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fashion of London," op horse. back and in car their residences; and while meetings in many riages; and then rambled through St. James' places have become smaller, in others they have whose calm and quiet loveliness contrasted increased. We believe that the principle which strikingly with the former scenes. Though in the very heart of this vast city, we might imag Friends regard as the fundamental principle, ide ourselves hundreds of miles away—so per is dear to very many who may not have given fectly country.like did it seem; and our walk evidence upon wbose side they are by a surrenthrough it was a fitting conclusion to this day der of the whole heart. Such need not be diof unusual enjoyment.

rected to anything without them in order to FRIENDS INTELLIGENCER. draw Dearer to the Fountain of Life, but to

centre to the gift within, that they may receive PHILADELPHIA, TENTH MONTH 5, 1867.

the unfoldings of Truth as they are revealed in Tue Society of FRIENDS.-Our attention the secret of the soul. has been again directed to this subject by a Instead of introducing new forms or looking second article from the pen of T. H. S. His at the present usages of the Society as the remarks are based upon the position that the causes of offence, let us recur to the manner in Society of Friends “is gradually dwindling which the Society was first gathered. George away, and that without a change our utter dis- Fox, in yielding to the impressions of divine solution is inevitable.He queries, Should not grace, was led to believe that through the this “arouse to action the most lethargic among power of Christ revealed in his soul, he should be “ The idea,” T. H. S. says, he “ par

enabled to overcome” the world. This induced ticularly designs to convey is, that upon a ques. retirement of spirit and a faith in silent wortion of the preservation of the life of our organi. ship. As others were convinced of the same zation and the maintenance of the great leading internal operative principle, they were brought doctrines and testimonies which we hold, all mere together to await the arising of Life by which forms, usages, and disciplinary arrangements, are their spiritual strength was renewed. A like to be considered subject to change without hesi-desire for good induced an individual in after tation.” He considers that “form is being the years to seek a retired situation, and he sat death of us, and that we should endeavor to upon a log. In time, one, and then another, modify, revise and conduct the exercises of our came and sat with him. The number in. meetings so as to render them attractive and creased--a house was built and a meeting es. inviting to our members.” We have accepted tablished near that place. A friend in another the communications on the state of the Society, neighborhood went regularly to the meetingas the expression of a sincere interest in the wel house, his dog being his only companion for a fare of the body, and not as the utterance of long time. Curiosity led some persons to meet complaints, in which light our friend S. H., in with him to see what could induce him to go her notice of them in the present number, ap. there alone. This was the origin of a large pears to consider them.

meeting. Instances somewhat similar might be It may seem a repetition to some extent of a multiplied, but our object is to call attention to former Editorial, but we think it right to advert that Power which can alone build up and susmore fully to the views presented by T. H. S. tain the Church. “Except the Lord build the We do not unite with the sentiment that our house, they labor in vain that build it; except Society is on the wane. The decrease in the Lord keep the city, the watchman waketh but nunibers since the census of 1829 may be ac. in vain." The original ground, with its native counted for in a great measure by the agitations simplicity, of our early Friends, should ever be which not long after that period threatened a kept in view. We are not so wedded to the second separation of the Society.

forms or usages of the Society as to wish to Meetings vary in size through the force of adhere to them at the expense of something betcircumstances. Many of our Friends whom we ter adapted to the wants of its members, but we have deemed “worthy of double honor," be have an objection to changes which do not cause of their dedication to the Truth, have profit, or which are not a decided improvement. been removed by death. Some have changed In the “Life of Saralı Grubb" we find the fol

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lowing, to which we can fully subscribe. “Let the sunshine, between cultivated flelds. Indeed
situations be what they may, and outward ad. it was not Germany but France still. At last
vantages ever so great, we are abundantly con. seemed to lift the soul up. Its grace and light-

the lofty spire of Strasbourg was seen, and
vinced that whoever experiences an inheritance

ness are wonderful. The stone seems to lose in the truth, and an establisbment therein, must its heaviness, and indeed it was necessary to porchase it for themselves, learn to live on touch it to convince myself that it was not wood. manna of their own gathering, and know whence It reminded me of the delicate wood-work of all their fresh springs proceed.”

