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we mean to have the utmost sincerity of life ; we been best fed and best sustained when they
mean to burn with a courage that shall never have followed Christ the nearest. I will not say
know obliquity; we mean to be enterprising, that those who follow Christ at all hazards will
abounding in work. And yet, when we come out be best sustained outwardly, (though they will
of the inspirational hours that sometimes come to have enough for their outward wants; or, when
us, and enter upon the actual experience of life, they do not have this, what is better, they will
we come into the economic and argumentative die); but they will bave, in spite of their cir-
mood. And the question arises whether it is proper cumstances, more of those ends for which men
in our circumstances which are always pecu- strive than they could have attained if they had
liar—for us to do so and so. And in this mood conformed to the world.
we are always tempted as much as possible to Why do men strive? There is a pleasure in
avoid the cogency and urgency of the reasons the use of our faculties that makes men indus-
which incline us to fulfil our duties, and to argue trious and enterprising; that leads them to
whether it is best for us, or ours, and for the become engineers, mechanics, labouring men,
world about us, to press forward in the path of or scholars. There is pleasure in a life of activity,
duty which is opened before us.

But mainly men are living for the sake of
Now, I do not undertake to say that these supplying themselves with a multitude of world-
casuistical questions are not a part of our neces- ly benefits; that they may bave a broader foun-
sity, but I do say that the application of truthsdation for their family; that they may, if
and principles requires right judgment and the possible, derive more enjoyment from leisure ;
continuous exercise thereof. It is not half so that they may multiply the sources of their
much trouble to know what the truth is in improvement. In other words, various joy, that
general as it is to know what the truth is at shall develop the mind, and fill up the heart;
any particular time, and in its applications to the evading of eril, which is a reflex seeking
particular phases of experience. "And it is at for possible joy—this is that which is the uni.
this point, not that we are necessarily deceived, versal spring, the grand motive, of human action;
but that we are extremely liable to lean toward and when you take away from a man the fear
a compliance with worldly ways and customs, of evil and the hope of joy, you paralyze him.
for the sake of getting along easier; for the No man would be more than a leaf on a stream
sake of having more certain, solid, assured that had not this fear or this hope.

Now, it is the experience of men, and one of
“ Man shall not live by bread alone,” said those experiences which we come to slowly and
the Saviour, when he was himself tempted. reluctantly, and which dawn upon us only after we
And the promise of our text is, Do not comply have gone through a long course of struggle,
with evil under any circumstances; do not give that, after all, we find more happiness in the
way to worldly counsels, where they are distinct- faithful performance of Christian duty at every
ly opposite to spiritual counsels; do not consume hazard and sacrifice than we would have found
yourselves with anxieties; do not use your with unobstructed freedom along the course of
strength needlessly; do not expend it on this prosperity.
tbing or that when it might be better spent on Let me take the case, for instance, of a man
something else; do not judge your prosperity that pursues the most innocent course of life.
by outward signs alone, and you shall have your It is thought of industry that it is good; that
reward. I will give to every man that means it is right; that it is praiseworthy. It is. But
to maintain a godly and pure life-to every such little by little man in the course of duty perils
man, whatever may be bis trials, whatever may himself for others’ sake, and begins to undermine
be his perils, and whatever may be his induce his health and strength. And men say, “It is
ments, if he only will overcome bis temptations, a pity that this man should not have avoided
I will give a hidden support. I will feed him this excessive taxation upon his physical system.
inwardly. As the Israelite bad visible manda, There is moderation in all things." But I have
so he shall have manna that is invisible, hidden, taken notice that, when it is moral things,

moderation is known to all men; and when it
There is nothing that seems more apparent to is physical things, moderation is known to do-
men of the world than for a man to stand, as it is body. There is a general public sentiment that
said, in his own light; for a man to give up posi. zeal and fervor for the animal system is all
tive, in many respects, it may be innocent good, right enough; but that for the moral nature
for the sake of some notion, some ism, some there should be great moderation and self-re-
moral scruple. But yet it has been the expe- straint. And so men look with pity upon a man
rience and the testimony of more than one can that has been laid aside from activity by reason
count of blessed saints in heaven, and of multi of over.exertion in the discharge of the most
tudes that still dwell upon earth, and are en- solemn duties that can be known in the provi.
gaged in its conflicts, that, no matter how rugged device of God.
or steep the path may have been, they have. It is hard to stand still enforcedly; and yet

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many a man has learned, after the first days of|ver nor gold. Why, you have come to that bitterness, that he could reap more joy bed state in which all the holy men on earth were ! ridden than he could on his feet.

