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THE DYING WIFE TO HER HUSBAND.

BY M. V. MACDONALD.
They tell me life is waning fast,

And Death's dark wing unfurled
Will bear my spirit soon from Earth

Un to an unknown world.
I feel, beloved, it must be 80,-

I feel that even now
His hand is on my fluttering heart,

His shadow on my brow.
How sball I leave thee ?-how resign

Thy tenderness and care ?
The pressure of thy clasping hand-

Tby blessing and thy prayer ?
Together we have tasted joy,

Together wept in ill,
And the love that was so bright in bliss

In grief was brighter still.
Wilt ihou not miss me from thy side

When twiligbt's bour has come ?
Will it not seem a desert place-

The paradise of home?
Then, gather close, with brooding love,

Our children round thy knee,
And wipe, with tenderest hand, the tears

Which they will shed for me.
And soothe each little throbbing heart

That asks for me in vain,
And syy tbat in the far off heaven

Their mother lives again.
Link not my oame wib tboughts of death,

But poiot them to the sky,
And tell tbem io ibe " Better Land"

They neither weep nor die.
Go with them to their lonely couch

At evening's silent close,
And sofily press each pillowed cheek,

And hush them to repose;
Or, bid them kneel with clasped bands

To lisp their evening prayer, -
Thon must unite a father's love

With all a mother's care.
A mother's care ! & motber's love!

And must they never know
How deeply, in her "heart of hearts,"

A mother's love may glow?
Will they yet bloom in girlhood fair,

While she who gave them birih
Lies all forgotten-far away

In one lone spot of earth?
Forgotten ? no, beloved one, no!

Thou wilt remember stiil
The being wbo bath sbared thy lot

Alike in good or ill.
Tbou wilt remember all her love

With faithful, fond regret;
And but the faults she could not hide,

Thy heart will e'er forget.
And thou wilt come to that lone spot

Where the green willow waves,
And lead our children's tiny feet

Among the quiet graves ;
And read for them the sculptured stone,

Brief record of my life;
And say--how faithfully I loved

As mother and as wife.
How can I say farewell to thee?

How mark thy bitter tears ?
Look up, beloved, we only part

For a few fleeting Feare.
They will roll o'er thy darkened path

Swiftly as shadows fire,
And in a world of holier love

Will our blest meeting be.

From the Moravisn.

THE INDIAN QUESTION. In the Moravian burying-grounds, those " acres of Godconsecrated by the ordinances of religion and by the respect for the mortal remains of fellow tuman creatures, whom hope, and in many instances a conviction amounting to certainty, places now in the realms of the blessed, many a modest mound covers the dust of the aborigines of this country. Just as they are buried in Christian ground, and by Christian rites, so they lived Christian lives, and died Christian deaths. The records of our church abound with examples of Indian conversion, and Indian docility, industry, and virtue. The missionaries have found innumerable instances of the susceptibility of the Indian to religious teachings, and the civilizing processes. Under their tuition the fierce sop of the forest has been content to lay aside his natural promptings to revenge and cruelty, and to become forbearing and peace-loving. They have seen bim leave bis nomad life, to become the tiller of the soil and the constructor of houses. His unlettered state has frequently by their mioistrations become one of culture and education.

And this experience of our missionaries does not stand alone. There are some other experiences to support its teachings and warrant its conclusions. That there should not be more is to be deeply regretted, but the fault lies pot with the Indian. It is his white brethren, who bave failed in their duty, and by their conduct bave throughout more deeply engraved into his pature, the lines of revenge and of barism, to which he is prone. The proposition that the Indian may be educated into Christianity and civilization, is also proved by the experience of the Roman Catholic missions. We cannot be accused of any partiality for that powerful but degenerated form of the Christian church. Lcast of all can we for a moment excuse the animus of the Society of Jesus, which has made a concreted organism of all the gradually growing corruptions and beresies of that church. Yet under the worst systems, good men have lived. Despite false teachings, and sinister perversions of the intellect, God's mercy has often kept the heart open. Compassion, unselfishness, benevolence and a pure life must not be denied to 'exist, because tiiey are found in company with false tenets. On the contrary, it is a source of joy that while the disastrous results of false doctrines, if carried to their logical effects, must be so wide-reaching and fatal, Heaven still keeps open the hearts of individuals to spiritual instincts, and saves yood affections from corresponding ruin. But whether we view the efforts of the Jesuit missionaries as prompted by a Christian benevolence, or by inferior motives, ---and there is probably an admixture of both elements,—their results prove the falsiiy of