Switzerland. The sculptures inside are all ex

quisite, and some of the fioest are by one of
Died, on Sixth-day morning, the 13th of Ninth the work after he died. I believe I have al-

Erwin's daughters, for his children continued
month, 1867, at the residence of Israel !. Bartram,
in Chester Co., Pa., Levinah H. Miller, of West ready written you of this cathedral and its ex.
Chester, in the 76th year of her age.

quisite painted windows. There is something
suddenly, on the 24th of Ninth month, beautifully symbolic in the light of beaven
1867, in Bengalem, Bucks Co., Pa., Joseph Paxson, falling upon the worshippers through the forms
in the 65th year of bis age.

of saints, whose love and self sacrifice are exA Stated Meeting of the Committee of Manage. pressed by the colors. In this language of ment of the Library Association of Friends will be color, handed down from the earliest ages, the held on Fourth-day evening next, the 9th inst., at 8 blue signifies divine truth, and the red divine o'clock.

love, and the yellow divine glory, or the Holy
JACOB M. Ellis, Clerk. Ghost; green (combined of yellow and blue) is

regeneration-human charity; and purple (of
The Committee appointed at the First-day School red and blue) is human effort for truth and
Conference at West Chester, will meet at Race Street
Monthly Meeting Room on Seventh-day afternoon,

love; the violet expresses the depth of self-
10th mo. 12th, at 3 o'clock. The sub-committees sacrifice, and is the color the priest wears on
will meet in the same building at 10 o'clock in the Good Friday: for these symbolical colors are
morning of that day.

used by the priests. White is divine, or orig

inal innocence. It is quite necessary to know The First-day School at Green Street Meeting this symbolism of color in order to understand House will re-open on First-day afternoon, 10th mo.

the meaning of ecclesiastical painting. There
6th, at 21 o'clock, P. M.

The First-day School at Race Street Meeting was one window in Strasbourg Cathedral where
House will re-open on same day at 3 P. M. the virgin was dotted with a mantle of violet,

over an undergarment of richest crimson; and
ERRATUM.-Page 472, in the Notice of "Friends' her feet were shod with yellow. She held an
Social Lyceum," for First Annual Session” read infant, and, in the three large panes in front of
" Fifth Annual Session."

her, were the three wise magi, one of whom was

a negro clad in cloth of gold, and with a crown EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENCE.

on his head like the other two. (And this was
No. 6.

not the only instance in this cathedral of the
MAYENCE, August 22. recognition of the negro as an equal worshipper
I believe I have not written since I left with his white brethren.) All the figures were
Switzerland. I forget whether or not I told as large as life.
you of my visit to Strasbourg to see its world- Only one spire of this cathedral is finished;
renowned cathedral. It was distressing to me but the other is nearly 400 feet high; and they
to leave Switzerland so soon; I had allotted seem to despair of finishing it, for they have
upon all August in Switzerland. But since it built a bouse on top for the bell ringers, and
was necessary, in order to accommodate one of made a balustrade round it, where people go up
our party who wished to meet her mother at and view the country in all directions. It is
Carlsrühe, I consoled myself as best I could by nearly 400 steps up. It has been destroyed
going to see the Cathedral of Strasbourg. In and restored again and again in the last 800
those natural cathedrals of the Alps, architec- years, and is certainly a most wonderful expres-
ture does not unfold itself. The altars are al. sion of man's aspiration to God. It was built
ready erected by nature, with the domes and by a society of Masons, who still exist as a re-
pinnacles that point the soul to heaven. Humble ligious union. While we recognise that there
little churches nestle among the hills, with their is a religious working more really spiritual,
red roofs and small spires, and witness that man whose stones are living ones, we will not under-
understands the lesson which nature gives, -value this expression. The saints and apostles
and complete the picture with the human touch who are here represented worked in a more
that reaches the heart.

spiritual quarry than the painters; but it was
After Switzerland, the plains of Germany something that those who came after recognised
looked very tame, with its villages sleeping in their spirituality, and forgot themselves in ap-

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preciation of them, though it was a fall of the preciated,” as is the modern term for a weak human nature, for a little while raised so high desire of personal glory, instead of for blessing as the early Christians raised it. It is the fa- and leading their fellow creatures to the blesstality of the human race to perpetually fall backedness of divine beauty-high art is no more. from that which it attains into the worship of