Prophets, patriarchs, apostles, ministering teachIt is the royal road to learn of love. Is there ers of God, and the best men that have dwelt anything better than that a man should love upon the face of the earth, bad not where to lay bis wife, or that a woman should love her hus their head. Şilver and gold had they none. band? Is there anything nobler than the love But they had manhood; they had courage ; which they give to their children? Is there any they had the power to sing and pray; they hart thing that is a more fit emblem of heaven that which enabled them to influence men for than a Christian family, where conscience, and good. And there are many such now a days. knowledge, and pure and true love unite all the And to them I say, bear this witness among members of it? And may not a man say, with your fellow-men : 16 God comforts we ;

he some reason, "Let us build here three taber. makes my life bet er than any power on the nacles, and abide in this paradise of God ?" globe could make it; food which no man can But in the providence of God one child dies, give gives he to me-hidden food, soul manna. and another child is prostrated with sickness, and And so I am sustained in going through persealienations come in to disturb the peace of the cutions for righteousness’ sake."-N.Y. Ind. family circle, and the household is divided and scattered, and the paradise is invaded, and thorns

POWER OF A GENTLE REBUKE. and thistles come up where were blossoms and A number of passengers were discussing the fruits ; and under such circumstances a man is exciting questions of the day on board a steamtempted to charge God falsely. And where there boat on one of our Western rivers. Oaths were has been such temptation, and waste, and sick- frequently heard; and one man, in particular, ness, and desolation, and the heart has been bur. in almost every sentence used the name of his dened with sorrow, and the head has been bow. Maker in a most irreverent manner. ed down with grief, and suffering bas written its Away from this excited party, but within lines on the face, at last, though for the present hearing distance, sat a young lady with her these things are not joyous, they begin to bring husband and friends. The profanity was nopatience, and inwardness, and hunger for that ticed by them, and they seemed shocked by its which the earth cannot supply, and to cause the boldness. They could talk, but the timid, soul to cry out, "O God, feed me, and give me the shrinking lady could act. “I can bear it no manda out of the cloud and darkness. How longer," she said, as she left her seat, and glided many persons have come at last to bear witness, into the circle of the now loud avd angry dis"I have learned what I could not have learned putants. Placing her hand on the arm of the if I had been spared from sorrow."

one who had shocked her by his oaths, and There is nothing that is better, seen from a trembling with emotion, she begged him not purely economic point of view, than to build up to take the name of God in vain; to think how society by material productions and external soon he might be called to meet Him in eterdiwealth. Far be it from me to say a word that ty. She said a few more words, and, frightened undervalues these things. But you know very at her boldness, she burst into tears and left well that we are dwelling in communities where them. everything is as uncertain as a shepherd's tent. The next day, before the boat reached its You build up your fortune, and God takes it destination, the man came to this lady, took her down almost as often as the patriarchs did by the hand, thanked her earnestly for her re. their tents. You are feeding from pasture to proof, and said, "I will not forget your kind pasture. And you are finding that here and words; I will try and be a different man, and there God meets you with overthrow and re- live for the eternity awaiting me." A few verse. And you feel, “ To what profit is it months after, the lady was called from eartb. that I have served God? What is there for me, The influence of that open and decided rebuke whose whole life seems cross-plowed and cross- will only be known when the secrets of all harrowed ?" And you are tempted to com- hearts shall be revealed. plain of the allotments of Providence. But do

Many of us can shudder, and deplore the open you suppose a man's life consists in the abun wickedness about us, but how many of us have

ance of the things that possesses ? Is the decision of Christian character to enable
this your estimate of man, that he is a thing to us to reprove sin in the right spirit when the
put raiment on ? Is it your idea of life to build opportunity is given us ?
a treasure-house and put gold in it ? Have you
never had a conception of the royalty of sonship, THE CHARACTER OF RICHTER is too marked
and learned to love God and your fellow men ? to be easily misunderstood. His prominent
And though all your worldly possessions have traits are tenderness and manliness-qualities
been scattered, is there nothing left for you ? which are seldom found united in so high a de-
Are you bankrupt because you have neither sil- Igree as in him. Over all he sees, over all he

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writes, are spread the sunbeams of a cheerful Died, at her residence, near Salem, Columbiana spirit—the light of inexhaustible human love. Co., Ohio, on the morning of the 15th of Ninth mo., Every sound of human joy, as human sorrow, years; an exemplary member of Salem Monthly and