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the charge that the Indian has but one career, 1 portunities, and civilization of the white man.pamely, to be destroyed by the effect of his own We must come as superiors, and as teachers. passions. The Romish missions, too, have pre. Our superiority must be shown by our conduct sented the spectacle of quiet law-abiding Indians, to consist in what are its essential features and whose natures have been changed from roving foundation, namely, absolute justice, intelligent savages to industrious citizens.

consideration, and disinterested benevolence. Is not the inference plain? Approach the The duty of the Indian to himself must be en. Indian in the spirit of love and of disinterested forced by a practical exemplification of the ness, that is, of Christianity, and you exercise the influence of duty over ourselves in all our deal. demons that hold him in possession, and devel. ings with them. So only can our civilization op seeds of culture lying dormant in his nature, | ind commendation in their eyes. The docbut only waiting to be purtured by considera- trines of Religion and the teachings of Education tion and benevolence,-to grow into blessed and will then bave a basis to act upon; the wedge fruitful results.

will then enter their contracted callous naThe Indian has been well called the child of tures,—the product of isolation and indifference the forest. The term is a happy one, as it not —and open their hearts and lives to humanizonly illustrates his habits, but his characteristic. ing influences. The sentiment of honor, which He is just what nature would make man, if man in the Indian rises sometimes almost to the were left to nature, without exterior help and diguity of a virtue, although it is based on supernatural assistance. He might be called personal self satisfaction, rather than, as it ought with even more propriety the slave of pature. to be, on devotion to right, enables him to esteem The first mark of advance in man, is the con- correctness of dealing, and resent injustice and quest of nature, and the subjugation of the deception. Without a coosistent course of just material world around him ;-and in the degree dealing, he cannot be approached, and without that this superiority obtains, man fulfils his an unselfish benevolence he never can improve. true desting, and accomplisbes his real hap. Both united will settle the question of the Inpiness. But to the Indian, the divine message dian troubles, in a way which will redound to the to subdue the earth, to earn his bread in the credit of the nation, will accord with the immu. sweat of his brow, has not yet come. The sor- table principles by which nations and individurows and the joys, the defeats and the triumphs als can alone happily progress, and will heal a the civilized man feels in this contest, he knows sore, now supparating with mural and financial nothing of. The community of interest, the disgrace. It is high time that this government dependence of man upon man, the pleasures of should perceive these truths and act up to them. amicable strife, the blessing of labor, and the In dealing with inferior races, the political joys of society, are unknown to bim. He lives maxims which inculcate a negative position on for himself alone, and satisfied if the necessities the part of government to the governed, wbich of the present are at band; he knows no maxims may be entirely correct for men supposed to be of conduct which provided for the future. able to govern themselves, and blessed with When nature gives, he takes; when nature privileges of civilization, do not obtain. A withholds, he starves. He vegetates rather than Christian policy must influence all our legislative lives. His heart is too cold to fear or to love. and executive proceedings, one worthy the age His condition would speedly plunge him into and our opportunities. Government in its re

. ruin, and his race into spontaneous extermina | lations to the Indians must act on positive printion, were not eren bis passions, in their natural ciples and become the dispenser of benefits and condition, comparatively inert and lifeless like the guardian of strict justice. his good affections He knows of the existence The worst foe to our character as a nation in of a God, and of the immortality of the soul, this respect, are the barbarous theories frequentbut he reflects not upon the divine attributes, or ly advanced and held by many on the frontiers, his own responsibilities.

which declare that the only possible solution of What is the white man's duty, when he comes these troubles is the extermination of the Indian into contact with these sons of the forest? race. Their existence is declared incompatible