E. P. P. the attainment. Saint worship is not confined to the Catholic Church. The Protestant

RELIGION AND HEALTH. Churches worsbip their Luthers, and Calvine, Those who study the Old Testament are often and George Fox's, and Wm. Penns; for in- surprised to fiud how large a proportion of its stead of taking the hint from them of approach regulations were sanitary in their end and aims, ing God at first hand, they think and feel and designed to educate a whole community in those act in the wheel-ruts of the way of Life that habits, and calling their attention to those virthe fathers have made; and I do not know that tues and exercises which should form a healthy the old formulas of any sect are more quicken population. Their laws relating to clean and ing than these glorious forms of saints and he-unclean beasts, for instance, entering into all roes, which the light of heaven shines through! domestic life, and demanding that if a mouse or Both, alas ! are apt to prove substitution insteadrat or piece of dead flesh had touched any culiof new fresh life; and are but shadows to the nary vessel, it should be dipped in water and substance, which is love of man expressed in all thoroughly washed before it could be again used, beneficent sympathies and furtherance of his were intended to raise a nation of slaves into aspirations after truth and good, and his acts of the most civilized and cleanly nation then on love; soothing his sorrows and helping his in the earth. It was found necessary to forbid firmities by the way. It is interesting, how. pork altogether to a nation who perhaps were ever, to recognise, in the Masonic societies, that not so careful thoroughly to cook all their meat this building of houses of God with stone and as we are. Their fastings, festivals, clean and mortar was recognised, by the builders, as sym- unclean animals, their weekly day of rest, and bolic; and the spiritual secret of Free Masonry whole domestic arrangements were a wonderfully was brotherly love and helpfulness. I thus devised system for directing the attention of the took up a great reverence for Free Masons; and whole community to the cultivation of the most somehow was mingled with my impression the perfect health of body, as one of the first of reidea that the Temple of Solomon was a symbol ligious duties. of a perfectly formed character; and my mother, About a generation ago, Dr. Combe, a who was something of a poet, spoke to me of the physician, of Edinburgh, who in early life had fact that the building was put together with nearly died for want of sufficient care, went out sound of hammer or axe,” all the hewing everywhere over Great Britain and America, aod sawing being done in the mountains of lecturing on health, and publishing works on Lebanon by Hiram's laborers, suggesting that the constitution of man, calliog attention to this men should work on the materials nature pro- subject as a religious duty, incumbent on all. vides, each according to his several faculty, His language was not always correct, and his and the world would be built up, worthy to be ideas were somewhat restricted, but they met a called the temple of the Lord.

great want in the popular mind, and treated The circumstance that I am writing to a of a very beglected subject. His lectures gave Quaker community my impressions of these phrenology a start in this country, and everygreat works of the Catholic Church keeps my thing connected with physical culture. And mind in a continual musing mood on the sub-though some terrible blunders were made, ject of symbolism. The etymological meaning they inspired a class of men who have been exof the word symbol is the rolling together into perimenting and growing in the conscientious one whole the ideal and material. It is the ex- feeling that the cultivation of health, by all pression or signifying of spiritual by material suitable exercises and repose alternately of each things--man's miniature of God creating. Sa- organ, is the duty of every individual; one cred art is therefore legitimate human activity. without which he cannot perform aright any But the art must be sacred. When Fra Angeli. other duty to himself, bis family or the comco never painted for money, and always painted munity. on ber knees, the art was sacred, and every pic. There is a sort of idea, popular with some, ture an act of devotion. When the Masonic that Christianity has done away with all this fraternities of the middle ages bound themselves religion of the body. There cannot be a greatby vows to a life of virtue and devotion, they er and more pernicious mistake. Christianity were enabled to build these glorious cathedrals, has stamped a value upon every human life which all the money of the world cannot get never before conceived, and health is a part of finished, for such work, like the grace of God life---it is life. When St. Paul said that bodily flowed " without money and without price." exercise profiteth little, he spoke of Pharasaic When people paint for money, and “ to be ap- lexercises into which Judaisın had degenerated

per force.

