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FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

TAKE FAST HOLD OF INSTRUCTION; LET HER NOT GO; KEEP HER; FOR SHE IS THY LIFE.”

VOL. XXIV.

PHILADELPHIA, TENTH MONTH 19, 1867.

No. 33.

EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION

CONTENTS.
Indian Affairg.......

513
OF FRIENDS.
The School of Christ.

515 Extract from George Fox

515 COMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS The Society of Friends....

. . 515 MADE TO Judge not that ye be not Judged.

517 EMMOR COMLY, AGENT, Hidden Manna....

517 At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Street, Power of a Gentle Rebuke....

519 Open from 9 A.V. until 5 P.M, EDITORIAL

520 OBITUARY....

520 TERMS:-P AY ABLE IN ADVANCE

The Cricket The Paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dollars per Appeal from the “Arsociation of Friends of Philadelphia for annum. $2.50 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10.

the Aid and Elevation of the Freedmen".

522 Agents for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club. The Postage on this paper, paid in advance at the office where European Correspondence..

623 It is received, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. POETRY......

524 AGENTS -Joseph S. Cohu, New York,

Feed those Trees.......

525 Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.

How to be Successful.
Benj. Stratton, Richmond, Iad.

525
Willian II. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.
A New Commodity..

527 James Baynes, Baltimore, Md. ITEMS

.. 528

: 521

INDIAN AFFAIRS.

BY S. M. JANNEY.

pay much

territory were doubtless made in good faith,

and intended to be observed; but the rapid The solicitude expressed by correspondents progress of our settlements towards the Rocky of the Friends' Intelligencer, in relation to the Mountains, and on the Pacific coast, were not hostilities now being waged between the nation. then forèseen, nor was it imagined that railroads al forces and the Western Indians, has doubtless and telegraphs would so soon be constructed been shared by most of the members of our through that vast territory. Where great Religious Society, and the inquiry naturally national interests are concerned, there are few arises-What can be done to arrest the dread- governments- perhaps nene—that ful conflict, and prevent the waste of life? regard to the convenience, or even to the rights,

There is reason to believe that the Congres- of subordinate communities, whose interests sional Commission, sent out to treat with the stand in the way of great public enterprises. Indians, are sincerely desirous to do them jus- The Christian and the philanthropist must latice, and it is greatly to be desired that a treaty ment the perpetration of injustice towards the of peace may be concluded. Until the Com- most ignorant, no less than towards the most missioners shall have reported to Congress, enlightened of mankind; but to restrain the there appears to be no active service for the movements and prevent the aggressions of a friends of the Indians to perform, but, in the population like that on our Western frontiers meantime, it would be well for us to examine so eager, so adventurous, so grasping,-is probathe subject, and reflect upon the means most bly beyond the power of any giverament. likely to prevent the continuance or recurrence The present safety and protection of the Inof hostilities.

dians depend upon tht ir removal from that All who have any acquaintance with this portion of the territory through which the rail. subject are aware that it is surrounded with roads are being constructed, their settlement difficulties, growing out of the encroachments on lands adapted to grazing and tillage, their and aggressions of the frontier settlers, the relinquishment of hunting as a dependence for making of roads through the Indian territory food, and their adoption oi the babirs of civilized. without their consent, the fraudulent conduct of life. It is believed by many that they ought to, some government agents in thehr dealings with as soon as possible, abandon their tribal governthe Indians, the sale of ardent spirits, and the ments, and their mode of holding property in consequent corruption of morals.

common, that their lands should be divided The treaties by which our government guar. among the families, and held in fee simple, and anteed to the Indians certain reservations of a Republican form of government established

among them. In the Weekly Chronicle, pub. | territory, and instructing the Indians, they lished at Washington, 9th wonth 14th, there is might prepare them for the inevitable future. an interesting editorial on this subject, from The Indians must be subjected to the civilizing which the following passage has been se influences of systematic agriculture and legal lected :