1867, ABIGAIL, wife of Robert Batten, aged about 70 fiods a deep-resounding echo in his bosom. In

Quarterly Meetings. every man he loves his humanity only, not his on the evening of the 7th of Tenth month, superiority. The avowed object of all his lit-1867, TABITHA A., wife of Joshua Cleodenon, in her erary labors was to raise up again the down- 49tb year; a member of Green Street Monthly Meetsunken faith in God, virtue, and immortality,


In the prime of life this Friend has been removed and in an egotistical, revolutionary age, to warm from the midst of an interesting family, to whom again our sympathies which have now grown she was a faithful wife and mother. Having prop-. cold. Not less boundless is his love for nature erls fulfilled her duties here on earth, may she not --for this outward, beautiful world. In his be entitled to the reward of the righteous—an evermind all this became idealised.

lasting home in the Heavenly Kingdom.

—, on the 11th idst., William P. Pusey, in the This spirit of lo was not weakness but 76th year of bis age ; a member of Darby Monthly strength; it was united in him with great man. Meeting, Pa. liness. The sword of his spirit had been forged on the 12th inst., near Attleboro, Mary R. and beaten by poverty; its temper had been Paxson, in the 31st year of her age, daughter of tried by a thirty years war.

Samuel H. Paxson; members of Middletown Monthly It was not broken,

Meeting, Pa. or even blunted, but rather strengthened and sharpened by the blows it gave and received.

ERRATA.- Page 481, second column, 8th line, for And, possessing this noble spirit of humanity,“ mockery” read "working.” Page 482, second endurance, and self-depial, he made literature column, 8th line, for "conventionable," read "conhis profession, as if he had been divinely com

ventiopal." missioned to write.Longfellow.

THE PENNA. PEACE SOCIETY FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER. Gwynedd, on First-day afternoon, the 20th inst., at

Will hold a Meeting at Friends' Meeting-House,

2 o'clock. PHILADELPHIA, TENTH MONTH 19, 1867.


As it may be interesting to Friends, the following Meeting of the Lyceum was held on the 8th list of First-day Schools is published. Although full inst. It was one of great interest, and the at reports bàve not been received, it will be safe to say

that nearly or quite 1000 children attend, more or tendance was large. Several original, instruc- less frequently. Full reports from all sehools of this tive essays were read, one of which, “The kind is particularly requested, and should be adCricket," is published in our present number. St., Philadelphia."

dressed to the care of “ĒMMOR Couly, 144 N. Seventh

Reading, Pa.; Green St. Meeting-House, PbilaTHE FREEDMEN'S APPEAL.- We call atten delphia; Germantown, Pbila. ; Alloway's Creek, N. tion to the “ Appeal,” which will be found in coln, Va.'; Colored School, Lincoln, Va.; West

J.; Salem, N. J; Goose Creek Meeting-House, Liganother culumn, from“ Friends' Association for Brancb, Pa.; Kennett Square, Pa.; Baltimore, M}. ; the Aid and Elevation of the Freedmen.” Race St. Meeting-House, Pbila.; Boston, N. Y.

Gosben, Chester Co., Pa. ; West Chester, Pa.; Miami During the vacation of the Teachers, we min. Meeting-House, Ohio ; Ricbmond, Ind. ; Mt. Please gled socially with them, and were deeply im-ant, Ohio.


The last named is taught by members of both dipressed with the earnest steadfastness with visions of Friends. which they devote themselves to the work, re

FIRST-DAY SCHOOL CONFERENCES. gardless of the many privations to which they

The Committee have appointed the following conare subjected. The last Annual Report has ferences, in regard to First-day Schools, and invite been generally circulated, and we hope will be the attendance of Friends generally,

At Friends' Meetiog-house, Lombard St., Balti. read.

more, on Fourth-day evening, Tenth month 30th, at The letters from the Teachers, which are in- 7} o'clock, (being Yearly Meeting week ) corporated in it, are full of interest, and give to day morning, Eleventh month 2d, at 104 o'clock.

At Race St. Meetiug-House, Phila., on Seventh. the reader a correct idea of what has been ac- Communications from absent Friends, and accounts complished through their instrumentality.

of any First-day Schools amongst Friends, will be

acceptable, and may be addressed to Eli M. Lamb, MARRIED, at Oak Hill, Phila., Tenth month 10th, Comly, 144 N. Seventh St., Phila.

171 McCulloh St., Baltimore, or to the care of E. 1867, under the care of the Monthly Meeting of Friends of Philadelphia, of which the groom is a meniber, Joseph S., son of Joseph S. and Ann C.