-mere forms without life. But when the in his food, the active and energetic man in exsame writer argued, as a sufficient proof of the ercise, will be found generally possessed of the sin of certain immoralities, that he who com- best moral judgment—all his instincts and immitted them sinned against his own body he pulses leading him to noble, humane, honorable implied that all neglects and courses of life in. and elevated course of action. This reverence jurious to health are repugnant to the very for the health of the body is therefore most foundations of all true religion. “This is for comprehensive in its bearing on individuals, your health" was the sufficient reason in his eyes families and races. To so regulate the alterwhy he should command men to take food, and nate exercises and repose of all our bodily faceven wine is enjoined on a sick man for the ulties, as to use them for the end for which they same reason. “ Thou shalt not kill” embraces were designed by the great and all-wise Creator, more than most think. Christian science has is an object worthy the most patient study and greatly added to the average length of life, and religious care of every human being.- Public it has not done half its work yet.

Ledger. And still there are thousands who never study the laws of health, to obey them as a re- The following was written by one who had ligious duty, but eat and drink, rise and retire, watched by the bed of a suffering sister for over-exercise themselves, or go without exercise, many hours, and at last saw the “ unconscious without any conscientious scruples, except so moanings were yielding to the craving of the far as pain or the doctor reform their habits weary frame for rest."

HE GIVETH HIS BELOVED SLEEP. But the cultivation of the highest attainable

0! tread lightly ; she is weary ; degree of health is not only a positive part of

She hath suffered all day through, religion, but one of the most important parts of And the night is somewhat dreary, religion. Indeed, the example set by each If she wake and suffer too. affects the family, and the whole community, Silently the stars are keeping and national customs, duration of life, happi.

Their sunny vigils o'er her,

And she dreams not in her sleeping ness and physical progress or degeneracy, so

That to-morrow is before her. long as the family or race shall last-all are

Break it not, that spell of slumber, bound up in this comprehensive principle, cul

Waveless, beautiful as heaven, tivating the most perfect health as a fundamen- 'Mid the sharp gusts without number, tal religious duty. Inferior individuals and And the clouds of tempést driven. races are crowded out of existence, and the su

Weep not sisier--sister, cheer thee;

Yet sbe will not hear thee weep; perior multiply and fill the earth. This is the

She is weary, very weary ; way in which in the course of ages the types Only let her sleep! and ideas of all races steadily improve. Wo

I could fancy, gazing on her, live in an age of science, and that science which She had passed her night of sighs, produced the best races of men will populate

And that Heaven's own light upon her the world of the future and give it dominion.

Waits, to greet her opening eyes.

Silence on each word of sorrow,Besides, the intellectual vigor of a race cor

On a thought that would repine ; responds, other things being equal, with the For there shall be such a morrow, cultivation of bodily health of every part. No And for thee, sweet sister mine. doubt sickly folks have usually the most delicate Ah! I know it, that reposing ;and sensitive nervous organization. They often

'Tis her Faiher bade it come, perceive more acutely, and determine more ex

Emblem, when life's day is closing,

Of the deep repose ot home. actly, the direction in which men ought to act.

Storms, the joy of calm redoubling, Iudeed, in all motion, there are two things to be In the mansions of the blest, considered, force and direction. Now, granting Where the wicked cease from troubling, that persons not robust may be more delicate And the weary are at rest. and exact in the direction they give to their

THE SONG OF THE SOWER. energies, yet lacking the wholesome energy and manly vigor, most of what they propose dies fruitless for want of energy; perseverance

Brethren, the sower's task is done;

The seed is in its winter's bed; aud intellectual force, generally to make its

Now let the dark brown mould be spread, power felt. But a diseased body is not usually

To hide it from the sun, so healthy in its tastes, affections and impulses.

And leave it to the kindly care
They are morbid, perverted, erratic, and lead Of the still earth and brooding air;
to all sorts of wrong and mistaken judgments. As when the mother, from her breast,
Nor is even this the worst. Morality depends

Lays the hushed babe a part to rest,

And sbades its eyes and waits to see much upon health. All sorts of depraved im.

How sweet its waking smile will be. pulses are stimulated by gross feeding and want

The tempest now may smite, the sleet of exercise. The early riser, the temperate man All night on the drowned furrow beat,

BY WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT.