government. The Cherokees have made great “The Indians hold a peculiar relation to the advances in this direction ; what insurmountaAmerican people. They are partly wards of the ble obstacles are there in the way of the other ‘pation, partly foreign nations within the terri- tribes ? That they are now warlike is true; so, torial limits of our country, to whom is assigned recently, was the whole South. The Indians a section suited in character and extent to must cease to be warlike, or cease to be. Ultitheir nomadic habits. This territory is profes. mately they must be citizenized or slaughtered. sedly secured to them by treaty. They own it, It is more in harmony with our feelings as a and are more independent in it than the citi- Christian people, and with our duty as guardians zens of our States. Yet it' appears tbat their of the aboriginal race, to try to civilize them, rights in their territory are systematically in than to persist in slaughtering them. Beside, vaded; that their hunting grounds are rendered the latter game is one in which we are the worthless by the cutting of roads through them. greatest losers; so there is the selfish consideraThe pending difficulties on the Western frontier tion of interest also to approve such a course. are ascribed to the building of the Powder It is at least worth trying, long and earnestly, River road through Indian territory without the as a settled policy of the country, until its utter leave of the owners. This road is used for emi. impracticability is proven. grant trains. As long as there are fifty hostile To accomplish it the Indian Bureau should Indians along the route no life will be safe, and be made independent of the Interior and War the sense of inscurity will render the route Departments, and its chief officer should bave practically worthless. As we had no right to responsibility and power. It is not necessary make the road without consent of the owners, he should be a member of the Cabinet.” would it not be better to abandon it entirely The reference here made to the Society of than to keep up an expensive and fruitless war- Friends is worthy of our consideration. If a fare, which is like fox hunting on our side, and field of labor is open for us in the Indian terriaccompanied by frightful murders upon theirs? tory, and the Lord of the harvest calls us to The new Pacific railroad, now built beyond engage in it, I trust that obedience will not be Omaha, Nebraska, will carry emigrants by a found wanting. route four hundred miles shorter than the Pow. The fairest pages in American history are der river road, and the facilities thus opened those which bear witness to the amicable intershould be suggestive to the commissioners ap- course and enduring friendship that have al. pointed to adjust our Indian difficulties.

ways subsisted between the Society of Frieods There are nearly half a million Indians in and the Indians. Our predecessors performed our Western territory. Their habits of life long and painful journeys through the wilderhave demanded a large extent of country for ness, and spent much labor and treasure in orhunting purposes. As civilization advances der to impart to their red brethren the blessings their means of living decrease, and they be of civilization. Not only were they visited by come enraged against the white man. There committees, but Friends were employed as are wicked and worthless ruffians among the agents to reside among them, to instruct them whites who find their account in the ruthless in husbandry and the mechanic arts, and to asborder warfare between the races, and who per- sist in the education of their children. Their petrate outrages on both sides, ascribing them sincere endeavors were productive of much to either, as suits their purposes. In time this benefit. They were gratefully appreciated by must cease. The progress of the country de. the objects of their bounty, and brought to mands it, and it is essential that we should their own bosoms the consolation that always have a well settled Indian policy administered results from benevolent effort. by a responsible department. The treaties Experience teaches that for religious organiwade by Wm. Penn were always respected by zationa, as well as for the natural body, exercise both parties, and the peaceful sect of which he is essential to health, and a vigorous life always was a distinguished member have been tradi manifests itself by action. Let not our sympational friends of the aborigines, and always thies and our efforts be confined to the narrow kindly regarded by them. We bave often circle of our own Society or our own neighborthought that if the Society of Friends, who so hood, but go forth into the wilderness, and succesfully colonized and civilized the Sene. carry consolation to those who are ready to percas in Western New York, and with such judg: ish. Those among us who are called to go on ment and benevolence managed their affairs . errands of mercy, or of gospel love, should not with the Government, could be induced to take hesitate to accept from their brethren the aid charge of the subject of colonizing the Indian that may be needful, and those who are blessed

а

with abundance should esteem it a privilege to

EXTRACT FROM GEORGE FOX. contribute liberally to works of charity. I George Fox was careful to go forth in gospel have showed you,” said the Apostle Paul, to missions as he was moved of the Lord, and the elders of the Ephesian Church,“ how that abundantly testified to the necessity of walking so laboring ye ought to support the weak, and or moving in the light." See his Address to to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how Friends in the Ministry.