They have immortal souls, they are fellow men, with our civilization, and the notion of any reand they have priority of possession in the land liable peace with them is scouted. It is even to which he emigrates. The spirit of the pre declared that prominent senators, relying upon sent age recognizes the rights of the weak. To. a partial observation of the present state of afday we begin to measure ourselves by the figure fairs on the frontiers, have given in their adhewe will make in the cyes of posterity. We sion to this despicable and bloody policy. On begin to fear the criticism of the wise and good; the face of it, such an idea is too repulsive to the lifted finger of duty begins to be heeded, be adopted by any being possessed of common and national interest is seen to coincide with its bumanity. That the theory is false we have moditions. The nature of the Indian requires to already shown by the numerous entirely reliabe supplemented by the superior experience, op ble instances of the civilization of individuals

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NINTH MONTH.

1866.

1867.

11 days.

and communities adduced in the commencement more the victim of his own goveroment, which
of these remarks. It is entirely opposed to has been guilty of a criminal negligence and dis-
Christianity, philosophy, and experience, to regard of Christian duty in its treatment of the
maintain that because the race is nomad and native American, than of the inherent incapac-
savage, there is no possibility of change. Let ity of the latter for the condition of a good
us instance a case taken from the history of the neighbor.
Indiau himself in support of our assertions. The Is the Indian not worthy of the interposition of
story of the Aztecs in Mexico, and their very some representative of the wisdom and benevo-
considerable progress in civilization and the arts, lence of the nation between him and his oppressor?
are now pretty well known, from the history of Or is it only when votes cau be gained, and a party
Prescott and the researches of Schoolcraft, bue and cry raised, that we can be made to
Squier, Catherwood, and Tylor. In architec- speak in the name of humanity and religion?
ture they equalled the Egyptians and Chaldeans, Unless this Indian question be settled according
if they did not surpass them. Io metallurgy to the dictates of high principle and philanthro-
they had manipulated in profusion with gold, py, such will be the verdict of history, and all
silver, lead, copper, tin and obsidian. They were the peans of self-glorification we may sing will
indefatigable tillers of the soil, -ingenious flori- not save us from being condemned in the minds
culturalists and gardeners; they invented hiero- of good and true men and in the eyes of Heaven.
glyphical characters, and were adepts in astrono- The extermination of the Indian by our instru-
my. And who were these Aztecs ? When first mentality, should it bappen by our faults of
confronted by the Spaniards they had been seat. commission or omission, would be recorded as a
ed in Mexico rather less than one hundred and lost opportunity, and a faithlessness to our trust,
fifty years. Towards the close of the twelfth worthy to be stigmatized throughout all time.
century of our era, they had immigrated from a

E. C. spot traditionally known as Atzlan, or the “coun

For Friends' Intelligencer.
try of water,” most likely the territory inclosed
within the angle formed by the junction of the

REVIEW OF THE WEATHER, &C.
Rio Colorado and Gela at the head of the Gulf
of California. By the year 1324 they had reach-
ed the table lands of Central America. “We Rain during some portion of
have an indubitable instance, therefore,” remarks tbe 24 hours,

8 days.
an Edinburg Reviewer, “of a nomadic horde Rain all or nearly all day,.
suddenly suppressing the instincts of their na Cloudy, without storms,
ture, relinquishing the babits of savage life, be. Clear, as ordiuarily accepted
coming a permanently settled people, developing
a capacity for political organization, raising stu-
pendous piles of brick and stone, continually
en bellishing innumerable cities, cultivating the

TEMPERATURE, RAIN, DEATHS, arts and sciences, and making such advancement,

1866. 1867. in astronomy more particularly, as not only to rival but to surpass that which was made by the Mean temperature of 9th most enlightened nations of antiquity in Asia month per Penna. Hospital. 69.50 deg. 68.21 deg. and Europe. And all these astounding results Highest do. during month 39.25 86.00

Lowest do. do.

do. 50.00 45.00 are crowded within the limited space of a cen

Rain during the month,...... 8.70 in. 1.72 in.
tury and a half! This Mexican empire had Deaths during the month.
been built upon the ruins of apother, from whom

being for 5 current weeks
they derived much of their civilization,-the for 1866 and 4 for 1867..... 1812

1112
Toltecas—who themselves had originally come
from the North. When we reflect that all this Average of the mean temperature of 9t11
knowledge and advancement was associated with

month for the past seventy-eight years 66.15 deg. one of the most abominable of religions, whose Highest mean of do. during that entire altars reeked from suprise to sunset with the period, 1865............. fumes of human gore, the question naturally Lowest do.

co.