1

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And winds that, from the cloudy hold

cord, or at the instance of their governments,
Of winter, breathe the bitter coll,

to examine the theory, the process, and the re-
Stiffen to stone the mellow mould,
Yet gufe shall lie the wheat;

sults of our boasted common schools.
Till out of heaven's unmeasured blue

Several such reports have been published in
Shall wake again the genial year,

Europe. In England, Mr. Tremenheere; in
To wake with warmth and nurse with dew Saxony, Dr. Wimmer; in France, Mons. de
The germs we lay to slumber here,

Laveleye; and in Sweden, Dr. Siljeström, have
"To the watchful eye and thankful heart mercies printed more or less extended treatises on the
lie thickly scattered along the path of suffering." peculiarities of our educational system, with
"Some murmur when their sky is clear,

critical comments and judicious comparisons, so And wholly bright to view,

that there are few of our own citizens who may If one small speck of dark appear

pot with profit peruse these statements. The
In their great heaven of blue.

latest document of this character is the report of
While some with thankful love are filled
If but one streak of light,

Rev. James Fraser to the “Schools Inquiry
One ray of God's great mercy, gild

Commission," lutely presented to both Houses
The darkness of their night."

of Parliament by royal command, and received

from England by a recent steamer.
From "The Nation."

In matters of judgment 80 much depends
AMERICAN SCHOOLS SEEN BY ENGLISH EYES.*

upon the judge tbat our readers may be interested
One of the chief defects in the American in knowing something of the author of this ex-
school system is the lack of authentic means of tended paper. Mr. Fraser, as we are informed,
comparison between the work of different cities is a clergyman of the Church of England, the
and States, both in respect of the methods em rector of the quiet parish of Ufton, near Read-
ployed and the results attained. The Connecti- ing. He is, or was until quite lately, still a
cut system is not that of Massachussetts, in de- fellow in one of the Oxford colleges. The
tails, and St. Louis differs from New York. impression which he made upon

all who The local responsibility, the freedom, which is saw him during bis visit to this country was nearly absolute, from rigorous inspection by the that of a scholar, candid, unprejudiced, and State authorities, and the entire lack of national thorough, who made it his business to find out, superintendence, with all their advantages, bring as truly as he could, the condition of our this disadvantage. It is exceedingly hard to schools:

He was neither blind to virtues nor ascertain the manifold local modifications of the

defects. His intelligent and courteous manners general principles of public instruction, and it made it a pleasure to help him ; his acquaintis even more difficult to reduce to a fair stand.

ance with sukools of every grade in England, ard of comparison the cumbersome statistical from that of the country parish up to the unitables which are published respecting every (versity, gave a point to all his investigations, State and town, and almost every district.

and the comparatively deliberate manner in which Consequently, to understand the American he journeyed made bis observations of more public school

, prolonged personal inquiry and than ordinary value. We have, therefore, been
observation are essential. A greater service waiting with some eagerness for his report, and
could hardly be rendered to the country at the have read it with unusual interest. His atten.
present moment than to secure, by the agency tion was chiefly directed to common schools
of the Peabody Educational Trustees, the Na- not to colleges or endowed acadenies or char.
tional Department of Education, or some other itable establishments or scientific schools, but
instrumentality, an impartial, minutely accurate, to schools intended for all classes in the com-
and yet philosophical survey of the various sys-munity, from the lowest primary to the high.
tems in vogue from Massachusetts to Califor school. The five months of his visit were spent
nia. The work can be well done only by our in the three southern States of New England
own citizens, for none other can appreciate the

or in States further west most affected by their
unrecorded infu nces of historical usages and educational influence- New York, Ohio, and Il-
traditions, and the upcodified regulations re- linois. He also spent some time in Pennsylva-
quired by public opinion. But till such a sur-nia, and made a special study of the cities of St.
vey is made, the educators of the country may Louis and Detroit. Part of his time was spent
derive great help from the observations of io- in Canada.
telligent foreigners, who come of their own ac-

The tour of Mr. Fraser was made in the
** R-port of her Majesty's Commissioners ap- summer of 1865, when the war was but just
pointed to inquire into the education given in schools concluded, and it is worthy of note that the
in England (not included ia her Majesty's two recent vigorous support of our schools during the ab-
cominissions), and to those appointed to inquire
into the Schools of Scotland, on the Common Schodi sorbing conflicts of civil commotions made a
System of the United States and Canada. By Rev. strong impression on bis mind. Never, he says,
James Fraser, M. A., Assistant Commissioner.' Lon- were appropriations or benefactions more liber-
don, 1867.

ally bestowed; never was there more earnest

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