R. H. he said, 'It is more blessed to give than to re “ This is the word of the Lord to you all : ceive.”

Every one in the measure of the life, wait, that THE SCHOOL OF CHRIST.

with it all your minds may be guided up to the How exalted the privilege of becoming a dis- Father of spirits, to receive power from Him ciple in the school of Christ ! It is exalted, if and wisdom, that with it you may be ordered to we consider the character of the teacher. 'In His glory, to whom be glory forever. All keep the studies of this world, the student in philoso- in the light and life, that judgeth down that phy, science, or literature, will esteem it the which is contrary to the light and life. So the highest possible privilege to receive the instruc- Lord God Almighty be with you all, and keep tions of the great master in those various depart- your meetings everywhere, being guided by ments. The student in philosophy, could he en

that of God; by that you may see the Lord joy the instructions of a Newton or of a Bacon, among you, who lighteth every man that cometh how exalted a privilege would be deem it. The into the world, that men who come into the student in geology who would study out the world might believe. ... . All Friends that hidden mysteries of our earth’s formation, could speak in public, see that it be in the life of God, he go with Hugh Miller through the gens and for that brings to God the fruits of that which over the

highlands of Scotland, to trace the foot- shall never wither. . . . So in that wait to reprints of the Creator as written upon the everlast-ceive power, and the Lord God Almighty preing rock, would esteem it a glorious and exalted serve you in it, whereby you may come to feel privilege. But, behold! here is One who was the light, that comprehends time and the world present

when the foundations of the earth were and fathoms it, which believes in and gives you laid. The student in astronomy, could be have victory over the world. Here the power of the the instructions of a Galileo or of a Laplace, Lord is received, whieh subdues all the conhow exalted a privilege would be consider it! trary, and puts off the garments that will stain But, behold! here is One that telleth the num.

and pollute."
ber of the stars and calleth the name of each.
The student in theology, could he enjoy the in-

THE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS.
structions of a Wesley come down from heaven-
could he listen to him as, in terse and expres: an increasing desire among many of the mem.

It is cause of congratulation that there is sive language, he discoursed of the doctrines of bers of our Religious Society that its borders grace, how he would rejoice in such a glorious should be enlarged and its stakes strengthened. privilege ! Or, Christian disciple, desirous of be. Some of the suggestions which have been made coming instructed in the deep things of God, the in the Intelligencer bearing upon this subject hidden mystery of the life of God in the soul of the believer, were I permitted to announce that well for members of the Society to present, from

are worthy of thoughtful consideration. It is the sainted Fletcher would come down from time to time, such suggestions as they may beheaven, and would from this desk discourse to lieve adapted to its present condition and calcuyou this afternoon, with what beating hearts and lated to advance its best interests, for it is in glad countenances would you come up to the

this place of assembly! But, behold! a greater than effected. When compared with most other re

way that every wholesome reform has been Wesley or Fletcher is here, and thou mayest ligious Societies, we are comparatively small in sit down at His feet and listen to the words of truth and wisdom that fell from His lips, and zation which has effected so much good in the

numbers, but we cannot believe that an organithus thou mayest feel the throbbing of His heart

past, should, after two or three centuries, be as it beats in sympathy with thine own. Clark.

swallowed up in the various sects into which DARK HOURS.

Christendom is divided. Nor can this be the To every man there are many dark hours; case, if its members are true to the great trust hours when he feeis inclined to abandon his comunitted to their care, best enterprise ; hours when bis heart's dearest A comparison of the past with the present his. hopes appear delusive; hours when he feels him tory of the Society may in some measure account self unequal to the burden, when all his aspira for the apa hy which one of your correspoud. tions seem worthless. Let no one thiuk that he ents deplores. alone has dark hours. They are the common lot George Fox and his cotemporaries were griev. of humanity. They are the touchstone to try ously persecuted both by Church and State; whether we are current coin or not.

they made religion the business of their lives,

For Friends' Intelligencer.