1840) 60.00 arises, how incalculably greater would bave been the result under the sway of the Christian Totals, for the first 6 months religion? To the desperadoes and scoundrels

22.47 incb. 30,20 inch. who infest the frontiers no answer need be given Seventh month,. when they urge the necessity for Indian blood. Eighth month,

2 18 15.81
The regular setiler, who sees his hopes blasted Ninth month,
and his well-earned acquisitions destroyed by

Totals,
the savage foray, deserves the greatest commis-
eration and adequate protection, but he is in fact

66

2 5 12

0 13 9

30

30

&c.

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72 68

do.

46

COMPARISON OF RAIN.

1866.

1867.

of the year,..

2.52

2.38

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To make a fair comparison of deaths, deduct one

35.87

50.11

fifth from last year for the extra week, the numbers y occupied by a colored family. The force of the will then stand 1450 for 1866, and 1112 for 1867. It shock was tremendous, yet the column of water did may also be noticed that, while the mean temperature not envelop the house, but rather brushed against for the month has been about two degrees above the it. The weather boarding was torn off, every win. sverage for many years, it was less, in all its phases, dow burst, and the frame studding of the building thau the corresponding month of last year.

wrenched out of place. The fence around was torn It will, doubtless, be entirely safe to assert that loose and carried away. After this it passed on, the memory of the oldest inbabitant" of Philadel. across the lots, towards the shops of John Churnphia goes not back to such a terrific hail storm as side, tearing up fences and erery thing that came in visited this city on the 25th of the month.

its way; fortunately for him, it passed to the north It commenced about balf-past 4 P.M., lasted from of his shops, thereby preventing a very heavy loss of ten to twelve minu'es, and did immense damage in property and perhaps life; the edge of the Nat)strom, the breakage of windows on the south side of the however, reached some wagons, drills and mowing streets, as well as numerous skylights, and in some machines, standing at the end of the shop. A twoinstances valuable merchandise stored under them borse express wagon was picked up, carried several was ruined from the pooring in of the rain. Large rods, and after being tossed about in every conceivamanufacturing buildings in wbich were many win- ble manner, wag ibrown out of the roaring vortex, dows suffered terribly. We bave heard of one where broken almost to atoms. three thousand lights were broken, costing seven hun- A dearborn was drawn in and torn to pieces. A dred dollars to replace, and another where twelve hun- large heavy grain drill was gathered up and set dred were demolished. During the height of the storm down on tbe opposite side of the road. Near bere a some of the female operatives fainted from fright. In little child was picked up and carried some distance some instances horses ran away, in their frantic en -perhaps a hundred feet--over the fence into a deavors to escape the furious pelting, and the wbole neighboring yard, where it was set down uninjured. scede was one of awe and grandeur not soon to bo Philada, Tenth mo. 2d, 1867. J. M, Ellis. forgotten. One of our “ dailies" states that the specimens of

TIIE CAT BIRD. hailstones "varied from the size of cherry stones to tbose that were as large as hen's eggs," and graphi

(Mimus carolinensis.) cally adds :-"If a huge powder-mill bad exploded This unfortunate bird is more universally in the heart of the city, or if a hand to band fight hated and abused than any other bird with which with musketry and grapeshot bad taken place in every street, the damage to window glass could and nobody likes him. Perhaps this is in some

we are acquainted. Every one persecutes him, fully a' million of panes of glass broken in the city by degree owing to his unfortunate name—for we the storm, involving a loss of not less than two hun- have noticed that cats are universally despised, dred thousand dollars.

