your loving whenever they found no water in the trough, sympathy, uo finger of contempt or dislike will tease the horse that knew how to pump by biting be pointed at me."

and kicking bim, till he would fill the trough "I come !" said the moss; and it crept up for them. In this case, the horse that did the and around, and in and out, till every flaw was pumping associated in his mind the motion of hidden, and all was smooth aud fair. Presently ihe pump handle in the hands of his master the sun shone out, and the old thatch looked with the supply of water, and he inferred that gloriously in the golden rays.

his mou h could do as well as his inaster's hand, “How beautiful the thatch looks!" cried one. And while they associated this supply with his


[ocr errors]



pumping, he inferred what their teasing him ly endowed of the brute creation. This intromeant from associating it with their motions duces him into a sphere of thought, and conseabout the trough, indicating so pluinly that they quently of feeling, in which he moves in comwanted some water.

mon with angels, and, we may add, in common Instinct is a very different thing from this with the Deity-the only differeoce being that reasoning by association. It makes no infer. God knows all principles without the tedious

. ences. It is unreasoning and blind. The hen will processes of thought and reasoning which must sit on pieces of chalk, shaped like eggs, as readi- be gone through with by man. It is plainly ly as on real eggs. The flesh-fly often lays its this which is signified when it is said of the eggs in the carrion-flower, the odor of which so creation of man, 'In the image of God created resembles that of tainted meat as to deceive the he bim.' insect. An amusing example of the blind dis- Let us see now what results come from the regard of circumstances in obeying instinct is possession of this power. furnished by an English gentleman Mr. Brode- First, it is only by a recognition of principles rip, in an account of a beaver, which he caught that can infers from nature the existence of a when very young. He gives a circumstantial Creator, or can teach this inference to others. narration of his operations in a roon in which And he can teach this to no brute, simply behe placed him, where there were also placed cause it has no power of admitting into its mind materials in great variety-rush baskets, band. the simplest principle. brushes, sticks, books, boots, clothes, turf, coal, Again, as the distinction between right and hay, etc. He went to work busily construct- wrong is founded on principles, it is obvious that ing out of these a dam and a nest, very much as no animal but man can know this distinction ; he would if he were on the banks of a stream. and so no animal but man can act in obediencé Now, if his instinct were at all rational, it would to conscience. Sometimes this knowledge is not have impelled him to make a dam and a loosely and inconsiderately attributed to brutes dwelling in a common room. Reason would of the higher orders. It has been said by some have dictated the construction of a nest, and one, that man is the god of the dog ; but it is nothing more.

irrevereni trifling thus to compare the regard of Iustinct operates in many wonderful ways, the dog for his master to that which wao should but these we cannot stop to notice.

bear to the Creator. We usually recognize the Reasoning by association is more prominent distinction between men and animals iu respect in some animals than in others, but in none is to the existence of a conscience in the very it so much so as in man. It is with him a very language we use. We are not apt to speak of abundant source of knowledge.

punishing a dog, for the word implies à moral But there is a higher kind of reasoning, which fault as the reason for the infiction. belongs to man alone-a reasoning by which he him simply to associate in his mind pain with arrives at principles-abstract reasoning, as it the act done, to prevent him from doing it again; may be terined. I will illustrate, in a very or, perhaps, to vent our ill feeling for the harm simple way, the difference between this reason- done upon the innocent cause of it. ing and that which is common to man and the It is the power of abstract reasoning that is brutes. Newton had a favorite dog, Diamond. the source of language in man. This is mani. We will suppose that, happening to be under an fest if we consider what is the nature of apple-tree with his master, he was hit by a fall language. What we ordinarily term language

. ing apple. He would infer, if he saw other is made up of vocal signs of an arbitrary charapples falling, that it was best to keep out of the acter, with corresponding written sigos. As way of them. This would be the extent of his general principles are recognized in the coustruc. reasoning. But how was it with his master ? tion and arrangement of these signs, we see at It is said that the secing of an apple fall, led once the reason that brutes have no artificial him to such thoughts and reasonings on falling language-that is, no signs that are agreed upon and moving bodies that he at length discovered as expressive of ideas. They do indeed have a the great fact or principle of gravitation. natural language, made up of natural signs,

Here we have disclosed to us the grand dis- cries, and motions, which vary in different tinction-the impassable chasm' -- between tribes of animals; but artificial, that is, constructman and other animals. No animal, however ed language, is a wholly different thing, al. extensive may be its meatal associations, and though it may incorporate into itself features inferences from them, can ever evolve a princi- from natural language. The parrot is indeed ple, or receive one into its mind by instruction. said to talk, but it is sheer imitation; and he This is not a difference of degree inerely, but of vever originates any language. It is not the kind. Man is not merely a wiser being than mere possession of talking organs that gives to any other animal, but the main source of bis man the power of talking; the presence of the wisdom is a faculty or power which is not pos- mind of 'man is essential for this use of those sessed in the smallest degree by the most high-loryans. Tue talk of Balaam's ass was a miracle