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and the early records abundantly attest thats ness to be considered as making a religious profes.
many of them were instant in season and out of sion of which they feel themselves unworthy. In
season, not only in resisting encroachments on some of the meetings belonging to our Yearly
their religious liberty, but in extending a know- Meeting, a considerable portion of the regular
ledge of their principles by personal efforts and attenders are not in actual membership, while
through the press. They taught diligently to in nearly all there are some, who, if the way
their children wbat they found to be sufficient were made more easy, would connect themselves
for themselves, and when driven by persecution with the Society, and the religious interests of
to seek an asylum in the Western world, they both parties would thereby be promoted. By
seldom built a meeting-house without providing the census of 1863 we are informed that there
a school-house in the same locality where their are within the limits of Philadelphia Yearly
children could be instructed under their direc- Meeting 3480 minors, one of whose parents is a
tion. A large number of men and women member and the children not members. In our
among them were engaged in the ministry and last Yearly Meeting, Monthly Meetings were re-
travelled extensively in the service, and their quested, if way should open, to appoint commit-
powerful appeals were instrumental in gather-tees to visit and encourage theịr members, and
ing thousands to the church. But the times if the same encouragement could be extended
have changed. Persecution for opinion's sake to the two classes alluded to, there is no doubt
has ceased. The descendants of the persecuted there would be a considerable increase of mem.
despised Quakers of the early generation have bership.
become as a body rich, respectable and ease While there is evidently apathy and indiffer-
loving, and though they may be strenuous in out-ence in many places, and while we may lament
ward observances and careful to observe the re- the decline of primiiive zeal, yet I cannot unite
quirements of the Discipline, it is to be feared with the discouraging view presented by your
there is a general lack of that zeal for the truth correspondent T. H. S., of the present condition
which so eininently distinguished the early fath- and future prospects of our Society. There are
ers. The Discipline of the Society has been evidences of life and energy among its members
formed at different periods and adapted to the which, if properly cherished, I have faith to be-
wants of the generation that formed it; and lieve will result in much good.
while the writer would not desire to modify it There probably was never more unity of feel.
to meet the weaknesses of its members, yet be ing and purpose than now exists in Philadelphia
believes further changes are needed to adapt it Yearly Meeting and its branches, and, so far as I
to the present generation. Let any one compare know, it extends to similar bodies in unity with
a copy of the Discipline of 100 years ago with us. The disturbing causes which a few years
our present code, and he will discover how since produced shyness, and a separation of
many changes have been made to meet the feeling, have in a great measure been removed,
necessary wants of each generation. Before the and are succeeded by that regard for the views
alteration of the Discipline of Philadelphia Year- and feelings of each other which is so necessary
ly Meeting on the subject of marriage, it was to an efficient organization.
computed that a large majority of cases that The formation of “ Friends' Publication As-
claimed the disciplinary attention of Monthly sociation,” for disseminating cur principles by
Meetings were for outgoings in marriage ” and tracts and the works of approved authors, will
the records of our meetings would probably show produce, we may hope, a revival of interest, and
that a large number of these offenders against the establishment of First-day schools, and the
the Disci line lost their right in the Society. recent convention held at Westchester, Peona.,

How many in consequence have been scatter- of teachers, and others interested in the religious
ed, or gathered into other folds, we have no instruction of our children, is a step in the right
means of ascertaining. These changes in the direction.
opinion of the writer have had, and will continue

It is a significant fact, too, that both of these to have, a beneficial effect, and there are other movements have been inaugurated by the young provisions which might be profitably modified.

er members of the Society, who have felt the Take for instance the admission of members. want of these agencies, and have entered into An applicant must first apply to the overseers the work from a sense of duty; and it is equally and when they are satisfied, the case is forward- noticeable that in the proceedings of the Firsted to the Monthly Meeting, when another com- day School Conference, we are informed that mittee is appointed to take charge of the case, the younger portion of those wbo expressed and it is often several niortbs before a final re. themselves on this interesting subject, very port is made.

generally deplored the want of co-workers from There can be no doubt that many serious, among those of riper years and fuller experiseeking minds, have been discouraged from mak-ence. The Bible classes and religious copfering application through a diffidence of their ences which have been formed in various neighqualifications for membership and an unwilling. I borhoods, are also evidences, to my mind, of a

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revival of religious interest, and most cordially "JUDGE NOT THAT YE BE NOT JUDGED." do I respond to your Editorial in the 28th No.,

There is no denying that the world is full of in which these subjects are embraced. I would such judgments as are here forbidden; needless, call attention to the statement of T. H. S. re- uncharitable, false, and hypocritical judgments. specting the census of 1829 and 1863. When How little of our conversation

upon

the faults the first census was taken, the Society was in of others is in any sense necessary! Mist often a state of ferment growing out of the separation, we go out of our way to introduce it. We want which was then hardly effected, and many of the something to talk of, and this comes.