except by old maids. As an evidence of the quantity of bail that fell, it

The Cat Bird cannot be said to have any may be stated that near poon the next day a conglomerate mass of hailstones, nearly half a peck in bulk, song, but he is an excellent imitator of parts of was picked up upon the roof of the Bulletin Building the song of other birds. He has one note, howIt is stated that in Reading, Pa., some were picked ever, which is his own, and it resembles to a up measuring eight inches in circumference, and great degree the mewing of a cat. weighing three ounces. The past few montbs seem to have been rife with

es great powers of mimicry, and can imitate some unusual occurrences-extensive fires, severe droughts part of the song of almost every bird. Of course and destructive floods, (the latter caused by unprece- the illusion is not so perfect as when the imdented rains)—the hail storm just depicted—and the itation is performed by the Mocking Bird, but novel phenomena of a water spout, which passed over, still it is excellent. and "paused over'' New Castle, Delaware, on the 5th of the month at 1.20 P. M., constitute a few of them. of grubs, caterpillars, and insects of all kinds.

The food of the Cat Bird consists of all kinds The following account is abbreviated from one published in the Wilmington " Commercial."

Of these he destroys an immense quantity, and It was first observed, as an in:elligent ese-witness rids the farmer of countless myriads of these informs us, opposite the town, on the New Jersey side pests. of the river. From the surface of the water there

The Cat Bird arrives very early in the spring, aroge an enormous cone of cloud of from forty to and at once begins to build his nest. This is sixty feet in dinmeter at the base, very dense, very generally placed in a low bush or in a hedge, dark. From an overhanging surcharged thundercloud in the sky there depended a similar cone, and and but little effort is used to conceal it, as it the apexes of the two met. The sky at the time was

is very easily found. It is composed of grapenot clear, the sun was obscured, but there was no vine bark and the fibrous roots of weeds. It is rain falling nor any general shower. The water in always lined with the latter. The number of the two cones was violently in motion wbirling eggs is either four or five. They are of a dark round and round with the greatest rapidity, and emerald green, and measure .95 by .67 inch, making a loud noise. It appeared to be caught up from the river in great volume, and portions wbich

op an average. fell back in spray, shone and sparkled brightly,

We do not believe that there is any bird making the whole spectacle most beautiful though which shows more affection for its young than terrifying to the bebolder.

the Cat Bird. The epout moved rapidly across the river, taking: it immediately sets up a piteous cry, and fiut

If any one approaches its nest, perbaps, ten or fifteen minutes to reach this side. It entered the town of New Castle on the upper side, tering before you, implores you, with mute and struck first a frame dwelling on the river bank, leloquence, to leave its young in peace. If any

He possess.

young bird falls out of its nest, and commences tricts be created, embracing all the Indians in the to chirp for assistance, no matter what species United States, and that three sub-commissioners be it is, the Cat Bird is among the first on the appointed for each district, wbose duty it shall be

to reside therein. Confer upon them judicial power ground, to see what is the matter. If the eggs to hear and determine all complaints between the of the Brown Thrush be handled, the parent Indians, their superintendents and agents, with full bird will generally desert the nest. This is authority to examine their accounts, and to reject or also the case with most other birds. But with approve, as they may think best, with an appeal to the Cat Bird it is not so. The eggs can be

the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. taken out of the nest, bandled and examined, Indian Bureau from the Interior Department. Our

"I also recommend an entire separation of the and then if they are put back again, the mother Indian affairs have become of suficient importance bird will at once re commence incubation. By to demand the organization of a separate department these, and by many other proofs equally touch- for their proper and more efficient administration." ing, does the Cat Bird show its affection for its

Professor Agassiz's immense collections in Brayoung. We have been amused listening to this wil bave been in good part opened and arranged. bird irying to imitate the song of other birds. They include 50,000 specimens of fishes, representing

over 2200 species, 2000 of which are supposed to be It seems to be blessed with a great amount of new to science. This collection now exceeds those patience, for when it appears to be trying to of the British Museum and Jardin des Plantes united, learn some new song, it will repeat the refrain containing altogether more than 9000 species. over and over again for an hour or more, du

A new telescope has been invented in Paris for the

examination of objects situated under water, and it ring all of which time it will be perched upon was recently tested on one of the French canals. It one twią or branch. We bave noticed that is reputed to have enabled the observers to see penupon rainy days especially he seems to try bis cil marks distinctly at a depth of more than five feet. vocal powers. This is the more remarkable, as Its practical application will be to the examination at that time most birds are silent. The warble of the bulls of ships, without placing them in dock.