We whip

[ocr errors]





but all asses, and, in fact, all animals that have toward its offspring only so long as the necessity vocal organs, would talk at once, without any of parental care exists. It is not so with the miraculous agency, if their minds could be en- human parent; and it is, partly at least, because dowed, as man's mind is, with the power of the higher reason of the buman mind, looking abstract reasoning; that is, they would both forward into the future as well as back into the learn and invent words as expressive of their past, and recognizing the principles which are thoughts. The distinctness with which they the basis of relations and duties, associates such would utter these words would differ according thoughts with the object of care as would awak. to the construction of the vocal organs; but eo and perpetuate affection. most of the animals that we see around us would I have thus briefly noticed the chief results have a better utterance than the parrot has with that come from the grand characteristics which his stiff and dry tongue.

distinguish the mind of man from that of the It is a well ascertained fact, that animals never higher brutes. It is a characteristic which berecognize any meaning in outlines of objects; longs alike to the most cultivated and elevated, and yet the rudest outlines are readily inter. and the most rude and degraded of our race. preted by even very young children. To get There is no truth in the assertion which is at the explanation of this, observe what the out sometimes made, that races who are depressed line of any familiar object, as a cat, is to the and brutalized by the circumstances of their child. His thought is not that it is a cat, but condition are midway between the cultivated that some one has drawn certain lines by which races and the brutes. They are all with us on he intended to give the idea of a cat. In other this side of the impassable chasm' of which I words, it is a form of language-picture lan- have spokeo, and have within them the germs guage as it may be called--a language which of the same intellectual and moral power, needthe child can understand, because he has a ing only the influence of the same propitious reasoning mind, capable of filling out the outline circumstances that we have had for their full and putting in the appropriate colors, which the development.”- Western Christian Advocate. animal canuot do. Ancient inscriptions show that this picture language was in common use

God has written on the flower that sweetens in rude nations before the art of writing was in the air--on the breeze that rocks the flower troduced.

the stem-upon

the rain-drop that refresb. Again, it is from man's capability of recogniz- es the sprig of moss that lifts its head in the ing principles that cou es all his knowledge of desert-upon its deep chambers—upun every what is ideal and representative. On this point, penciled shell that sleeps in the cavern of the says Figuier, a recent French anthor, “Thanks deep, no less than upon the mighty sun that to this faculty, man has conceived the ideal and warms and cheers millions of creatures which realized poesy. He has conceived the infinite live in its light-upon all his works he has and created mathematies.' I need not stop to written, " None liveth for himself." show that po brute stepped within the realms of buch knowledge.

NOTES OF FOREIGN TRAVEL, FROM PRIVATE No animal but man inakes tools ; and Frank. lin characterized map as a tool-making animal. Animals do, indeed, use such tools as nature

London, Seventh month, 1866. provides for them—for teeth, claws, bills, etc., Once again we are in London, and have been are tools, but they never contrive tools for fortunate in securing accommodations close to themselves, and do not use any of man's tools all we care most about,—that is, as far as pracin imitation of him, except it be in the case of ticable, in so immense a place as London.

We a few of the higher animals, especially those are in a sort of aristocratic “blind alley,” anithat are peculiarly imitative. The tailor- bird mated without being noisy, and such pleasant uses its bill in sewing together leaves for its accommodations altogether that we feel much at nest with threads that it picks up, but it never home. I am becoming much attached to Old would invent a needle, or even think of using England, and think almost with dread of the one, if it fell in itš way, after seeing it used by time now so near when we shall really set out any of the human race. The explanation of all for “foreign parts," to wander in a strange thiis is, that in the use and construction of all land, and among a people speaking an unknown tools, from the simplest instrument up to the tongue. I am sadly doubtful of our knowledge most complicated machinery, we have the appli. of the French and German languages proving cation of principles--the principles of mechan-sufficient for Continental purposes. ics; and of these no brute, from the constitution I think, when I closed

last very

hurriedly, of his mind, can have any knowledge.

I had said nothing about the beautiful Abbey of There is a marked difference between man Melrose, wbich we were sorry to find close ad. and animals in regard to the continuance of joining the village ; indeed, almost enclosed by natural affection. In the brute parent it lasts lit, beside being fenced in and locked up.


No. 4.