No sepse records were in poss-ssion of Orthodox Friends. of duty actuates us. Our little help is not Under these circumstances, it is not probable wanted' in branding crimes which society is entire accuracy was arrived at, and it is quite ashamed of. And as for the smaller faults or likely the numbers were over-estimated. The follies of our neighbors, if they pass without census of 1863 was taken by direction of the censure no harm is doué. Our judgments are Representative Committee, in order that the often gratuitous, willing, wanton judgments; documents issued by it might be furnished to passed in idleness and unconcern; prompted by all the members, and we presume it is general. no feeling of duty; far, far worse, therefore, ly accurate.

than any dulness, than any silence. In the census of 1829, Shrewsbury and Rah- And if needless, then uncharitable too. way Quarterly Meeting is reported as having There can be no charity in taking for our sub685 members, and soon after they were attach-ject one whom we cannot praise and need not ed to New York Yearly Meeting, and of course blame. But far more than this. Examine the are not included in the census of 1863. judgments. How full of suspicion! How un

In connection with the subject of statistics, I willing to allow merit not patent! How ready would call attention to the plan pursued by to imagine a bad motive, where by the nature London Yearly Meeting which might be profit of the case. (van being the judge) we cannot ably adopted by similar bodies in this country. see nor know it! How prone to put the worst

The Subordinate Meetings are required to possible construction, instead of the best! furnish annually a tabular statement, which is How unwilling to regard any man as actuated by forwarded to the Yearly Meeting, in which the a pure disinterestedness or a lufty principle! following questions are answered. How many The judgments passed in society upon particular meetings are there and what are the fellow-men are as uncharitable in their nature number of members, and how many habitual at- as they are needless in their utterance.-C. J. tenders not members, and how many marriages, Vaughan. births and deaths, convincements, resignations, reinstatements and disownments? By answering these questions, every Monthly Meeting would annually revise its records, a supervisory "To bim that overcometh will I give to eat of the care would be exercised over members and at. hidden manna." tenders, and the objects of a Christian church We are incessantly tempted, in this life, to would, it appears to me, be more fully carried conform our ethical conduct either to our direct out.

P. or implied physical condition. There is a nat10th mo. 6, 1867.

ural, but not too good a tendency to make the metes and bounds of ethical truth and duty

conform to natural law and then to interMAXIMS OF BISHOP MIDDLETON.

pret natural law on the side of selfishness. Persevere against discouragements. Keep In all the relations of life-in the family, your temper. Employ leisure in study, and in the neighborhood, in business, in their whole always have some work in hand. Be puuctual estate-men are strongly inclined, if not to give and methodical in business, and never procras- up right and duty, yet to moderate their ideas tinate. Never be in a hurry. Preserve self- of what is right; to take on milder conceptions possession, and do not be talked out of conviction. of duty; to see if the cross cannot be evaded or Rise early, and be an economist of time. Main- avoided, or to make it as-inconspicuous as postain dignity without the appearance of pride; sible. That tendency is natural, using the word manner is something witli everybody, and natural in its lowest acceptation. everything with some. Be guarded in discourse, There is always present, more or less obtru. attentive and slow to speak. Never acquiesce sively, the economic argument in the soul, and in immoral or pernicious opinions. Be not we often find ourselves resorting to it to excuse forward to assign reasons to those who have no ourselves from adhering to that which is incomright to ask. Think notbing in conduct unimbent upon us. When we are irradiated with portant or indifferent. Rather set than follow conceptions of Christian life, when we have examples. Practice strict temperance, and in heroic ideals, we mean to be absolutely true men; your transactions, remember the final account. Iwe mcan to have an unadulterated faith in God;

1.

THE HIDDEN MANNA.

BY H. W. B.

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