Reason cannot show itself more reasonably Lovering, and Many B., daughter of Daniel C. and than to leave reasoning on things above reason. Susan S. Cowgill, of Dover, Del.

-Sir Philip Sydney.

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For Friends' Intelligencer.




ripe fruits, and are happy, and we have found that the cricket, like man, is a very thirsty ani.

mal. The sparkling dew-drop is his morning " And with childlike credulous affection,

draught, though milk is highly appreciated by We bebold those tender wings expand ; our chirping epicures. Emblems of our own great resurrection,

Nearly all observers say the cricket makes Emblems of the bright and better land.” his peculiar chirp with bis wings; this is a We would interest our young readers a little mistake. He elevates his wing-cases to a cerin the habits and structure of the common tain angle and then rubs them together with a cricket.

quick lateral motion. That this chirp is solely Naturalists call him Acheta, and our species the result of friction of his wing.cases, we is not the same as the English cricket. His proved beyond a doubt by taking a dead social chirp about the house, or in the fields, cricket and imitating the movement, when the these pensive autumn afternoons, surely bas same sound was produced. These cases are endeared him to all of us, even if it has not very wonderful organs. The right one overawakened the curiosity to discover how this laps the other, and its inner edge is very thin curious noise is made.

and elastic, and bent down a little towards its A short walk in the fields, or along some fellow, against which it grates when in motion. grassy lane, will reveal to us many of these Both these cases are highly resonant in charac'nimble fellows skipping about and perhaps ter, and penetrated all through with hollow ribs, chirping away in all the gladness of summer which branch off in'o elegant diamond patterns, life. What a merry time they seem to have of especially in the female. Strong muscles play it! When other songs cease, and the light these curious fiddles, and large nerves supply fades, and silence creep-over all out-door things, the motive power. We have heard the chirp the oricket's shrill chirp is loudest, reminding of the same cricket continue for many hours us that summer is over, and the time of ripe without intermission, but if the strongest man nuts and brown leaves is at hand.

will hold his empty fist out ten minutes, it will With his strong fore legs and hard jaws the exbaust his strength. Life-long silence, we becricket digs holes in the banks, often more than lieve, is imposed upon the female cricket, a foot in depth, and into these he escapes for though probably she is not guilty of loving safety, and to pass the winter in a nearly torpid music. condition. The mother cricket is much larger On the head of the cricket grows two long than the male, and is furnished with an oviposi- organs called antendæ, and it is probable the tor, an inch in length, attached to the posterior senses of bearing and touch reside in these apof her body. This organ is composed of two pendages. In one of these antennæ we counted separable pieces, like the two halves of a tube one hundred and twelve joints, and each joint split longitudinally, but capable of fitting accu is a perfect ball and socket capable of motion rately together, and the canal thus formed con- in all directions. It is very curious to see the nects with the egg duct in the body of the cricket deliberately take his fore foot and bend cricket. The ovipositor has a double function; down these long ears into his mouth, and carewith it the insect pierces holes, in the ground, fully pass every joint over his labial brushes in and along its canal the little oval, greevish order to cleanse them. Our merry chirper eggs glide into these holes, where they remain moreover has three thousand black eyes-we till hatched by the summer sun. The young have known persons quite conscious of only two cricket resembles the adult in form except that and every one of these requires frequent the wings are absent; in his next stage of de- sponging with his fore legs. Indeed the velopment these organs are rudimentary, and cricket uses his legs quite dexterously, for if they acquire full size only when the cricket is the egy travels too slowly along its canal, he mature. Hle casts off bis black corselet during takes his bind feet and gently helps it along. these stages of growth, but from the time he Unlike some other subjects, the cricket is worth hops from the egg, no bigger than a flea, his looking at a little inside. We suffered one to garments are made of the same kind of cloth die easily under chloroform, and then cut bim and from the same pattern, only his last suit is open under water. The apertures in his sides the biggest.

for the air to enter his body-more beautiful We brought home from the fields a handful in pattern than any of our parlor registers-we of these insects, and turned them loose in our could see communicating with innumerable Wardiaq case, for we were very curious to learn tubes which divide like the branches of a tree, how that chirping song was made; and while we and again subdivide, running between and all write this in the night's still hour, close at our over every organ, carrying air to all parts of the elbow, under the damp foliage of lycopods and body. Muscular bands in countless numbers the graceful papyrus, our pets are chirping most tie this system of tubing to the other organs merrily. They have eaten bread and rice and and to his body. The French naturalist Lyon.

ask you

net, it is said, counted four thousand and sixty- When all the bright illusion seems one muscles in a caterpillar; we did not count

The pictured promises of truth; that many in our cricket, but we have evidence Perchance observe the fitful light,

And its faint flashes round the room ; that be, and some other insects, possess the

And think some pleasures feebly bright power to dilate and contract this entire system

May lighten tous life's varied gloom. of air pipes, thus ventilating themselves at will.