[ocr errors]


[ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

But it is a magnificent and impusing ruin, and century. Next day we were on our way to
we almost wesried our guide by our lengthened London.
admiration. We had a more satisfactory view We have spent one day between the National
of the exterior afterward, by walking outside Gallery and the Royal Academy, both very
the graveyard. The elaborate finish of the splendid institutions, and several hours were
carving of the interior, and the wonderful state passed in examining the many exquisitely
of preservation (for more than 600 years) ex beautiful paintiogs, the work of renowned ar-
ceeding what I could have imagined, was tists, wbose productions we had always heard of
still more surprising when we learned that it with longing. Hampton Court was one of the
was supposed to have been the workmanship of many objects of interest, and it took a long day
a body of Sisterciao monks, the architects as to enjoy all the beauties and wonders of the
well as the original occupants of the monastery, place. The house covers eight acres of ground,
On the morning of the 16th we left in a post with gardens, and pleasure grounds, and parks
chaise for Abbotsford. A splendid day, and of proportionate extent, and all this vast domain
we were more than delighted with our visit. A kept up in perfect style. The Palace is no
grand-daughter of Sir Walter, 14 years old, is longer used by Royalty, but is occupied in dif-
heiress of Abbotsford. The place is occupied ferent suites of apartments by decayed gentle-
by Mr. J. Hope Scott, who married a daughter women, formerly ladies of honor, retired offi:ers
of Mr. Lockhart, and took the name of Scott of the Crown, and so forth. Their apartments
on his marriage. His wife is deceased, but he are strictly private, but all the galleries of
and his family have given up all the rooms paintings and poets, once the abode of Kings
made memorable by the memory of Sir Walter, and Queens, are open to inspection; and in them
to be open to visitors, they using only the we saw many curious pieces of old furniture,
dewer parts.

which have been preserved with great care,
Such is the enthusiastic veneration for the through centuries, showing us, by the aid of a
former occupant that the cicerone told us they little imagination, what was the interior life"
sometimes had three and four bundred visitors of Royalty, hundreds of years ago.
in a day. A clock is there which formerly be. The next day we had a little peep into that
longed to Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles I. of the present Sovereign of England, or rather
It is still ticking-a period of more than two of her horses, as we visited Her Majesty's
hundred years. We saw much we shall long stables, at Windsor. They generally contain
remember in connection with the former owner. 16+ horses; and the sighi impressed us with a
As we passed on to Dryburg, in whose ruined sense of the blessedness of our republican gov-
Abbey his bones found their last resting place, !ernment in contrast to this, where all these im-
we crossed a hill where it is said he frequently mense establishments are kept up for one litile
went, considering the view from it the finest in woman. however, a curious sight, and
this everywhere charming country; and we were we all united that horses and carriages never
told that, by a singular chance, on the day of his could be kept in more exquisite order.
funeral, the procession was detained, by an acci- Next day we spent at the Kensington Muse-
dent, for a considerable time, duriug which the um, a place we had been strongly recommended
hearse stood on his favorite spot.

to see, but of which “ the half had not been Next morning, about 9 o'clock, we took the told us." It is a very large and elegant buildcar for York, and arrived about 4 P. M., not ing, in the West End, filled with all that can too much fatigued to visit the far-famed York- be imagined of strange and curious, from all

After a pleasant walk through the parts of the world; and I think we might spend town, which bore, everywhere, the appearance a week or two there witbout finding out the exof great age, as well as substantial comfort, we tent of its treasures. It was a perfect feast, reached this magnificent structure just as it with its magnificent collection of paintings. was being closed for the day; but the obliging There was the Vervon gallery, of which we had Warden admitted us, and explained all the heard so much; with the copies of some of the various points of attraction, kindly allowing us best pictures we had long been familiar, but to remain quite a long time, though not half as now we were enjoying the far more beautiful long as we should have enjoyed looking at its originals. Then there were many other rooms almost overwhelming grandeur and majestic filled with choice productions, all beautiful ex. proportions. The richness and splendor of its ceedingly, and which will dwell in our memories numerous stained windows (one of which meas for many a day, in confirmation of the truth ures 75 feet by 31,) and the exquisite delicacy that "a thing of beauty is a joy forever.” We and variety of the stone carvings, far exceeded did not accomplish even a glauce at all of them all the abbeys and churches that we had pre- before we were too weary to enjoy any more for viously seen, and the lofty vaulted roof, 100 feet the day, and, taking a "buss" to Hyde Park, in height, added impressiveness to the whole. varied the pleasure by gazing awhile on its brilThe date of its erection is early in the 13th Iliant and busy throng of “the beauty and

It was,

« PreviousContinue »