In a railroad of five hundred miles in length, the of the House Wren appears to give him the expansion of the rails caused by the beat of summer most trouble to imitate. His throat does not amounts to nearly a quarter of a mile from the point seem formed to execute this, and, as a conse- of contraction in winter. This expansion is all taken quence, he makes a most ridiculous failure. up by the joints between the rails. In conclusion, we desire to recommend this of marble fronts and other constructions of stone

PROTECTION TO Walls and CAIMNEYS.—The decay bird to the protection of the farmers. He de- into which lime or magnesia enters as a component, stroys immense quantities of insects and their and of the mortar joints in brick chimneys and walls, larvæ, and does not trouble the fruit much; which in many cities has become so serious a diffi. is he not therefore entitled to your protection ? culty, is attributed to the continued evolutions of - Cultivator and Country Gentleman.

sulphurous and sulphuric acid by the combustion of

coal-each ton of the latter beiug capable of supply. To be free from desire is money ; to be free ing about seventy pounds of oil of vitriol. In addifrom the rage of perpetually buying something gration is supposed to be produced by the alternat

tion to the chemical corrosion, a mechanical disiote. new is a certain revenue ; to be content with ing solution of the sulphates formed, and their rewhat we possess constitutes the greatest and crystallization on the surface and in the pores of tbe most certain of riches.- Cicero.

stone. It is stated that this action can be almost

entirely prevented by applying to the cleaned surWhen Plato was told that his enemies were faces an aqueous solution of super.phosphate of making very free use of his name, he quietly lime, which, acting on the carbonate of lime, proreplied: “I will endeavor so to live chat do duces the unalterable diphosphate of lime. For one will believe them."

magnesian limestones baryta may be added. The

cost of materials is but trifling, and one gallon of ITEMS.

solution will give two coats to three hundred square J. F. Kinney, special commissioner to risit and feet of surface. The strength of the stone, and its confer with the Indians in the vicinity of Fort Phil. resistance to absorption of moisture, are said to be Kearney, has made a very lengthy report, which en- greatly increased by the process— matter of imtirely dissents from the conclusions in the published portance where the freezing of water in the pores of report of Gen. Sanborn. He recommends the rigor- the stone is one cause of decay. onis exercise of military authority on the part of gove The Right WBALE.—It is the general belief among ernment, and suggests that the Indians be located whalers tbat the sperm wbale is dying out, the num. in new reservations. He says :

ber baving decreased so much as to render it difficolt .“A reservation is his only ark of safety. As long to obtain a full cargo. The right whale, however, as he receives your presents and bounty, outside of still maintains its own in the Pacific ocean, only reservations, he will not adopt industrial habits. sbifting its ground to regions more and more remote. Withdraw, then, agents and support from all who so The Northern fleet from New Bedford this year nunremain, and transfer them to the military depart-bers one bundred and two vessels, of which serenty. ment. Subdue the five or six thousand who are now two are in the Arctic, twenty in the Ochotsk, and fighting us, and, as here proposed, make the condi- ten in the Kodiak ground. Nineteen of the fieet will tion of peace a prompt resort to reservations. When probably return to San Francisco, in the fall, to re. this is done they should puse under the charge of cruit, and eighty.three to Honolulu, from which lat. the ludiun Bureau, and the military have no more ter point, should the average catch be taken, there control over them.

will be shipped between 50,000 and 60,000 barrels of “My best recommendation is that five Iudian dis. 'oil, and 1,000,000 pounds of wbalebone.

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