I love the quiet midnight hour, Are not such creatures to be envied when the

When Care, and Hope, and Passion sleep, thermometer is at 90° ? Sidney Smith did not Aod Reason, witb untroubled power, know about crickets, when he conceived the in

Can her late vigils duly keep ;elegant plan of sitting in his dry bones to get

I love the night: and sooth to say, cool.

Before the merry birds, that sing The cricket's food is chiefly solid substances,

In all the glare and noise of day,

Prefer the cricket's grating wing." such as plants and fruits; he bites off the delicate cells from these, and possibly picks out the Appeal from the Association of Friends of raphides and the crystals for his candies and

Philadelphia for the Aid and Elevation of the sweetmeats, and he swallows everything with- Freedmen.out chewing. He must therefore have a gizzard to grind it fine enough for digestion, and ac- arrived, we again earnestly appeal to Friends

The time for re-opening our schools having cordingly we find that organ to be a strong for aid 'to support those schools. muscular sack, armed inside with many rows of

The Third Annual Report will give a detailed hard teeth. Insects that take liquid food have account of what has been done with the means no need of gizzards. The musquito steals his

furnished. banquet from the thin veins of other animals, or starves, and is without a gizzard-we had have heretofore been greatly blessed, and al

We feel that our labors among the Freedmen almost said he does not deserve so beautiful an

though they have now arrived at that condftion organ. We continued our exploration of the cricket's pressing of their bodily wante, they get need

in which they are able to provide for the most food-pipe downwards to the stomach proper, help in the education of their children, and we and what, is it supposed, did we find ? Not can

to unite with us in aiding them to predies nor sweetmeats, but worms, worms—and enough of them too—of the genus oxyurus,

for future usefulness. pare

We have 16 schools, numbering 1000 pupils, called now, we believe, ascaris; and although including evening and First-day schools, under our cricket died easy under chloroform, these active, writhing, glassy parasites were alive and These we shall be under the necessity of recall

the care of faithful and well qualified teachers. happy. Life and happiness in a cricket's food. ing, unless the funds in our treasury are matepipe! What economy of space and fitness of being are here manifested; but not here only, rially increased ; but we want not only to keep for all over the earth her' visible inhabitants that means will be placed at our disposal to open


the schools already established, but trust are but a little family compared to the herds others in answer to the numerous pressing apthat graze within us. If we have said enough peals made to us.

Friends have always been to interest our young readers in our subject, it

esteemed the friend of the colored man, and we is all we aimed at. Let us now hear what An

trust that they will still continue to aid bim. drews Norton says of the cricket. We value music for the thoughts it excites within us, ortions of books, seeds, toys or clothing will also

Money to pay teachers is most needed ;—donafor the sweet emotions it wafts across the

be acceptable. chords of our own soul.

We appeal to the clerks or interested Friends " I love, thou little chirping thing,

in each Preparative or Monthly Meeting to lay To bear thy melancholy noise ; Though thou to Fancy's ear may sing

the subject before Friends at the close of those Of summer past and fading joys.

meetings, and appoint collecting committees. Thou canst not now drink dew from flowers,

H. M. LAING, Treasurer, 30 N. Third St.
Nor sport along the traveller's path,

Ninth mo. 18, 1867.
But, through the winter's weary hours,
Shall warm thee at my lonely bearth.

And when my lamp's decaying beam

They say I am growing old because my hair is But dimly shows the lettered page,

silvered, and there are crow's feet upon my foreRich with some ancient poet's dream,

head, and my step is not so firm and elastio as Or wisdom of a pnrer age,m.

of yore. But they are mistaken. That is not Then will I listen to thy sound,

The knees are weak, but the knees are And, musing o'er the embers pale,

pot me. With whitening asbes strewed around,

The brow is wrinkled, but the brow is The forms of memory unveil;

not me.

This is the house in which I live. Recall the many colored dreams

But I am young, younger now than I ever was That Fancy fondly weaves for youib, before.- Dr. Guthrie.



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